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entered the stage of result analysis
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  进入结果分析
     RESULTS: According to intention-to-treat, all the 280 cases (342 eyes) entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:按意向处理分析,280例(342只眼)全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: All the 60 rats entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:60只大鼠全部进入结果分析
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     RESULTS:Totally 35 rats entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:35只大鼠均进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: Totally 90 rats entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:90只大鼠均进入结果分析
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     RESULTS: All the 70 rats entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:70只大鼠均进入结果分析
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  “entered the stage of result analysis”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS: Totally 1434 elderly entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:共1434名老年人纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS Totally 40 rats survived in the experiment and all of them entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:40只大鼠实验中无死亡,全部纳入结果分析。
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     RESULTS: Totally 39 patients were followed up for 2 years and 7 months, and all the patients entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:39例患者平均随访2年7个月,全部进行结果分析。
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     RESULTS: All the 42 rats entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:42只大鼠全部进入结果。
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     RESULTS: Eighteen cases entered the stage of result analysis.
     结果:纳入实验结果分析者18例。
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     China has entered into WTO ;
     中国已加入WTO ;
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     China has be entered into the WTO.
     中国已加入WTO。
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     China has entered WTO.
     我国已加入WTO。
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     The Thought about Entered into WTO
     面对入世的思考——试论加入世贸对中国非织造布工业的影响
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     The E-commerce entered the field of wireless.
     电子商务也已向无线延伸;
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BACKGROUND:Cephalocervical cancer is closely related with genetic factors, but do the first-degree relatives have a higher risk for cancers? Slenderstyle acanthopanax root-bark has an anti-mutation chromosome stabilizer, can it enhance the anticaner ability of the first-degree relatives OBJECTIVE:To study the genetic factor of cephalocervical cancer and antimutagenic effect of slenderstyle acanthopanax root-bark. DESIGN:A controlled experiment with human peripheral blood as the sample. SETTING:The Department...

BACKGROUND:Cephalocervical cancer is closely related with genetic factors, but do the first-degree relatives have a higher risk for cancers? Slenderstyle acanthopanax root-bark has an anti-mutation chromosome stabilizer, can it enhance the anticaner ability of the first-degree relatives OBJECTIVE:To study the genetic factor of cephalocervical cancer and antimutagenic effect of slenderstyle acanthopanax root-bark. DESIGN:A controlled experiment with human peripheral blood as the sample. SETTING:The Department of Medical Genetics of the Basic Medical Science School, and the Department of Otolaryngology of the First Hospital of Jilin University;The University of Warwick,UK. PARTICIPANTS:The subjects were taken during the period of October 2001 to March 2002.The patients with cephalocervical tumor and their first-degree relatives were all from the Department of Otolaryngology, FirstHospital of Jilin University,and healthy group were well-being blood devoting volunteers from Changchun City Central Blood Bank.There were altogether 110 cases and they were classified into 3 groups.①The control group(n=50) included 25 males and 25 females who were healthy blood devoting volunteers without cancer and the history of the disease.②The patients group(n=30) were composed of 22 males and 8 females who did not receive radioactive therapy and anti-tumor drug treatment.③The first-degree relative group(n=30) consisted of 19 males and 11 females.They were the first-degree relatives of patients with carcinoma of larynx and carcinoma of nasopharynx.Except for the family history of cancer,they themselves were all healthy.Informed consents were obtained from all of them. METHODS:The peripheral blood was collected as the sample and the lymphocyte culturing was performed.The culture cycle was 72 hours and bleomycin(BLM)(15 mL) was added into it at the 67th hour, also the slenderstyle acanthopanax root-bark(SARB)(800 mg/L) was added into the antimutagenesis experiment.The cells were collected after culturing for another 72 hours.The conventional method was used for slide preparation.The slides were stained with Giemsa solution without banding.Choosing the proper objective and observing the numbers of chromatid breaks.The numbers of chromatid breaks were converted into the numbers of chromatid breaks per cell (b/c value).Namely, b/c value equals to the quotient, the number of chromatid break divided by the number of the cell observed in the slide. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The number of chromatid breaks per cell (b/c value). RESULTS:All the 110 cases in the 3 groups entered the stage of result analysis. ①The b/c value of chromatid breaks per cell induced by BLM :It was lower in the control group than that in the patients group and first-degree relatives group(0.16±0.06,0.48±0.14,0.42±0.12,P< 0.01).There was no significant difference in b/c value between the patients group and the first-degree relatives group(P >0.05).②Comparison between b/c value induced by combined SARB with BLM and only BLM was performed: The b/c value of former is significantly lower than the latter (0.48±0.14,0.15±0.08,0.42±0.12, 0.17±0.11,P< 0.01). CONCLUSION:The first-degree relatives of the patients with cephalocervical cancers should be classified as tumor high-risk group.SARB as a chromatid stabilizer has an obvious inhibitory effect on b/c value of the patients induced by BLM and that of the first-degree relatives.

背景:头颈部肿瘤与遗传因素密切相关,但其一级亲属是否为肿瘤高风险人群?中药五加皮有抗突变的染色体稳定剂,能否提高一级亲属的抗癌能力?目的:探讨头颈部肿瘤的遗传因素及五加皮对其染色体的稳定作用。设计:以人外周血为对象的对照实验。单位:吉林大学基础医学院医学遗传学教研室及第一医院耳鼻咽喉科,英国华威(沃瑞克)大学。对象:对象来源时间为2001-10/2002-03。头颈肿瘤患者及其一级亲属均来自吉林大学第一医院耳鼻喉科,健康人群来自长春市中心血站健康献血者。实验对象共110例,分为3组。①对照组50例,男25例,女25例;来自健康献血者;均无癌家族史,身体健康,无癌症和病史。②患者组30例,男22例,女8例;喉癌20例,鼻咽癌10例;未经放射治疗及抗肿瘤药物治疗。③一级亲属组30例,男19例,女11例;为喉癌、鼻咽癌患者的一级亲属;除有癌家族史外,身体健康。以上参与者均知情同意。方法:采集实验对象外周血,进行淋巴细胞培养,培养周期为72h,在67h时加入致诱变剂博来霉素(15mg/L),抗诱变实验加入博来霉素的同时加入五加皮(800mg/L)。继续培养72h收获细胞,常规方法制片,吉姆萨不显带染色。选择分散好的分...

背景:头颈部肿瘤与遗传因素密切相关,但其一级亲属是否为肿瘤高风险人群?中药五加皮有抗突变的染色体稳定剂,能否提高一级亲属的抗癌能力?目的:探讨头颈部肿瘤的遗传因素及五加皮对其染色体的稳定作用。设计:以人外周血为对象的对照实验。单位:吉林大学基础医学院医学遗传学教研室及第一医院耳鼻咽喉科,英国华威(沃瑞克)大学。对象:对象来源时间为2001-10/2002-03。头颈肿瘤患者及其一级亲属均来自吉林大学第一医院耳鼻喉科,健康人群来自长春市中心血站健康献血者。实验对象共110例,分为3组。①对照组50例,男25例,女25例;来自健康献血者;均无癌家族史,身体健康,无癌症和病史。②患者组30例,男22例,女8例;喉癌20例,鼻咽癌10例;未经放射治疗及抗肿瘤药物治疗。③一级亲属组30例,男19例,女11例;为喉癌、鼻咽癌患者的一级亲属;除有癌家族史外,身体健康。以上参与者均知情同意。方法:采集实验对象外周血,进行淋巴细胞培养,培养周期为72h,在67h时加入致诱变剂博来霉素(15mg/L),抗诱变实验加入博来霉素的同时加入五加皮(800mg/L)。继续培养72h收获细胞,常规方法制片,吉姆萨不显带染色。选择分散好的分裂相,观察染色体的断裂情况。计算平均每细胞染色单体断裂率(即等于本组中所有染色单体断裂的总和除以所有观察的细胞总数)。主要观察指标:每细胞染色单体断裂率。结果:患者3组110例进入结果分析。①应用博来霉素所致的每细胞染色单体断裂率:对照组明显低于患者组及一级亲属组(0.16±0.06,0.48±0.14,0.42±0.12,P<0.01),但患者组及一级亲属组比较无差异(P>0.05)。②应用五加皮和博来霉素后与单纯应用博来霉素所致每细胞染色单体断裂率的比较:患者组及一级亲属组均显著降低(0.48±0.14,0.15±0.08,0.42±0.12,0.17±0.11,P<0.01)。结论:头颈部肿瘤患者的一级亲属应列为肿瘤易患高风险人群,加入五加皮发挥了染色体稳定剂的作用,对博来霉素所致的患者及一级亲属每细胞染色单体断裂率有明显的抑制作用。

AIM: To observe the correlation of visual function and pre-operative vision, age and the type of operation after intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and the factors that affect the recovery. METHODS: Totally 280 (342 eyes) aged patients diagnosed as geriatric cataract from March 2003 to March 2004 in Shenyang Heshi Ophthalmology Hospital were involved. The patients were performed cataract phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation (PHACO, 261 eyes) or extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular...

AIM: To observe the correlation of visual function and pre-operative vision, age and the type of operation after intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and the factors that affect the recovery. METHODS: Totally 280 (342 eyes) aged patients diagnosed as geriatric cataract from March 2003 to March 2004 in Shenyang Heshi Ophthalmology Hospital were involved. The patients were performed cataract phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation (PHACO, 261 eyes) or extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation (ECCE, 81 eyes). The post-operative visual acuity was compared between the cases of different ages and different pre-operative visual acuities and different operation styles. RESULTS: According to intention-to-treat, all the 280 cases (342 eyes) entered the stage of result analysis. ①The correlation between pre-operative visual acuity and post-operative visual recovery: there were 163 eyes had visual acuity > 4.0 before operation and 147 eyes had visual acuity ≥ 4.7 after operation and the enhanced level of visual acuity was 90.2%(147/163); there were 167 eyes had the visual acuity ≤ 4.0 before operation and 87 eyes had the visual acuity ≥ 4.7 after operation and the enhanced level of visual acuity was 52.1%(87/167), significant difference existed(χ2=67.87,P < 0.001).②The correlation between post-operative visual acuity and age :there were 210 eyes in patients with cataract aged < 70 years and 175 eyes of which had post-operative visual acuity ≥ 4.7, the enhanced level of visual acuity was 83.3%(175/210);There were 132 eyes in patients with cataract aged ≥70 years, and there were 59 eyes with the visual acuity ≥4.7, the enhanced level of visual acuity was 44.7%(59/132); significant difference existed (χ2=52.02,P < 0.001); ③ The correlation between two types of operations and post-operative visual recovery: Among 261 eyes in the cataract phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation group, there were 218 eyes with post-operative visual acuity ≥ 4.7 and the enhanced level of visual acuity was 83.5%(218/261). Among the 81 eyes in the extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation group, there were 16 eyes with post-operative visual acuity ≥ 4.7 and the enhanced level of visual acuity was 19.8%(16/81). Significant difference existed (χ2=116.37,P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: It is better to correct the visual acuity before operation and the operation age was during 50 to 70 years. Patients with better effect of phacoemulsification can obtain better visual recovery after operation.

目的:观察人工晶体植入术后老年患者视功能与术前视力、年龄及术式的关系及其影响因素。方法:纳入2003-03/2004-03在沈阳何氏眼科医院住院确诊为老年性白内障的患者280例342只眼,行白内障超声乳化+人工晶体植入术(261只眼)或行白内障囊外摘除术+人工晶体植入术(81只眼),比较不同年龄、不同术前视力、不同术式的术后视力。结果:按意向处理分析,280例(342只眼)全部进入结果分析。①术前视力水平与术后视力恢复的关系:术前视力>4.0的163只眼术后视力≥4.7的为147只眼,视力提高水平为90.2%(147/163);术前视力≤4.0的167只眼术后视力≥4.7的为87只眼,视力提高水平为52.1%(87/167);差异有显著性意义(χ2=67.87,P<0.001)。②术后视力恢复与年龄的关系:<70岁的白内障患者210只眼,术后视力≥4.7的为175只眼,视力提高水平为83.3%(175/210);≥70岁的白内障患者132只眼,术后视力≥4.7的为59只眼,视力提高水平为44.7%(59/132);差异有显著性意义(χ2=52.02,P<0.001)。③两种术式与术后视力恢复的关系:白内障超声...

目的:观察人工晶体植入术后老年患者视功能与术前视力、年龄及术式的关系及其影响因素。方法:纳入2003-03/2004-03在沈阳何氏眼科医院住院确诊为老年性白内障的患者280例342只眼,行白内障超声乳化+人工晶体植入术(261只眼)或行白内障囊外摘除术+人工晶体植入术(81只眼),比较不同年龄、不同术前视力、不同术式的术后视力。结果:按意向处理分析,280例(342只眼)全部进入结果分析。①术前视力水平与术后视力恢复的关系:术前视力>4.0的163只眼术后视力≥4.7的为147只眼,视力提高水平为90.2%(147/163);术前视力≤4.0的167只眼术后视力≥4.7的为87只眼,视力提高水平为52.1%(87/167);差异有显著性意义(χ2=67.87,P<0.001)。②术后视力恢复与年龄的关系:<70岁的白内障患者210只眼,术后视力≥4.7的为175只眼,视力提高水平为83.3%(175/210);≥70岁的白内障患者132只眼,术后视力≥4.7的为59只眼,视力提高水平为44.7%(59/132);差异有显著性意义(χ2=52.02,P<0.001)。③两种术式与术后视力恢复的关系:白内障超声乳化+人工晶体植入术组261只眼术后视力≥4.7的为218只眼,视力提高水平为83.5%(218/261),白内障囊外摘除术+人工晶体植入术组81只眼术后视力≥4.7的为16只眼视力提高水平为19.8%(16/81),差异有显著性意义(χ2=116.37,P<0.001)。结论:术前矫正视力好,手术年龄在50~70岁之间,术中实施超生乳化效果好的,可使术后视功能恢复良好。

AIM: To observe the change of pain scores and its intervention effect after treatment with acupuncture combined with cupping in patients with chronic lumbar muscle strain and compare the curative effect with the method of medium frequency electrotherapy combined with ultrashort wave electrotherapy. METHODS: Totally 67 patients with chronic lumbar muscle strain treated in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March to October 2003 were involved. Informed...

AIM: To observe the change of pain scores and its intervention effect after treatment with acupuncture combined with cupping in patients with chronic lumbar muscle strain and compare the curative effect with the method of medium frequency electrotherapy combined with ultrashort wave electrotherapy. METHODS: Totally 67 patients with chronic lumbar muscle strain treated in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March to October 2003 were involved. Informed consent was obtained. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, treatment group (n=34) and control group (n=33). ①Jiaji points in the lumbar part and 3 to 5 Jing points in the bladder and Weizhong point were selected in the treatment group. 5.0 cm No.30 stainless needle was used to perform acupuncture with the in-depth of 1 inch, soreness, swellness and heavy were set as the degrees .Retaining the needle was for 30 minutes, needling manipulation was performed once to twice. After withdrawing the needle, 4 to 6 cupping glasses were used to at the Ah shih, retaining the cupping glass for 20 minutes. Acupuncture and cupping method were performed once each day for 20 days. ② Medium frequency electrotherapy combined with ultrashort wave ececltrotherapy were used in the control group once each day , 20 minutes each time for 20 days. Pain score evaluation was performed before and after treatment (0-10 stands for the degree of the pain, 0 for painless and 10 for twinge). Intervention effect was evaluated after treatment. Soreness of waist, pain of waist disappearing and no morning pain indicated ameliorated significantly and they can do common work and house work; soreness of waist and pain of waist and morning pain lighten obviously or the symptom of any item of them disappeared indicated ameliorated; the symptom improved a little or aggravated indicated no effect. RESULTS: All the 67 patients entered the stage of result analysis. ①Comparison of the pain score before and after treatment: The pain scores of the patients in the control group and patients group were significantly decreased before treatment than those after treatment [(2.88±2.07,4.03±2.16);(7.00±1.79,6.82±1.89);(t=10.72,9.27,P < 0.01)]. ② Comparison of the intervention effect after treatment : 19, 12 and 3 cases of the treatment group got obvious amelioration, amelioration and no effect respectively; and 8, 19 and 6 cases in the control group respectively. The intervention effect in the treatment group was superior to that in the control group(χ2=7.05,P < 0.05=. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with cupping and medium frequency electrotherapy combined with ultrashort wave electrotherapy both can reduce the pain of patients with chronic lumbar muscle strain. But the treatment of acupuncture combined with cupping has better effect. Acupuncture combined with cupping can promote qi and blood circulation, remove obstruction in the channels to relieve pain and promote the lumbar muscle strain focus recovered as soon as possible.

目的:观察慢性腰肌劳损患者经针刺结合火罐疗法治疗后疼痛指数的变化及其干预效果,并与电脑中频结合超短波疗法进行比较。方法:选择中山大学附属第二医院南院康复医学科2003-03/10收治的慢性腰肌劳损患者67例,均知情同意。随机分为2组,治疗组34例,对照组33例。①治疗组选取腰部夹脊穴、膀胱经穴3~5穴,结合委中穴,用5.0cm30号不锈钢毫针刺入穴位1寸左右,以酸、胀、重得气为度。留针30min,其间运针一两次;出针后用玻璃火罐4~6个拔腰部阿是穴,留罐20min。针刺、拔罐疗法1次/d,共治疗20d。②对照组采用电脑中频结合超短波对腰部进行治疗,1次/d,20min/次,共治疗20d。在治疗前后分别行疼痛指数(0~10代表疼痛程度,0表示无痛,10表示剧痛)评定,在治疗后行干预效果评定。显著好转为腰酸、腰痛消失,无晨间痛,可以从事普通工作及家务劳动;好转为腰酸、腰痛及晨间痛明显减轻,或其中1项症状消失;无效为症状无明显改善或加重。结果:67例患者全部进入结果分析。①治疗前后疼痛指数比较:治疗组及对照组患者治疗后的疼痛指数较治疗前显著降低犤(2.88±2.07,4.03±2.16);(7.00±1.79,6....

目的:观察慢性腰肌劳损患者经针刺结合火罐疗法治疗后疼痛指数的变化及其干预效果,并与电脑中频结合超短波疗法进行比较。方法:选择中山大学附属第二医院南院康复医学科2003-03/10收治的慢性腰肌劳损患者67例,均知情同意。随机分为2组,治疗组34例,对照组33例。①治疗组选取腰部夹脊穴、膀胱经穴3~5穴,结合委中穴,用5.0cm30号不锈钢毫针刺入穴位1寸左右,以酸、胀、重得气为度。留针30min,其间运针一两次;出针后用玻璃火罐4~6个拔腰部阿是穴,留罐20min。针刺、拔罐疗法1次/d,共治疗20d。②对照组采用电脑中频结合超短波对腰部进行治疗,1次/d,20min/次,共治疗20d。在治疗前后分别行疼痛指数(0~10代表疼痛程度,0表示无痛,10表示剧痛)评定,在治疗后行干预效果评定。显著好转为腰酸、腰痛消失,无晨间痛,可以从事普通工作及家务劳动;好转为腰酸、腰痛及晨间痛明显减轻,或其中1项症状消失;无效为症状无明显改善或加重。结果:67例患者全部进入结果分析。①治疗前后疼痛指数比较:治疗组及对照组患者治疗后的疼痛指数较治疗前显著降低犤(2.88±2.07,4.03±2.16);(7.00±1.79,6.82±1.89);(t=10.72,9.27,P<0.01)犦。②治疗后的干预效果比较:治疗组34例患者治疗后显著好转、好转及无效分别为19,12和3例;对照组33例患者分别为8,19和6例,治疗组的干预效果显著优于对照组(χ2=7.05,P<0.05)。结论:针刺结合火罐疗法及电脑中频结合超短波治疗均能减轻慢性腰肌劳损患者的疼痛,但针刺结合火罐疗法的干预效果更优。针刺结合拔罐疗法能行气活血、通络止痛,促进腰肌劳损病灶尽快得到康复。

 
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