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entered the analysis of results
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  进入结果分析
    RESULTS: All the 34 patients finished the test and entered the analysis of results.
    结果:34例患者均完成量表测试,全部进入结果分析
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    RESULTS: Totally 30 rats were used, and 6 died during the experiment, finally 24 rats entered the analysis of results.
    结果:纳入动物30只,实验过程中死亡6只,进入结果分析24只。
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    RESULTS: All the 80 subjects entered the analysis of results.
    结果:本调查纳入戒毒劳动教养人员80例,分为2组,均完成调查进入结果分析
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    RESULTS: All the 10 volunteers finished the test and entered the analysis of results.
    结果:10名自愿者均完成测试,全部进入结果分析
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  “entered the analysis of results”译为未确定词的双语例句
    RESULTS Totally 116 SD rats entered the analysis of results.
    结果:116只SD大鼠纳入结果分析。
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    RESULTS:Thirteen cases in the control group and 9 cases in the study group were eliminated because they died and had not been treated by psychological supportive therapy for one month. Finally 312 cases in the control group and 320 cases in the study group entered the analysis of results respectively.
    结果:对照组、观察组分别有13例、9例患者因死亡而心理支持治疗不足1个月而被剔除,因此两组分别有312例、320例纳入结果分析。
短句来源
    Finally 245 effective participants entered the analysis of results,including 118 males and 127 females,aged 16-52 years old,with an average of 26.09 years old.
    男性118名,女性127名; 年龄16~52岁,平均年龄26.09岁。
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AIM:To establish the psychological supportive therapy based on empathy, evaluate its effects terminally ill patients with malignant tumors, and compare with routine psychological supportive therapy. METHODS:Totally 325 dying patients with malignant tumors between March 2001 and May 2002 (control group) and 329 dying patients between December 2003 and June 2004 (study group) in hospice were selected. All patients were treated with analgesic and symptom control, meanwhile, psychological supportive therapy based...

AIM:To establish the psychological supportive therapy based on empathy, evaluate its effects terminally ill patients with malignant tumors, and compare with routine psychological supportive therapy. METHODS:Totally 325 dying patients with malignant tumors between March 2001 and May 2002 (control group) and 329 dying patients between December 2003 and June 2004 (study group) in hospice were selected. All patients were treated with analgesic and symptom control, meanwhile, psychological supportive therapy based on empathy and routine psychological supportive therapy were given in the study group and control group respectively. The measures of psychological supportive therapy based on empathy, which put oneself in patients else's position and feels indebted as if it was received in person, was that medical personnel treated patients with equality, respect, admitting attitude, let patients express their thoughts and get depression off their chest. Before psychological therapy and after one month, the anxiety, depression, anger, despair and suicidal inclination were assessed by means of questionnaire. ① Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA): It was used to assess the anxiety status of the patients, including 14 items, delimitation score was 14 points, the total score >14 points was taken as had anxiety definitely. ② Hamilton depression scale (HAMD): It was used mainly to evaluate the depression, anger, despair and suicidal inclination, including 24 items, scored by 5 grades (0-4), the total score>20 points as had depression definitely. ③ Self-designed inventory: The general information, lonely feeling, indignation and satisfactory degree to the hospice care (only at one month after psychological therapy) of the patients were investigated, scored by 0-4 grades,> 2 points as definite (positive). The effective rates on the psychological obstacles in terminally ill patients with malignant tumors by two kinds of psychological supportive therapies were mainly studied effective rate=(positive amount before therapy- positive amount after therapy)/ positive amount before therapy×100%. The enumeration data were analyzed with the χ2 test and measurement data with the u test respectively. RESULTS:Thirteen cases in the control group and 9 cases in the study group were eliminated because they died and had not been treated by psychological supportive therapy for one month. Finally 312 cases in the control group and 320 cases in the study group entered the analysis of results respectively. Clinical effective rates on anxiety, lonely feeling, depression and indignation in the study group were significantly better than those in the control group (χ2=4.117-5.788, P < 0.05). Totally 304 cases (95.0%) in the study group and 281 cases (90.1%) in the control group felt satisfactory, and there were significant differences between the two groups (χ2=5.591, P = 0.018). CONCLUSION:Psychological supportive therapy based on empathy can obviously ameliorate the depression, anxiety, lonely feeling and indignation of terminally ill patients with malignant tumors, the effects are obviously better that that of routine psychological supportive therapy, and it should be used in palliative care extensively.

目的:建立基于同感心的心理支持方法,评价其对晚期癌症患者的应用效果,并与常规心理支持方法相比较。方法:选择2001/3-2002/5在广西医科大学第一附属医院宁养院接受服务的家居晚期癌症患者325例为对照组,并选择2003/12-2004/6在宁养院接受服务的家居晚期癌症患者329例为观察组,两组在接受癌痛控制、症状处理(宁养服务)的同时分别接受基于同感心的心理支持和常规的心理支持治疗。基于同感心的心理支持方法为按同感心的原理,设身处地患者的情境,感同身受患者的情绪和需求,医务人员及患者家属以平等、尊重、接纳的态度,站在患者的立场对待患者,使患者能表达自己的感受,渲泻情绪等。分别于治疗前及治疗后1个月采用问卷调查法对患者的焦虑、抑郁、孤独、愤怒、绝望、自杀倾向进行评估。①汉密顿焦虑量表:评估患者的焦虑状况,包括14个项目,分界值为14分,总分>14分肯定有焦虑存在;②汉密顿抑郁量表:包括24项,主要评估患者的抑郁状况、绝望及自杀倾向,采用04的5级评分,总分>20分,肯定有抑郁存在;③自拟调查表:调查患者的一般资料、孤独感、愤怒情绪、对宁养服务的满意度(仅在心理支持治疗1个月后调查),均采用0-4级评分,均以...

目的:建立基于同感心的心理支持方法,评价其对晚期癌症患者的应用效果,并与常规心理支持方法相比较。方法:选择2001/3-2002/5在广西医科大学第一附属医院宁养院接受服务的家居晚期癌症患者325例为对照组,并选择2003/12-2004/6在宁养院接受服务的家居晚期癌症患者329例为观察组,两组在接受癌痛控制、症状处理(宁养服务)的同时分别接受基于同感心的心理支持和常规的心理支持治疗。基于同感心的心理支持方法为按同感心的原理,设身处地患者的情境,感同身受患者的情绪和需求,医务人员及患者家属以平等、尊重、接纳的态度,站在患者的立场对待患者,使患者能表达自己的感受,渲泻情绪等。分别于治疗前及治疗后1个月采用问卷调查法对患者的焦虑、抑郁、孤独、愤怒、绝望、自杀倾向进行评估。①汉密顿焦虑量表:评估患者的焦虑状况,包括14个项目,分界值为14分,总分>14分肯定有焦虑存在;②汉密顿抑郁量表:包括24项,主要评估患者的抑郁状况、绝望及自杀倾向,采用04的5级评分,总分>20分,肯定有抑郁存在;③自拟调查表:调查患者的一般资料、孤独感、愤怒情绪、对宁养服务的满意度(仅在心理支持治疗1个月后调查),均采用0-4级评分,均以2分以上为肯定(阳性)。主要观察不同心理支持治疗对两组患者情绪障碍的治疗有效率[有效率=(治疗前该情绪的阳性人数—治疗后阳性人数/治疗前该情绪的阳性人数)×100%],计数资料用χ2检验,计量资料用u检验。结果:对照组、观察组分别有13例、9例患者因死亡而心理支持治疗不足1个月而被剔除,因此两组分别有312例、320例纳入结果分析。观察组焦虑、孤独、抑郁、愤怒的治疗有效率显著优于对照组(χ2=4.117~5.788,P<0.05)。观察组患者对宁养服务感到满意的有304例,占95.0%,对照组感到满意的有281例,占90.1%,两组比较差异有显著性(χ2=5.591,P=0.018)。结论:基于同感心的心理支持治疗可明显改善晚期癌症患者的抑郁、焦虑、孤独及愤怒情绪,其疗效明显好于常规心理支持治疗,可广泛应用于宁养服务中。

AIM: To investigate the characteristics of preoperative psychological symptoms in opium-dependent group who actively asked for stereotaxic lesion of nuclear cluster in deep brain.METHODS: Thirty-four patients with continuous opium-dependence, who were voluntarily treated with operation in the Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command of Chinese PLA between July and November 2004, participated in the study. Their psychological health status was assessed with symptom checklist-90...

AIM: To investigate the characteristics of preoperative psychological symptoms in opium-dependent group who actively asked for stereotaxic lesion of nuclear cluster in deep brain.METHODS: Thirty-four patients with continuous opium-dependence, who were voluntarily treated with operation in the Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command of Chinese PLA between July and November 2004, participated in the study. Their psychological health status was assessed with symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90), and the results were obtained with computer, and compared with national norms and national Yan DX group, Zhu JH group and Wan P group, the results were also statistically analyzed. The results were expressed as Mean±SD, and the t test was applied to the measurement data with SPSS software. RESULTS: All the 34 patients finished the test and entered the analysis of results. ① Most of the patients, who actively asked for operation, were male married individual manager about 32 years old. The dependent drug was mainly heroin, the age of the first take was young, there was long duration, many abuse manners, high retaking, and most were psychological dependent. ② The highest total score of SCL-90 was 374, and the total score was above 160 in 23 cases (67.6%), and the average score was significantly higher than that of national norms (38.29±4.08), (24.92±18.4), P < 0.001 . The highest score of positive items was 86, and the score was above 43 in 24 cases (70.6%), the average score was significantly higher than that of national norms. ③ The total prevalence rate of psychological obstacle reached 91.2%. The constituent ratio of factor score exceeding norms from high to low was depression and somatization, anxiety, obsession-compulsion, hostility, psychoticism and others, paranoid ideation, phobic anxiety and interpersonal sensitivity respectively. The manifested intensity of psychological obstacles in order were depression, hostility, obsession-compulsion and others, somatization, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, paranoid ideation, psychoticism and phobic anxiety. ④ There were no significant differences as compared with national Yan DX group. Only the factor of obsession-compulsion was significantly different from that in the Zhu HJ group. The scores of somatization, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety and psychoticism were significantly different from those in Wan P group. CONCLUSION: The preoperative psychological obstacles in opium-dependent patients are the common clinical problems. It is convenient for the choice of perioperative medical interventions to know the characteristics of preoperative psychological symptoms of the patients, which is also good for the scientific evaluation of the postoperative efficacy

目的:了解主动要求立体定向脑深部核团毁损术治疗药物依赖的群体术前心理症状的特征。方法:选择2004-07/11自愿在沈阳军区总医院神经外科手术治疗的阿片类药物依赖连续病例34例。采用90项症状自评量表独立测试评估心理健康状况,计算机获得结果。与国内常模和国内燕殿学组、朱军红组、万萍组所测结果进行统计学分析。结果以“均值±标准差”表示,应用SPSS软件对测量结果进行t检验。结果:34例患者均完成量表测试,全部进入结果分析。①主动要求手术治疗的患者,多为32岁左右的男性已婚的个体经营者患者。依赖物质以海洛因为主;首吸年龄小;持续时间长;滥用方式多;复吸率高,并以心理依赖为主。②症状自评量表测查,总分中最高分374分、160分以上者23例占67.6%,平均分高于国内常模,差异有显著性[(38.29±4.08),(24.92±18.4),P<0.001]。阳性项目数最高分86分、43分以上者24例占70.6%,平均分高于国内常模,差异有显著性。③心理障碍总患病率高达91.2%。心理障碍因子分超出常模的构成比从高到低分别为:抑郁和躯体化、焦虑、强迫、敌对、精神病性和其他、偏执、恐怖以及人际关系。心理障碍显现强度的排列为...

目的:了解主动要求立体定向脑深部核团毁损术治疗药物依赖的群体术前心理症状的特征。方法:选择2004-07/11自愿在沈阳军区总医院神经外科手术治疗的阿片类药物依赖连续病例34例。采用90项症状自评量表独立测试评估心理健康状况,计算机获得结果。与国内常模和国内燕殿学组、朱军红组、万萍组所测结果进行统计学分析。结果以“均值±标准差”表示,应用SPSS软件对测量结果进行t检验。结果:34例患者均完成量表测试,全部进入结果分析。①主动要求手术治疗的患者,多为32岁左右的男性已婚的个体经营者患者。依赖物质以海洛因为主;首吸年龄小;持续时间长;滥用方式多;复吸率高,并以心理依赖为主。②症状自评量表测查,总分中最高分374分、160分以上者23例占67.6%,平均分高于国内常模,差异有显著性[(38.29±4.08),(24.92±18.4),P<0.001]。阳性项目数最高分86分、43分以上者24例占70.6%,平均分高于国内常模,差异有显著性。③心理障碍总患病率高达91.2%。心理障碍因子分超出常模的构成比从高到低分别为:抑郁和躯体化、焦虑、强迫、敌对、精神病性和其他、偏执、恐怖以及人际关系。心理障碍显现强度的排列为,抑郁、敌对、强迫和其他、躯体化、焦虑、人际关系、偏执、精神病性以及恐怖。④与国内燕殿学组比较差异无显著性;与朱军红组比较,仅强迫因子差异有显著性;与万萍组所测结果比较,躯体、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖和精神病症状因子差异均有显著性。结论:阿片类药物依赖的患者术前心理障碍是普遍存在的临床问题。了解患者术前心理症状的特征,便于围手术期医学干预方法的选择。有利于对术后疗效做出科学的评价。

AIM: To induce rat models of vascular dementia induced by repeated hypotension in combination with occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries, and observe the changes of learning and memory abilities and the pathological changes of brain tissue.METHODS: The experiment was carried out in the Institute of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences between September 1999 and January 2000. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham-operated...

AIM: To induce rat models of vascular dementia induced by repeated hypotension in combination with occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries, and observe the changes of learning and memory abilities and the pathological changes of brain tissue.METHODS: The experiment was carried out in the Institute of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences between September 1999 and January 2000. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham-operated group (n=10), 2 weeks after repeated cerebral ischemia group (n=10) and 12 weeks after repeated cerebral ischemia group (n=10). Rat models of vascular dementia were induced by repeated withdrawal/recirculation (25 mL/kg) of femoral artery in combination with occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries (10 minutes). For the jumping stand test, the rats were place on the platform (safe region) and connected with electricity after adaptation for 5 minutes in the body, the time for the rats to step from the platform for the first time (latency) was recorded, the number of times for the rats to step from the platform and to be shocked within 5 minutes (number of mistake times) was also recorded. The above test was repeated after 24 and 48 hours respectively, but the rats were placed on the platform and connected with electricity immediately at the beginning. The shuttle box test was also performed, the indexes were set as that 5 s for sinning (conditional stimulation), 20 s for electric stimulation (non-conditional stimulation), the current intensity was 3 mA, which were cycled for 20 times with an interval of 30 s. Sound stimulation (singing) was given for 5 minutes, and if the rats escaped (actively) to the other end of the box, the singing would be stopped and entered the interval; otherwise, shock would be given. During shocking, if the rats escaped to the other end of the box, shock would be stopped and entered the interval; otherwise, shock would last for 20 minutes, and followed by sound stimulation after an interval of 30 s, which were repeated for 20 times as a circle. The number of being shocked, duration of being shocked and time of active escape in one circle for the rats were automatically controlled and recorded by computer. There was one circle every day (began after adaptation for 5 minutes in the box) for 5 continuous days. The pathological changes of brain tissue were observed by haematine-eosin (HE) staining and cresol purple/acid fuchsin staining.RESULTS: Totally 30 rats were used, and 6 died during the experiment, finally 24 rats entered the analysis of results. ① Results of the jumping stand test: As compared with the sham-operated group, the numbers of mistake times in the 2 and 12 weeks after repeated cerebral ischemia groups were obviously increased on the 3rd day: (1.3±1.0), (9.2±2.0), (12.9±2.3) times, P < 0.01 , and the latencies were significantly shortened on the 3rd day: (193.6±68.9), (20.3±8.2), (12.0±4.4) s, P < 0.01 . ② Results of the shuttle box test: On the 5th day as compared with the sham-operated group, the number of shocked times in one circle in the 2 and 12 weeks after repeated cerebral ischemia groups were obviously increased (5.5±1.2), (14.2±2.6), (17.7±2.6) times, P < 0.01 , the durations of being shocked were obviously increased (19.3±8.1), (129.2±23.4), (178.2±35.5) s, P < 0.01 , and the times of active escape were markedly reduced (38.2±6.8), (11.2±5.0), (3.4±3.1) s, P < 0.01 . ③ Neuronal changes of brain tissue: At 2 weeks postoperatively, obvious learning and memory disorders occurred in the rats, the neuronal loss in cortex and hippocampal CA1 and CA4 were 29.8%, 92.1% and 24.4% respectively, but there was no obvious palsy of limbs. At 12 weeks postoperatively, the learning and memory disorders were aggravated, and the neuronal loss in cortex and hippocampal CA1 and CA4 were 35.8%, 94.0% and 30.2% respectively, but the brain damage had no obvious aggravations. CONCLUSION: Repeated hypotension in combination with occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries in rats could highly mimic the clinical features of vascular dementia, which might be a reliable, simple and useful rat model of vascular dementia.

目的:通过反复低血压及双侧颈总动脉阻断后建立血管性痴呆大鼠模型,观察大鼠学习记忆能力和脑组织病理学变化。方法:实验于1999-09/2000-01在重庆医科大学第一附属医院神经病学研究所完成。选择健康雄性Wistar大鼠30只,随机分3组,假手术组10只、反复脑缺血后2周组10只、反复脑缺血后12周组10只。采用反复股动脉抽血/回输(25mL/kg)和双侧颈总动脉阻断(10min)法建立血管性痴呆大鼠模型。进行跳台试验时,让大鼠在箱内适应5min后再放到平台(安全区)上并通电,记录大鼠第1次步下平台的时间,即潜伏期,及5min内大鼠步下平台被电击的次数,即错误次数。24h和48h后重复上述试验,但一开始即将大鼠放到平台上并通电。然后进行穿梭箱试验,其参数设置为:蜂鸣(条件刺激)时间5s,电刺激(非条件刺激)时间20s,电流强度3mA,间隔30s,循环20次。即给予声刺激(蜂鸣)5s,期间如大鼠(主动)逃避到箱的另一端,蜂鸣停止并转为间隔期,否则给予电击;电击期间如大鼠逃避到箱的另一端,电击停止并转为间隔期,否则持续被电击20s;间隔30s后又给予声刺激,重复20次为1个循环。计算机自动控制并记录大鼠在1个循环...

目的:通过反复低血压及双侧颈总动脉阻断后建立血管性痴呆大鼠模型,观察大鼠学习记忆能力和脑组织病理学变化。方法:实验于1999-09/2000-01在重庆医科大学第一附属医院神经病学研究所完成。选择健康雄性Wistar大鼠30只,随机分3组,假手术组10只、反复脑缺血后2周组10只、反复脑缺血后12周组10只。采用反复股动脉抽血/回输(25mL/kg)和双侧颈总动脉阻断(10min)法建立血管性痴呆大鼠模型。进行跳台试验时,让大鼠在箱内适应5min后再放到平台(安全区)上并通电,记录大鼠第1次步下平台的时间,即潜伏期,及5min内大鼠步下平台被电击的次数,即错误次数。24h和48h后重复上述试验,但一开始即将大鼠放到平台上并通电。然后进行穿梭箱试验,其参数设置为:蜂鸣(条件刺激)时间5s,电刺激(非条件刺激)时间20s,电流强度3mA,间隔30s,循环20次。即给予声刺激(蜂鸣)5s,期间如大鼠(主动)逃避到箱的另一端,蜂鸣停止并转为间隔期,否则给予电击;电击期间如大鼠逃避到箱的另一端,电击停止并转为间隔期,否则持续被电击20s;间隔30s后又给予声刺激,重复20次为1个循环。计算机自动控制并记录大鼠在1个循环中被电击次数、被电击时间和主动逃避时间。每天1个循环(箱内适应5min后开始),连续5d。常规苏木精-伊红染色,甲酚紫/酸性品红染色观察脑组织病理学变化。结果:纳入动物30只,实验过程中死亡6只,进入结果分析24只。①跳台试验结果:与假手术组比较反复脑缺血后2周组和反复脑缺血后12周组的错误次数明显增多[以第3天为例,假手术组、反复脑缺血后2周组、反复脑缺血后12周组分别为(1.3±1.0),(9.2±2.0),(12.9±2.3)次,P<0.01],潜伏期显著缩短[以第3天为例,假手术组、反复脑缺血后2周组、反复脑缺血后12周组分别为(193.6±68.9),(20.3±8.2),(12.0±4.4)s,P<0.01]。②程控穿梭箱试验结果:第5天与假手术组比较反复脑缺血后2周组和反复脑缺血后12周组在1个循环中被电击次数明显增多[假手术组、反复脑缺血后2周组、反复脑缺血后12周组分别为(5.5±1.2),(14.2±2.6),(17.7±2.6)次,P<0.01],被电击时间明显增多[假手术组、反复脑缺血后2周组、反复脑缺血后12周组分别为(19.3±8.1),(129.2±23.4),(178.2±35.5)s,P<0.01],主动逃避时间明显减少[假手术组、反复脑缺血后2周组、反复脑缺血后12周组分别为(38.2±6.8),(11.2±5.0),(3.4±3.1)s,P<0.01]。③脑组织神经元改变结果:术后2周大鼠出现明显的学习和记忆障碍,大脑皮质、海马CA1和CA4区神经元丢失分别为29.8%,92.1%,24.4%,但无明显的肢体瘫痪;12周后大鼠学习和记忆障碍进一步加重,大脑皮质、海马CA1和CA4区神经元丢失分别为35.8%,94.0%,30.2%,但脑损害无明显加重。结论:反复低血压及双侧颈总动脉阻断法能高度模拟血管性痴呆的临床特点,是一种可靠、简易而实用的血管性痴呆大鼠模型。

 
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