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water fluxes
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  淡水通量
     The IAP surface tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model(OGCM) is used to simulate the seasonal variations in the tropical Pacific forced by the observed surface wind stress, heat and water fluxes.
     在观测到的海表风应力和热量及淡水通量驱动下,用大气物理研究所发展的高分辨率自由表面热带太平洋环流模式对热带太平洋环流季节变化进行了数值模拟。
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  “water fluxes”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The nitrogen and water fluxes of the asymmetry membrane are 24.69×103 m3/(m2h) and 1.87×103 m3/(m2h),per MPa;
     非对称膜单位压力降(1 MPa)下的氮气通量和水通量分别为:24.69×103m3/(m2h)和1.87×103m3/(m2h);
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     The normal water fluxes of three membranes are: MOF910 MF membrane, 100L/ (m2.h) at pressure of 0.06 MPa;
     正常情况下,操作压力为0.06MPa时,MOF910膜的产水通量稳定在100L/(m2.h);
短句来源
     Its rejection rate of PEG(M_N=20000)is≥94%,pure water fluxes 12-18 L/(h·m~2).
     该膜对2万分子量的聚乙二醇溶液的截留率≥94%,纯水透过率为12—18 l/h·m~2。
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     The results show that the properties of packed membranes are improved greatly compared to the pure PVDF membrane. The pure water fluxes of Al_2O_3/PVDF membranes are 1.6 times higher than that of pure PVDF membranes to 243.7L/m~2 · h.
     结果表明,填充膜膜与纯PVDF膜相比有显著的提高,Al_2O_3/PVDF膜的纯水通量较纯PVDF膜提高了1.6倍,提高到了243.7 L/m~2·h。
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     With BIOME-BGC Model on the Carbon and Water Fluxes of the Typical Ecosystem
     应用BIOME-BGC模型研究典型生态系统的碳、水汽通量
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  相似匹配句对
     in water. The D.
     经紫外光照射后,颜料在水中的D.
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     in water.
     对于水,它约为4 ×10~3大气压.
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     Optimization of the water dissolution process for silver brazing fluxes
     银钎焊剂水溶法改性处理工艺的优化
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     THE OUTPUT FLUXES OF BIOGENIC ELEMENTS OF CHANGJIANG RIVER WATER
     长江生源要素的输出通量
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  water fluxes
Common Physical Errors in the Description of Water Fluxes in the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere System
      
Widely accepted concepts and definitions concerning the driving forces of upward water fluxes, such as osmotic pressure (OP) and water potential (WP), were analyzed in the soil-plant-atmosphere system.
      
It is demonstrated that WP is not a driving force for water fluxes at the water-vapor interface.
      
Plasmodesmata as a Modulator of Osmotic Water Fluxes in Plants
      
Taking into account the presence of sphincters in the neck constrictions, our data suggest the role of plasmodesmata as a modulator of osmotic water fluxes in plants.
      
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This paper reported the preparation of hollow fiber UF membrane,using PS and SPS as membrane spinning materials,DMA as solvent,PVPand dimethyl phthalate as additives.Its rejection rate of PEG(M_N=20000)is≥94%,pure water fluxes 12-18 L/(h·m~2).The influence of many parameters on the membrane properties,forexample,the composition of spinning solution,the kind of additives,thecontent of additives etc,was also described in this paper.

本文以聚矾和磺化聚砜共混物为膜材料,二甲基乙酰胺为溶剂,聚乙烯吡咯啉酮和邻苯二甲酸二甲酯为添加剂配制纺丝液,纺制外压中空纤维超滤膜。该膜对2万分子量的聚乙二醇溶液的截留率≥94%,纯水透过率为12—18 l/h·m~2。探讨了制膜液组成,不同填加剂及用量等参数对膜性能的影响。

The IAP surface tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model(OGCM) is used to simulate the seasonal variations in the tropical Pacific forced by the observed surface wind stress, heat and water fluxes. Analyses and comparisons of model results show successful representation of the observed sea level, temperature and currents of the tropical Pacific is strong in the winter, the epuatorial trough is srtong in the winter and the early spring, whereas the equatorial ridge and countcrcurrent trough are...

The IAP surface tropical Pacific Ocean general circulation model(OGCM) is used to simulate the seasonal variations in the tropical Pacific forced by the observed surface wind stress, heat and water fluxes. Analyses and comparisons of model results show successful representation of the observed sea level, temperature and currents of the tropical Pacific is strong in the winter, the epuatorial trough is srtong in the winter and the early spring, whereas the equatorial ridge and countcrcurrent trough are intense in the fall; the North Equatorial Countercurrent(NECC) is intense during the summer and fall, and the springtime reversal of equatorial surface currents along 150°W is evident; the simulated sea surface temperature(SST) variations are characterized by spring warming and fall cooling in the epuatorial eastern Pacific; and there are corresponding seasonal variations in the epuatouial thermocline and equatorial undercurrent(EUC). The model performance is further examined and verified by comparisons of model simulations with observations and by sensitivity experiments on the wind stress.

在观测到的海表风应力和热量及淡水通量驱动下,用大气物理研究所发展的高分辨率自由表面热带太平洋环流模式对热带太平洋环流季节变化进行了数值模拟。对模拟得到的热带太平洋海面起伏、温度场和流场等季节变化分析、比较表明,模式成功地模拟了观测到的环流季节变化基本特征。其中,海面起伏中西北太平洋副热带反气旋环流在冬季最强,赤道槽在冬季和早春季强,而赤道脊和北赤道逆流槽则在秋季强;北赤道逆流在秋季强而春季弱,150°W附近区域赤道表层洋流流向在4至7月逆转;赤道东太平洋地区海表温度场春季增暖和秋冷却;以及次表层赤道斜温层和赤道潜流等相应的季节变化。文中通过与观测和其他模式间的比较及风场敏感性试验进一步考察了模式性能。

Based on the field measurement on energy and water fluxes in a Tianshan glacierized basin. this paper is aimed at simulating the runoff formation and transformation processes by using an energy and water balance model taking the standard meteorological elements as the foremost inputs. The purpose is to understand the processes of energy and water exchange between mountain glacierized areas and atmosphere and their relation to the runoff formation.The glacierized basin which is chosen for runoff...

Based on the field measurement on energy and water fluxes in a Tianshan glacierized basin. this paper is aimed at simulating the runoff formation and transformation processes by using an energy and water balance model taking the standard meteorological elements as the foremost inputs. The purpose is to understand the processes of energy and water exchange between mountain glacierized areas and atmosphere and their relation to the runoff formation.The glacierized basin which is chosen for runoff simulation in this paper is situated at the sourcearea of the Urumqi River. The basin is located at 43°06'N and 86°50'E. Its catchment area is 28. 9km2, of which 5. 74km2 is covered by glaciers. The altitude of the basin ranges from 3408m to 4479m.The runoff consists mainly of the water from melted ices and snows, and of some efficient liquid precipitation. A glacierized basin can be divided into glacierized area and non-glacierized area. Snow cover is approximated to the solid precipitation. The precipitation of the basin is determined by the systematic error corrected precipitation and its altitude gradient. The ratio of solid precipitation to the total precipitation is determined by the temperature criteria for precipitation to form, the daily maximum and minimum temperatures and the daily mean temperature. The runoff from the ice and snow covered area is calculated by an energy and water balance model, while that from the ice and snow free area is obtained by a water balance model. The calculated results indicate that the runoff coefficient of the glacierized basin is 0- 72, and the runoff from melted glaciers is 13/00, the melted snows from the non-glacierized area makes up 57/60, and liquid precipitation accounts for only 8/00.The total amount of melted snows and ices from the glacierized area makes up 35/00.Under the climate conditions on the Tianshan Mountain, the ablation season can be divided into the weak melting period and intense melting period. The weak melting period is mainly for the melt of seasonal snow cover- and the runoff transformation occurs mainly on the surface. The intense melting period is mainly for glacier to melt, and a large amount of water is produced during this period. The intra-and subglacial drainage system and the active layer of the permafrost develop welland play an important role in the runoff transformation. The runoff transformation processes are simulated by a tank model, which is constructed with two vertically connected tanks. The simulation shows that, during the weak melting period, the runoff transformation processes are rather unitary with the characteristics of a linear reservoir, while during the intense melting period, the discharge increases with the water storage which has the nonlinear characteristics.The present study links the climate variables to the energy and water balance, and to the runoff formation in a glacierized basin. The discharge hydrographs at the basin outlet are well simulated.This is significant in the studies on the relationship of the changes of mountain glaciers, permafrost.snow cover and runoff to the climate change and its simulation.

高山冰川作用流域径流是能水平衡和冰川调节的产物,它由冰川融化、积雪融化和一些有效液态降水组成。冰川作用流域的汇流过程在时间上可划分为弱消融期和强消融期,空间上可划分为冰川覆盖区和非冰川覆盖区,二者的区别主要在于冰内冰下水系和多年冻土活动层的发育程度。本文以天山乌鲁木齐河源冰川作用流域为例,对上述过程以常规气象站的观测要素为输入进行了模拟计算。

 
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