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first years
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  前10年
     There was significant difference between the mortality rate of the first 10 years(16.0%,8/50) and that of the last 7 years(5.9%,12/203;χ2=5.62,P<0.05).
     前10年死亡率(16.0%,8/50)显著高于近7年的死亡率(5.9%,12/203;χ2=5.62,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Forecast on World Flame Retardant Development in the First 10 Years of the New Century
     新世纪前10年全球阻燃剂发展预测
短句来源
     To Provide Scientific and Technological Support for Hydropower Propotion Target 30% during the First 10 Years of Next Century
     为下世纪前10年水电比重30%提供科技支撑
短句来源
     It is pointed out that there are 6 midsummer drought years and 4 partial of non drought years in the first 10 years of the 21st century.
     预计:21世纪初的前10年,川东有6年为伏旱年,4年为轻或无伏旱年。
短句来源
     As population aging speed accelerating, all countries in the world will appear the aging tendency in the first 10 years of 21st century.
     人口老化速度加快 ,在 2 1世纪的前 10年 ,世界各国都将出现人口老龄化趋势。
短句来源
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  “first 10 years”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The authors suggest that the main principles that should be oonsidered for exploration direction determination from the high plane of strategy:① the we quality, the conventional resource is the main direction of the study during the first 10 years of the 21st century,and converting going up the low-grade resources (coal-bed gas,tight Sandstone gas, shale gas) is the main task during the second 1o years;
     提出从战略高度考虑勘探方向定位的原则:①资源质量定位,21世纪头10年主攻方向应是常规资源,第二个10年应加强低级别资源(煤层气,致密砂岩气,页岩气)的升级转化;
短句来源
     Alongitudinal study of bed sharing and sleep problems among Swiss children in the first 10 years of life
     一个关于瑞士儿童10岁以前与家人同床睡觉和睡眠问题的纵向调查研究
短句来源
     3. Soil fertility was notably improved along with the restoring in the first 10 years, but positive changes were found mainly in the top 0 ~20cm profile.
     3.土壤肥力的良性变化主要发生在0~20cm土层,并在恢复时间序列上呈增长趋势。
短句来源
     The drought will lighten during the first 10 years of the 21st century according to prediction.
     根据预测21世纪前十年西北干旱有所减轻。
短句来源
     Results:Within the first 10 years after PK,endothelial cell lost rapidly (72 5±17 7%,r=13%) The coefficients of variation of cell area,the cell area,cell perimeters and the percentage of non-hexagonal cells increased (P<0 01),while the percentage of hexagonal cells and cell figure coefficient decreased (P<0 006).
     结果 :1 术后 3月~ 10年 ,植片内皮细胞数量下降迅速 ,达到 72 5± 17 7% (M±SD) (r =13 % ) ; 细胞面积、形态系数、细胞周长和非六角形细胞比率增大P <0 0 1,而六角形细胞比率和细胞形态系数变小P <0 0 0 6。
短句来源
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  first years
In the first 10 years of neuregulin research there has been much progress in understanding the actions of neuregulins in shaping and maintaining the neuromuscular system.
      
Editorial: The First 10 Years of the Journal of Child and Family Studies
      
Thirty-four pairs of Swedish fraternal twins separated in the first 10 years of life were administered 12 tests of cognitive abilities.
      
The first 10 years of NIA's existence were characterized by funding for descriptive and discovery research, as the field had not yet come of age.
      
Annuals and perennial forbs reached their maximum richness during the first 10 years of abandonment.
      
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A tank experiment to study the rainfall characteristics,degree of slope and kinds of crops in relation to erosion of the Szechuan purple brown soil was carried out on the experimental farm of the University of Nanking in Chengtu during the period from 1941 to 1945 inclusive.The text consists of the results,of four years only,that of the first year being used for reference.

本试验就成都南郊金陵大学农场利用箱具装置以求降雨,坡度及作物种类对于四川紫棕土冲蚀之关系,试验自1941年须始至1945年年底为止,本报告包括1942至1945年四年记录;最初一年记录仅供参考未列入计算。试验中之箱具係木制,长1.8公尺,宽0.35公尺,深0.33公尺,共四具,分别置于5%,10%,20%及30%之四种坡度上,内盛四川红色盆地中之一种紫棕色粘土。降雨之时,每廿小时测定雨量,逕流及土壤冲矢量各一次,试验中192及1943两年行播芝蔴代表茎葉稀疏之作物,1944及1945年密播大豆代表茎菜密茂之作物。四年结果中之要点如下:(i)本试验四年中成都年降水量总平均为959.9公厘,最少年为689.9公厘而最多年为489.8公厘,本试验芝蔴年度平均降水量为734.0公厘,而大豆年度平均降水量为1185.8公厘。(ii)成都降雨烈度可暂按廿四小时内雨量,分为0—3.9m.m.,4—7.9m.m.,8—11.9m.m.,12—23.9m.m.,24—17.9m.m.,4(?)—95.6m.m.,96—191.9m.m.,等七级,四年中廿四小时内最多雨量可自84.2公厘至183.2公厘不等,此项烈雨可降于六月初...

本试验就成都南郊金陵大学农场利用箱具装置以求降雨,坡度及作物种类对于四川紫棕土冲蚀之关系,试验自1941年须始至1945年年底为止,本报告包括1942至1945年四年记录;最初一年记录仅供参考未列入计算。试验中之箱具係木制,长1.8公尺,宽0.35公尺,深0.33公尺,共四具,分别置于5%,10%,20%及30%之四种坡度上,内盛四川红色盆地中之一种紫棕色粘土。降雨之时,每廿小时测定雨量,逕流及土壤冲矢量各一次,试验中192及1943两年行播芝蔴代表茎葉稀疏之作物,1944及1945年密播大豆代表茎菜密茂之作物。四年结果中之要点如下:(i)本试验四年中成都年降水量总平均为959.9公厘,最少年为689.9公厘而最多年为489.8公厘,本试验芝蔴年度平均降水量为734.0公厘,而大豆年度平均降水量为1185.8公厘。(ii)成都降雨烈度可暂按廿四小时内雨量,分为0—3.9m.m.,4—7.9m.m.,8—11.9m.m.,12—23.9m.m.,24—17.9m.m.,4(?)—95.6m.m.,96—191.9m.m.,等七级,四年中廿四小时内最多雨量可自84.2公厘至183.2公厘不等,此项烈雨可降于六月初至八月底之间,廿四小时内大于24公厘之雨日可自七日至十七日不等。(iii)芝蔴年度年降水量虽较大豆年度为低,但逕流占年雨量百分数,依坡度顺序,则前者各为16.95%,19.23%,25.71%及27.66%而后者各为3.96%,9.06%,9.63%及10.62%。(iv)四年中逕流量之实际数值,依坡度顺序,芝蔴年度各为129.11公厘,143.79公厘,193.54公厘及216.64公厘,而后者各为53.37公厘,120.59公厘,121.60公厘及135.07公厘。逕流逐月分布隨雨量分佈而变异,惟大豆作物有使逕流分佈百分数,向各月分散之趋势。又芝蔴年度七月份或八月份之逕流量可占年逕流量70%以上。(v)逕流之大部由于廿四小时内大于24公厘之雨量所发生,各坡度上大于24公厘之烈度等级中,在芝蔴年度,其分佈百分数之和幾全人於80%,而在大豆年度,其分佈百分数之和,自约38%至90%以上不等。芝蔴年度逕流量之实际数值较大豆年度为大,但逕流量隨坡度增加之比率则芝蔴年度较大豆年度为小。(vi)土壤冲失量之实际数值,依坡度顺序,芝蔴年度各为每市亩773.91市斤,832.5市斤,2004.93市斤及2822.62市斤,而大豆年度各为每市亩270.02市斤,370.50市斤,666.53市斤及762.95市斤,大豆年度中雨量特別丰沛之年,大豆护土力在大坡度上(坡度30%)更为显盖。(vii)芝蔴年度月雨量对于土壤冲矢量之影响大于对于逕流量之影响,月雨量增多,使同月土壤冲失量增加之百分数较使同月逕流量增加之百分数为大,大豆年度则反是。芝蔴年度土壤冲失量之实际数值较大豆年度为大,目土壤冲失量隨坡度增加之比率,芝蔴年度亦较大豆年度为大。(viii)据本试验情形,某一日之前五日内如降落巨雨,则该日急雨可发生甚大量之逕流及土壤冲失,芝蔴年度此种情形甚显,但大豆年度则不显。(ix)大豆作物之护土力,由于宽阔平向之叶面及密茂之莖叶可遮蔽地面以防雨滴之打击,而落叶护土亦可使地面流水澄清而维持土壤之渗漏速率,又麦稈覆盖地面之护土效力甚宏,如于大豆莖叶向未郁閉之前用之,可防初夏急雨之冲蚀。(X)自成都向南至仁寿县一带之紫棕土斤陵地,可行玉米与大豆等高行栽之间作制,惟大豆宜密植以收护土之效,若能于生长前期,地面覆盖麦稈,则土壤冲蚀之害可大减。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than the latepicked fruits.The effect of delaying the har est on the reduction of the diseaseproducing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the consrol; (2) low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature raving from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking alsolute value for consideration, Truits are more susceptible to the dicease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of Storage, the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease beingmore pronounced for the lare-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones, and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments, paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection.Its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones, and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature The castor oil paper packing turns out to Le almost of no effect, moreover, it has the tendency of stimulating the decelopment of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the Control in the first year, whereas in the second year, it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season hewever, the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the latepicked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment is found to lesimilar to tlat of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the alove mentloned treatments cause very shight and almost no sign of disease, whereas, in the latter period, the di(?)ease is found to develop rapidly, the transition time leing approximately on the first decade of Marcl for the eary-pcled fruit, and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity, the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day, the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February, while in the seconl year,when the temperature is comparatively low, fluctuating letween 2—10℃ every day, quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-piced fruits. Hovever, the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storagee to the orbinary room temperature,the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the earlypicked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits, the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate, amyl acetate an acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treatment, the results are rather irregular, altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control, This may be due to lack of materials for.experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclution that the"Hoo-pee" of Ralls apples is truely the Scald, but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。 6.蘋果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。 7.应用某些挥发性物质处理蘋果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。 8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。 9.从试验结果可以确定国光蘋果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变,但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely than the late- picked fruits.The effect of delaying the harvest on the reduction of the disease- producing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the control; (2)low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature ranging from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking absolute value for consideration,fruits are more susceptible to the disease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of storage,the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease being more pronounced for the late-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones,and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments,paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection,its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones,and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature.The castor oil paper packing turns out to be almost of no effect,moreover,it has the tendency of stimulating the development of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the control in the first year,whereas in the second year,it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season however,the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the late- picked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment in found to be similar to that of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the above mentioned treatments cause very slight and almost no sign of disease,whereas,in the latter period,the disease is found to develop rapidly,the transition time being approximately on the first decade of March for the early-picked fruit,and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity,the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day,the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February;while in the second year,when the temperature is comparatively low,fluctuating between 2—10℃ every day,quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-picked fruits. However,the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storage to the orbinary room temperature, the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the early- picked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits,the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate,amyl acetate and acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treat- ment,the results are rather irregular,altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control.This may be due to lack of materials for experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits. 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established,but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclusion that the“Hoo-pee”of Ralls apples is freely the Scald,but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。6.苹果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。7.应用某些挥发性物质处理苹果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。9.从试验结果可以确定国光苹果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变(Загарилигорение,scald),但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

 
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