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living organisms
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  生物体
     γ-Glutamyltranspeptidase(EC 2.3.2.2,γ-GT) is widely exists in the living organisms, for instance, from bacteria to mammals.
     γ-谷氨酰转肽酶(EC2 3 2 2,γ-GT)在生物体内分布相当广泛,从细菌到哺乳动物体内都有它的存在。
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     Recently nitric oxide(NO) has emerged as an important signal molecule in living organisms.
     近年来的研究表明一氧化氮(nitric oxide,NO)是生物体内的重要的信号分子,参与多种生理功能的调控。
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     Peptide antibiotics are small peptides encoded by organism genomic DNA. They have been recognized for their antimicrobial activities in the innate host defense of most living organisms. Most of these peptides are constitute of 12~60 residues and less than 10 kDa.
     肽抗生素(peptide antibiotics)是近年来发现的生物体基因编码的具有抗微生物活性的小肽,通常是由12~60个氨基酸所组成,分子量﹤10kDa,是生物体天然免疫的重要组成部分。
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     Cytochrome P-450, a monooxygenase, found in almost all living organisms, is an efficient catalyst for the selective oxidation of organic compounds. This remarkable activity of cytochrome P-450 arises from the highly activated transition metal complexes.
     细胞色素生物单加氧酶P-450广泛存在生物体内,能催化许多有机物的选择氧化,其优异的催化性能来源于它包含的高活性过渡金属配合物。
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     In nature, there are only two absolute units of living organisms: individuals and species.
     在自然界,生物体只有两个绝对的单位:个体与种。
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  “living organisms”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Water is the source of living organisms.
     水是生命之源,钱塘江是浙江人民之源。
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     Epoxide hydrolase (EH) as a family presents in all living organisms and represents important roles in proceeding metabolism and transformation of mutagenic xenobiotics [66,48,118].
     环氧化物水解酶(Epoxide hydrolase,EH,EC 3.3.2.3)是生物体系中细胞保护、外源化合物代谢和信号调节的重要酶类[66,48,118]。
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     Ozone in the stratosphere absorbs strongly ultraviolet radiation which is harmful to living organisms on the earth.
     平流层中的臭氧强烈地吸收太阳辐射中的对生物有害的紫外线,故而是地球上生物生存的重要条件。
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     Their contents are obviously controlled by the geological - geochemical and biogeochemical environments in which living organisms live, especiallt by the high background values of Tl, Hg, As in water, soil and rock(and ore)in the Tl mining district.
     它们明显受生物赖以生存的地质地球化学和生物地球化学环境制约 ,尤其是矿区水、土壤和岩、矿石中高背景Tl、Hg、As含量制约。
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     5-aminolevulinic acid(5-ALA) is a derivative of 5-carbon amino acid and is found in most living organisms with photosynthetic bacteria having the highest extra-cellular production of 5-ALA.
     从不同生态环境中分离培养出20株光合细菌,进行5-氨基乙酰丙酸(5-ALA)的产量检测,筛选出一株分离自广州市云溪公园池塘底泥的菌株R5,其5-ALA产量最高,达4.92 mg/L.
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  相似匹配句对
     Living E.
     应用电镜细胞化学技术观察 E.
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     Water is the source of living organisms.
     水是生命之源,钱塘江是浙江人民之源。
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     Artificial life science explores the characteristics of living organisms.
     人工生命科学就是研究生物机体的特征。
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     Living Water
     活水(英文)
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     Transgenic organisms and biosafety
     转基因生物与生物安全
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  living organisms
It was found that the effect of the metals under study on lipid contents in living organisms depended on the composition of the aqueous medium and concentrations of the metals.
      
The presence of the friend/foe identification systems in nearly all living organisms suggests the formation of the mechanisms of autoimmune testing of potential mating partners at the earliest stages of evolution.
      
Numerous facts are summarized with the goal of developing a general concept that would allow the statement of the multiple effects of NO on various systems of living organisms in the form of a short and comprehensive law.
      
NO cycles in living organisms and nitrogen turnover in the biosphere and also the Bethe nitrogen-carbon cycle in star matter are considered.
      
ROS production increases in fungi due to various stress agents such as starvation, light, mechanical damage, and interactions with some other living organisms.
      
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Gravel and sand beaches, as well as mud foreshore are well developed in the coves around Zhujiajian Island, the most eastern island of Zhoushan Archipelago.The results of studying its recent coastal sediments are as follows: 1.The distribution of different beach type is controlled by the strength of wave action and the lithological characters of bedrocks.Wave energy is the strongest along the eastern coast of the island Mere, gravel beaches are formed where tuff are exposed,and sand beaches are developed in...

Gravel and sand beaches, as well as mud foreshore are well developed in the coves around Zhujiajian Island, the most eastern island of Zhoushan Archipelago.The results of studying its recent coastal sediments are as follows: 1.The distribution of different beach type is controlled by the strength of wave action and the lithological characters of bedrocks.Wave energy is the strongest along the eastern coast of the island Mere, gravel beaches are formed where tuff are exposed,and sand beaches are developed in granitic terrain.Owing to the weakest wave energy,fairly wide mud foreshores are developed along the western coast.While along the northern coast, the wave energy is intermediate as compared with the eastern and western sides, the backshore and the upper part of foreshore are chiefly composed of sands, and the medium and lower parts of the foreshore are composed of silt and mud. 2.A large-scale gravel bar is formed under such a condition that the strength of wave action is strengthened whence the cove is narrowed, usually trumpet shaped, and is supplied with sufficient amount of gravels.Within fairly open cove which is subjected to moderate wave and tidal action,and whence a certain amount of gravels is available,a belted gravel beach is formed owing to the pretty well shape sorting of sedimentation. Five sub-zones have been distinguished in seaward direction, namely; 1) large disc, 2)imbricate, 3) infield frame, 4) spherical rod, and 5) outer frame zones.The beachgravels with their unique roundness and better distinguishable shape,mey be of utility in indentifying ancient beach environment.Besides, their average size may also reflect the intensity of wave action. 3.Sand beach along eastern coast are characterized in fine to very fine grains with high mineralogical maturity and very good sorting which are derived from weathering elastics of medium to fine granular granites.The mean grain size and the values of standard deviation of sands in sub-facies are not very different.They are being carried from a short distance by waves and currents.Those of northern coast are made up of medium to coarse sands with low mincralogical maturity and moderate to good sorting,which are derived from weathering elastics of coarse granular granites.There are big differences between the structural characteristics of different sub-facies.The skewness and bedding features are two combined good environmental indicators which can be used to discriminate further sub-facies either in mediumcoarse sand beaches or in fine sand beaches. 4.Tremendous amounts of suspending matlers, silt and mud, being carried by south ward longshore current issuring from Yantze River mouth and ebb tidal current from Qiantang River, are the source of mud foreshore sediments around the island.The beach patterns and their sedimentary distribution are greatly influenced by seasonal changes.It is abundant in living organisms, both in species varities and indivi-dual numbers.The sedimentary structure are strongly disturbed by those living organisms.

朱家尖岛是舟山群岛最东面的一个岛屿,四周港湾内广泛发育砾滩、沙滩和泥滩沉积.通过对该区现代海岸沉积的研究,可得出如下认识1.岛屿四周港湾内沉积物类型的分布受到波浪作用强度和基岩类型的制约.波浪作用东岸强,北岸次之,西岸微弱.导致东岸发育沙、砾滩,西岸泥滩广布,北岸仅在后滨和前滨中上部发育沙滩,外滩为泥滩沉积.在东岸,如凝灰岩为岸边基岩,常形成砾滩,而在花岗岩分布处则发育沙滩. 2.规模较大的海滩砾石坝多形成在由山地所夹持,略呈喇叭状和滨外地形坡度较大的港湾内侧,而在波潮流作用和砾石供给量适中的较开阔港湾内则发育沙质带状砾滩,从岸向海可分为五个带:(1)大盘形砾石带;(2)迭瓦构造带;(3)内侧骨架带;(4)球、杆状砾石带;(5)外侧骨架带.海滩砾石中特殊的盘状形态和较好的形态分迭可作为古海滩环境的鉴别标志,并且,盘状砾石的平均粒径大小尚能反映波潮流作用之强弱. 3.来源于中、细粒花岗岩、并经波潮流短矩离搬运的东岸沙滩物质以分迭极好,矿物成熟度较高的细砂、极细砂为特征,各亚相平均粒径、分迭差别小.来源于中、粗粒花岗岩就地风化产物的北岸沙滩为矿物成熟度较低,分迭较好到好的中粗沙沉积,各亚相结构特征显著,差异较大....

朱家尖岛是舟山群岛最东面的一个岛屿,四周港湾内广泛发育砾滩、沙滩和泥滩沉积.通过对该区现代海岸沉积的研究,可得出如下认识1.岛屿四周港湾内沉积物类型的分布受到波浪作用强度和基岩类型的制约.波浪作用东岸强,北岸次之,西岸微弱.导致东岸发育沙、砾滩,西岸泥滩广布,北岸仅在后滨和前滨中上部发育沙滩,外滩为泥滩沉积.在东岸,如凝灰岩为岸边基岩,常形成砾滩,而在花岗岩分布处则发育沙滩. 2.规模较大的海滩砾石坝多形成在由山地所夹持,略呈喇叭状和滨外地形坡度较大的港湾内侧,而在波潮流作用和砾石供给量适中的较开阔港湾内则发育沙质带状砾滩,从岸向海可分为五个带:(1)大盘形砾石带;(2)迭瓦构造带;(3)内侧骨架带;(4)球、杆状砾石带;(5)外侧骨架带.海滩砾石中特殊的盘状形态和较好的形态分迭可作为古海滩环境的鉴别标志,并且,盘状砾石的平均粒径大小尚能反映波潮流作用之强弱. 3.来源于中、细粒花岗岩、并经波潮流短矩离搬运的东岸沙滩物质以分迭极好,矿物成熟度较高的细砂、极细砂为特征,各亚相平均粒径、分迭差别小.来源于中、粗粒花岗岩就地风化产物的北岸沙滩为矿物成熟度较低,分迭较好到好的中粗沙沉积,各亚相结构特征显著,差异较大.层理构造和扁度特征无论是在中粗沙,还是在细沙海滩都可以作为进一步划分各亚相环境的标志. 4.泥滩物质主要来源于长江南岸沿岸流带来的物质以及流潮作用带来的部分钱塘江物质.滩面形态和沉积物分布受到季节变化影响,生物种类多,数量丰富,沉积构造受生物扰动强烈.

On the basis of new research results of Molecular Biology, Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, we have analysed and discussed the following problems: (1) Property structure and function of genes and its major developmental path.(2)The limitation and one sideness of explaining complex genetic phenomenon purely by physical-chemical processes.(3) Discussing relations among chromosomes, genes and heredity in the light of molecular structure of chromosome, especially the contradiction and outstanding problems in...

On the basis of new research results of Molecular Biology, Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, we have analysed and discussed the following problems: (1) Property structure and function of genes and its major developmental path.(2)The limitation and one sideness of explaining complex genetic phenomenon purely by physical-chemical processes.(3) Discussing relations among chromosomes, genes and heredity in the light of molecular structure of chromosome, especially the contradiction and outstanding problems in molecular genetics on the hypothesis of nucleic acid and heredity, and that of genetic code.(4) Hereditary integrality problems of living organisms (5) The method of thinking of the School of classical theory of genes and molecular genes.

本文共分五个部份:(一)分子遗传学的发展前景简述(二)根据近年来分子生物学、分子遗传学和细胞生物学中研究的新成果,从“一分为二”的观点,分析分子遗传学中已出现的矛盾和存在问题:(1)从分子水平研究基因的性质和机能的现代分子遗传学当前发展的主要途径进行分析,如材料和问题相当简单化,研究领域高度集中,绝大多数工作限于病毒和噬菌体,在原核生物方面的材料很少,而真核生物,尤其高等生物方面接触的就更少;而且研究工作基本上属于内在的生物化学性质,而不涉及复杂的形态学性状,更谈不到动物和人类的行为遗传,以及生物体制性状的遗传和许许多多的器管性状遗传等等.更重要的是:目前遗传密码的研究等于完全脱离了生物体,几乎进行纯粹生物化学的工作.(2)指出比较复杂的生物遗传现象,如果用纯粹的物理化学过程来解释,就会有很大的片面性和局限性,甚至会陷入“新还原论”的危险.(三)再从下面三个方面来分析:(1)从染色体,尤其是从新近关于染色质的研究和基因的分子结构研究的新成就,来讨论染色体、基因与遗传的关系.(2)从核酸与遗传以及遗传密码假说方面来谈存在的问题和矛盾以及许多疑难之处.(3)生物遗传的“整体性”问题.(四)分析经典基因论及分子基因...

本文共分五个部份:(一)分子遗传学的发展前景简述(二)根据近年来分子生物学、分子遗传学和细胞生物学中研究的新成果,从“一分为二”的观点,分析分子遗传学中已出现的矛盾和存在问题:(1)从分子水平研究基因的性质和机能的现代分子遗传学当前发展的主要途径进行分析,如材料和问题相当简单化,研究领域高度集中,绝大多数工作限于病毒和噬菌体,在原核生物方面的材料很少,而真核生物,尤其高等生物方面接触的就更少;而且研究工作基本上属于内在的生物化学性质,而不涉及复杂的形态学性状,更谈不到动物和人类的行为遗传,以及生物体制性状的遗传和许许多多的器管性状遗传等等.更重要的是:目前遗传密码的研究等于完全脱离了生物体,几乎进行纯粹生物化学的工作.(2)指出比较复杂的生物遗传现象,如果用纯粹的物理化学过程来解释,就会有很大的片面性和局限性,甚至会陷入“新还原论”的危险.(三)再从下面三个方面来分析:(1)从染色体,尤其是从新近关于染色质的研究和基因的分子结构研究的新成就,来讨论染色体、基因与遗传的关系.(2)从核酸与遗传以及遗传密码假说方面来谈存在的问题和矛盾以及许多疑难之处.(3)生物遗传的“整体性”问题.(四)分析经典基因论及分子基因论学派的思想方法问题.(五)对于我国今后发展遗传学的一些初步意见.

Three kinds of biological entropy currents are discussed.It is pointed out that the acoustical entropy current and optical entropy current may play an important role in the information transmission in the living organism. Futhermore,the concept of biological field defined by information current (entropy current) is suggested and the physical bases of the meridians are analysed.In the last section the Shannon definition of the amount of information is generalized to include an imaginary part to describe...

Three kinds of biological entropy currents are discussed.It is pointed out that the acoustical entropy current and optical entropy current may play an important role in the information transmission in the living organism. Futhermore,the concept of biological field defined by information current (entropy current) is suggested and the physical bases of the meridians are analysed.In the last section the Shannon definition of the amount of information is generalized to include an imaginary part to describe the interference of probabilities for the microscopic information systems.

本文讨论了生物体内的三种熵流,指出除化学熵流外,低频声熵流和光熵流对于信息传输有重要意义;进而用信息流(熵流)密度来定义生物场,讨论了经络的物理基础;文末由几率干涉现象出发,给出了信息量定义的微观推广。

 
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