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     Nested PCR demonstrated: Hepatocellular carcinoma had HBV_DNA replication
     巢式PCR证明肝癌细胞HBV─DNA复制
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     Results The anxiety and depression value of the patients in treatment group reduced significantly after the treatment (P<0.01), while that of control group had no significant change after the treatment (P>0.05).
     结果试验组焦虑、抑郁值在采用措施后明显降低,显著性差异(P<0.01),而对照组2次结果无显著性差异(P>0.05)。
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     Fe3+ had very greatly harmful effect.
     Fe3+则显著的不良影响;
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     The results showed that isohumulone had strong inhibitory action to both SGC-7901 and HepG-2 by inducing the apoptosis of tumour cells.
     结果表明,异葎草酮对肿瘤细胞SGC-7901及HepG-2均较强抑制作用,这一作用是通过诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡实现的.
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     After the lymphocytes had been cultured with IL-4 for 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h, 50 μg/L IL-4 upregulated the expressions of NGF mRNA in a time -dependent manner and all the NGF mRNA expressions were significantly higher than the basal values at the same time(all Ps<0.01).
     50μg/LIL-4干预12h、24h、36h及48h时NGFmRNA相对表达量随时间延长逐渐增高,并分别与同时间点的基础值比较统计学意义(均P<0.01);
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     Results There had been a continuous increase in the number of patients since the outpatient transfusion room founded in 2002, increasing to 12498 patients per year from 9765 patients per year.
     结果2002年成立门诊输液室以来,病人呈逐年递增趋势,由原来的9765人/年增长12498人/年。
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     Results The anxiety rate of the senile patients was 94.0%, and the occurrence had no relationship with the patient’s sex(P>0.05), but had relationship with age, education, treatment purpose and treatment cost (P<0.05).
     结果老年患者产生焦虑反应率94.0%。 产生焦虑反应的原因与性别无关(P>0.05),与年龄、文化程度、治疗目的、治疗费用有关(P<0.05)。
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     The most traits of F1 in the cross P3 ×P4 had positive over high value parent heterosis.
     组合P3×P4中表现正向超亲优势的性状最多;
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     The results showed that the cows with output the milk ≤2000kg had the average content of P and E_2 of(0.70±0.30)ng/ml and(134±240)pg/ml respectively;
     结果表明:产奶量≤2000kg时,P和E2的平均含量分别(0.70±0.30)ng/ml和(134±240)pg/ml;
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     the cows with output of 2001~2500kg had the average content of P and E_2 of(0.55±0.17)ng/ml and(100±111)pg/ml respectively in the milk;
     产奶量2001-2500kg时,P和E2的平均含量分别(0.55±0.17)ng/ml和(100±111)pg/ml;
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     Results All of 12 patients had good psychological behavior and successfully achieved the chemotherapy plan, expect 1 patient stopped the therapy because of anaphylactic shock.
     结果12例卵巢癌患者除1例发生过敏性休克经抢救脱险停止化疗外,其余顺利完成化疗计划,心理表现也正常。
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     The results showed that isohumulone had strong inhibitory action to both SGC-7901 and HepG-2 by inducing the apoptosis of tumour cells.
     结果表明,异葎草酮对肿瘤细胞SGC-7901及HepG-2有较强抑制作用,这一作用是通过诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡实现的.
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     The results indicated: the high active mineral admixture slurry solid content could substitute 10%~30% cement to product the high performance concrete of C30~C50,its workability and the later performance had achieved the national standards,and has realized the low hydration heat,the low chemical shrinkage and the low cost application effect.
     结果表明:高活性矿物掺合料浆按固含量替代10%~30%的水泥可配制出C30~C50的高性能混凝土,其工作性及后期性能达到了国家标准,实现了低水化热、低收缩、低成本的应用效果。
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     After the lymphocytes had been cultured with IL-4 for 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h, 50 μg/L IL-4 upregulated the expressions of NGF mRNA in a time -dependent manner and all the NGF mRNA expressions were significantly higher than the basal values at the same time(all Ps<0.01).
     50μg/LIL-4干预12h、24h、36h及48h时NGFmRNA相对表达量随时间延长逐渐增高,并分别与同时间点的基础值比较有统计学意义(P<0.01);
短句来源
     After the lymphocytes had been cultured with 10 μg/L IFN-γ for 0 h, 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h, IFN-γ downregulated the expressions of NGF mRNA in a time-dependent manner and all the NGF mRNA expressions were significantly lower than the basal values at the same time(all Ps<0.01).
     10μg/LIFN-γ干预12h、24h、36h、48h时NGFmRNA相对表达量分别与同时间点的基础值相比有显著下降(P<0.01);
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     Results There had been a continuous increase in the number of patients since the outpatient transfusion room founded in 2002, increasing to 12498 patients per year from 9765 patients per year.
     结果2002年成立门诊输液室以来,病人逐年递增趋势,由原来的9765人/年增长为12498人/年。
短句来源
     In the 58 cases, only 20 (34.48%) patients had good function recovery; 26 (44.83%) suffered from so-called paraplegia sydrome including anchylosis, muscular atrophy, bed sore, secondary infection, osteoporosis, and the symptoms showed a tendency to aggravate.
     58例中,功能恢复较好者20例(34.48%),26例(44.83%)患者发生关节僵硬、肌肉萎缩、压疮、继发感染、骨质疏松等截瘫综合征,且症状加剧趋势。
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     Results There was significant difference in the prolongation rate of P300 incubation period(IP) between VaD group and un-VaD group(P<0.01), and the P300 incubation period of patients had a negative correlation with the scores of MMSE in VaD group.
     结果VaD组和非VaD组患者P300潜伏期延长率分别为74.2%和6.7%,两组患者间差异有显著性(P<0.01),患者P300潜伏期与MMSE得分负相关。
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     In type 2 diabetes serum Leptin concentration had no significant difference with normal control(P>0.05),but it was positively correlated with HOMA-IR(r=0.389,P=0.034); Serum Leptin was also negatively correlated with Ghrelin.
     糖尿病患者中HOMA-IR与Ghrelin负相关(r=-0.372,P=0.043); 与Leptin正相关(r=0.389,P=0.034),Ghrelin与Leptin负相关(r=-0.362,P=0.049)。
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     The relation analysis indicated that the expression of complemen facter C3 was strongly positively correlative to infiltration of inflammatory cells, the proliferation of neuoglia cells and the expression of cytokins(γ=0.42~0.80,P<0.05~0.01). Clusterin was no dependablity to what had mentioned above.
     相关因素分析显示:C3表达与炎性细胞浸润和胶质细胞增生及与细胞因子表达显著正相关(r=0.42~0.80;P<0.05~0.01),而Clusterin与上述表达无相关性。
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Among all image transforms, the classical (Euclidean) Fourier transform has had the widest range of applications in image processing.
      
The derivation of our algorithm depends on certain properties of joint analyticity (with respect to spatial variables and perturbations) which had not been established before this work.
      
Such a formula had been derived in a previous article by the authors, as a consequence of the study of the asymptotic behavior of nonlinear wave operators for small data.
      
Among the several pharmocophore models, the best model had R2 = 0.69, chance = 0.09, size = 3, match = 0.68.
      
99mTc-MGGQ and 99mTc-MVGQ had high kidney uptake, quick blood clearance and high activity ratios of kidney to blood, thus showing potential application as renal imaging agents.
      
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1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from...

1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from this main series, in one way or another and ten such sub-types have been recognized in this study. The range of variation is very considerable.3. The male sex is found to have a greater tendency to lose its pigmentation, and this fact is interpreted as indicating its having a more variable middle band.4. Mating between the different types is entirely at random, the frequency of any given combination is apparently a function of the abundance of the individuals in a given class.5. In describing the elytral pattern of this species, Chevrolat (1845) used these words: "vitta anchorali, cum lienola pone humerum (femina amplioribus); cupreis". He evidently had regarded as typical the pattern showing fullest pigmentation. The present study shows, on the other hand, that such a pat- tern, while most primitive, is not the most representative. The typical pattern is to be sought in Class Ⅳ, the model class. This last remark certainly has wider application and merits the consideration of taxonomists describing highly variable forms.

斑蝥科甲虫翅鞘色型之差異,在一部份種類中,極为顯著。本篇所論,根據中國种錨紋斑蝥,於廿二年夏採於厦門北岸,計雌雄共九百餘個,內有交配者六十二對,所得結論如下: (一)本種色型,甚为異特。若以美人薛福特氏所立之本屬理想模式色型推解,則其中間淡色横斑,較为移前,其左右則向上下分枝成H形。 (二)此種色型之變異為連續式仝趨一主要方向,但依其變異之分岐,可别为十種副式色型,詳情已於西文中加以討論。 (三)雄虫翅鞘之中間淡色横斑變異較大,其深色紋斑之傾向於縮小亦因之較雌性为甚。 (四)兩性交配,与色型之差異,全無關係。 (五)大部份個數皆呈現中間色型。其趨向於兩極端者(深色或淡色特别發達者)乃屬少数。因此分類學者於記述变異極大之種類時,應发中間色型者為代表。

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai,...

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China. Apart from studying the living flagellates, at the same time stained specimens were prepared for the detailed study of various structures. These specimens were fixed either in Hollande's or in Schaudinn's fluid; stained in Heidenhain's haematoxylin, and destained in 2% aqueous phospho-tungstic acid. Moskowitz' (1950) modification of the Protargol impregnation method was also used for staining.In the living state, the flagellare has a slender, slipper-shaped trunk with an anterior dorsal flexure. The mean body size, exclusive of the posterior spike, is 12.8μ×4.8μ. The length of the slender posterior spike varies from 4.6μ to 15.8μ. There are two flagella of unequal length. The longer one extends forwards and lashes rapidly, causing the animal to rotate and to pursue a special course. The shorter flagellum is directed backwards and usually lies in the cytostome; it moves in an undulating manner.In fixed and stained preparations, the flagellates, not including the posterior spike, show a size-range of 6.2×2.2μto 15.6×5.4μ, with a mean of 11.9×3.4μ. The spike varied from 4.6μ to 13.6μ long, with an average length of 11.2μ. In general, a normal specimen of R. leccotrephae has a slender body; the anterior portion is narrower than the postcerior, and is markedly bent as shown in the living indivi.duals. The posterior portion of the body usually has a dorsal convexity, and the widest region is located near the two-thirds of the body-length from the anterior end.Near that edge of the nuclear membrane lying next to the cytostome, there are two minute, but separate, basal granules which give rise to the two flagella. The anterior flagellum is about as long as the body proper: much longer and more slender than the posterior flagellum, which usually lies within the cytostome, and commonly shows a series of two or three undulations; it often stains more deeply than the anterior flagellum.In hematoxylin preparations the nucleus is well stained, and clearly shows a layer of chromatin granules lying against the nuclear membrane, and a large central endosome, composed of a mass of granules.The cytostome is a large structure in this animal. It usually occupies about twothirds of the total length of the body proper. Along the margin of the cytostome there are two deeply staining fibres, the one on the right margin is longer than that on the left.Both the precystic forms and cysts of R. leccotrephae have been observed. The body of precystic individuals which are preparing to encyst, becomes smailer and rounds up; meanwhile, the chromatin of the nucleus condenses and forms a deeply staining endosome. The anterior flagellum is still disposed freely, and no cyst wall has as yet been formed. The border-line of the cytostome is distinct, but the two basal granules are visible only in favourable preparations. The mature cysts are nearly peanut-shaped, and are about twice as long as wide. In the stained specimens they are about 4.6μ long and 2.4μ wide. The cyst wail is of uniform thickness, and the nucleus is visible at one end. The other conspicuous structures within the cyst are the two flagella and the cytostomial fibres, which are arranged as they are in the trophozoite, except that the anterior flagellum is here directed posteriorly.DISCUSSION & SUMMARYIn its general body-form, R. leccotrephae closely resembles Mackinnon's R. agilis ('11) from crane-fly larvae, and also Corradett's R. gryllotalpae ('37) from the mole cricket, but it is especially like Geiman's R. caudacus ('32) from the aquatic larvae ef certain beetles.

红娘华蛐的身体结构,一般与Mackinnon所述的R.(Embadomonas) agilis和Corradetti所述的R.grillotalpae相似,特别近似Geiman所述的R.caudacus(图15,16)。但红娘华蛐有大约等於体长2/3的大胞口,和长於或等於体长的针状尾巴,而且无论在生活时或固定染色後,头部均向背後扭曲(此较图1和15)。这些特性,显然与过去文獻中所记载的种类不同,故(氵夬)定为蛐属——新种。

1. In order to study the distribution of the two species of bedbugs,Cimex lectularius and C. hemiptera, 81 representative localities of 23provinces and Inner Mongolia were selected for the collection ofbedbugs.2. Among the 81 localities, 55 had only C. lectularius, 11 had onlyC. hemiptera, while the remaining 15 localities had both species.3. Atmospheric temperature forms one of the most important factorslimiting the distribution of bedbugs. Consequently C. hemipteralimits itself in the North...

1. In order to study the distribution of the two species of bedbugs,Cimex lectularius and C. hemiptera, 81 representative localities of 23provinces and Inner Mongolia were selected for the collection ofbedbugs.2. Among the 81 localities, 55 had only C. lectularius, 11 had onlyC. hemiptera, while the remaining 15 localities had both species.3. Atmospheric temperature forms one of the most important factorslimiting the distribution of bedbugs. Consequently C. hemipteralimits itself in the North at Chian-Yang of Fukien, Lo-Chang ofKuangtung, Heng-Yang of Hunan, Tsun-I of Kweichow, Ch'eng-Tuof Szechuan and Ya-An of Sik'ang. In these localities the wintertemperature is usually at 4°- 8℃. North of this belt, because thewinter temperature is much lower, the condition is not suitable forthe existence of this species. Cimex lectularius is more resistant tocold. It is, however, less resistant to extreme heat. In localities inSouth China where the summer temperature runs over 30℃, thecondition is not suitable for the survival of this species. Its southernlimit of distribution has been found to be a line connecting Amoy,Chu-Kiang of Kuangtung, Kwei-Lin of Kuangsi, P'ing-T'ang of Kwei-chow and Meng-Tze of Yunnan.4. The relationship of latitude, altitude, atmospheric pressure andhumidity to the biology of bedbugs were briefly discussed.

(一)作者在1950—1951年,曾收集中国81个地区的臭虫标本,作一系统的调查研究,这81个地区包括23省和内蒙古自治区。 (二)在81个地区所采集到的标本,有55个地区只有温带臭虫,44个地区只有热带臭虫,其余15个地区两种臭虫均有发生。 (三)气温是影响臭虫分布的重要因素之一。热带臭虫的分布,北至福建的建阳,广东的乐昌,湖南的衡阳,贵州的遵义,四川的成都(李、孟1951),西康的雅安,这些地区的冬季气温大都在4°—8℃。在这些北分布地区以北的地区,冬季气温较低,大多不适于它的生长,温带臭虫的抗寒力较强,在华北、东北、西北均有发生,它的分布南至福建的厦门,广东的曲江、广西的桂林、贵州的平塘(李、孟1951)、云南的蒙自,这些地区夏季气温均在30℃以下,仍可适于它的生长。 (四)地理上的经度与臭虫的分布并无关系,但纬度与臭虫的分布有关,热带臭虫的分布北至北纬30°41″(成都),它的发生地带以热带为主,在亚热带亦可生长,温带臭虫的分布南至北纬23°25′(蒙自),它的发生地带以亚热带及温带为主但传入部分的热带地区,亦可生长。 (五)地势过高可以影响热带臭虫的发生,在昆明、大理、昭通、丽江等地,拔海高度均在1...

(一)作者在1950—1951年,曾收集中国81个地区的臭虫标本,作一系统的调查研究,这81个地区包括23省和内蒙古自治区。 (二)在81个地区所采集到的标本,有55个地区只有温带臭虫,44个地区只有热带臭虫,其余15个地区两种臭虫均有发生。 (三)气温是影响臭虫分布的重要因素之一。热带臭虫的分布,北至福建的建阳,广东的乐昌,湖南的衡阳,贵州的遵义,四川的成都(李、孟1951),西康的雅安,这些地区的冬季气温大都在4°—8℃。在这些北分布地区以北的地区,冬季气温较低,大多不适于它的生长,温带臭虫的抗寒力较强,在华北、东北、西北均有发生,它的分布南至福建的厦门,广东的曲江、广西的桂林、贵州的平塘(李、孟1951)、云南的蒙自,这些地区夏季气温均在30℃以下,仍可适于它的生长。 (四)地理上的经度与臭虫的分布并无关系,但纬度与臭虫的分布有关,热带臭虫的分布北至北纬30°41″(成都),它的发生地带以热带为主,在亚热带亦可生长,温带臭虫的分布南至北纬23°25′(蒙自),它的发生地带以亚热带及温带为主但传入部分的热带地区,亦可生长。 (五)地势过高可以影响热带臭虫的发生,在昆明、大理、昭通、丽江等地,拔海高度均在1922米以上,热带臭虫并无发生,但对温带臭虫并不影响。 (六)气压与地势的高低有关,昆明、大理,昭通、丽

 
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