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thoracotomy group
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  开胸组
     2) Complications: there were 10 cases (8.5%) with postoperative complications in thoracoscopy group and 11 cases (9.6%) in thoracotomy group (P>0.05).
     (2)术后并发症:胸腔镜组并发症发生率为8.5%,开胸组为9.6%,差异无显著性(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     2) Complications: there were 10 cases (8.5%) with postoperative complications in thoracoscopy group and 11 cases (9.6%) in thoracotomy group (P>0.05) .
     (2)术后并发症:胸腔镜组并发症发生率为8.5%,开胸组为9.6%,差异无显著性(P>0.05);
     There was no mortality in two groups. During a follow-up of 6-24 months, symptom was improved in 83.3% of patients in VATS group and 80.0% in thoracotomy group (P>0.05).
     随访6~24月,VATS组和开胸组术后缓解好转率分别为83.3%、80.0%,两组间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     and the drain volume were (150±20.2) ml in thoracoscopy group less than (260±50.8) ml in thoracotomy group (P<0.05).
     胸腔镜组平均胸痛持续时间(10±4.2)d,少于开胸组[(42±5.3)d],差异有显著性(P<0.05);
短句来源
     the pain after surgery in thoracoscopy group lasted (10±4.2) days less than (42±5.3) days in thoracotomy group (P<0.05);
     胸腔镜组平均引流量(150±20.2)ml,少于开胸组[(260±50.8)ml],差异有显著性(P<0.05);
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  “thoracotomy group”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The postoperative morbidity of the VATS group and thoracotomy group were respectively 8.4% and 20.9%(P<0.05). The recent and late recurrence rates of the groups were respectively 5.6% versus 7%(P>0.05), 2.8% versus 2.3%(P>0.05).
     VATS组和剖胸组术后并发症发生率分别为 8.4%和 2 0 .9% (P <0 .0 5 ) ,近期漏气率分别为 5 .6%和 7% (P >0 .0 5 ) ,远期复发率分别为 2 .8%和 2 .3% (P >0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     Inframammary incision, muscle sparing thoracotomy and serratuas sparing posterolateral thracotomy were done to conduct lobectomy or bilobectomy in 17, segmentectomy in 1, middle lobectomy plus sleeve resection of bronchus media in 1, resection of thymoma in 2 and esophagectomy in 19. A conventional posterolateral thoracotomy group was set as control.
     分别采用前外侧切口、腋下直切口—保留胸壁肌肉的切口 (muscle sparingthoracotomy)、保留前锯肌的后外侧切口进行肺叶切除术 1 7例 ,肺段切除术、右中肺叶 +右中间支气管袖状切除术各 1例 ,胸腺瘤切除术 2例和食管癌切除术 1 9例。
短句来源
     Methods: Eighteen congenital heart defect patients with pulmonary hypertension, including 9cases of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and 9 ventricular septal defect (VSD), underwent operative repair under car-diopulmonary (CPB) at an altitude of 3 700 m, and were randomized into subaxillary vertical thoracotomy group (S. T.group, n= 9) and midline sternotomy group (M. S. group, n=9).
     方法:选择2001年6月至 2001年9月在海拔 3700 m手术治疗的先天性心脏间隔缺损合并肺动脉高压患者18例,根据手术径路,将患者随机分成两组:右腋下切口组(n=9),采用右腋下小直切口;
短句来源
     Results The volume of blood loss, duration of operative time, length of hospital stay of the VATS group were superior to those of the thoracotomy group.
     结果 与剖胸组相比 ,VATS组在术中出血量、手术时间及术后住院时间方面明显优于对照组。
短句来源
     Result:Operating time of VATS group and thoracotomy group were 47( range 15~130) minutes vesus 89(45~220) minutes. The volume of evacuated blood from chest cavity of two groups were 1330(range 800~3400) ml vesus 1? 830(700~4500)ml.
     结果 :VATS组和剖胸组平均手术时间分别为 4 7(15~ 130 )min和 89(45~ 2 2 0 )min ,术中从胸内清除的血量分别为 1330 (80 0~ 340 0 )ml和 1830 (70 0~ 4 5 0 0 )ml。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Group C.
     实验动物随机分为3组,每组9只。
短句来源
     The P&T Group
     巴马丹拿集团
短句来源
     group D,8 cases were performed thoracotomy.
     D组 :8例均行胸廓切开术。
短句来源
     Sham group, left thoracotomy with no coronary artery ligation.
     假手术(Sham)组(8只),手术同HMI组,但不结扎冠状动脉、不服用CVD。
短句来源
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  thoracotomy group
Sputum retention and arrhythmia were significantly less frequent than in the conventional thoracotomy group (p>amp;lt;0.05).
      
The morbidity rate was significantly lower than that in the conventional thoracotomy group (25.6% vs.
      
The visual analog scale which was evaluated as postoperative pain level on postoperative day 7, maximum white blood count and C-reactive protein level were significantly lower than those in the conventional thoracotomy group (p>amp;lt;0.05).
      
3.9±1.9 days) was significantly shorter than those in the conventional thoracotomy group (p>amp;lt;0.05).
      
Results: Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less than that in the conventional thoracotomy group (151±149 vs.
      
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Objective To minimize the morbidity of thoracotomy for thoracic tumors.Methods From Oct. 2000 to Sept. 2001, 40 patients (male 26, female 14, with age of 20 79 years old) underwent thoracotomies, in which 15 had lung cancer, 1 carcinoid, 1 infectious cyst of lung, 2 pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor, 2 thymoma, and 19 esophageal carcinoma. Inframammary incision, muscle sparing thoracotomy and serratuas sparing posterolateral thracotomy were done to conduct lobectomy or bilobectomy in 17, segmentectomy...

Objective To minimize the morbidity of thoracotomy for thoracic tumors.Methods From Oct. 2000 to Sept. 2001, 40 patients (male 26, female 14, with age of 20 79 years old) underwent thoracotomies, in which 15 had lung cancer, 1 carcinoid, 1 infectious cyst of lung, 2 pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor, 2 thymoma, and 19 esophageal carcinoma. Inframammary incision, muscle sparing thoracotomy and serratuas sparing posterolateral thracotomy were done to conduct lobectomy or bilobectomy in 17, segmentectomy in 1, middle lobectomy plus sleeve resection of bronchus media in 1, resection of thymoma in 2 and esophagectomy in 19. A conventional posterolateral thoracotomy group was set as control. Comparative parameters included postoperative pain and shoulder function. The lobectomy cases in study group were even compared the preoperative and postoperative FEV 1 and length of hospitalization with conventional posterolateral thoracotomies. Statistic t test and χ 2 test were used to exam the data.Results Compared with the conventional posterolateral thoracotomy, the acute and chronic postoperative pain and shoulder function in study group were remarkablely improved on clinical observation. Length of hospitalization was shortened and early pulmonary function was significantly improved when adjusted with age, number of resected lobe and the operated side.Conclusion The morbidity of thoracotomy for thoracic tumors can be minimized by reasonable incision designing based on the stage of disease and topical anatomy.

目的 探讨减少胸部肿瘤手术切口创伤的方法。方法  2 0 0 0年 1 0月至 2 0 0 1年 9月间 ,采用不同的手术切口对 40例胸部肿瘤患者进行外科手术 ,其中男性 2 6例 ,女性 1 4例 ,年龄 2 0~ 79岁 ,平均 5 7.4岁 ;肺癌 1 5例 ,肺炎性假瘤、胸腺瘤各 2例 ,支气管类癌、肺囊肿合并感染各 1例 ,食管癌 1 9例。分别采用前外侧切口、腋下直切口—保留胸壁肌肉的切口 (muscle sparingthoracotomy)、保留前锯肌的后外侧切口进行肺叶切除术 1 7例 ,肺段切除术、右中肺叶 +右中间支气管袖状切除术各 1例 ,胸腺瘤切除术 2例和食管癌切除术 1 9例。以传统后外侧切口为对照组 ,观察术后疼痛程度、肩部及上肢活动功能和切口拆线时间 ;肺叶切除术病例还进行了术前后肺功能变化情况及术后住院天数的对照。数据分析采用均数±标准差、t检验、χ2 检验等统计学方法。结果 与传统后外侧切口相比 ,患者术后疼痛明显减轻 ,肩部及上肢活动功能明显改善 ,拆线及住院时间缩短 ,对肺功能的影响也明显减轻。结论 根据病情及局部解剖知识并手术切口进行合理设计能够减少胸部肿瘤手术切...

目的 探讨减少胸部肿瘤手术切口创伤的方法。方法  2 0 0 0年 1 0月至 2 0 0 1年 9月间 ,采用不同的手术切口对 40例胸部肿瘤患者进行外科手术 ,其中男性 2 6例 ,女性 1 4例 ,年龄 2 0~ 79岁 ,平均 5 7.4岁 ;肺癌 1 5例 ,肺炎性假瘤、胸腺瘤各 2例 ,支气管类癌、肺囊肿合并感染各 1例 ,食管癌 1 9例。分别采用前外侧切口、腋下直切口—保留胸壁肌肉的切口 (muscle sparingthoracotomy)、保留前锯肌的后外侧切口进行肺叶切除术 1 7例 ,肺段切除术、右中肺叶 +右中间支气管袖状切除术各 1例 ,胸腺瘤切除术 2例和食管癌切除术 1 9例。以传统后外侧切口为对照组 ,观察术后疼痛程度、肩部及上肢活动功能和切口拆线时间 ;肺叶切除术病例还进行了术前后肺功能变化情况及术后住院天数的对照。数据分析采用均数±标准差、t检验、χ2 检验等统计学方法。结果 与传统后外侧切口相比 ,患者术后疼痛明显减轻 ,肩部及上肢活动功能明显改善 ,拆线及住院时间缩短 ,对肺功能的影响也明显减轻。结论 根据病情及局部解剖知识并手术切口进行合理设计能够减少胸部肿瘤手术切口的创伤。

Objective: To explore the effects of open repair for congenital heart septal defect through subaxillary verticalthoracotomy at high altitude. Methods: Eighteen congenital heart defect patients with pulmonary hypertension, including 9cases of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and 9 ventricular septal defect (VSD), underwent operative repair under car-diopulmonary (CPB) at an altitude of 3 700 m, and were randomized into subaxillary vertical thoracotomy group (S. T.group, n= 9) and midline sternotomy...

Objective: To explore the effects of open repair for congenital heart septal defect through subaxillary verticalthoracotomy at high altitude. Methods: Eighteen congenital heart defect patients with pulmonary hypertension, including 9cases of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and 9 ventricular septal defect (VSD), underwent operative repair under car-diopulmonary (CPB) at an altitude of 3 700 m, and were randomized into subaxillary vertical thoracotomy group (S. T.group, n= 9) and midline sternotomy group (M. S. group, n=9). There were 10 Tibetan and 8 Tibetan-born Hans with amean age of 8. 9 years (2-13 years). All patients received surgical repair under moderate hemodi1utional and tepid CPB withbeating heart. ASD repair was performed in 9 patients and VSD repair in 9 including 7 cases of direct closure and 2 of patchrepair. Modified De Vega's tricuspid annuloplasty was done in 11 patients. Results: There was no operative death. The timeof chest closure, the ICU stay and the postoperative hospital stay were significantly shorter and the chest drainage in the firstpostoperative 24 h was statistically 1ower in S. T. group (P<0. 05), whereas the extubation time were not significantly dif-ferent between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Neither residual VSD nor ASD has been documented by echocardiographic evaluationat the discharge. Conclusion: Surgical repair of congenital heart septal defects under tepid CPB with beating heart throughsubaxillary vertical thoracotomy has a satisfying early clinical outcome at the high altitude due to the faster recovery with abetter cosmetic surgical incision.

目的:评价高原地区采用经右腋下小直切口施行先天性心脏间隔缺损修补术的早期效果。方法:选择2001年6月至 2001年9月在海拔 3700 m手术治疗的先天性心脏间隔缺损合并肺动脉高压患者18例,根据手术径路,将患者随机分成两组:右腋下切口组(n=9),采用右腋下小直切口;正中切口组(n=9),采用传统的胸骨正中切口。观察右腋下小直切口对关胸时间、术后辅助呼吸时间、24h胸腔引流液量以及监护病房停留时间和术后住院时间的影响。结要:均无早期死亡。右腋下切口组体外循环结束后关胸所需时间、监护病房停留时间以及术后住院时间均显著短于正中切口组(P<0. 05);右腋下切口组术后24h的胸腔引流液量亦显著少于正中切口组(P<0.05);术后拔除气管插管的时间两组间无显著差异(P>0.05);出院时经超声心动图检查均未发现残余漏。结论:高原地区采用经右腋下小直切口,施行先天性心脏间隔缺损心内直视修补手术,能避免或减少胸骨正中切口的弊端,明显缩短术后的愈合周期,而且切口隐蔽、美观,可取得满意的早期疗效。

Objective To know the pain and emotion of the patients receiving thoracotomy and the difference of nursing assessment.Methods VAS and DVAS were applied. The pain and emotion were assessed by 110 patients receiving thoracotomy (group A), nurses working for less than 3 years (group B) and nurses working for more than 5 years (group C) respectively.Results The scores of VAS in the group B and C were significantly less than in group A ( P<0 05 or P <0 01), while...

Objective To know the pain and emotion of the patients receiving thoracotomy and the difference of nursing assessment.Methods VAS and DVAS were applied. The pain and emotion were assessed by 110 patients receiving thoracotomy (group A), nurses working for less than 3 years (group B) and nurses working for more than 5 years (group C) respectively.Results The scores of VAS in the group B and C were significantly less than in group A ( P<0 05 or P <0 01), while those in the group B were less than in group C ( P <0 05). The scores of DVAS in the groups B and C were markedly higher than in group A (all P <0 05). Conclusion The nursing staff usually underestimates the pain severity of the patients, but overestimates the emotion of pain. Attention should be paid to the individual difference and accurate assessment of the pain and emotion.

目的了解开胸病人疼痛程度及情绪与护理人员对病人的评估差异 ,以提高评估质量 ,减少病人痛苦 ,改善其情绪状态。方法采用疼痛视觉模拟评分表 (VAS)及视觉模拟评分法应用于情绪变化的评估表 (DVAS) ,分别由 110例胸部手术后病人 (A组 )、工作 3年以内的护士 (B组 )及工作 5年以上的护师 (C组 )对病人疼痛程度及情绪进行评估。结果B、C组VAS评分均显著低于A组 (P <0 0 5或P <0 0 1) ,B组评分又低于C组 (均P <0 0 5 ) ;B、C组DVAS评分均显著高于A组 (均P <0 0 5 )。结论护理人员有低估病人疼痛程度、高估病人疼痛时情绪感受的倾向。应注重病人的个体差异 ,准确判断其疼痛程度和情绪变化。

 
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