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entered the result analysis
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  进入结果分析
     RESULTS: All the 24 rats entered the result analysis.
     结果:24只大鼠全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: All the 9 rats entered the result analysis.
     结果:9只大鼠全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: All the 90 gerbils entered the result analysis.
     结果:实验纳入蒙古沙土鼠90只,全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: All the 70 rats entered the result analysis.
     结果:大鼠70只均进入结果分析
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     RESULTS:Totally 74 rats entered the result analysis.
     结果:74只大鼠进入结果分析
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  “entered the result analysis”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS:All the 31 patients children entered the result analysis with no loss.
     结果:31例患儿进入1年后结果分析,无脱落。
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     Totally 11 mice in the control group, 10 in the chemotherapy group and 11 in the combination group entered the result analysis.
     ①联合组及对照组的外周血红细胞、白细胞及血小板皆明显高于化疗组犤红细胞:(8.54±0.81),(8.65±0.77),(4.56±1.00)犦×1012L-1;
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     RESULTS: Of totally 528 copies of testing questionnaires sent out, 516 valid questionnaires were collected and entered the result analysis.
     结果:测评发放问卷528份,收回516份,其中有效问卷506份,纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS: Totally 65 rats were enrolled in this study, 17 of which got lost and the other 48 rats entered the result analysis.
     结果:选取大鼠65只,脱失17只,纳入48只进入数据分析。
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     RESULTS: With intention-to-treat, all 5 liver B-ultrasound images entered the result analysis.
     结果:按意向处理分析,实验选取5例肝病患者的肝脏B超图片,均进入结果统计。
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     China has entered into WTO ;
     中国已加入WTO ;
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     China has be entered into the WTO.
     中国已加入WTO。
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     China has entered WTO.
     我国已加入WTO。
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     The culture entered conscious stage.
     文化进入自觉阶段。
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     56 entered the follow-up analysis.
     进入随访结果分析患者56例。
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BACKGROUND:It is proved that nerve regeneration induced by terminolateral neur orrhaphy(TLN) is not as active as that induced by end to end suture.Exogenous epidermal growth factor(EGF) increases the opportunity of neuron survival in vit ro and promotes nerve regeneration.Whether it can increase nerve regeneration af ter terminolateral neurorrhaphy deserves further study. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of exogenous EGF in promoting nerve regenerat ion after terminolateral neurorrhaphy. DESIGN:A randomized...

BACKGROUND:It is proved that nerve regeneration induced by terminolateral neur orrhaphy(TLN) is not as active as that induced by end to end suture.Exogenous epidermal growth factor(EGF) increases the opportunity of neuron survival in vit ro and promotes nerve regeneration.Whether it can increase nerve regeneration af ter terminolateral neurorrhaphy deserves further study. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of exogenous EGF in promoting nerve regenerat ion after terminolateral neurorrhaphy. DESIGN:A randomized controlled trial. SETTING:Orthopedic Institute of Chinese PLA General Hospital. PARTICIPANTS:The trial was conducted in the Orthopedic Institute of Chinese PL A General Hospital from September 2001 to February 2002.A total of 32 male Wista r rats,weighting 200-250 g,were randomized to control group and EGF group with 16 rats in each group. METHODS:The right peroneal nerve was transected and an epineural window of 1 m m was created on the neighboring tibial nerve.The distal end of the transected p eroneal nerve was sutured to the windowed tibial nerve by means of end to side attachment.Each rat in EGF group received injection of 0.1 mL/d EGF diluted wit h normal saline at 2 g/L for two weeks while each in control group received inje ction of normal saline(0.1mL/d) at the distal site of the transected peroneal ne rve for two weeks.Histological,morphological and electrophysiological examinatio ns were performed 4 and 8 weeks after operation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The regeneration rate of myelinated nerve,motor nerve co nduction velocity and ultrastructural changes of the two groups. RESULTS: All the 32 rats entered the results analysis.①The regeneration rate of myelinated nerve fibers:4 and 8 weeks after operation,it was better in EGF gr oup[(52.42±1.45)%and(61.41±1.54)%]than that in control group[(34.60±1.52 )%and(38.64±1.89)%](P< 0.05).②Motor nerve conduction velocity:4 and 8 wee ks after operation,it was obviously greater in EGF group[(30.33±0.88)m/s and( 34.36±1.09)m/s]than that in control group[(21.06±0.93 )m/s and(23.31±0.58 )m/s](P< 0.05).③Observation of ultrastructure:The number of myelinated nerve f ibers,and the thickness and maturation degree of myelin sheath were significantl y better than those in control group. CONCLUSION:Exogenous EGF can promote nerve regeneration,increase nerve conduct ion velocity after terminolateral neurorrhaphy.

背景:研究证实通过端侧吻合方式可诱导神经侧芽再生,但再生效果达不到神经端端吻合的水平,应用外源性表皮生长因子具有促进体外神经元存活及神经再生的效果,可否提高端侧周围神经吻合的再生率?目的:评价外源性表皮生长因子对端侧吻合后神经远段再生的影响。设计:随机对照实验。单位:解放军总医院骨科研究所。对象:实验于2001-09/2002-02在解放军总医院骨研所完成。雄性Wister大白鼠32只,体质量200~250g,随机分成表皮生长因子组和对照组,每组16只。方法:表皮生长因子组:切断右侧腓神经,在邻近的胫神经干外膜上开一1mm小窗,将腓神经远端吻合到胫神经干侧方开窗处。右小腿外侧肌肉注入用生理盐水稀释为2g/L的表皮生长因子注射液0.1mL/d,共用2周;对照组:吻合方法同表皮生长因子组,术后注射等量的生理盐水2周。两组分别于术后4周和8周进行大体、组织学、形态定量学和电生理检测。主要观察指标:两组术后有髓神经纤维再生率,运动神经传导速度,超微结构变化。结果:32只大鼠均进入结果分析。①有髓神经纤维再生率:术后4,8周时,表皮生长因子组优于对照组(52.42±1.45)%,(61.41±1.54)%,(34.60...

背景:研究证实通过端侧吻合方式可诱导神经侧芽再生,但再生效果达不到神经端端吻合的水平,应用外源性表皮生长因子具有促进体外神经元存活及神经再生的效果,可否提高端侧周围神经吻合的再生率?目的:评价外源性表皮生长因子对端侧吻合后神经远段再生的影响。设计:随机对照实验。单位:解放军总医院骨科研究所。对象:实验于2001-09/2002-02在解放军总医院骨研所完成。雄性Wister大白鼠32只,体质量200~250g,随机分成表皮生长因子组和对照组,每组16只。方法:表皮生长因子组:切断右侧腓神经,在邻近的胫神经干外膜上开一1mm小窗,将腓神经远端吻合到胫神经干侧方开窗处。右小腿外侧肌肉注入用生理盐水稀释为2g/L的表皮生长因子注射液0.1mL/d,共用2周;对照组:吻合方法同表皮生长因子组,术后注射等量的生理盐水2周。两组分别于术后4周和8周进行大体、组织学、形态定量学和电生理检测。主要观察指标:两组术后有髓神经纤维再生率,运动神经传导速度,超微结构变化。结果:32只大鼠均进入结果分析。①有髓神经纤维再生率:术后4,8周时,表皮生长因子组优于对照组(52.42±1.45)%,(61.41±1.54)%,(34.60±1.52)%,(38.64±1.89)%,P<0.05。②运动神经传导速度:术后4,8周表皮生长因子组明显比对照组加快(30.33±0.88)m/s,(34.3

BACKGROUND:There are reports that exogenous pulmonary surfactant(PS) participating in acute asthma attacks in rats with asthma and has correlation with epidermal growth factor(EGF) and expression of EGFmRNA . OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of PS on EGF and EGFmRNA in asthmatic rats. DESIGN:Controlled experimental study on experimental animals. SETTING:Respiratory departmentof a military medical university affiliated hospital. MATERIALS:The experiment was completed in Laboratory 2 of Experiment Animal Center;...

BACKGROUND:There are reports that exogenous pulmonary surfactant(PS) participating in acute asthma attacks in rats with asthma and has correlation with epidermal growth factor(EGF) and expression of EGFmRNA . OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of PS on EGF and EGFmRNA in asthmatic rats. DESIGN:Controlled experimental study on experimental animals. SETTING:Respiratory departmentof a military medical university affiliated hospital. MATERIALS:The experiment was completed in Laboratory 2 of Experiment Animal Center; Immunohistochemistry Laboratory,Department of Pathology of Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from April 2004 to July 2004.Sixty male SD rats weighting 100-120 g were provided by the Experiment Animal Center of the Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA.The animals were randomly divided into 3 groups,that is normal control group,asthma control group(asthma group) and PS treatment group(treatment group) with 20 rats in each group. METHODS:The models of asthmatic rats were established.1mL of immunogen stock suspension and 1 mL trachitis vaccine were injected intraperitoneally into the rats in the asthma group and treatment group respectively,and the normal control group were treated with the same volume of saline.Two weeks after being allergic,10 g/L oval bumin were given to the asthma group and treatment group.The normal control group was given saline ultrasonic nebulization for 20 minutes; the treatment group was performed atomizing inhalation PS 100 mg/kg driving by oxygen before each provocation.The expression of EGF was detected with immunohistochemistry and the expression of EGF mRNA was detected with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The onset condition of the rats in each group and the comparison of the level of EGF and the expression of EGFmRNA in lung tissue of the bronchus. RUSULTS:There were 20 rats entered the result analysis in each group.Onset rate of asthma in asthma group[90%(18/20)]was higher than that in the treatment group[5%(1/20)](χ2=28.97,P< 0.01).The image analysis of the EGF expression showed that the absorbance in the asthma group(9.652±1.086)was higher than that in the normal control group(3.267±0.986)(t=18.552,P< 0.01).The absorbance in the treatment group(4.132±1.012) was similar to that in the control group(P >0.05); The electrophoresis bands of mRNA amplified products in each group showed that in the normal control group the expression was weak and it was strong in the asthma group.The expression in the treatment group was obviously weaker than that in the control group. CONCLUSION:Exogenous PS can reduce the onset of asthma and its mechanism might be related with inhibiting the synthesis and release of EGF.

背景:有研究证实,外源性肺表面活性物质参与哮喘大鼠哮喘发作,并与表皮生长因子及其表皮生长因子mRNA的表达相关。目的:探讨肺表面活性物质对哮喘大鼠模型哮喘发作、表皮生长因子及表皮生长因子mRNA表达的影响。设计:以实验动物为研究对象的观察对比实验。单位:一所军医大学医院的呼吸内科。材料:实验于2004-04/2004-07在第四军医大学实验动物中心实验二室及病理学教研室免疫组化实验室完成。选择60只体质量为100~120g的雄性SD大鼠,由第四军医大学实验动物中心提供。随机分为3组,即正常对照组、哮喘对照组和肺表面活性物质治疗组,每组20只。方法:建立哮喘大鼠模型,哮喘对照组、肺表面活性物质治疗组腹腔注射免疫原液1mL及气管炎菌苗1mL腹腔注射致敏,正常对照组给予等体积生理盐水。致敏2周后,哮喘对照组、肺表面活性物质治疗组给予10g/L卵蛋白溶液,正常对照组给予理盐水超声雾化吸入20min激发,肺表面活性物质治疗组每次激发前给予氧气驱动雾化吸入肺表面活性物质100mg/kg。采用免疫组织化学的方法检测表皮生长因子的表达,用逆转录聚合酶链反应的方法检测表皮生长因子mRNA。主要观察指标:各组大鼠哮喘发作情况及其...

背景:有研究证实,外源性肺表面活性物质参与哮喘大鼠哮喘发作,并与表皮生长因子及其表皮生长因子mRNA的表达相关。目的:探讨肺表面活性物质对哮喘大鼠模型哮喘发作、表皮生长因子及表皮生长因子mRNA表达的影响。设计:以实验动物为研究对象的观察对比实验。单位:一所军医大学医院的呼吸内科。材料:实验于2004-04/2004-07在第四军医大学实验动物中心实验二室及病理学教研室免疫组化实验室完成。选择60只体质量为100~120g的雄性SD大鼠,由第四军医大学实验动物中心提供。随机分为3组,即正常对照组、哮喘对照组和肺表面活性物质治疗组,每组20只。方法:建立哮喘大鼠模型,哮喘对照组、肺表面活性物质治疗组腹腔注射免疫原液1mL及气管炎菌苗1mL腹腔注射致敏,正常对照组给予等体积生理盐水。致敏2周后,哮喘对照组、肺表面活性物质治疗组给予10g/L卵蛋白溶液,正常对照组给予理盐水超声雾化吸入20min激发,肺表面活性物质治疗组每次激发前给予氧气驱动雾化吸入肺表面活性物质100mg/kg。采用免疫组织化学的方法检测表皮生长因子的表达,用逆转录聚合酶链反应的方法检测表皮生长因子mRNA。主要观察指标:各组大鼠哮喘发作情况及其支气管肺组织中表皮生长因子及表皮生长因子mRNA的表达水平比较。结果:进入结果分析保持为

BACKGROUND:To tonify qi,benefit spleen and primary qi,strengthen tendons and b ones and promote circulations in meridians and collaterals are the classical pri nciples in Chinese medicine for anti kinetic fatigue. OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy of compound Chinese herbal medicine on anti kinetic fatigue. DESIGN:Randomized controlled experiment based on animals. SETTINGS:Animal Experimental Center of Wenzhou Normal University and Zhejiang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. MATERIALS:The experiment was...

BACKGROUND:To tonify qi,benefit spleen and primary qi,strengthen tendons and b ones and promote circulations in meridians and collaterals are the classical pri nciples in Chinese medicine for anti kinetic fatigue. OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy of compound Chinese herbal medicine on anti kinetic fatigue. DESIGN:Randomized controlled experiment based on animals. SETTINGS:Animal Experimental Center of Wenzhou Normal University and Zhejiang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine. MATERIALS:The experiment was performed in Animal Experimental Center of Zhejia ng College of Traditional Chinese Medicine from February to June 2001,in which,8 0 ICR mice of either sex,body weighted(22±2) g and 40 SD male rats,body weighte d(194±7) g were employed. METHODS:①Eighty mice were randomized into two groups,of which,40 mice was gas tric infused with Chinese herbal jiang li fang(experimental group) and 40 mice was with physiological saline(the control).After bred for 15 days,they were rand omized into 3 groups for anti fatigue experiment(n=15,swimming time),anti hypo xia ability(n=15) and determination of hemoglobin(n=10).②Determination of testo sterone:Forty rats were randomized into 4 groups,named the control with physiolo gical saline infusion,herbal infusion group,exercise group,exercise herbal infu sion group.In herbal infusion group,the rats were infused once a day.In exercise group and exercise herbal infusion group,the rats exercised once a day,swimmin g till being exhausted at the tolerance of 3%body weight at 28 ℃of water tempe rature.After bred for 20 days,heart blood 2 mL was collected with chest opened a nd the serum was centrifuged and placed in refrigerator at 4 ℃. Minigamma 1 275 γcounter and VCS method were applied for determination. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:①Determination of swimming time of mice in every group. ②Time of anti hypoxia.③Levels of hemoglobin and testosterone in rats. RESULTS:Forty rats and 80 mice were all entered the result analysis.①Observat ion of swimming time in mice:The time was remarkably prolonged in experimental g roup compared with the control[(125.2±13.7),(108.9 ±12.6) minutes,P< 0.01].②A nti hypoxia ability:It was much improved in experimental group compared with th e control[(25.0±1.5),(23.1±1.8) minutes,P< 0.05].③Level of hemoglobin:The lev el of hemoglobin in experimental group was higher than that in the control,but t he difference was not significant[(162.1±5.2),(159.3±5.3) g/L].④Level of test osterone:That in exercise group of rats was remarkably lower than exercise herb al infusion group[(4.69±0.92),(6.03±0.77) nmol/L, P< 0.05].The difference in t estosterone level was not significant between the control with infusion of physi ological saline and herbal infusion group[(6.59±0.91),(6.98±0.88) nmol/L,P >0. 05]. CONCLUSION:Under fatigue state,jian li fang can prolong the time of swimming i n mice,improve work time and efficacy,increase hemoglobin content and benefit an ti hypoxia ability,which indicates rather strong anti fatigue action.The combi nation of Chinese herbal jian li fang and exercise training can much significant ly increase serum testosterone level in rats compared with exercise group,which explains that jian li fang can increase testosterone level in rats,prevent testo sterone decrease induced by exhausted exercise and accelerate the recovery of ph ysical function.

背景:补气健脾,补益元气,强筋健骨,疏通经络是中医对抗运动性疲劳的经典原则。目的:观察复方中药抗运动性疲劳的效应。设计:以动物为观察对象的随机对照实验。单位:浙江中医学院动物实验中心。材料:实验于2001-02/06在浙江中医学院动物实验中心完成。选用ICR小鼠80只,雌雄各半,体质量(22±2)g,SD雄性大鼠40只,体质量(194±7)g。方法:①80只小鼠随机分成两组,40只为中药健力方灌胃(实验组),40只为生理盐水灌胃(对照组)。喂养15d后,分成3组进行抗疲劳实验(n=15,游泳时间),抗缺氧能力(n=15),血红蛋白的测定(n=10)。②睾酮测定:把40只大鼠随机分成4组,生理盐水灌胃对照组、中药灌药组、运动组、运动加灌药组。灌药组的大鼠每天灌药1次,运动组及运动加灌药组每天运动1次,为3%体质量负荷游泳至力竭,水温为28℃。喂养20d后,开胸取心血2mL,离心析出血清置4℃冰箱待用,用Minigamma1275γ计数器,VCS法测定。主要观察指标:①各组小鼠的游泳时间测定。②抗缺氧时间。③血红蛋白指标及大鼠睾酮水平。结果:40只大鼠和80只小鼠均进入结果分析。①小鼠游泳时间观察:实验组较对照组...

背景:补气健脾,补益元气,强筋健骨,疏通经络是中医对抗运动性疲劳的经典原则。目的:观察复方中药抗运动性疲劳的效应。设计:以动物为观察对象的随机对照实验。单位:浙江中医学院动物实验中心。材料:实验于2001-02/06在浙江中医学院动物实验中心完成。选用ICR小鼠80只,雌雄各半,体质量(22±2)g,SD雄性大鼠40只,体质量(194±7)g。方法:①80只小鼠随机分成两组,40只为中药健力方灌胃(实验组),40只为生理盐水灌胃(对照组)。喂养15d后,分成3组进行抗疲劳实验(n=15,游泳时间),抗缺氧能力(n=15),血红蛋白的测定(n=10)。②睾酮测定:把40只大鼠随机分成4组,生理盐水灌胃对照组、中药灌药组、运动组、运动加灌药组。灌药组的大鼠每天灌药1次,运动组及运动加灌药组每天运动1次,为3%体质量负荷游泳至力竭,水温为28℃。喂养20d后,开胸取心血2mL,离心析出血清置4℃冰箱待用,用Minigamma1275γ计数器,VCS法测定。主要观察指标:①各组小鼠的游泳时间测定。②抗缺氧时间。③血红蛋白指标及大鼠睾酮水平。结果:40只大鼠和80只小鼠均进入结果分析。①小鼠游泳时间观察:实验组较对照组明显延长[(125.2±13.7),(108.9±12.6)min,P<0.01]。②抗缺氧能力:实验组较对照组有所提高[(25.0±1.5),(23.1±1.8)min,P<0.01]。③血红蛋?

 
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