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foramen lacerum
相关语句
  破裂孔
     ③Abducens nerve was (5.69±1.45)mm superior to dural ring of foramen lacerum.
     ③展神经在海绵窦内距破裂孔硬膜环 ( 5 .69± 1.45 )mm。
短句来源
     80% of the foramen rotundum were elliptical, 66% of the foramen ovale were ovoid, 77% of the foramen spinosum were elliptical and 82% of the foramen lacerum were triangular.
     圆孔80%为椭圆形,卵圆孔66%为卵圆形,棘孔77%为椭圆形,破裂孔82%为三角形。
短句来源
     The display rates of foramen rotundum, foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and foramen lacerum were 86%, 100%, 99% and 99% respectively.
     各孔显示率圆孔为86%、卵圆孔为100%,棘孔为99%,破裂孔为99%。
短句来源
     The foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and foramen lacerum were significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.01).
     男性卵圆孔、棘孔、破裂孔大于女性,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     abducent nerve was (5.69±1.45)mm superior to dural ring of foramen lacerum;
     ②展神经距破裂孔硬膜环 (5 .6 9± 1 .4 5 )mm ;
短句来源
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  “foramen lacerum”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results : (1)The distance of bilateral medial wall of the foramen lacerum and external entrance of the hypoglossal canal was (20.67 ± 2.83)mm and (36.37 ± 2.62)mm respectively;
     结果:(1)双侧破裂孔内侧壁间距和双侧舌下神经管外口间距分别为2 0 .6 7±2 .83mm和36 .37±2 .6 2mm ;
短句来源
     RESULTS: The average values (measured from the inside view of the skull base) of the foramen rotundum, foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and foramen lacerum of male on the left side were 4.57, 8.27, 2.66 and 8.98 mm respectively, and those on the right side were 4.56, 8.38, 2.68 and 8.92 mm respectively;
     结果:圆孔、卵圆孔、棘孔和破裂孔的最大径的平均值,男性左侧分别是4.57,8.27,2.66和8.98mm,右侧分别是4.56,8.38,2.68和8.92mm;
短句来源
     A RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE FORAMEN OVALE, FORAMEN SPINOSUM AND FORAMEN LACERUM OF SKULL BASE IN 200 DRY SKULLS
     颅底卵圆孔、棘孔和破裂孔形态的X线研究
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     C3, lacerum;
     C3,破裂孔段;
短句来源
     lacerum (C 3);
     破裂孔段 (C3 ) ;
短句来源
     Tumours at Foramen Magnum
     枕大孔区肿瘤
短句来源
     Microanatomy of jugular foramen
     颈静脉孔区显微解剖
短句来源
     The foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and foramen lacerum were significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.01).
     男性卵圆孔、棘孔、破裂孔大于女性,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。
短句来源
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  foramen lacerum
A medially directed artery to the external carotid rete arises from the commencement of the promontory artery and joins the caudal end of the rete, whose cranial end lies in the foramen lacerum.
      
Das Halbbasissyndrom (Garcin) ist analog dem Syndrom des Foramen jugulare, des Foramen lacerum (Vernet), des Sulcus cavernosus, des Jaccodschen Syndroms u.
      
The intrapetrous carotid artery (ICA), cochlea (CH), eustachian tube (ET), foramen spinosum (FS), foramen ovale (FO) and anterior foramen lacerum (AFL) were exposed by drilling of the glenoid fossa and base of middle cranial fossa.
      
In the cases presented here, tumor resulted either from metastatic lymph nodes or had invaded through the suture of the temporal and sphenoid bones around the foramen lacerum to the middle cranial fossa and then infiltrated the temporal bone.
      
The pterygopalatine fossa is an important space because it communicates with the middle cranial fossa, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, foramen lacerum, and the infratemporal fossa via eight foramina and canals.
      
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This is a modification of Fisch's procedure. There are three different ways of approch for resection of tumors over the base of middle cranial fossa. The first approach is through a long incision from the pinna down, along the anterior border of sternomastoid muscle, ligating the external carotid artery, placing a ligature around the internal carotid artery in case of emergency, protecting the vagus and hypoglossal nerves, excising the external auditory canal, exposing the petrous portion of the temporal bone,...

This is a modification of Fisch's procedure. There are three different ways of approch for resection of tumors over the base of middle cranial fossa. The first approach is through a long incision from the pinna down, along the anterior border of sternomastoid muscle, ligating the external carotid artery, placing a ligature around the internal carotid artery in case of emergency, protecting the vagus and hypoglossal nerves, excising the external auditory canal, exposing the petrous portion of the temporal bone, reaching posteriorly to the sigmoid sinus, anteriorly to the jugular fossa, internal carotid canal and internally to the cochlea, the inter- nal auditory canal and tip of the petrous bone. For better exposure, the midportionof the zygomatic arch may be fractured with radical mastoideotomy. When needed, the mandible could be displaced out of the glenoid fossa, drilling the osseous portion of the Eustachian tube and/or tracing the carotid artery canal to the petrous bone. This approach is mainly for excision of glomus jugularis. The second approach is similar to the above with additional tracing of the internal carotid to the foramen lacerum, exposing the area near the clivus. This approach is useful for excision of cancer of the middle ear and cholesteatoma. The third approach sacrificed the carti-lagenous portion of the Eustachian tube, reaching the nasopharynx. After excision of the tumor, the operative defect is obliterated with abdominal adipose tissue and temporal muscle sutured to the mastoid fascia for pressure hemostasis and prevention of leakage of cerebrospinal fluid. Two suction drainage tubes were used to prevent hematoma.From April 1981, 2 cases of glomus jugularis, 1 case of cholesteatoma, 3 cases of cancer of the middle ear and 2 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer, refractory to irradiation were treated using the above exposure. To date, 1 patient died 8 months post-operatively from intracranial metastasis.

颞下窝进路摘除中颅窝底部肿瘤术野暴露满意,便于操作。尤其是肿瘤与颅底附近和重要结构的解剖关系,如颈内动脉,颈静脉球,第Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ对脑神经等循此进路暴露十分清楚,便于术中分离保护。面神经改道前移,可避免术后并发面瘫。本文报道经此进路手术者8例,计有颈静脉球体瘤2例,中颅窝底胆脂瘤1例,侵犯中颅窝底部中耳癌3例及放射未能治愈的鼻咽癌2例。简要地介绍了手术操作的方法和步骤。

By means of a planimeter and skulls adjusted in the eye-ear plane, measurements of areas of the foramen ovale, spinosum, lacerum, jugulae and orifice of the canalis caroticus on both sides of the external surface of the skull base have been taken on 100 adult skulls collected in Chengdu. The symmetry of these areas has been studied. The main results of the study are given below: 1. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen ovale is approximately equal on the two sides and the difference in area between...

By means of a planimeter and skulls adjusted in the eye-ear plane, measurements of areas of the foramen ovale, spinosum, lacerum, jugulae and orifice of the canalis caroticus on both sides of the external surface of the skull base have been taken on 100 adult skulls collected in Chengdu. The symmetry of these areas has been studied. The main results of the study are given below: 1. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen ovale is approximately equal on the two sides and the difference in area between the two sides is less than 1%. In 44%, the right side is larger, and in 52%, the left is larger. 2. In 5% of the whole series, the area of the foramen spinosum is approximately equal on the two sides. In 42%, the right side is larger, and in 53%, the left is larger. 3. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen lacerum is approximately equal on the two sides. In 46%, the right side is larger, and in 50%, the left is larger. 4. In 3% of the whole series, the area of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 76%, the right side is larger, and in 21%, the left is larger. 5. In 3% of the whole series, the area of the anterior part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 50%, the right side is larger, and in 47%, the left is larger. 6. In 17% of the whole series, the area of the intermediate part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 37%, the right side is larger, and in 46%, the left is larger. 7. In 2% of the whole series, the area of the posterior part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 79%, the right side is larger, and in 19%, the left is larger. 8. In 5% of the whole series, the area of the orifice of the canalis caroticus is approximately equal on the two sides. In 58%, the right side is larger, and in 37%, the left is larger. Moreover, a quantitative analysis of the bilateral areas has been carried out. The foramen area is highly positive in correlation With the product of its length and width. Therefore, the regression formulas of the areas are as follows: The foramen ovale-right, ■=1.5129+0.6699x (r=0.9417); left, ■=0.3695+0.6876x(r=0.8949). The foramen spinosum-right, ■=0.7827+0.6089x (r=0.8755); left, ■=0.3499+0.6695x (r=0.9207). The foramen lacerum-right, ■=9.4190+0.4480x (r=0.9147); left, ■=13.5198+0.4082x (r=0.8493). The foramen jugulaeright, ■=18.3913+0.5092x (r=0.8843); left,■=11.3561+0.5744x (r=0.9193). The anterior part of the foramen jugulae-right, Y=3.3141+0.4858x (r=0.8330); left, ■=3.2294+0.4854x (r=0.8452) The intermediate part of the foramen jugulae-right, ■=2.5434+0.4311x (r=0.7942); left, Y=1.7547+0.5227x (r=0.8366). The posterior part of the foramen jugulae-right,■=1.3470+0.6311x (r=0.8273); left, ■=0.9110+0.6586x (r=0.9480). The orifice of the canalis caroticus-right, ■=1.0986+0.6794x (r=0.9128); left, ■=1.5038+0.6590x (r=0.9219). (x is the product of the length and width of its foramen).

本文对100具成都出土的成人颅骨颅底外面的卵圓孔、棘孔、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、颈静脉孔及其所分三部(前部、中间部、后部)的长径、宽径和面积等进行了测量,并研究了上述各孔左右面积的对称性。卵圆孔:左>右52.00±5.00%,右>左44.00±4.96%;棘孔:左>右53.00±4.99%,右>左42.00±4.96%;破裂孔:左>右50.00±5.00%,右>左46.00±4.98%;颈动脉管外口:左>右37.00±4.83%,右>左58.00±4.94%;颈静脉孔:左>右21.00±4.07%,右>左76.00±4.27%。而其前部:左>右47.00±4.99%,右>左50.00±5.00%;中间部:左>右46.00±4.98%,右>左37.00±4.83%;后部:左>右19.00±3.92%,右>左79.00±4.07%。颈静脉孔、颈静脉孔后部右>左的百分比明显地大于左>右的百分比(x~2分别为60.96,72.04)。本文还进一步研究了当孔两侧不对称时,左右面积的大小倍数关系。颅底孔的非对称性对临床有参考价值,面积的比较比常用的长、宽径比较更为正确、灵敏。为方便实用,本文列出了上述各孔由孔长径、宽径乘积...

本文对100具成都出土的成人颅骨颅底外面的卵圓孔、棘孔、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、颈静脉孔及其所分三部(前部、中间部、后部)的长径、宽径和面积等进行了测量,并研究了上述各孔左右面积的对称性。卵圆孔:左>右52.00±5.00%,右>左44.00±4.96%;棘孔:左>右53.00±4.99%,右>左42.00±4.96%;破裂孔:左>右50.00±5.00%,右>左46.00±4.98%;颈动脉管外口:左>右37.00±4.83%,右>左58.00±4.94%;颈静脉孔:左>右21.00±4.07%,右>左76.00±4.27%。而其前部:左>右47.00±4.99%,右>左50.00±5.00%;中间部:左>右46.00±4.98%,右>左37.00±4.83%;后部:左>右19.00±3.92%,右>左79.00±4.07%。颈静脉孔、颈静脉孔后部右>左的百分比明显地大于左>右的百分比(x~2分别为60.96,72.04)。本文还进一步研究了当孔两侧不对称时,左右面积的大小倍数关系。颅底孔的非对称性对临床有参考价值,面积的比较比常用的长、宽径比较更为正确、灵敏。为方便实用,本文列出了上述各孔由孔长径、宽径乘积推算孔面程的回归方程,并列出了由颈静脉孔长径、宽径乘积推算颈静脉孔后部面积的回归方程。

The foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and forameb lacerum of skull base are important bony landmarks for detecting destruction of the skull by any metastatic tumors, especially nasopharyngioma. X-ray examination is the most favorable and easily performed method for evaluation of the foramens. In this survey,the shape, position, size and clarity of 200 basal skull radiograms of normal dry skull in both orbitomeatal and canthomeatal views were studied. Various factors that would effect the morphology of the foramens...

The foramen ovale, foramen spinosum and forameb lacerum of skull base are important bony landmarks for detecting destruction of the skull by any metastatic tumors, especially nasopharyngioma. X-ray examination is the most favorable and easily performed method for evaluation of the foramens. In this survey,the shape, position, size and clarity of 200 basal skull radiograms of normal dry skull in both orbitomeatal and canthomeatal views were studied. Various factors that would effect the morphology of the foramens were discussed.We assumed that the canthomeatal view is a more favorable projection for demonstrating the foramen ovale, while the orbitomeatal view is preferred for evaluating the endocranial aspect of the foramen lacerum, of which the exocranial aspect is frequently difficult to identify. Based on this study, we hold that a minimal change in size of the foramen(<0.5mm) alone may not be a reliable sign of destruction.

颅底卵圆孔、棘孔和破裂孔是X线照片观察颅骨肿瘤转移,特别是鼻咽癌转移的重要骨性标志。X线检查方法最为简便。作者对200具正常干颅骨的听眶位和听眦位颅底片作了三孔形状、位置、大小和清晰度的分析,结果表明影响其X线表现的因素很多。作者讨论了这些因素,认为听眦位显示卵圆孔最清晰,而破裂孔的解剖外口极不规则,听眶位能很好显示内口,后者作为观察标志是适宜的。此外,作者认为不能仅仅以大小的轻微改变(不大于0.5mm)作为癌肿破坏的依据。

 
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