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pressure increases     
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  压力增大
     The calculated excitation energies agree fairly well with those observed within 900cm-1. In addition, calculation results show that the frequence of the ruby R1 line (4A1→2E) decreases as pressure increases.
     进一步计算了在不同压力下红宝石d-d跃迁能谱结果表明,能谱中R_1线(~4A_1→~2E)随压力增大产生红移,与实验定性一致。
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     The experimental results show that as the absorption pressure increases the driving potential for absorption increases so as to enhance the absorption performance.
     实验结果表明,当吸收器的吸收压力增大时,吸收过程的推动力增大,吸收器的吸收效果增强,溶液进出口的浓度差增大,吸收率增大;
     Judging from situation of current economical operation, the prominent contradictory of macroscopic economical operation represents that the effective demand specially for the consumptive demand is insufficient, the employment pressure increases, while the peasants' income grows slowly, the demand of village market is not prosperous are the important reasons.
     从当前经济运行情况看,宏观经济运行的突出矛盾表现为有效需求特别是消费需求不足,就业压力增大,而农民收入增长缓慢、农村市场需求不旺是重要原因之一。
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     The result of experiments indicates that: with operation pressure increases, the fouling degree of membrane and the flux decay rate both increase;
     实验结果表明:操作压力增大,膜污染度增大;
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     With the introduction of competition mechanism under the new situation of our country, college students' psychological pressure increases and many students are in a state of sub-health, which affects their health seriously.
     面对我国新形势下竞争机制的引入,大学生心理压力增大,很多大学生心理处于亚健康状态,已严重影响到其心理健康。
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  压力增加
     At σ≤90 MPa, the attenuation coefficient decreases whereas the P wave velocity and Q-value increase when the pressure increases.
     在σ≤90 MPa时,随压力增加,衰减系数减小,P波速度及Q值增大;
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     In the range of pressure 16 to 22 MPa and temperature 303 to 343K, the capacity factor of tocopherols decreases as pressure increases and increases as temperature increases.
     在温度303-343K,压力16-22MPa的实验范围内,生育酚在ODS柱上的容量因子随压力增加而减少,随温度升高而增大;
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     PMA is different from other SEAs, because it set up the model through simulating the principle in society that people migrate along with economic center and disperse as population pressure increases instead of some optimization groups in nature.
     与以往各类模拟进化算法(如遗传算法等)不同的是,人口迁移算法不是模拟自然领域中具有某种优化特征的群体来建立模型, 而是模拟社会领域中人口随经济重心而转移、随人口压力增加而扩散的机制.
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     When the vapor pressure increases to 0.1 MPa, it is likely to lead to failure of the explosion due to the generating vapor for stoichiometry hydrogen-oxygen mixture detonation.
     研究表明 ,水蒸气能明显降低爆炸压力 ,水蒸气压力增加到 0 .1 MPa时可导致爆炸熄灭 ;
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     However,the conversion of the monomers decreases when the pressure increases.
     但压力对聚合转化率的影响较大 ,压力增加 ,转化率降低 .
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  压力升高
     Comparing to original plan, the optimum solutions shows that height and contact angle decrease 37.5%, 8.9% respectively, and peak contact pressure increases 13.38% by optimizing the height and contact angle.
     高度和接触倾角双因素优化设计结果显示:与初始方案相比,高度降低37.5%,接触倾角降低8.9%,峰值接触压力升高13.38%。
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     The cleaning efficiency increases as UF pressure increases within the low range of UF pressure.
     超滤压力为0.05 MPa时清洗效率为86.49%,压力升高到0.08 MPa时,清洗效率达99.48%,即低压范围内,超滤压力大,清洗效率高;
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     For fixed engine speed and fuel supplying amount,with the increase of intake temperature,the phasing of combustion occurs earlier,combustion duration decrea- ses,the rate of pressure rise increases and the maximum cylinder pressure increases.
     _(50)位置推迟,放热速率降低,压力升高率变小,缸内最大燃烧压力减小,燃烧效率降低。 在转速和供油量一定时,随着进气温度的升高,着火始点提前,燃烧持续期变短,压力升高率变大,缸内的最大燃烧压力变大。
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     When the Ti content increases the abundance of C15 phase decreases and that of C14 phase increases, the hydrogen storage capacity decreases and the hydrogen equilibrium pressure increases.
     Ti合金化使 Zr基储氢合金中 C1 5相和 C1 4相的晶格常数线性递减。 气态 P-C-T测试表明 ,Ti合金化从 x=0增加至 x=0 .5时合金的吸放氢平台压力升高约 1 0倍 ,但降低了储氢合金的最大储氢容量。
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     The results show that pore water pressure increases quickly and transient saturated zone which is disadvantagous to the slope stability is easily formed in great storm zone,relative to thin frog zone and natural rainfall zone.
     分析结果显示,相对与薄雾区和自然降雨区,暴雨区的孔隙水压力升高较快,易形成对边坡稳定不利的暂态饱和区。
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  压力回升
     A decrease of pore fluid pressure increases the effective compressive stress, and the inclusion will be hardening when fluid difuses from surrounding material into the inclusion, the pore fluid pressue increases total compressive strees decreases, and the inclusion is weakened and is instability again.
     若周围有流体渗入包体,则将导致孔隙压力回升,有效应力下降,包体将再度失稳,然后又是致稳,直至最后由于包体动态失稳而发生地震。
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  pressure increases
As the vapor pressure increases, "spots" of water molecules are formed and grow on the substrate surface around point crystal defects.
      
As the pressure increases, the contribution from the ultraviolet part of the spectrum falls, and the contribution from the visible part of the spectrum increases.
      
When the crystal disperses in the T >amp;lt; Ti region, the "surface" pressure increases, and in the T >amp;gt; Ti region decreases, with decreasing size of nanocrystal: Psf(N) ~ N-1/3.
      
The streak camera is equipped with a gate-valve unit with an autonomous evacuation system; this allows one to use it in installations where the working-chamber pressure increases dynamically up to 0.1 Torr.
      
The pressure gives rise to symmetric deformation, whose energy accumulates as pressure increases and, at the phase transition point, is partially transferred into the energy of antisymmetric deformations.
      
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The protective layer of the Paiho earthdam at the Miyun Reservoir slid during an earthquake in 1976. The scope and features of the slide are described in this paper. An analysis of the accelerograph obtained at the dam site and the earthquake response of the dam is also presented. According to the component and density of the sandy-gravel material of the protective layer, and the results of dynamic triaxial tests conducted on its fine parts, it has been indicated that the material is of the type that is easily...

The protective layer of the Paiho earthdam at the Miyun Reservoir slid during an earthquake in 1976. The scope and features of the slide are described in this paper. An analysis of the accelerograph obtained at the dam site and the earthquake response of the dam is also presented. According to the component and density of the sandy-gravel material of the protective layer, and the results of dynamic triaxial tests conducted on its fine parts, it has been indicated that the material is of the type that is easily susceptible to uefaction. Under seismic loadings its shear strength decreases considerably as the porewater pressure Increases. This is proved to be the main cause of the slide. The stability analysis taking into consideration the liquefaction effect confirms this conclusion. Finally, the remedial and strengthening measures for the dam are recommended, In addition, some suggestions as to the problem of using sandy-gravel materials in the construction of earthdams in the seismic region are given.

1976年地震时密云水库白河土坝保护层发生滑坡。文中阐述滑坡的范围和形态,对坝上取得的地震记录和地震过程中大坝的反应做了分析。 根据保护层砂砾料的组成、密度和细料的三轴动力试验成果指出这种料属于易液化料,在地震荷载作用下由于孔隙水压力的升高而使抗剪强度大幅度降低是这次滑坡的主要原因。考虑砂砾料液化的边坡稳定分析资料证实这一结论。 文中最后介绍了大坝的加固措施,并对地震区砂砾料筑坝问题提出了若干观点和建议。

The normal pressure on the shear device has a defined influence on the lateral pressure and the influence is different for different soils. In sandy soil, there is little influence. In loam soil, the influence is more prominent, the higher the normal pressure, the higher the lateral pressure. When the soil body sinks and failures as a whole, the lateral pressure approaches to a certain value. The shear as well as the lateral pressure are therefore influenced by the normal pressure. The height of the sh, ear...

The normal pressure on the shear device has a defined influence on the lateral pressure and the influence is different for different soils. In sandy soil, there is little influence. In loam soil, the influence is more prominent, the higher the normal pressure, the higher the lateral pressure. When the soil body sinks and failures as a whole, the lateral pressure approaches to a certain value. The shear as well as the lateral pressure are therefore influenced by the normal pressure. The height of the sh, ear fine has little influence on the shear stress.The deformation modulus, K, is not a soil behavieor parameter. It increases as the normal pressure increases and is different for different shear devices. The value of K when sheared with a shear annulus is greater than that when sheared with a direct shear apparatus.

剪切元件上的正压力对剪片侧面的侧压力有一定的影响,并因土质不同而变化。在砂土中几乎不发生影响。在壤土中它的影响较显著,正压力加大,侧面压力也增加。当土体沉陷发生整体破坏时,侧面压力趋于定值。因此元件的侧面剪应力也随同侧压力一起受到正压力的影响。剪片高度对侧面剪应力几乎没有影响。 形变模量K值不是土壤特性参数,随正压力的加大而增加。不同剪切元件的K值也不同。剪切环旋转剪切的K值较履带板剪切测定装置上履带板平移剪切的K值为大。

This paper based on the results of observations of box foundations for four multi-storied buildings in shanghai, ranging from 10 to 12 stories, is divided into three parts. The first part deals with the deformation properties of foundation soil during the following three stages:(a) When the foundation pressure increased from unloading condition (due to excavation) to the orignal overburden pressure, (b) When the net foundation pressure increased from zero to its maximum value and (c) When the...

This paper based on the results of observations of box foundations for four multi-storied buildings in shanghai, ranging from 10 to 12 stories, is divided into three parts. The first part deals with the deformation properties of foundation soil during the following three stages:(a) When the foundation pressure increased from unloading condition (due to excavation) to the orignal overburden pressure, (b) When the net foundation pressure increased from zero to its maximum value and (c) When the foundation pressure was kept constant (after the construction). In this part a tentative method for calculating settlements of deeply embedded box foundations is also presented. The second part discusses the characteristics of the foundation pressure distribution and the method for computing pressure distribution is proposed.The last part presents the effects of temperature on the measurement of stress in reinforcements, and also the method for estimating stress in box foundations.

本文根据上海市区康乐大楼、华盛大楼、胸科大楼和四平大楼箱形基础的实测资料,着重对深埋(系指埋深超过5m)箱形基础地基变形三个阶级的特性及计算方法、基底反力的分布规律及计算方法、基础应力量测中的温度影响及估计基础应力的方法等问题进行研究和探讨.

 
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