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establish new theories
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     the significance in reality is to solve the practice problem in the development of our country' s economy and set up new models and establish new theories for the bank.
     本项目的现实意义在于探讨我国经济发展中亟待解决的实际问题,为银行风险管理创建新理论、建立新模型。
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     However, it is still necessary for us to establish new theories of Marxist philosophy marked with modernity.
     马克思恩格斯拥有适应当今时代需要的丰富的哲学思想资源,但是新的、具有当代性的马克思主义哲学理论,还有待于人们去建立。
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     They must seek to establish new theories and at the same time solve immediate problems emerged from practical needs in language teaching and translation.
     认为外语研究既要瞄准国内外学术研究的前沿,注重理论创新,又要关注眼前切实需要解决的问题,特别是外语教学和翻译。 文章还特别强调打好语言基本功特别是提高母语水平对从事外语研究的重要性。
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This article explains physics is full of beautg, and the guidance of aestheticmethods in process of establishing new theories of phgsics; finally, five phgsics-aesthetic-rules were raised experimentally.

本文阐明物理学充满了美,以及美学方法在物理学理论创立过程中的指导作用;并尝试性地提出五条物理美学原则。

Abstract The scientific history of finding a clue to the mystery of dinosaur extinct has further proved that hypothesis is a very efficient method in scientific reseaches.It is a “bridge” for establishing new theory and new thinking.It is not an easy job to establish a complete scientific hypothesis system.There are a lot of things for us to learn,including the process,the feature and the mode of thinking.Facing the incompleteness of geological research object and the single mode of geological...

Abstract The scientific history of finding a clue to the mystery of dinosaur extinct has further proved that hypothesis is a very efficient method in scientific reseaches.It is a “bridge” for establishing new theory and new thinking.It is not an easy job to establish a complete scientific hypothesis system.There are a lot of things for us to learn,including the process,the feature and the mode of thinking.Facing the incompleteness of geological research object and the single mode of geological researches,it is necessary to adopt supposition or inference as precursor.This method could be expressed as:document image/analogythinking in images supposition(inference)deductive inferenceabstract thinking question observationtest/simulation collecting evidence[FY(]inductive inferenceabstract thinking new condition thinking in imagesabstract thinking new supposition(inference).This method places emphasis on:(1)adopting the precursor of supposition(inference),paying attention to the effect of hypothesis(inference)in every thinking process;(2)deriving related question from hypothesis is the most important process.The aim of this is emphasizing the directionality,selectivily and result determinant of thinking;(3)only combining thinking in imagine with abstract thinking can the hypothesis become scientific contribution.

解开恐龙绝灭之谜的科学史再次证明,假说是一个极其有效的研究方式,是建立新理论、新思想的桥梁。创立一个体系完整的科学假说并非易事,但它的思维过程、思维特点、思维方法却值得借鉴。面对地学研究客体的不完整性,地学研究的探索特点,地学研究思维、方式的单一定势,采用以假定或推测为先导的研究方式就更为必要。这种方式表示为:文献想象、类比形象思维→假定(推测)演绎推理抽象思维→问题观察实验、模拟→取证归纳推理抽象思维→新信息形象思维抽象思维→新假定(新推测)。这一方式所强调的是:(1)以假定(推测)为先导,每一个层次的思维过程都不应忽视假定(推测)的作用;(2)由假定而推导出相关问题是至关重要的一环,目的是强化思维的指向性、选择性、因果决定性;(3)只有形象思维与抽象思维的珠联璧合,方能构成科学创造。

Follow the policying of "let a hundred flowers blosson and a hundred schools of thought contend", more than ten geologists are invited by the editorial department of "Earth Science Frontiers" to take part in a writing conversation about the study of orogenic belts.They express opinions about the characteristics of orogenic belts in China, and discuss how to do the research works in order to establish new theory about orogenic belts. There are contra-dictory opinions about the meaning of orogenic belt....

Follow the policying of "let a hundred flowers blosson and a hundred schools of thought contend", more than ten geologists are invited by the editorial department of "Earth Science Frontiers" to take part in a writing conversation about the study of orogenic belts.They express opinions about the characteristics of orogenic belts in China, and discuss how to do the research works in order to establish new theory about orogenic belts. There are contra-dictory opinions about the meaning of orogenic belt. One considers the close relationship be-tween orogenic belts and plate tectonics, and emphasizes that the orogenic belts are the tectonic belts formed in the convergent margins of plates. The other considers that there are strong de-formed tectonic belts within the plate, which may be called intraplate orogenic belts, and the study of them is the key to know the continental dynamics. Being located in the junction part of the three systems, i. e. the Indian plate, the Pacific plate and the Siberian plate, the tectonics of China is the results of rifting, evolution, accretion, subduction and collision among the three giant basin systems,i. e. the Paleo-Asia, the Tethys and the Pacific Ocean, and those blocks scattered within them. Therefore, the orogenic belts in China usually experience a long geologic evolution history and form the multiphase composite belts which are more complex than some typical orogenic belts in the world. Another distinguishing feature of the tectonics of China is that the older orogenic belts and cratons could be involved in the late tectonic-thermal events,and formed intraplate or intracontinental orognic belts. Owing to these characteristics, so Chi-na is an ideal area for the study of continental rifting, accretion and collision. It is our duty to establish a new theory about the continental orogenic belts by means of summarising the charac-teristics of geology, geophysics and geochemistry of China to connect with the East Asia and global tectonics.

《地学前缘》编辑部遵循"百花齐放,百家争鸣"的方针,以笔谈会形式邀请10多位地质学家从不同角度阐述造山带研究的意义、理论和方法等。文中主要论述了下列内容:(1)关于造山带的涵义。对造山带的涵义有两种不同的认识:一种意见把造山带与板块间的相互作用密切联系,强调只有会聚板块边缘构造作用形成的地质体,才能称为造山带;另一种意见认为板内造山带是客观存在的,对大陆造山带的研究是大陆动力学的关键。(2)关于中国造山带的特点。中国地处3大体系──印度板块、太平洋板块和西伯利亚板块的交汇处,是古亚洲、特提斯和太平洋3大洋盆体系和其间诸多地块开裂、演化、增生、碰撞和消亡的结果。它们通常经历了长期的地质演化,形成了许多多期复合型造山带,而不完全与地球上一些典型的造山带相同。另一个特点是老造山带和已稳定地块在后期可再次卷入构造运动而活化。因此,中国是研究大陆开裂、增生、碰撞和拼贴作用的理想场所。(3)我们应当在总结中国各类造山带的地质。地球物理和地球化学等特征的基础上,结合东亚以至全球构造研究,创建大陆造山带的新理论。

 
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