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entered the final analysis
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  进入结果分析
     RESULTS: One rat in model group died during the experiment, 2 in 1.88 g/mL zhongfeng kang group, 2 in buchang naoxin tong group and 3 in 0.94 g/mL zhongfeng kang group, and modeling in failure was 3, 2, 2 and 1 respectively. Totally 32 rats entered the final analysis with 8 at each time point.
     结果:模型组,中风康1.88g/mL组,步长脑心通组,中风康0.94g/mL组分别死亡1,2,2,3只,造模失败3,2,2,1只,进入结果分析数量为每组大鼠32只,每时间点各8只。
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     RESULTS Totally 28 cells in cerebral hippocampal CA1 area of 14 rats were entered the final analysis.
     结果:实验选用14只大鼠脑海马CA1区的28个细胞,全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: A total of 24 Wistar rats all entered the final analysis.
     结果:Wistar大鼠24只,全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: Totally 170 mice entered the final analysis.
     结果:纳入170只小鼠,全部进入结果分析,无脱失。
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     RESULTS: Totally 96 SD rats entered the final analysis.
     结果:实验选用96只SD大鼠,均进入结果分析
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  “entered the final analysis”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS: Totally 32 rats entered the final analysis.
     结果:32只大鼠纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS:All 60 mice entered the final analysis.
     结果:全部60只小鼠均纳入分析。
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     RESULTS: Data of 9 AD and 14 VD patients as well as 15 normal old people entered the final analysis.
     结果:共有9例阿尔茨海默病和14例血管性痴呆患者,15例正常老年人的资料均纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS: Totally 56 mice entered the final analysis.
     结果:56只小鼠全部纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS: All 4098 subjects and 797 youngsters completed the questionnaires and entered the final analysis.
     结果:学生4098人全部完成答卷,社会青少年797人全部完成答卷,填写完整,均纳入分析。
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     China has entered into WTO ;
     中国已加入WTO ;
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     China has be entered into the WTO.
     中国已加入WTO。
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     China has entered WTO.
     我国已加入WTO。
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     The culture entered conscious stage.
     文化进入自觉阶段。
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     56 entered the follow-up analysis.
     进入随访结果分析患者56例。
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BACKGROUND:The basic way for the releasing pattern of secretory granules of neurohypophysis is still not clear,neither is the extracellular normal transport route of neurohypophysis polypeptide hormones to enter the cerebrospinal fluid. OBJECTIVE:To provide the morphological evidences for the structural foundations of the releasing pattern and extracellular normal transport route for secretory granules or polypeptide hormones of neurohypophysis by observing the structure of rats’ neurohypophysis.DESIGN:Randomized...

BACKGROUND:The basic way for the releasing pattern of secretory granules of neurohypophysis is still not clear,neither is the extracellular normal transport route of neurohypophysis polypeptide hormones to enter the cerebrospinal fluid. OBJECTIVE:To provide the morphological evidences for the structural foundations of the releasing pattern and extracellular normal transport route for secretory granules or polypeptide hormones of neurohypophysis by observing the structure of rats’ neurohypophysis.DESIGN:Randomized controlled study.SETTING:Department of human anatomy in a university.MATERIALS:The experiment was completed in the Department of Human Anatomy of Hebei Medical University from May 2003 to January 2004. Twelve healthy clean grade adult male Sprague Dawley rats with a body mass of about 300 g were supplied by the Experimental Animal Center of Hebei Province.METHODS:The 12 rats were randomly divided into 3 groups with 4 rats in each group. The neurohypophysises of each group were respectively observed with light microscope,transmission microscope and scanning electron microscope.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The microstructure and ultrastructure of the neurohypophysis.RESULTS:All 12 rats entered the final analysis. In the coronary section of rat hypophysis,pars distalis,pars intermedia and pars nervosa were discernable under the light microscope. Under the transmission electron microscope,the neurohypophysis was composed of unmyelinated nerve fibers,pituicytes and connective tissue abound in blood capillaries. The endothelium of the blood capillary belonged to the fenestrated type(50 nm),separated from perivascular space by basement membrane.The intact secretory granules(100- 300 nm) coated with membrane existed not only in the endings of the unmyelinated nerve fibers but also occasionally in perivascular space.Under the scanning electron microscope,the pituitary capsule was composed of simple squamous epithelial cells and subepithelial connective tissue.Many irregular epithelial openings(2- 5 μ m) were observed among epithelial cells.Secretory granules were seen frequently near the epithelial opening.CONCLUSION:The releasing pattern of secretory granules or polypeptide hormones of neurohypophysis involves a whole releasing pattern together with granular membrane.After released into perivascular space,they enter easily into cerebrospinal fluid via interspace of tissue and epithelial openings rather than into blood circulation through the walls of capillaries,and then into the cerebrospinal fluid.

背景:神经垂体多肽激素分泌颗粒的释放形式和在细胞外正常转运途径的结构基础是以胞吐分泌方式还是浓度差因素影响而进入脑脊液的。目的:通过观察大鼠神经垂体的结构特征,为神经垂体多肽激素分泌颗粒的释放形式和在细胞外正常转运途径的结构基础提供形态学依据。设计:随机对照实验。单位:一所大学的人体解剖学教研室。材料:实验于2003-05/2004-01在河北医科大学人体解剖学教研室完成。选择健康成年雄性SD大鼠12只,体质量约300g,清洁级,由河北省实验动物中心提供。方法:将大鼠随机分成3组,每组4只,分别进行神经垂体光镜、透射和扫描电镜观察。主要观察指标:神经垂体的显微和超微结构。结果:12只大鼠全部进入结果分析。在光镜下观察,大鼠垂体冠状切面上,可显示垂体3部分的结构关系,远侧部,中间部及神经部清晰可辨。在透射电镜下观察,神经垂体主要由无髓神经纤维、垂体细胞及富含毛细血管的结缔组织组成。毛细血管内皮为有孔型(50nm),外有基膜与血管周隙分隔。完整的大型膜包分泌颗粒(100~300nm)不仅大量存在于无髓神经纤维内,而且也见于血管周隙内。在扫描电镜下观察,垂体囊由单层扁平上皮细胞和上皮下结缔组织构成,囊上皮细胞间存在...

背景:神经垂体多肽激素分泌颗粒的释放形式和在细胞外正常转运途径的结构基础是以胞吐分泌方式还是浓度差因素影响而进入脑脊液的。目的:通过观察大鼠神经垂体的结构特征,为神经垂体多肽激素分泌颗粒的释放形式和在细胞外正常转运途径的结构基础提供形态学依据。设计:随机对照实验。单位:一所大学的人体解剖学教研室。材料:实验于2003-05/2004-01在河北医科大学人体解剖学教研室完成。选择健康成年雄性SD大鼠12只,体质量约300g,清洁级,由河北省实验动物中心提供。方法:将大鼠随机分成3组,每组4只,分别进行神经垂体光镜、透射和扫描电镜观察。主要观察指标:神经垂体的显微和超微结构。结果:12只大鼠全部进入结果分析。在光镜下观察,大鼠垂体冠状切面上,可显示垂体3部分的结构关系,远侧部,中间部及神经部清晰可辨。在透射电镜下观察,神经垂体主要由无髓神经纤维、垂体细胞及富含毛细血管的结缔组织组成。毛细血管内皮为有孔型(50nm),外有基膜与血管周隙分隔。完整的大型膜包分泌颗粒(100~300nm)不仅大量存在于无髓神经纤维内,而且也见于血管周隙内。在扫描电镜下观察,垂体囊由单层扁平上皮细胞和上皮下结缔组织构成,囊上皮细胞间存在许多不规则的囊上皮孔(2~5μm),上皮孔附近经常可见分泌颗粒。结论:神?

BACKGROUND:An epidemic outbreak of poliomyelitis occurred in Pizhou City,Jangsu Province,15 years ago.It is important to appraise the daily living and function of those survived children.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the physical status of the survived children and propose appropriate suggestions on rehabilitation.DESIGN:Case based cross sectional study based on patients.SETTING:Department of Rehabilitative Medicine of First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University.PARTICIPANTS:Totally 545 patients with...

BACKGROUND:An epidemic outbreak of poliomyelitis occurred in Pizhou City,Jangsu Province,15 years ago.It is important to appraise the daily living and function of those survived children.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the physical status of the survived children and propose appropriate suggestions on rehabilitation.DESIGN:Case based cross sectional study based on patients.SETTING:Department of Rehabilitative Medicine of First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University.PARTICIPANTS:Totally 545 patients with poliomyelitis sequela,which was onset in 1989,were found in Qizhou, and 333 of them were randomly selected from the local" New Hope" nursing house and its surrounding areas. All patients were assayed in one week.METHODS:The survey included 333 polio victims in the nursing house or from the surrounding areas.The study was conducted by five research groups,with two physiatrists and one therapist in each group.Assessment included muscle strength,joint rang of motion,limb deformities,activities of daily living,previous surgical interventions and orthosis.The distance was measured from the anterior superior iliac to medial malleolus and from nave to the medial malleolus,respectively.Anatomic length and functional length were also measured.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Major outcomes included the forms,shapes,or functions of foot,pelvic,hip,knee and ankle joints.RESULTS:According to intention to treat analyses,333 patients with poliomyelitis sequela entered the final analysis.Most of them aged from 15 to 17 years old,which accounted for 97% .Totally 135 patients(40.5% ) walked independently and 148(44.4% )walked with orthsis and/or crutches.The discrepancy was between 0.5 cm to 13.0 cm.Patients with paraplegia were 112(33.6% ),which was lesser than those with monoplegia(211, 65.8% ).There were 3 cases with quadriplegia and 2 cases with upper limb involvement.Another 46 sufferers had already underwent the scoliosis prthomorphia.There were 254 subjects with orthosis,including 110 knee ankle feet orthosis for both legs and 131 knee ankle feet orthosis for one leg,with 62 at left and 79 at right.Only three ankle foot orthosis were employed.CONCLUSION:Besides the factor of muscle strength,limb teratism is the key factor that causes walking disorders.Physical functions may be improved through surgical intervention,orthosis modification,and rehabilitation training.Every child who received survey required further rehabilitative therapy.A multi disciplinary team is essential to achieve a better outcome.

背景:15年前国内在江苏省与山东省交界地区大规模爆发脊髓灰质炎流行,15年后存活患儿日常生活能力以及功能概况如何?目的:明确残存患儿的功能状态,提出适合的康复医学建议。设计:以患者为对象的横断面的调查。单位:南京医科大学第一附属医院康复医学科。对象:1989年发病的邳州小儿麻痹后遗症患者共545例,以当地希望之家为中心随机化选取能够接受调查与评估的患儿333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者,采用集中方式在一周内完成评估。方法:邳州市进入康复项目的333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者集中至希望之家,由2位康复医师和1位治疗师为一个评估小组,共5组同时进行肢体功能与肌力、生活自理能力、手术矫治和辅助具配置的评定。肌力评定、肢体功能情况采用积分评定。关节活动检查用关节角度计方式。肢体长度测量采用皮尺测定髂前上棘至内踝和脐至内踝的距离,分别测定解剖长度和功能长度。肢体畸形分析主要采用目测和体检的方式。主要观察指标:主要结局包括足的形态、骨盆位置、髋关节、膝关节和踝关节的外形、肢体围度等。结果:按意向处理分析,333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者进入结果分析,年龄主要集中在15~17岁,占总例数的97%。独立行走135例(40.5%),使用双拐148...

背景:15年前国内在江苏省与山东省交界地区大规模爆发脊髓灰质炎流行,15年后存活患儿日常生活能力以及功能概况如何?目的:明确残存患儿的功能状态,提出适合的康复医学建议。设计:以患者为对象的横断面的调查。单位:南京医科大学第一附属医院康复医学科。对象:1989年发病的邳州小儿麻痹后遗症患者共545例,以当地希望之家为中心随机化选取能够接受调查与评估的患儿333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者,采用集中方式在一周内完成评估。方法:邳州市进入康复项目的333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者集中至希望之家,由2位康复医师和1位治疗师为一个评估小组,共5组同时进行肢体功能与肌力、生活自理能力、手术矫治和辅助具配置的评定。肌力评定、肢体功能情况采用积分评定。关节活动检查用关节角度计方式。肢体长度测量采用皮尺测定髂前上棘至内踝和脐至内踝的距离,分别测定解剖长度和功能长度。肢体畸形分析主要采用目测和体检的方式。主要观察指标:主要结局包括足的形态、骨盆位置、髋关节、膝关节和踝关节的外形、肢体围度等。结果:按意向处理分析,333例小儿麻痹后遗症患者进入结果分析,年龄主要集中在15~17岁,占总例数的97%。独立行走135例(40.5%),使用双拐148例(44.4%)。双下肢功能长度差距最小值0.5cm,最大值13.0cm。双下肢累及(112例,33.6%)少于单下肢累及(211例,65.8%),四肢累及3例,上肢累及仅2例。另外已有46例患者已经行脊柱侧弯矫正术。使用矫形器的患者共计254例,其中双长腿矫形器110例,单腿131例。其中单左腿62例,单右腿79例。踝足矫形器3例。结论:除了肌力的因素外,导致步行能力障碍的重要原因是肢体畸形,多数肢体畸形可以通过手术、矫形器和康复训练得到显著改善,所有接受调查患儿存在进一步康复治疗的必要。建议成立多学科合作的团队,建立集体讨论制度,使这批小儿麻痹后遗症患者的康复功能达到最好的水平。

BACKGROUND:It is suggested that glucose metabolism of frontal lobes,cingulate gyri and caudate nuclei in cerebral functional area of patients with depression is low,and the blood flow in cerebellum decreases.OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of scalp acupuncture on cerebral glucose metabolism in depression by positron emission tomography.DESIGN:Randomly controlled and verifying experiment.SETTING:Department of Acupuncture and Aoxibustion in Nanfang Hospital and Center of Positron Emission Tomography in a Guangdong...

BACKGROUND:It is suggested that glucose metabolism of frontal lobes,cingulate gyri and caudate nuclei in cerebral functional area of patients with depression is low,and the blood flow in cerebellum decreases.OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of scalp acupuncture on cerebral glucose metabolism in depression by positron emission tomography.DESIGN:Randomly controlled and verifying experiment.SETTING:Department of Acupuncture and Aoxibustion in Nanfang Hospital and Center of Positron Emission Tomography in a Guangdong People's hospital.PARTICIPANTS:Twelve patients of primary depression,from Nanfang Hospital,Zhujiang Hospital and Center of Positron Emission Tomography in Guangdong People's Hospital from October 2002 to October 2003,were selected randomly with the diagnostic criteria of F32 in the Third Edition of the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disease.Among them,3 were male and 9 were female.Their ages were from 36 to 66 years,with the average of 48.METHODS:Giving scalp acupuncture in middle line of vertex(MS5),middle line of forehead(MS1) and bilateral lateral line 1 of forehead(MS2).All the patients received positron emission tomography examination before and after acupuncture treatment for 6 weeks.Then cerebral Regions of Interest,bilateral frontal lobes,bilateral caudate nuclei,bilateral cingulate gyri and bilateral cerebella,were chosen and their average glucose metabolisms were counted by half-quantifying analysis.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Glucose metabolism of bilateral frontal lobes,bilateral caudate nuclei,bilateral cingulate gyri and bilateral cerebella.RESULTS:According to intension,all 12 patients with primary depression entered the final analysis without any loss.① After scalp acupuncture,the results of right frontal lobes(2.91±0.34),left frontal lobes(2.96±0.26),right cingulate gyri(2.68±0.20),right caudate nuclei(2.61±0.39) and left cerebellum(2.55±0.18)were obviously higher than those of right frontal lobes(2.53±0.31),left frontal lobes(2.53±0.36),right cingulate gyri(2.34±0.31),right caudate nuclei(2.40±0.33) and left cerebellum(2.35±0.25) before treatment(P< 0.05-0.01).However,the results of left cingulate gyri(2.69±0.38),left caudate nuclei(2.66±0.01) and right cerebellum(2.50±0.27) were similar to those of left cingulate gyri(2.43±0.38),left caudate nuclei(2.45±0.21) and right cerebellum(2.30±0.34) before treatment(P > 0.05).CONCLUSION:Scalp acupuncture on middle line of vertex,middle line of forehead and bilateral lateral line 1 of forehead could improve the glucose metabolism in depressive patients of certain cerebral regions,and it might be a mechanism related to improvement of frontal lobes,caudate nuclei,cingulate gyri and cerebellum.

背景:有研究认为抑郁症患者额叶、扣带回、尾核等脑功能区葡萄糖代谢水平低下,小脑内血流量降低。目的:运用正电子发射型计算机断层显像技术观察头电针对抑郁症患者脑部功能区葡萄糖代谢的影响。设计:随机对照的验证性实验。单位:南方医院针灸科,广东省人民医院伟伦PET中心。对象:选择2002-10/2003-10在南方医院、珠江医院门诊确诊的原发性抑郁症患者12例,男3例,女9例;年龄36~66岁,平均48岁。方法:头电针取穴为顶中线、额中线和双侧额旁1线。电针前和治疗6周后分别接受正电子发射型计算机断层显像技术检测。框取双侧额叶、尾核、扣带回和小脑作为感兴趣脑区,将各脑区所得葡萄糖代谢放射性计数采用半定量方式进行治疗前后比较。主要观察指标:双侧额叶、尾核、扣带回和小脑葡萄糖代谢显像的半定量分析。结果:12例原发性抑郁症患者均进入结果分析。①头电针治疗后右侧额叶、左侧额叶、右侧扣带回、右侧尾核、左侧小脑葡萄糖代谢放射计数半定量结果明显高于治疗前犤(2.91±0.34,2.96±0.26,2.68±0.20,2.61±0.39,2.55±0.18,2.53±0.31,2.53±0.36,2.34±0.31,2.40±0.3...

背景:有研究认为抑郁症患者额叶、扣带回、尾核等脑功能区葡萄糖代谢水平低下,小脑内血流量降低。目的:运用正电子发射型计算机断层显像技术观察头电针对抑郁症患者脑部功能区葡萄糖代谢的影响。设计:随机对照的验证性实验。单位:南方医院针灸科,广东省人民医院伟伦PET中心。对象:选择2002-10/2003-10在南方医院、珠江医院门诊确诊的原发性抑郁症患者12例,男3例,女9例;年龄36~66岁,平均48岁。方法:头电针取穴为顶中线、额中线和双侧额旁1线。电针前和治疗6周后分别接受正电子发射型计算机断层显像技术检测。框取双侧额叶、尾核、扣带回和小脑作为感兴趣脑区,将各脑区所得葡萄糖代谢放射性计数采用半定量方式进行治疗前后比较。主要观察指标:双侧额叶、尾核、扣带回和小脑葡萄糖代谢显像的半定量分析。结果:12例原发性抑郁症患者均进入结果分析。①头电针治疗后右侧额叶、左侧额叶、右侧扣带回、右侧尾核、左侧小脑葡萄糖代谢放射计数半定量结果明显高于治疗前犤(2.91±0.34,2.96±0.26,2.68±0.20,2.61±0.39,2.55±0.18,2.53±0.31,2.53±0.36,2.34±0.31,2.40±0.33,2.35±0.25),(P<0.05~0.01)犦,而治疗后左侧扣带回、左侧尾核、右侧小脑葡萄糖代谢放射计数半定量结果与治疗前基本相似犤(2.69±0.38,2.66±0.01,2.50±0.27;2.43±0.38,2.45±0.21,2.30±0.34),(P>0.05)犦。结论:电针抑郁症患者顶中线、额中线和双侧额旁1线能提高部分脑区的葡萄糖代谢,头电针治疗抑郁症的机制可能与提高额叶、尾核、扣带回、小脑等部分脑区葡萄糖代谢有关。

 
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