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analysis shows
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  分析表明
     The organic geochemistry analysis shows that the average organic carbon abundance is 1. 62% .
     有机地球化学分析表明烃源岩有机碳含量平均达1.62%;
短句来源
     The result of simulation and analysis shows that the model reaches a fine controlling effect.
     仿真分析表明,建立的控制模型具有很好的控制效果.
短句来源
     The highest elongation can reach up to 380% at 415 ℃ and 1×10-3S-1.The fracture analysis shows that the main deformation mechanism of AZ31B is grain boundary sliding.
     试验表明,经过热挤压可以改善镁合金的拉伸力学性能,在415℃、应变速率为1×10-4s-4时挤压态镁合金具有良好的超塑性,伸长率达到了380%; 断口分析表明,AZ31B的超塑变形的主要机制为晶界滑移。
短句来源
     The dynamic XRD analysis shows that nano-ZnO increases the melting temperature of nano-ZnO/MC nylon 6 composites,while the crystalline morphology and relative crystalline degree are reversible among high and low temperatures.
     动态高温XRD分析表明,加入纳米ZnO,能提高MC尼龙融熔温度,纳米ZnO/MC尼龙6复合材料的结晶形态和相对结晶度在高低温度间基本是可逆的。
短句来源
     The analysis of the dynamical balance is stated by making use of the dynamical balance method,and the theory analysis shows that the RV drive with new structure has better performances.
     根据动平衡原理对新结构高轮齿接触率RV传动装置的进行了动平衡分析,理论分析表明新结构RV传动装置具有更好的动力学性能.
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  分析显示
     (3) The confirmatory analysis shows that the fit indexes for x~2/df,AGFI,CFI,TLI,RMSEA,RMR are 2.94,0.87,0.86,0.88,0.87,0.04,0.05.Conclusions: The scale has achieved internal consistency reliability and validity.
     (3)验证性因素分析显示拟合指数x2/df,GFI,AGFI,CFI,TLI,RMSEA,RMR分别为2.94,0.87,0.86,0.88,0.87,0.04,0.05。 结论:该量表信效度都达到了心理测量学的要求。
短句来源
     DTA analysis shows that new phases of Ni/Al_2O_3 are formed at 900℃ and 1 300℃, which are NiO and NiAl_2O_4 by XRD testing respectively.
     通过对Ni/Al2O3复合粉体的DTA分析,显示Ni/Al2O3复合粉体在900℃和1300℃下有新相生成,经XRD检测,新相分别为NiO和NiAl2O4。
短句来源
     XRD Rietveld analysis shows that LaxMg3-xNi9(x=1.0-2.3) alloys consist of a main phase with hexagonal PuNi3-type structure and a few impurity phases (mainly LaNi5 and MgNi2), increasing x leads to an increase in both the lattice parameters and the unit cell volume of the main phase.
     XRD Rietveld分析显示,LaxMg3-xNi9(x=1.0-2.3)均由六方PuNi3型结构的主相及少量LaNi5及MgNi2杂相组成,主相的晶胞参数随x的增加而线性增大.
短句来源
     Cell cycle analysis shows that As 2O 3 block carcinoma cell in S+G 2/M phases .
     细胞周期分析 显示As2O3可以阻滞肝癌细胞于S+G2/M 期;
短句来源
     When the sintering temperature was increased from 950℃ to 1380℃, the maximum voltage coefficient of transverse ME effect could change in the range of 25.6 mV Am~ -2 ≤α_E≤199.6mV Am~ -2 . Theoretical analysis shows that the ME effect observed in these samples origins from a good magnetoelectric coupling between NZFO and PZT.
     当烧结温度从950℃上升到1380℃时,横向ME电压系数(αE)的最大值变化范围为25·6mV Am-2≤αE≤199·6mV Am-2.理论分析显示NZFO-PZT双层膜样品中ME效应源于NZFO与PZT之间相对良好的磁电耦合.
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  分析证明
     FT-IR spectroscopy analysis shows that OP-10 is bound to the flake graphite's surface by physical and chemical adsorption.
     FT-IR分析证明,OP-10在鳞片石墨表面发生了物理化学吸附。
短句来源
     Theoretical analysis shows that LDM has optimal time complexities in the worst (O(m)), best (O(n/m)) and average cases (O(n(logσm)/m)).
     分析证明,LDM算法的最差、最好、平均时间复杂度分别达到了理论最好结果:O(n),O(n/m),O(n(logσm)/m).
短句来源
     XRD analysis shows that the precursor is amorphous which trans- forms to TiO2 or the mixture of TiO2 and ZnTiO3 above 500 ℃.
     XRD 分析证明反应前驱体为非晶态, 500 ℃以上转变为锐钛矿结构的 TiO2 和 ZnTiO3, 当 Ti∶Zn=1(摩尔比)时, 产物全部为 ZnTiO3(TiO2?ZnO).
短句来源
     XPS analysis shows that titanium eXists in the EMD-Ti samples being in Ti(Ⅳ)state.
     XPS分析证明EMD-Ti样品中的钛以Ti(Ⅳ)离子形式存在。
短句来源
     A multiple-scattering calculation of off-normal and azimuthal photoelectron diffraction of the system C(2×2)S-Ni(001)is presented and compared with experimental result as well as the single-scattering theory, a R-factor analysis shows: ①Using a M-S calculation, we can obtain correct constant of surface structure, so M-S theoretical analysis is a correct method for the determination of the surface structure;
     本文首次利用多次散射理论计算了系统C(2×2)S—Ni(001)的斜发射方位角光电子衍射谱,与修正的单次散射理论计算结果一起和实验进行了比较,可靠性分析证明:多次散射理论分析斜发射方位角光电子衍射谱与LEED和NPD一样能正确决定表面结构。
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  “analysis shows”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results of XPS qualitative analysis shows that this fine powder contains Bi、Na、Ti and Ba.
     XPS定性分析发现所制样品中含有Bi、Na、Ba、Ti等4种元素.
短句来源
     This paper describes the common quality for drill-pouring to pile,in test of pile foundation low strain on the pile and high strain and a comparative analysis of ultrasonic method,obtained using ultrasonic method detection to the conclusion that influence ultrasonic method for a major factor,the analysis shows.
     介绍了钻(挖)孔灌注桩常见的一些质量问题,对桩基检测的低应变、高应变和超声法进行了比较分析,得出了采用声测法检测的结论,并对影响声测法的主要因素及其原理、方法进行了分析介绍,以保证桩的质量。
短句来源
     Further analysis shows that the region-averaged chlorophyll concentration increases gradually at the rate of 0.036 mg/(mc3·a).
     此外,台湾海峡区域平均的叶绿素含量具有逐年递增的长期演化趋势,速率达0.036 mg/(m3.a).
短句来源
     The analysis shows that: by the sacrifice of compression ratio, the quality of the recovered image can be improved with the increase of the number of the neurons in the hidden layer.
     分析结果表明:可以通过牺牲压缩率,增加隐含层的神经元数来提高重建图像的质量。
短句来源
     The analysis shows that it is the most difficult to satisfy the similarity of the natural frequency of model to that of original shape,but the similarity is very important to the dynamic similarity of model to original shape.
     分析发现,在海洋平台相似模型设计中,模型与原形的固有频率相似是最难以满足的相似条件,但它对动力相似又至关重要.
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  analysis shows
The result of stability analysis shows that, under a specific bounded modelling error, the closed-loop system is BIBO stable in the presence of unmodelled dynamics.
      
A single crystal X-ray analysis shows that compound 3 crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P-1, and compound 4 crystallizes in orthorhombic system, space group Pca21.
      
Theoretical analysis shows that the reflected polarization covers all states and that the dual-or multi-layered unit structure sandwiched with air-gaps can broaden the bandwidth efficiently.
      
Non-linear regression analysis shows that the soil infiltration rate is significantly correlated with time.
      
Theoretical analysis shows that mechanical behavior of the energy reclaiming device is embodied by a viscidity damping parameter and an analogous coulomb damping parameter determined by its structure; their expressions are obtained.
      
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Investigations have been made on the Hofmann reactions of a number of higher aliphatic diamides. It is found that pvovided the reaction temperature is kept at GO0 throughout, the reaction of a diamide with slight exeess of a halogen and an alkali proceeds smoothly and gives in high yield the corresponding diamine or dimethyl polyethylenedicarbamate according as the reaction is carried out in aqueous or in methanolic medium.Rate measurement indicates that the reactions of sodium atkoholate with haloamide are...

Investigations have been made on the Hofmann reactions of a number of higher aliphatic diamides. It is found that pvovided the reaction temperature is kept at GO0 throughout, the reaction of a diamide with slight exeess of a halogen and an alkali proceeds smoothly and gives in high yield the corresponding diamine or dimethyl polyethylenedicarbamate according as the reaction is carried out in aqueous or in methanolic medium.Rate measurement indicates that the reactions of sodium atkoholate with haloamide are in comformity with the second order kinetic relationship.By starting the reaction at room temperature and subsequently warming up the reaction mixture to ca. 50? an unknown precipitate cnn be resulted. On alkaline hydrolysis, the unknown gives, in addition to the corresponding diamine of the normal Hofmann reaction, an amino acid. Quantitative element analysis shows that the unknown is in inconsistency with the formula of a complex alkyl acyl urea, namely, co-carbomethoxyarniaoalkyl co' - earbamethoxyaminoaeyl urea.From the foregoing data and observations, a mBehaaisTi shown below is proposed which accounts for satisfactorily both the speciality of the higher aliphatic diamides and the uniformity of them with the lower aliphatic diamides. Machaoiim of this type it probably general lor aliphtic diamides of adipic acid and hi higher homologa.

1.对于已二酰胺,壬二酰胺及癸二酰胺的Hofmann反应的条件进行了探索。确定无论用次氯酸盐或次溴酸盐,以水或甲醇为介质,都能以很高的产率得到相当的二元酰胺或二氨基甲酸酯。重要的条件在于始终保持反应在60°。2.测定了已二酰胺及壬二酰胺在Hofmann反应中的反应速度。确定这些反应属于二级反应。3.在一定条件下,高级二元酰胺在甲醇钠的甲醇溶液中进行Hofmann反应时可以析出一种固体副产物。分析的结果证明其为ω-甲氧碳酰氨基烷基-ω’-甲氧碳酰氨基酰基脲。4.根据实验结果,提出了高级二元酰胺的Hofmann反应的历程。运用这一历程说明了反应中所出现的各种现象。

In order to test the tactic response of the cotton bollworm, Heliothis ammigera(Hubner), to the odors of its preferred host plant, certain volatile substances known tobe present in the cotton plant such as methanol, trimethylamine and vanillic acid werechosen as olfactory stimulants. It was found that the larvae in the early three instarswere attracted by the vapors of vanillic acid and trimethylamine in various degrees, butmethanol vapor had a repellent effect. These vapors were emitted from aqueous solu-tions...

In order to test the tactic response of the cotton bollworm, Heliothis ammigera(Hubner), to the odors of its preferred host plant, certain volatile substances known tobe present in the cotton plant such as methanol, trimethylamine and vanillic acid werechosen as olfactory stimulants. It was found that the larvae in the early three instarswere attracted by the vapors of vanillic acid and trimethylamine in various degrees, butmethanol vapor had a repellent effect. These vapors were emitted from aqueous solu-tions at the concentrations of 0.006 M 0.02 M and 0.03 M respectively. By using thesugars, free amino acids and vitamins which were shown to be present in the cotton plantas gustatory stimulants and incorporating them separately in the agar-based media, it wasfound that at the concentration of 0.02 M sucrose and fructose had a definite phago-stimulating effect, glucose was less effective, and xylose was indifferent. At low concen-trations, only DL-alanine among the five amino acids tested had some phago-stimulatingeffect, and ascorbic acid at 0.01 M was phago-inhibitive. These results show that thecotton bollworm as a polyphagous species responds differently to the individual com-ponents of the host plant which may act either as attractants or repellents, phago-stimulants or phago-inhibitors. Different species and varieties of cotton plants and some descendants from thehybridization between cotton and some other malvaceous plants such as Hibiscus palus-tris,H. mutabilis, Malva sylvestris and Althaea rosea were used to test the tactic andfeeding responses of the cotton bollworm. It was found that when the larvae had thechance to choose their food, they were more readily attracted to the leaves of Gossypiumhirsutum and certain variety of G. barbadense, but not so readily to some of the hybriddescendants, some of which may even show repulsive properties in the test. In thisrespect different varieties of H. barbadense also had different effects. When there wasno chance to choose their food, the larvae were observed to consume different quantitiesof foliage from different plants in a definite period of time and to become conditionedto the host plants with which they were brought up. Simultaneous chemical analysis showed that the water content as well as the total andprotein nitrogen contents of the cotton leaves gradually decreased as growth proceeded.The total nitrogen content also dropped when the squares developed into flowers, andthe protein content was found to reach the maximum when the squares had attained alength about 2.5 cm. The total and protein nitrogen contents of the bolls dropped asthe latter grew and aged. The total and protein nitrogen contents of the leaves seemedto be the highest as compared with those of the squares and bolls. The quantities ofsoluble and reducing sugars of the young leaves exceeded those of the tender and oldleaves, but the sugar contents of the bolls were found to be much higher than those ofthe leaves. The sugar contents of the squares were relatively low. In spite of these disparities, it was possible to grow the larvae after hatching into maturity separately andsolely on the leaves, squares and bolls of the cotton plants. In these rearing experi-ments, the cumulative quantities of food consumed, the rates of development and mor-tality, and the weights of pupae thus obtained were found to be conspicuously different.It is interesting to note that the larvae during the whole course of development wouldconsume the old leaves to an amount which may double the total quantity of the foodconsumed when the young leaves were offered. When the bolls were used as food thecumulative quantity consumed exceeded several times that when the leaves were used.This difference is presumably attributed to the differences in the water and sugar con-tents of the different organs of the cotton plant, as already shown that sugars usuallywould evoke a strong phago-stimulating effect. The general impression is that the plantorgans which have the higher sugar and water contents usually have a better nutritiveeff

本工作选用棉花不同器官所含有的几种化学成分作为嗅觉和味觉刺激剂,测验棉铃虫对它们的反应;结果表明一至三龄的幼虫对甲醇三甲基胺、香草酸等的趋性不同,四龄幼虫对不同的糖类、氨基酸等的取食反应也各不一。这说明幼虫对食料植物中的个别化学成分有感觉辨识的能力。用不同品种的海岛棉、陆地棉、以及棉花和其它锦葵科植物杂交所产生的后代的叶片来试验棉铃虫对它们的趋性和取食反应,结果表明当有选择的机会时幼虫对陆地棉和一定品种海岛棉有较强的趋性,对某些杂交后代的趋性很弱。在不能选择的条件下棉铃虫在一定时间内对不同种类或品种的棉叶的取食量也不相同,并对原来的食料植物可形成条件化。 曾对棉花不同器官的含水量、含氮物质和糖类进行了测定,同时分别用叶、蕾和铃将新孵化的幼虫饲养到老熟。幼虫取食不同器官时的累积食量、发育速度、死亡率,和变成的蛹的重量均有明显的差别。当以大叶为食时幼虫的总食量超过以嫩叶为食时的一倍以上;以铃为食时总食量可为以嫩叶为食时的数倍。这种差异可能是因铃中水分和含糖量较高,对幼虫的取食发生强烈的助长作用所造成的。因此,同株植物上含糖和含水缺多的器官对棉铃虫似乎有较好的营养效应,而这种效应可能是通过糖类等的味觉刺激来增加取食...

本工作选用棉花不同器官所含有的几种化学成分作为嗅觉和味觉刺激剂,测验棉铃虫对它们的反应;结果表明一至三龄的幼虫对甲醇三甲基胺、香草酸等的趋性不同,四龄幼虫对不同的糖类、氨基酸等的取食反应也各不一。这说明幼虫对食料植物中的个别化学成分有感觉辨识的能力。用不同品种的海岛棉、陆地棉、以及棉花和其它锦葵科植物杂交所产生的后代的叶片来试验棉铃虫对它们的趋性和取食反应,结果表明当有选择的机会时幼虫对陆地棉和一定品种海岛棉有较强的趋性,对某些杂交后代的趋性很弱。在不能选择的条件下棉铃虫在一定时间内对不同种类或品种的棉叶的取食量也不相同,并对原来的食料植物可形成条件化。 曾对棉花不同器官的含水量、含氮物质和糖类进行了测定,同时分别用叶、蕾和铃将新孵化的幼虫饲养到老熟。幼虫取食不同器官时的累积食量、发育速度、死亡率,和变成的蛹的重量均有明显的差别。当以大叶为食时幼虫的总食量超过以嫩叶为食时的一倍以上;以铃为食时总食量可为以嫩叶为食时的数倍。这种差异可能是因铃中水分和含糖量较高,对幼虫的取食发生强烈的助长作用所造成的。因此,同株植物上含糖和含水缺多的器官对棉铃虫似乎有较好的营养效应,而这种效应可能是通过糖类等的味觉刺激来增加取食量所造成。

An electrophysiological study has been made on the change in photosensitivity duringthe course of dark adaptation and the relation between the intensity of the stimulus andthe magnitude of response in the compound eye of the armyworm moth.1. The electroretinogram (ERG) of this species ordinarily consists of four com-ponents. These are the 'on-effect' which appears as a positive deflection of short dura-tion, the essential negative wave which is believed to be of receptor cell origin, a positivedeflection occurred...

An electrophysiological study has been made on the change in photosensitivity duringthe course of dark adaptation and the relation between the intensity of the stimulus andthe magnitude of response in the compound eye of the armyworm moth.1. The electroretinogram (ERG) of this species ordinarily consists of four com-ponents. These are the 'on-effect' which appears as a positive deflection of short dura-tion, the essential negative wave which is believed to be of receptor cell origin, a positivedeflection occurred at the ascending limb of the negative wave, and a negative 'off' spike.Under different conditions these components may influence each other so that the ERGcould take different forms. Among these components, however, the negative wave is themost important in indicating the magnitude of response.2. The photosensitivity of the compound eye increased during the course of darkadaptation which was completed in about 30 to 45 minutes by keeping the intact speci-men in complete darkness. The potential of the negative wave at that time was foundto be four times that at the end of the first fifteen seconds when dark adaptationstarted.3. It was found that the relationship between the intensity of stimulus (expressedas the logarithm of illumination) and the magnitude of response (the maximum potentialchange as measured by the height of the negative wave) approximates a straight line inthe range of log I = -0.5 to 3.0 (log I = 0.5 about 8.7 lux, log I = 3.0 about 1038 1ux).4. Since there was a conspicuous individual disparity in the magnitude of response toa definite intensity of stimulus, a statistical analysis shows that difference in this respectbetween male and female moths is not significant and the responses at definite intensitiesof stimulus are fairly reproducible.

本文用电生理学的方法,研究了粘虫成虫复眼在暗适应过程中感受性的变化,及暗适应后感觉反应与闪光刺激强度之间的相互关系。复眼的光感受性随着暗适应时间的延长而逐渐增加;暗适应第15秒钟时与暗适应完成后所产生的感受器电位强度相差4倍。完成暗适应的时间大约为30—45分钟。暗适应后的感受器电位与闪光强度的对数(LogI)之间的关系,在闪光强度LogI=-0.5到3.0的范围内,几乎为正比例的直线相关。网膜电流图一般包含四种成分:①开光反应,表现为短暂的正电位变化:③主要的、起源于感受器的负电位变化:③发生于负电位升起端的正相电位;及④表现为负电位的闭光效应。它们彼此间能相互影响,使视网膜电流图在不同情况下有不同的外形,其中占优势的为感受器产生的负电位。本工作表明雌雄个体之间在视网膜电位的反应方面差异不明显。

 
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