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     The results of x-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the Sn added probably entered into the Al layer of Ti_3AlC_2 crystal lattice and formed a Ti_3Al_(1-x)Sn_xC_2 (x ≤ 0.2) solid solution or a Ti_3AlC_2/Ti_2SnC eutectic.
     X-射线衍射(XRD)和透射电子显微镜(TEM)的分析和观察结果表明,添加的Sn可能进入Ti_3AlC_2晶格的Al原子层形成Ti_3Al_(1-x)Sn_xC_2(x=0~1)固溶体,或与Ti、C结合形成Ti_2SnC/Ti_3AlC_2复合结晶。
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     In a logistic regression analysis, age, TC/HDL ratio (P = 0.018 OR=1.23895%CI 1.037-1.478) and HbAlC (P = 0.038 OR=1.156 95%CI 1.008-1.324) entered into the model and e-merged as significant correlates of the dependent variable glomerular hyperfiltration.
     Logistic回归分析显示以肾小球高滤过与否为应变量,年龄、TC/HDL比值(P=0.018,OR=1.238,95%CI 1.037~1.478)和HbA1C在P<0.05水平先后进入模型。
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     Xray diffraction (XRD) showed that CTAB had entered into the galleries of MMT and make the d-spacing of MMT increased from 1.18nm to 3.0nm .
     XRD表明:CTAB进入MMT层之间,使其层间距由原来的1.18nm扩大为3.0nm。
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     Much of 210Pb and 210Bi entered into rice were as inorganic free ions.
     进入水稻的~(210)Pb和~(210)Bi大部分是自由移动的离子形式,~(210)Pb的结合态<1%;
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     Rhodamine 6G(R6G) was produced and entered into aqueous phase when pH=5.5 buffer solution was added to the Pt(SnCl_3)_5(R6G)_3 by isopropyl ether flotation.
     向罗丹明6G(R6G)和Pt(SnCl3)3-5的异丙醚浮选物Pt(SnCl3)5(R6G)3中,加入pH=5.5的醋酸-醋酸铵缓冲溶液,使R6G离子进入水相。
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     3 These risk factors were entered into a multivariate model. Only male gender (RR = 2.993, 95% CI 1.218-7.358; P=0.017) and unrelated donor (RR=4.478, 95% CI 2.049-9.786; P= 0.000) were identified as being significantly associated with the occurrence of hemorrhagic cystitis.
     3、对上述有统计学意义的因素进行多因素分析,只有男性(RR=2.993,95%CI 1.218-7.358;P=0.017)和非血缘供者(RR=4.478,95%CI 2.049-9.786;P=0.000)为HC的独立危险因素。
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     Results: Sixty eight patients have been entered into the study among them CR 5 cases (7.3%), PR 28(41.2%), SD 31(42.5%), and PD 4 (5.88%) over all RR 48.5%.
     结果:共计68例入组。 其中CR5例(7.3%),PR28例(41.2%),SD31例(45.58%),PD4例(5.88%)。
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     Findings were as follows, SiC particles were oxidated to SiO_2 below 1400 ℃,the SiO_2 together with Al_2O_3 were then entered into the precipitation reaction ofmullite which commenced at 1450~1600 ℃ .
     研究结果表明,SiC颗粒在1400℃以下被氧化成SiO_2,SiO_2在1450~1600℃与Al_2O_3反应生成莫来石。
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     These risk factors were entered into a multivariate model. Only male gender(RR=2.993,95 % CI 1.218-7.358;P=0.017) and unrelated donor(RR=4.478,95 % CI 2.049-9.786;P=0.000) were identified as being significantly associated with the occurrence of HC.
     (3)对上述有统计学意义的因素进行Cox多因素分析,只有男性(RR=2.993,95%CI1.218~7.358;P=0.017)和非血缘供者(RR=4.478,95%CI2.049~9.786;P=0.000)为HC的独立危险因素。
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     Phospho-NFκB p65 expression was increased and entered into the nuclear in 5-8F cells with LPS inducement.
     5-8F细胞在LPS的诱导下,磷酸化NFκBp65的表达增加,并且使NFκBp65活化迁移至核内.
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     China has entered WTO.
     我国已加入WTO。
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     China has be entered into the WTO.
     中国已加入WTO。
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     China has entered into WTO ;
     中国已加入WTO ;
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     The bank has Entered Reconstructing Era
     银行已进入再造时代
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The XRD analysis indicated that the wood crystallinity of WMNC decreased, the MMT exfoliated and some nano silicate layers entered into the non-crystallized microfibrillar region of the wood cell wall.
      
The equivalent amount of maleic anhydride that entered into the reaction is determined spectrophotometrically by the reaction with 2-methylimidazole.
      
The distribution of 18O in isotopically substituted products suggests that oxygen entered into the methane molecule from an active oxidizing agent.
      
In this case, the entropy difference between the equilibrium and measurement-disturbed systems is equal to the amount of information entered into the system.
      
In the efflorescence process, Mg(NO3)2 droplets entered into the supersaturated region due to the gradual evaporation of water.
      
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The present study was undertaken with one dog, on whose cortex, at the region of the sigmoid gyrus, were imbedded two permanent electrodes known respectively as electrode A and electrode B. Under stimulation, electrode A gives movement of the left hind leg, and electrode B elicits movement of the toes of the left front leg.The main aim of the experiment is to determine the minimal strength in voltage for eliciting the first appreciable motor response, when the frequency of the stimulating current is under control....

The present study was undertaken with one dog, on whose cortex, at the region of the sigmoid gyrus, were imbedded two permanent electrodes known respectively as electrode A and electrode B. Under stimulation, electrode A gives movement of the left hind leg, and electrode B elicits movement of the toes of the left front leg.The main aim of the experiment is to determine the minimal strength in voltage for eliciting the first appreciable motor response, when the frequency of the stimulating current is under control. With an ordinary audio-oscillator to administer the stimulus frequencies, the range of frequencies utilized is 20—20,000 cycles.For the same frequencies, the minimal voltage for eliciting the motor response varies considerably from one sitting to another (see Table 1), but within the same sitting the same frequencies, even when repeated with many other frequencie intervening, require closely similar minimal voltages. Furthermore, a clear trend is always present in the relationship between the frequency of the stimulating. current and the minimal voltage necessary for eliciting the motor response, i. e., within the range of frequencies used (20—20,000), the middle frequencies need farsmaller stimulus strength in voltage than either the lower or the higher ones to elicit the same motor response.It was found that the minimal effective voltage is lowest for the 300—1,000. cycles region. Frequencies lower than 300 or higher than 1,000 need higher voltage. Furthermore, frequencies from 300 downwards and from 1,000 upwards are accompanied by progressively higher voltage. Electrodes A and B yield closely similar results (see Table 3 and Fig. 2). Thus, the frequencies from 300 to 1,000 cycles may be considered as possessing the most effective stimulus value.Besides the definite frequency-voltage relationship just mentioned, frequency affects the type of motor response as that frequencies of 100 and below 100 no longer elicit the regular response of the leg or the toes alone, but give rise to neck. movement in addition. Neck movement becomes eventually the only motor response to frequencies 50—20. With electrode A the above mentioned phenomenon. appeared with great regularity (see Table 4).When the experiment was over, the dog was killed and its brain examined histologically. It is seen that both electrodes are in the sigmoid gyrus of the right hemisphere, but they enter into different depths. Electrode A penetrates into between layer Ⅴ and layer Ⅵ, while electrode B penetrates only into layer (see Figs. 4 and 5).

在本实驗中在一只小狗的乙狀回皮質中埋了兩个固定的电極,分別地利用这兩个电極,在狗的正常狀态下,試驗了各种頻率的电流,發現中間頻率(300—1000周)的电流引起运动反应所必需的电压最低,自300周以下和1000周以上,引起运动反应的最 低伏特值逐步增加。 实驗还証明,直接作用于乙狀回皮質上一定点的电流当其頻率降低到某种程度时,可以使运动反应的性質改变。

(1) Euonymus geometer, Abraxas miranda (Butler), is one of the principal garden pests inShanghai, infesting, in particular, Euonymus japonicus Thumb and E. Fortunei Hand-Mazz.,Celastraceae. In China, its distribution includes the provinces of Kiangsu, Chekiang and Kwei-chow as well as some northeastern provinces. (2) Investigations in Shanghai reveal that three generation of euonymus geometer occur inthe course of a year, with the pupa surviving the winter underground. Adults of the first genera-tion start emerging...

(1) Euonymus geometer, Abraxas miranda (Butler), is one of the principal garden pests inShanghai, infesting, in particular, Euonymus japonicus Thumb and E. Fortunei Hand-Mazz.,Celastraceae. In China, its distribution includes the provinces of Kiangsu, Chekiang and Kwei-chow as well as some northeastern provinces. (2) Investigations in Shanghai reveal that three generation of euonymus geometer occur inthe course of a year, with the pupa surviving the winter underground. Adults of the first genera-tion start emerging in the first half of April and the larvae of third generation go undergroundto enter into pupa stage in the middle of November. During this period the larvae infest theleaves of Euonymus japonicus Thumb and E. Fortunei Hand-Mazz. (3) This report deals with the life cycle and habits of this pest. It also includes data rela-tive to the horizontal and vertical distribution densities of its winter pupa. The horizontal dis-tribution density is highest in places just under the plant-stems, reaching 37.8-53.3%, while inplaces about 1 ft beyond the stems, no pupa is to be found. Its vertical distribution density ishighest in places 2 mm from the ground surface, ranging from 37.5% to 45.1%, while below5 mm no pupa has been found. (4) Chemical control experiments have been carried out in the laboratories. The results ofthese experiments show: (a) 10% DDT powder is fully capable of exterminating larvae of all stages; (b) 5% DDT powder registers 95% mortality when treated against olders larvae; (c) 1/1000 dipterex solution registers 97.5% mortality when treated against the larvae of laterstages; (d) 1/2500 dipterex solution registers 100% mortality when treated against larvae of 2-3stages; 78.4% against larvae of later stages; (e) 1/150, 1/200 and 1/300 solution of lead arsenate effects only low mortality. On the basis of the data on the horizontal and versical distribution densities of the over-wintering pupa as reported here, it is recommended that steps should be taken to unearth andesterminate the winter pupa in combination with the anti-four-pests campaign in the winter. Inview of the poor flying ability of the adult, it is also recommended that survey should be madeto ascertain the growth data of the adults of the first generation and exterminate them whenthey start emerging. The survey should be made on basis of past records and the weather condi-tion of the current year.

一、大叶黄杨尺蠖(Abraxas miranda Butler)是重要的园林害虫之一,为害卫矛科的两种植物,即:大叶黄杨与爬行卫矛。在中国分布于江苏、浙江、贵州及东北等地。 二、大叶黄杨尺蠖在上海一年发生三代,但在室内饲育可完成四代,以蛹在土中越冬。第一代成虫自4月上旬开始羽化,幼虫自4月下旬开始为害,至5月下旬进入蛹期。第二代成虫自6月上旬开始羽化,幼虫自6月中旬开始为害、直至8月下旬进入蛹期。第三代成虫自8月中旬开始羽化、幼虫自9月上旬开始至11月中旬进入蛹期。 三、根据室内饲养,成虫的寿命第一代雄虫平均7.8天,雌虫平均9.6天;第二代雄虫平均11天,雌虫平均15.4天;第三代雄虫平均9天,雌虫平均10天;第四代雄虫平均12天,雌虫平均14.5天。卵期第一代为14.5天,第二代8.6天,第三代9天,第四代12天。幼虫期第一代平均34.9天,第二代平均23.4天,第三代平均25天,第四代平均58天。蛹期第一代平均11.4天,第二代平均45.8天,第三代平均15.9天,第四代为越冬蛹。 四、成虫飞行力很弱,白天栖息在大叶黄杨树下或附近草丛中,晚上活动,趋光性不强。成虫羽化多在下午3—5时,羽化后即可交尾,一...

一、大叶黄杨尺蠖(Abraxas miranda Butler)是重要的园林害虫之一,为害卫矛科的两种植物,即:大叶黄杨与爬行卫矛。在中国分布于江苏、浙江、贵州及东北等地。 二、大叶黄杨尺蠖在上海一年发生三代,但在室内饲育可完成四代,以蛹在土中越冬。第一代成虫自4月上旬开始羽化,幼虫自4月下旬开始为害,至5月下旬进入蛹期。第二代成虫自6月上旬开始羽化,幼虫自6月中旬开始为害、直至8月下旬进入蛹期。第三代成虫自8月中旬开始羽化、幼虫自9月上旬开始至11月中旬进入蛹期。 三、根据室内饲养,成虫的寿命第一代雄虫平均7.8天,雌虫平均9.6天;第二代雄虫平均11天,雌虫平均15.4天;第三代雄虫平均9天,雌虫平均10天;第四代雄虫平均12天,雌虫平均14.5天。卵期第一代为14.5天,第二代8.6天,第三代9天,第四代12天。幼虫期第一代平均34.9天,第二代平均23.4天,第三代平均25天,第四代平均58天。蛹期第一代平均11.4天,第二代平均45.8天,第三代平均15.9天,第四代为越冬蛹。 四、成虫飞行力很弱,白天栖息在大叶黄杨树下或附近草丛中,晚上活动,趋光性不强。成虫羽化多在下午3—5时,羽化后即可交尾,一般交尾时间为6—7小时,最长可达11小时,交尾后7小时即行产卵,每一雌蛾可产卵360余粒。 五、幼虫共五龄,羽化后3、4小时就开始取食,受?

Serica orientalis Motschulsky is one of the most important insect pests of forest andnursery in the Northeast China. The host plants include 149 species in 45 families, 116genera. The adult infests the bud, leaf and flower, causing a considerable damage tothe plant. According to the results recorded in the laboratory and also observed in the fieldduring 1958 in the west of Liaoning, the development of one generation of this beetlelasts one year. The earliest appearance of the adult in the field is in early April,...

Serica orientalis Motschulsky is one of the most important insect pests of forest andnursery in the Northeast China. The host plants include 149 species in 45 families, 116genera. The adult infests the bud, leaf and flower, causing a considerable damage tothe plant. According to the results recorded in the laboratory and also observed in the fieldduring 1958 in the west of Liaoning, the development of one generation of this beetlelasts one year. The earliest appearance of the adult in the field is in early April, butthe season of adult abundance in the field is from late April to the end of May. Thenumber of the adult emerging from underground is influenced by the local weatherconditions, of which precipitation and relative humidity are the most important factors.During the period when the adults are abundant, much precipitation and higher relativehumidity are favorable for the appearance of adults to damage the plants. Egg laying of the females begins in the middle decade of May to the first decadeof August. The maximum oviposition rate (50%) occurred in the last decade of Mayto the first decade of June. But the eggs deposited later than July cannot develop topupae and only survive to the first or second instar larvae. The number of eggs laid by each female is largely influenced by the condition ofthe host plants, among which leaves of Ulmus pumild L. are most favorable for ovi-position. The larval stage possesses three instars. The length of the first instar is on theaverage 19.29 days, second instar 14.96 days and third instar 31.42 days. The verticaldistribution of the first and second instar larvae is in generally 15--25 cm. underground,which is influenced by soil temperature. The favorable soil temperature for the activityof larvae is between 22--25℃. The mature larvae enter into the ground and formoval-shaped pupual chamber. The adults, after emergence at the end of August, do not appear to the surface ofthe ground in the same year. Though sometimes a few adults may appear to the surfaceof the ground and take host plant leaf for their food in the same year, these adults can-not copulate and lay eggs. The adults overwinter about 40--60 cm. underground.

黑绒金龟子为防护林区主要害虫之一,在东北地区每年发生一代,以成虫在土中越冬,越冬成虫4月上旬出土,4月下旬到5月下旬为发生盛期,成虫的发生消长和一定温度有关外,更大程度和降雨量、湿度关系更为密切,在通常情况下其发生高峰和多雨季节相吻合。成虫食性复杂,不同饲料对其取食量、产卵量、产卵期有很大影响,对于榆树叶的取食量最大、产卵量最多、产卵期也最长,其余树种则次之。幼虫有3龄,平均第一龄期19.29天,第二龄期14.96天,第三龄期31.42天。22—25℃温度范围的土层适合于1—2龄幼虫的活动。老熟幼虫潜入深层化蛹,蛹期一般为半个月,羽化后成虫在土中有升降活动,当年一般不出土,少数个体虽有出土活动或取食但不交配产卵。黑绒金龟子由于不同发育阶段受到不同温度的影响,在土层中有不同深度的分布。部分成虫可以经二次越冬,但第二次越冬后的成虫是否能正常产卵繁殖还有待进一步研究。

 
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