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cultivation process     
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  培养过程
     On the Reform of Talent Cultivation Process Mode of Local Engineering Colleges
     地方工科院校人才培养过程模式改革新探
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     Teaching plan is the whole design of talents cultivation target,cultivation standard and cultivation process and way.
     教学计划是人才培养目标、培养规格以及培养过程和方式的总体设计。
短句来源
     Application of Element and Metablism Balancing for the Cultivation Process with Streptomyces aureofaciens
     元素衡算和代谢衡算在金色链霉菌培养过程的应用研究
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     Application of Chaotic Control in PHB Mixed Cultivation Process
     混沌控制在聚β-羟基丁酸混合培养过程中的应用
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     Talents training mode is the construction pattern and operation mode of cultivation process to achieve the cultivation objects, including layout of majors and courses, teaching design and education methods and other elements.
     人才培养模式是为实现培养目标而采取的培养过程的构造样式和运行方式,它主要包括专业设置、课程设置、教学设计和教育方法等构成要素。
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  培养工艺
     Studies on heterotrophic cultivation process of transgenic Chlorella with rabbit defensin gene in bioreactor
     转兔防御素基因小球藻生物反应器异养培养工艺研究
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     Comparing fermenter cultivation process with bottle static process,the yield of Bifidobacterism infantis in fermenter with Pope medium was 4.91~54.8 folds higher than that in bottles;
     用保蒲培养基采用发酵罐培养工艺较立瓶静止培养工艺双歧杆菌的产量可提高 4.91~ 5 4.8倍 ;
短句来源
     THE AFFECT OF MEDIUM AND CULTIVATION PROCESS TO YIELD OF BIFIDOBACTERISM INFANTIS
     培养基及培养工艺对双歧杆菌产量的影响
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  培育过程
     Secondly, this paper analyzed the component and the cultivation process of the regional core competence.
     其次,本文深入剖析了区域核心竞争力的构成要件和培育过程
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     Introduced the cultivation process of canoderma lucidum potted landsape and summarized the molding technology of it.
     对灵芝盆景的培育过程做了简要介绍,并对灵芝盆景的造型技术进行了总结。
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  “cultivation process”译为未确定词的双语例句
     High density Escherichia coli YK537/pSBHL 11 Cultivation Process for Hyperexpression of Recombinant Human Interleukin 3
     高密度培养大肠杆菌YK537/pSBHL-11生产重组人细胞白介素
短句来源
     A kinetic model was developed to describe the cultivation process. The results indicate that the production of biomass and polysaccharides increases from 28.7g DW/L and 1.86g/L to 44.2g DW/L and 5.22g/L, respectively, and the content of polysaccharides increases from 6.4% to 11.9%.
     结果表明,采用二步法培养,生物量从28·7gDW/L提高到44·2gDW/L,多糖产量从1·86g/L提高到5·22g/L,多糖含量从6·4%提高到11·9%。
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     The regulation technique of the environmental conditions for 12 commercial strains of Volvariella volvacea during their cultivation process was studied.
     对 12个草菇栽培菌株及其栽培过程中环境条件的调控进行了研究。
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     On - line statistical monitoring and production quality control of penicillin cultivation process
     青霉素生产过程的在线统计监测与产品质量控制
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     The combinations CL-7 and CL-8 having remarkable growth-promoting and disease control effect were tested for the stability in the continuous cultivation process. pH value were measured after each generation. The suppressive effect of bacterium combination to the tomato damping-off were surveyed each 3 generations.
     选取其中促生抗病作用最显著的细菌组合CL-7和CL-8测试稳定性,每代培养后测其pH值,每隔3代测定细菌组合对番茄立枯病菌的抑菌效果,并结合稀释平板法计数,结果表明这两个拮抗细菌组合从13~14代开始pH值基本稳定,连续培养12代后抑菌活性基本保持不变,组合内菌落种类及数目也基本稳定。
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  cultivation process
A fuzzy control system was organized and applied to the control of ethanol concentration in a fed-batch cultivation process for emulsan production byAcinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1.
      
Citric acid production from sugar cane molasses byAspergillus niger NIAB 280 was studied in a batch cultivation process.
      
It was shown that the fully continuous cultivation process represents a special limiting case of semicontinuous processes and makes it possible to utilize the maximum amount of substrate per unit time and fermentor volume.
      
and Fourier transmission infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy indicates that biotransformation of the lignin component during the cultivation process initiates partial biodegradation of the synthetic polymer matrix.
      
The batch cultivation process resulted in a maximum productivity of 27.30?μg per litre and day with culture doubling times of 1.16?d-1.
      
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The mode of genesis of plate-like structure of soils under different conditions may be different.Broad field observation reveals that soils favoring plate-like structure formation generally have an easy access to an abundant but intermittant supply of water,low content of raw organic matter as well as of humus,indefiniteness but not being too sandy in tex- ture,and weakness in structural stability. The present paper reports the evidences gathered from the field obser, vation and laboratory experiments showing...

The mode of genesis of plate-like structure of soils under different conditions may be different.Broad field observation reveals that soils favoring plate-like structure formation generally have an easy access to an abundant but intermittant supply of water,low content of raw organic matter as well as of humus,indefiniteness but not being too sandy in tex- ture,and weakness in structural stability. The present paper reports the evidences gathered from the field obser, vation and laboratory experiments showing that plate-like structure can be developed through the effect of alternate wetting and drying processes. Laboratory experiments have shown that the degree of perfection of the development of plate-like structure as evidenced both from the horizontal natural crackings and from the volume of swelling of the soil body in- creases with increase in the number of cycles of alternate wetting and drying.(Plate Ⅰ.)In order to assure the effectiveness of the processes, both drying and wetting should be carried out as thorough as possible. A mechanism explaining the formation of plate-like structure is pro- posed.According to the suggested mechanism,swelling of the soil as a result of wetting affords the necessary conditions for the formations of plate-like structure,while the actual development of structural plates is accomplished through the drying processes.The greater the rate of drying, the better the conditions for the development of plate-like structure. The horizontal axis of the structural plates as demonstrated by the laboratory experiments runs parallelly to the contour of the drying sur- face.The development of plate-Iike structure is greatly hindered by exerting pressure on the surface upon wetting.Microscopic examination of the structural units reveals that no definite orientation of the individual soil particles are noticeable and the horizontal crackings separating layers of structural plates were seen to be discontinuous and of non-uniform in dimension. The following is a brief account of the mechanism of plate-like struc- ture formation through the effect of alternate wetting and drying processes: The evaporation of water from the saturated soil leads first of all to the formation of a thin crust on the very surface of evaporation.This leaves,beneath the crust a series of cracking spaces parallel to the surface due to the shrinkage of the soil while drying.Further drying compels water to evaporate from below the surface into these cracking spaces. Thus a second layer of laminated dry soil may form below the first layer of the surface crust.As evaporation continues on,the process repeats itself with decreasing intensities because part of water will be lost inevitably through the few connections that may exist between adjacent layers of structural plates.The layers developed below the surface crust are of course somewhat different in nature because the conditions of drying pre- vailing here are different.Thus the drying out of the soil below the surface usually proceeds in a much more restricted rate——a fact,that may explain the presence of structural plates in the underlying layers which are absent in the surface crust.On rewetting the soil,the particles or aggregates in cracking spaces then may serve as wedges to push layers of structural plates further apart as a result of swelling. This theory may afford explanations to the facts that in the laboratory experiments better development of plate-like structure is always accom- panied by the greater extent of swelling of the soil and the latter in turn can be augmented by increasing the number of cycles of alternate wetting and drying processes.The proposed mechanism also suggests that not only should both wetting and drying be thorough enough so as to assure the formation of as many horizontal crackings and structural plates as possible, but also the rate of drying should be great enough to check as much as possible the lose of water through capillary action.It is also evident ac- cording to the supposition given above that any factor inhibiting the swelling of the soil,(such as pressure exerted upon the surface)will make it impossible to develope plate-like structure through alternate wetting and drying processes.As further evidences to support the suggested mechanism, it is worth while to point out the facts that plate-like structure usually occurs near the soil surface and that structural plates run always parallelly to the surface of evaporation. The soils that are most liable to the formation of plate-like structure according to this mechanism are those medium in texture,and low in organic matter and colloid contents. The plate-like structure thus developed is believed to be temporary in the sense that it will be easily disintegrated by either mechanical forces as practiced in the usual cultivation processes or by prolonged flooding followed by imcomplete drying.

一、片状结构形成的原因很多,但在地表常见的一种可能不是沉积、水冻或压力等原因造成,而系常经干湿变异的结果。二、在干湿变异条件下产生的片状结构分布地区甚广,可能其形成与土壤种类无直接关系。凡地面少植被、原缺乏结构的土壤,如不受人为翻动,露于地面一定时期后,多半会产生不同明显程度的片状结构。三、土壤在干湿变异条件下产生片状结构可能为一简单的机械作用。即土块湿润时膨胀,体积变大,再经干燥,体积不能恢复,留下横向裂隙于土中,遂成片状结构。在所研究的各因子中,干湿变异次数多、干湿变异程度大以及干湿变异中脱水速率快均能促使土块膨胀,所以能使片状结构形成更为明显。如对土块施以压力,不予膨胀,虽土块具有各方面生成片状结构的良好条件,仍不能形成片状结构。对田间具片状结构土块的试验中,说明它可能与室内人工片状结构有相同的成因,一方面也说明了这种结构的不稳定,易于破坏,但如条件适合,形成也不困难。四、此种片状结构因系土块干燥时产生横向裂隙所形成,所以结构横轴生成的方向主要决定于水分的蒸发面而经常与之平行。这种关系在野外具体表现为结构横轴常与地表平行,在室内的几项试验结果与此也相符合。此外结构横轴形成的方向是否与土块湿润时水分进行的...

一、片状结构形成的原因很多,但在地表常见的一种可能不是沉积、水冻或压力等原因造成,而系常经干湿变异的结果。二、在干湿变异条件下产生的片状结构分布地区甚广,可能其形成与土壤种类无直接关系。凡地面少植被、原缺乏结构的土壤,如不受人为翻动,露于地面一定时期后,多半会产生不同明显程度的片状结构。三、土壤在干湿变异条件下产生片状结构可能为一简单的机械作用。即土块湿润时膨胀,体积变大,再经干燥,体积不能恢复,留下横向裂隙于土中,遂成片状结构。在所研究的各因子中,干湿变异次数多、干湿变异程度大以及干湿变异中脱水速率快均能促使土块膨胀,所以能使片状结构形成更为明显。如对土块施以压力,不予膨胀,虽土块具有各方面生成片状结构的良好条件,仍不能形成片状结构。对田间具片状结构土块的试验中,说明它可能与室内人工片状结构有相同的成因,一方面也说明了这种结构的不稳定,易于破坏,但如条件适合,形成也不困难。四、此种片状结构因系土块干燥时产生横向裂隙所形成,所以结构横轴生成的方向主要决定于水分的蒸发面而经常与之平行。这种关系在野外具体表现为结构横轴常与地表平行,在室内的几项试验结果与此也相符合。此外结构横轴形成的方向是否与土块湿润时水分进行的方向有关,还待进一步的研究解决。五、通常所见的片状结构每每愈至土壤深处愈不明显,推测其原因可能是下层土壤具有以下特性:①干湿变异程度小,②干燥时脱水速率慢,③受到上部土层的压力,湿时不易膨胀,是几方面生成上的不利条件综合影响下的结果。六、片状结构容易在冲积母质的土壤上、滨海盐土地带以及碱土地区等处表土上发现,这可能与:地势平坦,水分易于停积;植被稀疏;土壤缺乏结构;或下层坚实,水分常积于上部,使表土能充分湿润等因子有关。在灰化土及生草灰化土地区,A_2 层中的片状结构结构是否具有上述同样的成因,还不能肯定,但有些条件很值得注意,如 A_2层缺乏有机质,没有良好结构;下面有一坚实的B 层,水分易在此停积;一般 A_2层距地表不远;同时在质地方面含粉砂较多,说明其片状结构也可能是干湿变异的结果。七、质地在片状结构的形成上也可能是影响较大的因子之一,工作中初步的印象是含粉砂或细砂较多的土壤易于形成,土块内粘结力过强时不易形成,但迄无充分证据,还有待进一步的研究。

There are six soil formation processes for soils in Ningxia. They are: 1) the accumulation process of soil organic matter; including the content and distribution of organic matter in soil profile; and the variation of humus composition; 2) the eluviation and illuviation of soluble salt including cacium carbonate and cacium sulfate in soil; 3) salinize and solonization of soil, including soil salinize caused by the groundwater or by the mineralized irrigation water and solonization caused by the development of...

There are six soil formation processes for soils in Ningxia. They are: 1) the accumulation process of soil organic matter; including the content and distribution of organic matter in soil profile; and the variation of humus composition; 2) the eluviation and illuviation of soluble salt including cacium carbonate and cacium sulfate in soil; 3) salinize and solonization of soil, including soil salinize caused by the groundwater or by the mineralized irrigation water and solonization caused by the development of soda salinize; 4) oxidation and reduction in soil; 5) chemical weathering and variation of soil clay mineral type; 6) soil cultivation process.

宁夏土壤的六种成土作用是,①土壤有机质的积累作用,包括土壤有机含量、有机质的剖面分布和腐殖质组成的变异;②碳酸钙、硫酸钙等容易溶盐在土壤中的淋溶与淀积;③土壤盐化与碱化,包括由地下水引起的和由矿化灌溉水引起的土壤盐化,苏打盐化后进一步发展引起的碱化;④土壤的氧化还原作用,不同情况下这种作用的变化可用还原性物质总量予以区别;⑤化学风化与粘土矿物类型的变异;⑥土壤熟化作用,引黄灌区以灌淤熟化为主,旱农地则以旱耕熟化为主。

Domestic dog follicular oocytes were recovered from small follicles (0.5-1.5mm). Oocytes possessing evenly granulated ooplasm and a dense multilayered cu-mulus cells were cultivated in TCM-199 supplemented with 10% FCS, 10 IU FSH/mLand 5 IU LH/mL at 38.5℃ and in a humid atmosphere of 5% CO_2 for 24-48 h. Theexperimental results showed that the COC expansion and GVBD appeared after cultiva-tion as those appeared in other mammals. The percentages of COC expansion and GVBDgradually increased as the cultivation...

Domestic dog follicular oocytes were recovered from small follicles (0.5-1.5mm). Oocytes possessing evenly granulated ooplasm and a dense multilayered cu-mulus cells were cultivated in TCM-199 supplemented with 10% FCS, 10 IU FSH/mLand 5 IU LH/mL at 38.5℃ and in a humid atmosphere of 5% CO_2 for 24-48 h. Theexperimental results showed that the COC expansion and GVBD appeared after cultiva-tion as those appeared in other mammals. The percentages of COC expansion and GVBDgradually increased as the cultivation process in vitro prolonged. About 97% of the ap-parently healthy oocytes were in the germinal vesicle (dictyate) stage when they wererecovered from the ovaries; 28% of them reached metaphase Ⅰ or Ⅱ by 48 hours of cul-tivation. The ultrastructural results showed that the mitochondria and cortical granules(CGs) migrated to the cortical region after mature cultivation, meanwhile the Golgi'scomplex and rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) disappeared after 48 h of cultivation.These features mentioned above were marks of oocyte maturation, which were relativeto fertilization.

从屠宰母犬卵巢获取的卵母细胞,用含有FSH和LH的TCM—199培养基培养24~48h后,卵丘卵母细胞复合体(COC)表现扩展,生发泡(GV)破裂(GThD),且COC的扩展率和GVBD率随着培养时间的延长而逐渐升高.超微结构观察,卵母细胞体外成熟培养后,其胞质内线粒体、皮质颗粒等迁移到皮质区;高尔基复合体减少或消失,颗粒细胞和卵母细胞间的间隙连接消失.

 
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