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     ~(13)C NMR characteristics of some specific struc-tures,for example,oxazolidine ring and C_(20) epimers of C_(20)-type diterpene alkaloids;
     某些特定结构,如C_(20)二萜生物碱中的噁唑烷环以及C_(20)差向异构体等的~(13)C NMR谱特征;
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     According to the complex structure of LT and TNFRI, LT was found interact with TNFRI through some specific sites.
     从LT与TNFRI受体的复合物晶体结构数据可知,LT是通过某些特定氨基酸与TNFRI互相作用的。
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     The results showed that the neurons within some specific regions of hippocampal CA1,CA2 and CA3 of adult rats presented nestin positive immunoreaction.
     结果显示 ,在成年大鼠海马 CA1、CA2和 CA3区锥体层某些特定部位的神经元呈巢蛋白阳性反应。
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     AFM observation shows that there are some specific binding proteins at the two ends of every active gene of the DNA fragments.
     用AFM直接观察到心肌核DNA片段中各种活性基因两头的调控序列可能与某些特定蛋白质等活性因子特异结合 ,形成大小不同的“基因节” ,“基因节”之间有“间隔”起分隔作用。
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     BACKGROUND:Neurotrophin 4(NT 4) plays an important role in the development and maturity of nerve system,which not only has certain adjustment reactions in the survival,proliferation and differentiation of some specific subgroup neurons,and the plasticity of neurite,but also a necessity to the existence of some neurons.
     背景:神经营养素-4(NT-4,Neurotrophin-4)在神经系统的发育和成体中均起重要作用,不仅对某些特定亚群神经元的存活、增殖、分化及轴突可塑性有一定的调节作用,而且对某些神经元的生存也是必需的。
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     In Part B, Comments on the concept of crime of illegal possession are given, and a definition is concluded : "crime of illegal possession refers to such a crime that the behavior know clearly that individual should not possess some specific materials, but to posses it intentionally and illegally, and such action is of vitally potential danger, and is prescribed to be punishable in criminals law" .
     第二部分首先评析了我国刑法学界对持有型犯罪概念的界定,得出自己的定义:持有型犯罪指行为人明知某特定物品正常情况下不允许私人持有,却违反刑法规定故意持有该特定物品,因其行为对社会有严重的潜在危险性,刑法规定对此持有行为给予刑罚处罚的一类犯罪;
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     A unit linked pure endowment life insurance contract is a contract where the insurance benefits depend on the price of some specific traded stocks.
     单位连结人寿保险合同是保险利益依赖于某特定股票的价格的保险合同。
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     A unit-linked pure endowment life insurance contract is a contract where the insurance benefits depend on the price of some specific traded stocks.
     单位连结人寿保险合同是保险利益依赖于某特定股票的价格的保险合同 .
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     A equity-linked life insurance contract is a contract in which the insurance benefits depend on the price of some specific traded stocks.
     权益连结人寿保险合同是保险利益依赖于某特定股票价格的保险合同.
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  “some specific”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Technique of Controlling and Isolating Dust Source in the Medium and Small Factories Introducing Some Specific Types of Equipment
     中小型工厂粉尘作业尘源控制及隔离技术——专用型设备
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     Discussion and Exploration of Magnetic Focusing of Charged Particle Flow in Some Specific Distribution of Magnetic Fields
     在某种特定磁场分布下带电粒子流的磁聚焦的探讨
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     Then the design procedure and the effect of seismic control of MTMD are studied through some specific project. The results of the time-history analysis show that the MTMD system can control the seismic responses from 10% to 40% under any earthquake wave and have the good robustness of the control effect.
     结合某工程实例讨论了屋盖结构MTMD的设计步骤和减震效果,结果表明MTMD对不同的地震波都有一定程度的减震效果,表现出良好的鲁棒性,响应峰值降低10%~40%;
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     Some specific problems in English teaching
     英语教学应重视解决具体问题
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     Study on Driving Technique for Vehicles with Automatic Transmissions Under Some Specific Conditions
     特定工况下自动变速器汽车驾驶技术研究
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  some specific
Thus, frequencies can be modulated by modifying the local construction of the rotor to make the natural TV frequency of a certain order avoid some specific value, herewith arriving at the objective of tuning.
      
While bacteria colonizing the digestive-transport surfaces of the host and parasite were generally similar, some specific features were also observed probably due to the structural peculiarities of the intestinal mucosa and cestode tegument.
      
The vascularization of tumor tissue is similar to physiological angiogenesis, but in tumors it has some specific features.
      
Some specific features of nitrogen fixation in the digestive tract of the European beaver (Castor fiber)
      
Some specific features of the radiation-induced emulsion copolymerization of butyl acrylate and acrylonitrile and radiation-induced crosslinking of the resulting copolymer in the latex form were studied.
      
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After botulinum poisoning, the "slow" and "fast" muscle fibres of the chick exhibit opposite trophic reactions. This was first demonstrated with the pure "slow" muscle, anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD), and the pure "fast" muscle, posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD). After botulinum injection, for periods from 1 to 8 weeks studied, ALD regularly showed hypertrophy, while PLD manifested the usual atrophy. That the hypertrophy of ALD was really brought about in some specific way by botulinum toxin and was not...

After botulinum poisoning, the "slow" and "fast" muscle fibres of the chick exhibit opposite trophic reactions. This was first demonstrated with the pure "slow" muscle, anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD), and the pure "fast" muscle, posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD). After botulinum injection, for periods from 1 to 8 weeks studied, ALD regularly showed hypertrophy, while PLD manifested the usual atrophy. That the hypertrophy of ALD was really brought about in some specific way by botulinum toxin and was not due to incidental stretching, was ascertained in experiments, in which any gross difference in the operation of mechanical factors on ALD on the poisoned and on the control side was excluded. Additional evidence for the contrasting trophicreac tions of the two types of muscles to botulinum toxin was provided by observations on the sartorius muscle. Histological studies of this muscle following botulinum poisoning revealed the presence of both hypertrophied and atrophied fibres, corresponding to the fact that the chick sartorius muscle contains both "slow" and "fast" fibres. The effects of botulinum toxin on the chick muscles described in this paper form an exact parallel to the effects of denervation described by us in a previous report. It is remarkable that the novel phenomenon of post-denervation muscular hypertrophy in chick could also be exactly reproduced by botulinum poisoning.

肉毒杆菌毒素象去神经一样,在鸡的“慢”肌和“快”肌引起形成鮮明对比的营养性变化。在肉毒中毒后1—8周純“慢”肌前背阔肌无例外地发生肥大,而純“快”肌后背阔肌則出现通常的萎縮。混合肌肉缝匠肌中毒后,其中“慢”和“快”两种纤维,相应地出现肥大和萎縮两种相反的营养性反应。

Inspite of many works done bothin human and animal tumors, the rela-tionship between chromosome changesand neoplastic transformation is stillan unsolved problem. With the excep-tion of PhI chromosome in chronicmyelocyte leukamia, no marker chromo-some specific for any histological typeof tumors has been found. But withthe advent of banding technique forchromosome analysis, this importantproblem deserves further study. In thispaper, we will report the results ofsuch a study on the chromosomes ofhuman hepatoma...

Inspite of many works done bothin human and animal tumors, the rela-tionship between chromosome changesand neoplastic transformation is stillan unsolved problem. With the excep-tion of PhI chromosome in chronicmyelocyte leukamia, no marker chromo-some specific for any histological typeof tumors has been found. But withthe advent of banding technique forchromosome analysis, this importantproblem deserves further study. In thispaper, we will report the results ofsuch a study on the chromosomes ofhuman hepatoma cells. Since primary cultures were moresuitable for chromosome analysis, smallfragments of surgical specimens obtainedfrom three patients were cultured, andprimary outgrowths of epithelial-likecells established. Tumor cells wereharversted at early culture passages.Well spread metaphase chromosomeswere prepared by routine proceduresafter the treatment with colchicine andhypotonic solution, and stained withGiemsa stain. Chromosome counts in-dicated that one of the explants hasa hyperdiploid constitution with amodal chromosome number of 51-60,while the other two cultures are neartetraploid with 104-117 chromosomes.According to Denver classification,the chromosomes of hepatoma cellswere arranged in groups to determinethe karyotype, and compared with thatof lymphocyte from peripheral blood.The result of this analysis indicatedthat chromosome alteration in humanhepatoma seems to be occurred not atrandom, and some more or less definitecorrelation can be traced. In the firstplace, the D and G group chromosomestended to undergo loss, particularly inthe first case of hepatoma. Monosomyas well as nullisomy of the chromosome15 was found in the karyotype of 90%of tumor cells analysed, and similarchanges in the chromosome 21 or 22appeared in about 30% of tumor cells.The acrocentric chromosome 15 maybe translocated to the chromosome 11or 16, or simply missed from the cell.Secondly, in contrast to changes foundin D and G groups, the E and F groupchromosomes tended to increase in number. These metacentric or sub-metacentric chromosomes may overdivide to become octosomy per cell.It is suggested that chromosome im-balance created by the great excess ofchromosomes E and F groups overthose of G and D groups in humanhepatoma cells may be closely asso-ciated with the malignant transforma-tion of liver cells, and that our findingstend to support the gene imbalancehypothesis as proposed by Rabinowitzand Sachs (1970). So far we haveonly analysed three cases and thecorrectness of the above generalizationsrequire more case analysis in the future. Futheremore, the identification ofthe individual chromosome in moreprecise manner can be made by theuse of G bands pattern, so that chromo-some aberrations usually not detectablewith conventional stains can be observedby this banding technique. In thepresent experiment, chromosomes werebanded by the trypsin, ASG and ureaprocedures. Idiogram of chromosomebands reported in Paris conference(1972) was used as reference standardfor the identification of the bandsdisclosed in hepatoma chromosomes.Careful analysis revealed that the shortarm of one of the chromosome 1appeared longer than its correspondinghomologous one. An extraband ofdeep staining material which is presentin the short arm of this marker chromo-some can be shown to be due to thetranslocation of G group chromosome(e.g. chromosome 21 ) onto the chromo-some 1. Other translocations may alsooccur between G group chromosomesand the chromosome 2 or chromosome4. It is well known that chromosometranslocation often results in a upsetof the inherent relationship within thegenome and leads to the expressionof malignancy. The possible bearingof such tranlocation to the malignantcharacters of human hepatoma requiresfurther investigation.

(一)人体肝癌体外原级培养细胞的中期染色体计数表明,第1例肝癌为超二倍体(2.46倍),其他两例为超四倍体(4.28和4.42倍),染色体众数分别为57,111和116个。(二)肝癌细胞染色体组型分析显示,D组和G组等近顶端着丝点染色体比其他各组号减少了,特别在第一例肝癌的超二倍体细胞中,缺少15号染色体的细胞高达90%,大多成为单体状态,甚或缺体。在所有三例肝癌细胞中,15号染色体平均只有全部染色体倍体数的一半。(三)在三例肝癌细胞中,包括超二倍体和超四倍体细胞,E组和F组等中间或近中间着丝点染色体平均比全部染色体倍体数增加两倍。上述这两类染色体数目变化各异,一增一减,导致肝癌细胞的各组号染色体之间相对比例失调。(四)检查分带类型指出,肝癌细胞内一个1号染色体的短臂比另一同源染色体增长一段,在这短臂末端额外多出一条着色较深的带纹,推测是由于G组(21号)染色体易位所形成。相似的现象较少地出现在2号和4号染色体长臂的末端。由于易位,使得染色体之间固有关系改变了。(五)肝癌细胞中出现双着丝点染色体、半环状染色体和微小染色体等,染色体还发生间隙、断裂和缺损等畸变。

The corrosion of marine high pressure boilers presents some specific features of its own. A discussion on caustic corrosion and its prevention by the Coordinated Phosphate Treatment in this respect might be of benifit. Besides, the deoxidation mechanism of Hydrazine and the "Chemical Hideout" phenomenam have come into notice, the requirements of water treatment and its quality index has also bren proposed.

本文根据船舶高压锅炉腐蚀的特点,讨论了苛性腐蚀及其防止方法——协调磷酸盐法.文中还介绍了肼的除氧机理以及“化学隐藏”现象,并提出水质处理要求及控制指标.

 
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