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  fu
     Analysing Primary Poem Thinking Structure from Fu,Bi and Xing
     从比兴看原始诗性思维结构
短句来源
     On the adhesion and separation of poetry and fu rhyme prose
     论诗、话的粘附与分离
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     A Classical Genre in Modern Times:Fu and Its Literary Fate in the 20th Century
     古典文体的现代命运——以20世纪体文学观念及创作为中心的思考
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     A Study on Wu Zhaoqian's Poetry and Fu
     吴兆骞诗研究
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     The paper proposes Han dynasty is the conscious times of pre-literature ,and Han Fu is the beginning of Chinese literal consciousness. Firstly,the consciousness of ideas.
     用文学自觉的四个标准即观念的自觉、作家的自觉、创作的自觉、理论的自觉来衡量汉代文学,本文认为“汉代是前文学自觉时代”,而汉是中国文学自觉的先声。
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  ode
     Ode to New Chongqing
     新重庆
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     On Folklore Culture of Ode from Han Dynasty and Wei Dynasty
     汉魏六朝中的民俗文化
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     A Brief Study of the Spring-sorrow Tradition of Chinese Ode Poetry and Its Spread in Korea
     略论中国的感春传统及其在朝鲜的流衍──以朱子《感春》与宋尤庵《次感春》为中心
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     Ban Gu and Revival and Decline of Great Ode in Eastern Han Dynasty
     班固与东汉大的再兴与衰败
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     Remarking on ode of peach
     《桃》疏
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  “赋”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Experimental Studies of Augmented Demineralized Bone Matrix with Excipients on Repair of Bone Defects and Tissue Engineering of Bone
     强化形骨基质在修复骨缺损及骨组织工程中的实验研究
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     ON A SEPARATED SUBSETS OF SPHERES OF NORMED LINEAR SPACES
     关于线性范空间的单位球面的λ分离子集
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     About Three Geometric Parameters of Normed Linear Spaces
     关于线性范空间的三个几何参数
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     The Second Duals of the Normed Linear Spaces
     范线性空间的第二对偶空间
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     Study on Doubly Curved Shaped-beam Reflector Antenna Theory
     形波束双弯曲反射器天线理论研究
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  fu
This paper describes the first covalent synthesis of a 5-fluorouracil-pectin (FU-PT) conjugate.
      
A sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was established for the determination of concentration of 5-FU-1-acetic acid in the gastrointestinal contents and plasma of rats.
      
This method was also used to evaluate the colon-targeting properties of 5-FU-PT.
      
5-FU-PT was given to rats by oral administration at a dosage of 22.5?mg kg-1.
      
5-FU-1-acetic acid released from 5-FU-PT was mainly distributed in the cecum and colon.
      
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  ode
Nonlinear partial differential equation (NLPDE) is converted into ordinary differential equation (ODE) via a new ansatz.
      
Using undetermined function method, the ODE obtained above is replaced by a set of algebraic equations which are solved out with the aid of Mathematica.
      
By using the qualitative methods of ODE, the existence and uniqueness of positive equilibrium and its global asymptotic stability are analyzed.
      
Numerical simulations of the oscillating regimes of the nitrogen trichloride self-ignition in a closed volume are carried out using a one-dimensional system of ordinary differential equations (ODE).
      
This note contains some simple results concerning smooth multivalued solutions of real second-order ODE resolved with respect toy″; the special role of equations of the third degree with respect toy' is underlined.
      
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In order to determine the workability of cast iron with spheroidal graphite,the following tests have been conducted on this material in the as-cast and annealed condition:tensile tests,compression tests,Charpy impact tests,impacttensile tests,twisting tests,upsetting tests under the drop hammer and small-scaledrolling tests.Results from these tests show that the best hot-working temperature rangeof this material varies somewhat with the stress system applied and the speed ofworking,and in general lies between...

In order to determine the workability of cast iron with spheroidal graphite,the following tests have been conducted on this material in the as-cast and annealed condition:tensile tests,compression tests,Charpy impact tests,impacttensile tests,twisting tests,upsetting tests under the drop hammer and small-scaledrolling tests.Results from these tests show that the best hot-working temperature rangeof this material varies somewhat with the stress system applied and the speed ofworking,and in general lies between 700° and 1100℃.Within this temperaturerange,the maximum amount of working permissible for a single working operationvaries considerably with the stress system applied.Under tensile stresses,thismaximum amount of working lies between 28 and 57.6%;under predominentlycompressive stresses,it lies between 58.5 and 72.9%;while in the small-scaledrolling tests,the maximum reduction in thickness permissible for a single passlies between 38.6 and 44.3%.The maximum amount of working permissible is alsoaffected by the speed of working,being greater at lower speeds.Tests on industrial scale show that the upsetting and small-scaled rollingtests give results nearest to those from industrial tests.Charpy impact tests,impacttensile tests,upsetting tests and small-scaled rolling tests show more prominentlythe best hot-working temperature range than the other tests conducted.Results of the present research also indicate that cast iron with spheroidal graphitehas a higher strength and workability when subjected to compressive stresses thanto tensile stresses,that a brittle temperature range has been recorded between200° and 650℃,which varies with the speed of test.Judging from the variationof the resistance to deformation with the change of temperature and the speedeffect,this phenomenon is associated with blue brittleness.

为了确定球墨铸铁的可塑性,曾进行了铸态和铸态经墨化热处理后的球墨铸铁在不同温度下的抗张试验、抗压试验、冲击弯曲试验、冲击抗张试验、撚扭试验、顶锻试验和小型压延试验庑┦匝橹?球墨铸铁的最好热加工温度范围随着应力体系和加工速度的不同而略有不同,但一般介于700℃和1100℃之间。在此温度范围内球墨铸铁能够耐受的最大加工量依所受的应力体系而有相当大的差別。在张应力作用下,此最大加工量介于28—57.6%之间,在主要为压应力作用下,介于58.5—72.9%之间;在小型压延试验中,其最大加工量则介于38.6—44.3%之间。最大加工量亦受速度的影响:实验室的试验指出,球墨铸铁在比较低速下加工有较高的塑性。在比较接近生产的条件下的试验结果指出:顶锻试验和小型压延试验给予最靠近生产试验结果的数值。冲击弯曲、冲击抗张、顶锻试验和小型压延试验给予比较明确的最好热加工温度范围,其他试验则不能给予很明确的结果。如果采用了测压仪、小型压延试验,还可以提供变形阻力的资料。试验结果指出:球墨铸铁在压应力作用下比在张应力作用下有较大的强度和塑性;其中温变脆温度依试验速度的变化而在200°—650℃之间变化,根据变形阻力和变...

为了确定球墨铸铁的可塑性,曾进行了铸态和铸态经墨化热处理后的球墨铸铁在不同温度下的抗张试验、抗压试验、冲击弯曲试验、冲击抗张试验、撚扭试验、顶锻试验和小型压延试验庑┦匝橹?球墨铸铁的最好热加工温度范围随着应力体系和加工速度的不同而略有不同,但一般介于700℃和1100℃之间。在此温度范围内球墨铸铁能够耐受的最大加工量依所受的应力体系而有相当大的差別。在张应力作用下,此最大加工量介于28—57.6%之间,在主要为压应力作用下,介于58.5—72.9%之间;在小型压延试验中,其最大加工量则介于38.6—44.3%之间。最大加工量亦受速度的影响:实验室的试验指出,球墨铸铁在比较低速下加工有较高的塑性。在比较接近生产的条件下的试验结果指出:顶锻试验和小型压延试验给予最靠近生产试验结果的数值。冲击弯曲、冲击抗张、顶锻试验和小型压延试验给予比较明确的最好热加工温度范围,其他试验则不能给予很明确的结果。如果采用了测压仪、小型压延试验,还可以提供变形阻力的资料。试验结果指出:球墨铸铁在压应力作用下比在张应力作用下有较大的强度和塑性;其中温变脆温度依试验速度的变化而在200°—650℃之间变化,根据变形阻力和变脆温度范围的变化可以比较肯定地认为这是一种蓝脆的现象。

Inhaltsübersicht

利用Sommerfeld关於光电效应的一般方法,完全考虑到推迟,施行非相对论的计算,来处理原子M-殻層的光电效应,并将所得结果与K-,L-等殼層加以比较?峁?光电流的各向同性分佈产生在角量子数l≥1的子殼層中,二相鄰子殼層中趋前部分项数相同,二相鄰大殻層的趋前部分,项数相差为二。

This paper pressents a discussion on the subject based upon the concept of the cemented granular structure of the concrete. It is shown that the effect of infiltrating water through the concrete consists of three types of forces: 1) the buoyant force, 2) the hydrodynamic force, and 3) the surface force.A thorough investigation of the stresses in a gravity dam subject to infiltrating water includes the above mentioned forces. In the geometric method of stress analysis, these forces can be taken into account more...

This paper pressents a discussion on the subject based upon the concept of the cemented granular structure of the concrete. It is shown that the effect of infiltrating water through the concrete consists of three types of forces: 1) the buoyant force, 2) the hydrodynamic force, and 3) the surface force.A thorough investigation of the stresses in a gravity dam subject to infiltrating water includes the above mentioned forces. In the geometric method of stress analysis, these forces can be taken into account more convinently in the equations of equilibrium of the block.However, in the modern design of a concrete gravity dam, a less permeable layer and a drainage system are installed close to the upstream face of the dam. These make the seepage line lower inside the dam and the hydrodynamic force insignificant. Under this condition, the application of the method of gravity analysis, in which the water pressure is considered to be acting on the upstream face of the dam and the uplift of seepage water is aken to be an external force, will not bring in considerable error.With the same point of view, this paper further analizes and investigates the principal stress parallel to the upstream face of the modern concrete gravity dam and shows that, the well-known formula still gives a better approximation and lies on the safe side.

本文首先略述近若干年来考虑混凝土壩壩內渗透压力作用的设计假定及存在问题乇鹬隽芯S条件的不合理性,并指出目前某些規范要求部分滿足列維条件也是根据不足的。由于壩身混凝土是由骨料顆粒經水泥結石胶結而成的不均質多孔固体,当水透入混凝土时能产生以下三种作用力: ①浮力W_(BZB)=γ_B(n_s-n_v),力的方向鉛直向上; ②渗透动压力W_Φ=γ_BJn_s,力的方向与流线相切; ③表面作用力pΦ=p(1-n_s),力的方向垂直于壩面。正確的考虑渗透压力作用的壩身应力的計算必須包括上述这三种力。当用“小块法”計算霸身应力时,将它們考虑进去并没有什么困难。就力的性質来說,在霸內分布的浮力及渗透动压力都是体积力,在下游壩体內的渗透动压力的水平分量极易引起拉应力,对霸内应力十分不利。文中并指出:由于現代修建的混凝土壩在其上游面矷栌锌股炷敛慵芭潘苣?霸內等水头綫向上游密集;排水管后壩体的浸潤綫限低,浸潤线下的孔隙水压力也常很小,因此按照通常“重力分析法”認为外水压力作用在壩面,并将揚压力靦为外力,所算得的壩身应力分布并没有很大的誤差。最后,根据同样的論点,对于近年来国內爭論較多的上游壩面主应力的計算问...

本文首先略述近若干年来考虑混凝土壩壩內渗透压力作用的设计假定及存在问题乇鹬隽芯S条件的不合理性,并指出目前某些規范要求部分滿足列維条件也是根据不足的。由于壩身混凝土是由骨料顆粒經水泥結石胶結而成的不均質多孔固体,当水透入混凝土时能产生以下三种作用力: ①浮力W_(BZB)=γ_B(n_s-n_v),力的方向鉛直向上; ②渗透动压力W_Φ=γ_BJn_s,力的方向与流线相切; ③表面作用力pΦ=p(1-n_s),力的方向垂直于壩面。正確的考虑渗透压力作用的壩身应力的計算必須包括上述这三种力。当用“小块法”計算霸身应力时,将它們考虑进去并没有什么困难。就力的性質来說,在霸內分布的浮力及渗透动压力都是体积力,在下游壩体內的渗透动压力的水平分量极易引起拉应力,对霸内应力十分不利。文中并指出:由于現代修建的混凝土壩在其上游面矷栌锌股炷敛慵芭潘苣?霸內等水头綫向上游密集;排水管后壩体的浸潤綫限低,浸潤线下的孔隙水压力也常很小,因此按照通常“重力分析法”認为外水压力作用在壩面,并将揚压力靦为外力,所算得的壩身应力分布并没有很大的誤差。最后,根据同样的論点,对于近年来国內爭論較多的上游壩面主应力的計算问题作了分析,認为对于現代修建的混凝土壩,由于在其上游面有可靠的排水和防渗层,通常用N′_1=(σ′_Y-pcos~2α)/sina~2α計算上游霸面主应力仍是比較适宜,而且是偏于安全的。

 
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