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metabolic     
相关语句
  代谢
     The Metabolic and Morphological Study of the Li-Pilocarpine Epilepsy Model in Rats
     大鼠Li-Pilocarpine癫痫模型的代谢与形态学研究
短句来源
     Studies on Gene Engineering of Antibiotic Secondary Metabolic Regulation in Streptomyces Coelicolor
     天蓝链霉菌抗生素次生代谢调控的基因工程研究
短句来源
     Molecular Biology of the Biosynthetic Pathways of Taxol Precursors and Metabolic Engineering of Anti-Tumor Terpenoid Indole Alkaloids
     紫杉醇前体生物合成的分子生物学和抗癌萜类吲哚生物碱的代谢工程
短句来源
     Screening of Obesity Populations and Obese Characteristics of Rats with Metabolic Syndrome
     社区肥胖人群筛查和代谢综合征大鼠肥胖特征及机制研究
短句来源
     Metabolic Engineering by Genome Shuffling of Riboflavin-producing Bacillus.Subtilis
     基于基因组重排的产核黄素枯草芽孢杆菌的代谢工程
短句来源
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  代谢性
     Compared with ID+II group, the incidence of metabolic acidosis (17.7% vs 8.4%, P<0.01), hyponatremia (19.8% vs 11.5%, P<0.05) and hypoglycemia (35.4% vs 23.4%, P<0.05) were higher in DD group.
     DD基因型发生代谢性酸中毒17.7%、低钠血症19.8%、低血糖症35.4%,高于ID+II的8.4%、11.5%和23.4%,差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。
短句来源
     Metabolic nuclear receptors and metabolic syndrome
     代谢性核受体及其与代谢综合征的关系
短句来源
     Incidences of PNs metabolic complications in 1.2×BEE group and in 1.5×BEE group were 8.33%(1/12) and 58.3% (7/12) respectively( P <0.05).
     1.2 BEE组 PN支持的代谢性并发症发生率为 8.33% (1/ 12 ) ,1.5 BEE组为 5 8.3% (7/ 12 ) (P<0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     the other imbalance,46.9% had hypochloremia,40.6% had hypocalcemia,32.3% had hypomagnesemia,30.2% had metabolic acidosis and 16.6% had metabolic alkalosis.
     其余依次为低氯血症(46.9%)、低钙血症(40.6%)、低镁血症(32.3%)、代谢性酸中毒(30.2%)和代谢性碱中毒(16.6%)。
短句来源
     The laboratory abnormalities were hyperkalemia (6/6 ), azotemia (6/6 ), metabolic acidosis (6/6 ), hyperuricemia (3/5 ), hyperglycemia (3/6), hypocalcemia(2/2),hyperphosphatemia (1 /2 ), hypermagnesemia (1 /2 ).
     ATLS的实验室检查异常主要有高血钾(6/6)、高尿素氮(6/6)、代谢性酸中毒(6/6)、高尿酸(3/5)、高血糖(3/6)、低血钙(2/2)、高血磷(1/2)高血镁1/2等。
短句来源
更多       
  新陈代谢的
     A city is a metabolic space and thereforethe protection of historical environment can not bediscussed only in terms of protection.
     城市是个不断新陈代谢的空间,所以历史环境不能就保护论保护。
短句来源
     THE METABOLIC ADAPTIVE CONTROL ABOUT GROUNDWATER SURFACE
     地下水位新陈代谢的自适应控制
短句来源
     The utilizations of amino acids are mainly dependant on metabolic adjustment and the effective equilibrium of oxidation-reduction potential.
     氨基酸利用主要依赖于新陈代谢的调整和氧化还原电位的有效平衡。
短句来源
     4. The metabolic wavelet denoising is used to process noisy data.
     4.对于含噪数据,讨论了新陈代谢的小波去噪在机动目标跟踪中的去噪效果。
短句来源
     After comparing the VOCs in culture medium of different kinds of lung cancer cells, lung cancer cells and normal lung cells, lung cancer cells and lung carcinoid cells, lung cancer cells and some other cells, special VOCs existing in the culture medium of lung cancer cells are found, which are the metabolic product of lung cancer cells and can be viewed as biomarkers of lung cancer.
     最后也是最核心的部分是设计了适用于细胞培养液顶空气体检测的装置,通过检测并对比不同类型肺癌细胞、同种类型肺癌细胞、肺癌细胞与同体正常肺部细胞、肺癌细胞与肺的良性病变细胞、肺癌细胞与其他细胞培养液中的VOCs,证明了肺癌细胞培养液中存在特异性的VOCs,是肺癌细胞新陈代谢的产物,可以作为判定肺癌细胞的依据。
短句来源
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  代谢的
     Methods Based on the energy metabolic characteristic of the patients with diabetes and main effective factors of energy requirement,such as age (A),height (H),weight (W),activity factor (AF)and climate factor (CF),we have established a formula:E(kcal)=[(H-A)×6+500÷WI 2]×AF×CF.
     方法 根据糖尿病病人热能代谢的特点及影响热能需要量的主要因素 ,如年龄 (A)、身高 (H)、体重 (W)、体力活动强度 (AF)及环境气候 (CF)等 ,建立了热能需要量计算公式 :E(kcal) =[(H- A)× 6 + 5 0 0÷ WI2 ]×AF×CF。
短句来源
     Comparative metabolic study of PGI_2,TXA_2 in basilar artery and vein and in other vessels in Rabbits
     兔基底动、静脉与其它血管PGI_2、TXA_2代谢的比较
短句来源
     Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was carried out to dynamically monitor the changes in biochemical metabolic variations 48 h after cerebral ischemia and effects of GbE (100 mg/kg, ip, qd).
     用磁共振波谱分析动态观测脑缺血后48小时内生化代谢的变化及GbE(100mg/kg,ip,qd)的干预影响。
短句来源
     For Metridia gerlachei , oxygen consumption rates were 0.488-0.644μl O 2mg -1 h -1 and ammonia excretion rates were 0.015-0.034μg N mg -1 h -1 . From the results of metabolic rate measuremts and elemental analyses, daily losses of body carbon and nitrogen were estimated to be 0.59% - 1.99% and 0.44% - 3.27%, respectively.
     gerlachei耗氧率为 0 .488~ 0 .644μl O2 mg- 1h- 1,排氨率为 0 .0 1 5~ 0 .0 34μg N mg- 1h- 1。 根据代谢实验结果和桡足类自身碳氮含量推算 ,其维持正常代谢的碳、氮日损失率分别为 0 .59%~ 1 .99%和 0 .44%~ 3.2 7%。
短句来源
     HPLC Analysis of the ~(125)I-labelled Human Serum Albumins and Study on Its Metabolic Process in Rabbits
     ~(125)I标记人血白蛋白的HPLC分析和家兔体内代谢的研究
短句来源
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      metabolic
    The increased glucose flux through this metabolic pathway has been linked to the development of diabetic complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and cataract.
          
    However, metabolic quotient declined dramatically by 57.45%-77.49%.
          
    Simultaneous introduction of multiple genes into plants is a critical step in plant genetic engineering to manipulate multiple functional genes in metabolic engineering and trait stacking.
          
    This work reviews two main methods of PHA production by mixed cultures, anaerobic-aerobic processing and aerobic transient feeding processing, and analyzed the metabolic and effective factors.
          
    Association of metabolic syndrome with arterial compliance in children and adolescents
          
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    The changes of pH, glucose consumption, nitrogen assimilation, aureomycin production, formation of organic acids and ammonia as well as mycelial respiration during aureomycin fermentation by Streptomyces aureofaciens were studied with two media. One medium(Ⅰ) contained as organic constituents glucose and casein hydrolysate, while to the other medium(Ⅱ) besides the mentioned ingredients meat extract and corn steep liquor were also added. The course of glucose consumption, nitrogen assimilation, ammonia formation...

    The changes of pH, glucose consumption, nitrogen assimilation, aureomycin production, formation of organic acids and ammonia as well as mycelial respiration during aureomycin fermentation by Streptomyces aureofaciens were studied with two media. One medium(Ⅰ) contained as organic constituents glucose and casein hydrolysate, while to the other medium(Ⅱ) besides the mentioned ingredients meat extract and corn steep liquor were also added. The course of glucose consumption, nitrogen assimilation, ammonia formation and aureomycin production did not vary considerably for both fermentation media. Aureomycin formation, however, was five times as high for medium Ⅱ as for medium Ⅰ. Acid formation and mycelial respiration differed between the two media. In experiments with medium Ⅱ two kinds of organisms were encountered. The one possessing a light coloured mycelium had an aerobic metabolism, while the other of dark mycelial colouration possessed a fermentative metabolism. The metabolic changes occuring during the fermentation period may be differentiated into three phases. The growth phase, which lasts to the second or third day, is followed by the stationary phase, which extends to the fourth day, and the phase of autolysis hereafter. Aureomycin in the medium reached maximal concentration during the second phase.

    在兩種培養基中觀察了金黴菌培養過程中pH的變化、葡萄糖的消耗,氮的同化、金黴素的產生、氨和有機酸濃度的變化、菌絲的呼吸等代謝變化,這兩種培養基的區別,即在一種培養基中另加入肉湯粉和玉蜀黍漿。 兩種培養基發酵過程中,葡萄糖的消耗,氮的同化,氨和金黴素的產生等變化的一般趨勢,大致相似。加肉湯粉和玉蜀黍漿的培養基中,產生的金黴素量均為不加的5倍。 兩種培養基發酵過程中,有機酸的產生和菌絲的呼吸變化的趨勢有顯著不同。含肉湯粉和玉蜀黍漿的培養基中,培養出的菌絲有兩種類型:一種淺色的氧化代謝特強,另一種菌絲深褐色的呼吸低,代謝變化屬於發酵型,但兩種類型的金黴素的產生量是一樣的。在搖瓶內金黴菌的發酵過程,按代謝可以分為三個階段,第二天到第三天以前為“旺盛生長期”,接着到第四天止菌絲開始自溶為“開始自溶期”最後為“迅速自溶期”。培養基中,金黴素的濃度,在第二期最高。

    The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which the...

    The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which the specimens were examined with the results recorded before reduction process set in; and in addition potassuim permanganate was used for complete oxidation-reduction purpose. The concentrations of the former agents in Ringer's solution and the latter in distilled water were experimentally determined, and are given in Table 1-4.In all cases of the stain experiments, the metabolic rates of the nosebrain (including only the olfactory bulbs and primitive endbrain in the present case) are higher than any other division, and that of the cerebellum, the balancing brain, comes out to be the next, being higher than all the other parts of the organ (with the exception of Carassius). The midbrain (part of the eyebrain) is less responsive than the cerebellum; and the medulla oblongata, without the facial and vagal lobes (brain centers for taste buds) and with its anterior regions (the earbrain) overshadowed largely by the cerebellum or only with little parts visible from above; i. e., the skinbrain, is, on the average, least responsive of allIn Carassius, the vagal lobes showed somewhat greater sensitivity than the cerebellum, and in Hypophthalmichthys they were less so than the facial lobes, which in turn almost matched up with the cerebellum. As a whole, it may be said that the olfactory lobes and primitive endbrain are most responsive and the midbrain and medulla oblongata least so, the cerebellum somewhat between them, while the facial and vagal lobes vary in their responses to these stains, but they fall between the endbrain and the medulla. If the records of both these lobes were removed from the curves on Carassius and Hypophthalmichthys, (Chart V (A)-(D)), these four curves would have a much closer resemblance in the general tendency of responses among themselves; i. e., the centers of greatest activities are located in the nosebrain, there is a considerable dropping in the eyebrain, while the cerebellum, the balancing brain, shows a great deal of rise in responsiveness, though it does not go so high as either the olfactory lobes or the primitive endbrain, and finally the medulla oblongata, the skinbrain, shows least responsiveness to the stains.The results of the oxidation-reduction process (Chart VI (A)-(D)) show more or less a general resemblance to those o?the stain experiments, but there are some differences, which should be noted. In the case of Carassius the primitive endbrain falls in its functional features a great deal below the olfactory lobes and is now even lower than the cerebellum, and the vagal lobes are about on the same level with the midbrain, while in the case of Monoptenis the cerebellum is the most active division of the brain and the medulla oblongata is similar to the midbrain. In general, it is reasonable to assume that the physiological gradients in the brains of Carassius and Hypophthalmichlhys are similar to each other, as they are of the same family, and those of Ophiocephalus and Monopterus are likewise, though they are of different families. In spite of some deviations these brains in both stain and oxidation-reduction experimentes show a general trend of similarity in their responses.It is concluded that the sensitivities of the brain surface to these chemicals are in direct proportion to its functional activities and in reverse proportion to their histogenetic age. Besides these factors, the polarity of the organ and the size of its division also have a significant bearings on the physiological gradient, but the latter should be considered together with the organization and developmental st

    (一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,...

    (一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,屡次实验,表现为最高生理量度之所在;此处之势力,支配全脑各部分。高等脊椎动物的大脑,

    Although most higher plants are hermophroditic, monoecious or dioeoious plants are not infrequently met with in nature. In some cases, plants or organs of one sex possess greater economic value than those of the other sex. Therefore, to change the sex of plants or vary the numbar of either male or female flowers (usually toward the direction of femaleness) is of both theoretical and practical significance.It has long been observed that the sexuality of plants changes with a change of environmental factors. But...

    Although most higher plants are hermophroditic, monoecious or dioeoious plants are not infrequently met with in nature. In some cases, plants or organs of one sex possess greater economic value than those of the other sex. Therefore, to change the sex of plants or vary the numbar of either male or female flowers (usually toward the direction of femaleness) is of both theoretical and practical significance.It has long been observed that the sexuality of plants changes with a change of environmental factors. But those -observed facts received little attention in the past, since they could not be reconciled with the then-prevalent chromosome theory of sex determination. Biologists of the Michurin school believe .that sexuality of plants is but one of the characteristics that the plant exhibits under certain environmental conditions. Thus, like any other characteristic, it is determined by the metabolic conditions of the plants themselves. We are convinced that by changing one or more of the environmental factors, thereby altering the metabolic pattern of the plants, we can successfully control the sexuality of plants for the banefit of mankind.Minina in her monograph has comprehensively reviewed the literature pertinent to the change of sexuality in the plant world under changed enviromental conditions. It has been shown that either treatment with CO, or an alteration of the nutritional status of plants can affect the sex expression of plants.The present investigation purposes to study in greater detail the principles governing the formation of male and female flowers in the cucumber plants.Treatment of the 24-day-old cucumber seedlings with CO gas (at 1%, 0.5% and 0.3%) for 161 hours has remarkably altered the order in which the mala and .female flowers appear. The numbar of female flowers greatly increases, whereas the male flowers do not appear until much later. Marked morphological changes have also been noticed. Physiologically, treated young plants decrease their respiratory activity by 50-70%, as measured at the close of the experimental period. The activity of catalasa has had corresponding changes.When plants are given ample phcspliorus fertilizer successively at the 3-leaf stage, the. stage of bud appearance, and the stage of opening of the female flowers, they bear much more female flowers, whereas the number of male flowers remains unchanged. Plants thus treated also show lower calalase activity hi their leaves.Higher water content of the soil has favored the formation of female flowers. Plants grown under such condition absorb more nitrogen than control plants. This is in line with what is reported in the literature to the effect that high nitrogen is favorable for the development of femaleness.The increase of the number of female flowers is not necessarily connected with the state of the growth of plants. This has led us to believe that it is not the general nutritional status of plants, i.e., the abundance or deficiency of fertilizer, that determines sexuality,The present investigation has clearly demonstrated the possibility that different environmental factors which showed their effect on sex expression may have performed their functions through the same or similar mechanism.The effects of some respiratory inhibitors, including NaN3, malonate, fluoride, etc. are being examined. Investgations are also being undertaken to elucidate the possibility of treatment of seeds with various substances to change the sex ratio of the flowers in the cucumber plants.

    在自然界中不少植物是雌雄异株或雌雄同株而异花的。不同性别的植株或花的经济价值不同,因此,定向改变植物性别的问题就不仅仅具有理论上的意义,而且也有着实践上的意义。很早就有人观察到植物性别可随环境而发生改变的事实;但是这些事实没有受到足够的重视,因为它们与性别决定的染色体学说是不相容的。米丘林生物学者认为植物性别的形成和发展也是植物有机体在一定环境条件下所表现的发育特性之一,是决定于植物体内的新陈代谢的。因此,我们深信,通过环境条件的改变,改变植物体内的新陈代谢过程,从而定向地控制植物的性别是完全可能的。 曾详尽而全面地介绍了定向改变植物性别方面的文献。本文目的在于进一步探讨环境条件对于黄瓜雌雄花出现的规律性的影响以及这些影响的生理实质。 在黄瓜幼苗期间用CO(浓度为1%,0.5%,0.3%)处理植株161小时显著地改变了雌、雄花出现的顺序,增加了雌花的数目,降低了雄花的数目。提高了果实的产量。在外部形态方面亦发生了显著的改变。在生理方面,遭受气体处理的植物在处理结束后呼吸强度降低50—70%,过氧化氢酶的活性也有相应的改变。 在植株三叶期、现蕾期、雌花开放期均施以充足的磷肥,这种处理选择性地增加了雌花的数目,而...

    在自然界中不少植物是雌雄异株或雌雄同株而异花的。不同性别的植株或花的经济价值不同,因此,定向改变植物性别的问题就不仅仅具有理论上的意义,而且也有着实践上的意义。很早就有人观察到植物性别可随环境而发生改变的事实;但是这些事实没有受到足够的重视,因为它们与性别决定的染色体学说是不相容的。米丘林生物学者认为植物性别的形成和发展也是植物有机体在一定环境条件下所表现的发育特性之一,是决定于植物体内的新陈代谢的。因此,我们深信,通过环境条件的改变,改变植物体内的新陈代谢过程,从而定向地控制植物的性别是完全可能的。 曾详尽而全面地介绍了定向改变植物性别方面的文献。本文目的在于进一步探讨环境条件对于黄瓜雌雄花出现的规律性的影响以及这些影响的生理实质。 在黄瓜幼苗期间用CO(浓度为1%,0.5%,0.3%)处理植株161小时显著地改变了雌、雄花出现的顺序,增加了雌花的数目,降低了雄花的数目。提高了果实的产量。在外部形态方面亦发生了显著的改变。在生理方面,遭受气体处理的植物在处理结束后呼吸强度降低50—70%,过氧化氢酶的活性也有相应的改变。 在植株三叶期、现蕾期、雌花开放期均施以充足的磷肥,这种处理选择性地增加了雌花的数目,而对雄花的数目无影响。受到这种处理的植物

     
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