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equal settlement
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  等沉
     Based the on soil mechanics,elastic theory and some reasonable assumptione,adopting the method of the equal settlement section,considering the pemetration of top and fir of pile,the calculation formula of composite foundation with capped rigid pile was proposed,which showed the characteristics of layered soil and its 3D settlement deformation.
     以土力学和弹性理论为基础,基于合理假定,采用等沉面的思想,考虑复合桩体发生上、下刺入变形现象,推导出能够反映层状不均质地基和带帽桩复合地基空间三维沉降变形特征的复合桩土应力比隐式计算公式。
短句来源
     There is equal settlement section in the reinforced area of the composite foundation,the sparse capped pile settlement controlled composite foundation can enhance the stability of soft ground.
     在复合地基加固区内存在等沉面现象,带帽控沉疏桩复合地基可以增强软土地基的稳定性。
短句来源
     The coefficient is maximum when the depth of backfill equals the height of initial plane of equal settlement.
     填土厚度等于初始等沉面高度时,土压力系数有最大值。
短句来源
     reinforced layer above the equal settlement plane;
     等沉面以上加固层;
短句来源
     reinforced layer below the equal settlement plane;
     等沉面以下加固层;
短句来源
  “equal settlement”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The effect factors of the distance of two piles, the length of pile, size of pile cap, modulus of cushion, modulus of underlying soil layers, modulus of soil besides pile cap and K_0 have been discussed for composite pile-soil stress ratio and the place of equal settlement section. 4. Based on reasonable assumption and elasticity theory, adopting the load transfer function method, the linear analysis of composite single pile with cap has been done.
     4、基于合理假定和弹性理论,采用荷载传递函数法,对带帽复合单桩桩土相互作用的力学性状进行了线性分析,很到了复合桩体中桩体沉降、桩帽下土体的竖向位移、桩身轴向应力、桩帽下土体的竖向应力、桩身侧摩阻力与荷载水平、深度之间的控制微分方程,并得到其解析表达式。
短句来源
     The investigation indicates that the settlements of bearing plate approximate to the settlements of surface of soil around pile, the settlements of pile top is markedly greater than the settlements of surface of soil around pile,the deformation of pile and soil don′t meet the equal strain condition,there exists an equal settlement plane in specified depth L0 in composite ground,in which the settlements of pile equal to the settlement of soil around pile.
     研究表明:荷载板沉降与桩间土面沉降十分接近,桩间土地面沉降明显大于桩顶沉降,主要表现为桩体部分刺入路基内,柔性荷载下桩土变形不满足等应变条件.
短句来源
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Based on soil mechanics and elastic theory, the correspondence equation of the vertical deformation of the composite foundation of the stiff pile and the half stiff pile is derived in this paper. The mathematics formula of the cushion thickness and compression modulus of influence on the composite foundation of the stiff and the half stiff pile is derived. Based on it, influence of the different cushion thickness and compression modulus on the stress ratio of pile and soil, on the location of the greatest stress...

Based on soil mechanics and elastic theory, the correspondence equation of the vertical deformation of the composite foundation of the stiff pile and the half stiff pile is derived in this paper. The mathematics formula of the cushion thickness and compression modulus of influence on the composite foundation of the stiff and the half stiff pile is derived. Based on it, influence of the different cushion thickness and compression modulus on the stress ratio of pile and soil, on the location of the greatest stress and the greatest stress in pile, on the load transfer in pile and soil is determined. The conclusion of relaxing stress concentration on the pile top by improving the cushion thickness and lowering the cushion modulus is obtained, but the location of the equal settlement section is lowered. On the contrary the stress of the pile end is increased. So it isn′t useful to excessively increase the thickness and lower the cushion modulus to acquire lower stress ratio of pile and soil. Synthesis analysis indicates that the best cushion thickness is 0.2~0.5 m and the best compression modulus of the cushion is 30~100 MPa. This cushion thickness corresponds with the thickness used in engineering. The optimized design on the composite foundation of the stiff and half stiff pile by the cushion can be performed with this method.

以土力学和弹性理论为基础推导出了刚性、半刚性桩复合地基的竖向变形协调方程 ,从理论上建立了垫层厚度及压缩模量对刚性、半刚性桩复合地基性质和形状的影响的数学表达式 .在此基础上 ,得出了不同的垫层厚度及垫层模量对桩土应力比、桩身最大应力位置、桩身最大应力、桩土荷载传递的影响 .研究结果表明 :增大垫层厚度及降低垫层模量都能缓解桩顶应力集中程度 ,但等沉面位置下降 ,桩端应力增大 ,因此 ,靠过多地提高垫层厚度和降低垫层模量来获得较低的桩土应力比不可取 ;垫层的最佳厚度为 0 .2~ 0 .5m ,垫层的最佳压缩模量为 30~ 10 0MPa,这与目前工程上常用的垫层厚度和垫层模量相符 ;利用该方法可对刚性、半刚性桩复合地基进行优化设计 .

The article makes a realistic exposition of the function of rigid combination beams of weak base foundation deduced with theories.It is tested and proved that setting up rigid combination beams on a weak base foundation can effectively transmit the heavy load of the upper construction part evenly to the base to make an equal settlement.As a result,the foundation can be safe and reliable.The theoretical inference tallies with the practice.

本文从实际出发 ,对软弱地基基础刚性组合梁的作用和理论推导作了阐述 ,通过实践和时间的检验 ,验证了软弱地基基础设置刚性组合梁 ,能有效地将上部结构的荷载均匀地传递给地基 ,地基沉降均匀 ,地基基础安全可靠 ,理论推导与实际吻合

Plastic model is used for the earth fill and elastic model used for the foundation. Based on the conditions of force equilibrium and deformation accordant, the vertical pressure on top of culverts is studied. The calculation formula obtained contains some parameters, such as the size of culverts, the depth of earth fill, the characters of the foundation and earth fill etc. The calculation result shows that the depth of equal settlements surface increases as the increasing of the foundation elastic modulus...

Plastic model is used for the earth fill and elastic model used for the foundation. Based on the conditions of force equilibrium and deformation accordant, the vertical pressure on top of culverts is studied. The calculation formula obtained contains some parameters, such as the size of culverts, the depth of earth fill, the characters of the foundation and earth fill etc. The calculation result shows that the depth of equal settlements surface increases as the increasing of the foundation elastic modulus and earth pressure coefficient on the top of culverts is showing a tendency to increase first and decrease afterwards along with the increasing of the earth fill depth.

涵洞上覆土体采用非线性应力应变关系——简化的双曲线模型、地基采用线弹性模型,利用力的平衡和变形协调条件对上埋式钢筋混凝土涵洞顶部土压力进行探讨,所得洞顶垂直土压力的计算公式包含涵洞尺寸、上覆土体厚度、地基和填土性质。结果表明上等沉降面的高度随填土厚度和地基弹性模量的增大而增大;洞顶土压力系数随填土厚度的增加呈现先增后减的趋势,

 
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