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   metabolic 在 儿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.754秒
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  代谢
    A Clinical Study of the Immune Status and Metabolic Reaction in Critical Ⅲ Pediatric Patients
    危重患儿代谢反应及免疫状态的临床探讨
短句来源
    The expression of Glut1 changes according to the metabolic need of infantile hemangioma cells.
    结论Glut1是血管瘤内皮细胞发展过程中的一种表型,而不是其固有特征,Glut1表达是血管瘤内皮细胞适应代谢需要而产生的。
短句来源
    【Objective】 To assess the possibility and value of waist/height ratio(WHtR) as a central obesity index in predicting the metabolic syndrome(MS) in children.
    【目的】探讨和评价腰围/身高比值(waist/height ratio,WHtR)作为中心性肥胖指标预测儿童代谢综合征(metabolic syndrom,MS)的可行性和价值。
短句来源
    Clinical and metabolic feature of idiopathic hypercalciuria in children
    儿童特发性高钙尿症的临床代谢特征研究
短句来源
    Morphologic Changes of Mitochondria and Metabolic Effects of Fructose 1 6 Diphosphate in Hypoxic ischemic Brain Damage.
    1-6二磷酸果糖对缺氧缺血性脑损伤线粒体形态变化及能量代谢的影响
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  代谢性
    61 cases(9.88%) were diagnosed as hereditary and metabolic diseases,56 cases(9.08%) were diagnosed as small for gestational age.
    遗传代谢性疾病61例,占9.88%; 宫内发育迟缓56例,占9.08%;
短句来源
    There were 45 cases with malnutrition, 33 cases with metabolic acidosis, 30 cases with hypotonic dehydration, 21 cases with isosmotic dehydration,21 cases with hypokalemia, 25 cases with hypocalcemia in all cases.
    伴有营养不良45例,失代偿性代谢性酸中毒33例,低渗性脱水30例,等渗性脱水21例,低钾血症21例,低钙血征25例。
短句来源
    AG is of some value in the diagnosis and management of metabolic aciolosis during diarrhea.
    AG对腹泻时代谢性酸中毒的诊断和处理均有一定的价值。
短句来源
    The body weight and plasma albumin increased remarkably in the PN group(P<0.01,P<0.05). No significant metabolic complication was occurred (P>0.05).
    结果表明与对照组(n=30)比较,患儿体重和白蛋白明显增加(P<0.01,P<0.05),营养支持组无明显代谢性并发症。
短句来源
    Results: Level of Hb,Hct and RBC increased significantly in asphyxia group compared with control. Blood gas analysis showed that of so subjects, metabolic acidosis (27 cases ), respiratory acidosis (10 cases),mixed acidosis (15 cases ),hypoxemia (6 cases), respiratory failure Ⅰ (12 cases ), and Ⅱ (8 cases )were found.
    结果:窒息组Hb、HCT、RBC三项值明显高于对照组,85例血气分析27例代谢性酸中毒、10例呼吸性酸中毒、15例混合性酸中毒、6例低氧血症、12例Ⅰ型呼衰、8例Ⅱ型呼衰。
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  代谢的
    Morphologic Changes of Mitochondria and Metabolic Effects of Fructose 1 6 Diphosphate in Hypoxic ischemic Brain Damage.
    1-6二磷酸果糖对缺氧缺血性脑损伤线粒体形态变化及能量代谢的影响
短句来源
    Objective To study the morphologic changes of mitochondria and metabolic protective effect of fructose 1 6 diphosphate(FDP) intervention in newborn rats with hypoxic ischemic brain damage(HIBD).
    目的 探讨16 二磷酸果糖(FDP)干预治疗新生鼠缺氧缺血性脑损伤(HIBD)后脑神经细胞线粒体形态学变化及对能量代谢的影响。
短句来源
    The metabolic consequences of cold blood and crystalloid cardioplegia in cyanotic congenital heart disease
    冷血停搏液对法洛四联症婴幼儿心肌代谢的影响
短句来源
    Effects of selective head cooling on cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate in newborn piglets
    选择性头部亚低温对新生猪脑血流-代谢的影响
短句来源
    Objectives To explore the relationship of fetal growth retardation (FGR) and the change of neonatal insulin sensitivity by studying on the consequences of glucose and plasma lipid metabolism in early postnatal life (48—72 hr after delivery), moreover, it will provide the theoretical basis for further exploring onset and development of metabolic syndrome (MS) and fetal growth retardation.
    目的 通过研究胎儿生长迟缓(FGR)儿生命早期的血糖和脂质代谢的变化,探讨FGR与新生儿胰岛素敏感性变化的相关性,为进一步深入研究FGR与代谢综合征(MS)的发生和发展提供理论依据和基础。
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  metabolic
The increased glucose flux through this metabolic pathway has been linked to the development of diabetic complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and cataract.
      
However, metabolic quotient declined dramatically by 57.45%-77.49%.
      
Simultaneous introduction of multiple genes into plants is a critical step in plant genetic engineering to manipulate multiple functional genes in metabolic engineering and trait stacking.
      
This work reviews two main methods of PHA production by mixed cultures, anaerobic-aerobic processing and aerobic transient feeding processing, and analyzed the metabolic and effective factors.
      
Association of metabolic syndrome with arterial compliance in children and adolescents
      
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35 cases of rotavirus enteritis occurring in months from September to December of 1980 and 1981 were reported. Typical rotavirus particles were found in 35 out of 54 stool specimens examined with electron microscope. The positive rate of EM was 64.8%.The age of the patients was ranged from 4 months to 2 years; 65.7% of them were 6 to 12 months old. There were 22 males and 13 females.The clinical manifestations consisted of diarrhoea, fever(80%), vomiting (62.8%), mild-to-moderate dehydration(85.7%), and metabolic...

35 cases of rotavirus enteritis occurring in months from September to December of 1980 and 1981 were reported. Typical rotavirus particles were found in 35 out of 54 stool specimens examined with electron microscope. The positive rate of EM was 64.8%.The age of the patients was ranged from 4 months to 2 years; 65.7% of them were 6 to 12 months old. There were 22 males and 13 females.The clinical manifestations consisted of diarrhoea, fever(80%), vomiting (62.8%), mild-to-moderate dehydration(85.7%), and metabolic acidosis(37.17%), upper respiratory infection symptoms(4g.57%). In 40% of the cases, the white cells in the feces were increased in number. Secondary bacterial infection occurred in 4 cases( 11%),which was higher than that of other reports.The main route of transmission was fecal-oral; the presence of respiratory symptoms in some patients suggested the possibility of air-borne spreading.The incidence of this disease was low in the new borns. It is most likely that they arc protected with the passive immunity obtained through the placenta. Furthermore, the structural and physiological characteristics of the gastro-intestinal tract of the neonatus are also contributive to reduce the disease in them.

本文对1980和1981年9—12月收治秋冬季腹泻64例中54例粪便做了电镜检查,其中35例发现轮状病毒颗粒,阳性率为64.8%。临床表现和电镜检查阳性率和国内外报导相似。大便普通细菌培养阳性4例(11%),混合感染率比有的资料略高。本病传染途径除主要由消化道传染以外还有飞沫传染的可能。新生儿发病少与被动免疫及其生理解剖特点有关。

In 52 URI children aged 7 months~12 years old, whose fever lasted for 3~8 days, electrocardiographic examination was performed at the peak febrile stage and two weeks after convalescence. The result showed that the amplitudes of R_(Ⅱ) and R_(Ⅲ) waves were lower during high fever than those after convalescence(with a mean mV of 0.22 and 0.21 respectively); and also, T_(Ⅲ) was lower and the inversion of T_(Ⅲ) might fake place more markedly during febrile period as compared with that after convalescence. In this...

In 52 URI children aged 7 months~12 years old, whose fever lasted for 3~8 days, electrocardiographic examination was performed at the peak febrile stage and two weeks after convalescence. The result showed that the amplitudes of R_(Ⅱ) and R_(Ⅲ) waves were lower during high fever than those after convalescence(with a mean mV of 0.22 and 0.21 respectively); and also, T_(Ⅲ) was lower and the inversion of T_(Ⅲ) might fake place more markedly during febrile period as compared with that after convalescence. In this group only one patient was later diagnosed to have viral myocarditis. When afebrile, the amplitude of T_(Ⅲ) was increased and the inverted T_(Ⅲ) became reversed. Whether the above changes were attributed to the effect of viral toxin on myocardium or to the result of metabolic and electrolytic disturbances due to high fever could not be ascertained. It was assumed that the combination of various factors might be responsible for these alterations of the myocardial polarization and depolarization processes. The clinical significance of these manifestations remains to be investigated, but the authors assumed that a serial observation of EKG changes might be of some help in the early detection of mild cardiac damage or myocarditis.

持续发热3~8天,诊断为上感,年龄为3~7岁的52例门诊病孩,于发热高峰及热退后两周内作EKG检查。两者对比结果发现R波电压在发热高峰时较热退时为低(R_Ⅱ及R_Ⅲ平均分别降低0.22mV及0.21mV),复极波T_Ⅲ较发热消退时降低并有T_Ⅲ倒置加深:发热消退后大部份倒置T_Ⅲ恢复正向或T_Ⅲ电压增高。只有1例发生频发早搏,诊断为心肌炎。引起这些变化是病毒毒素对心肌的作用抑为一般高热导致代谢和电解质紊乱未能确定。作者认为可能为多种因素综合作用引起心脏除极和复极过程的变化。虽然这些变化是否有特殊临床意义尚待进一步观察,但如能系统地观察它们的动态改变,对早期发现轻度心肌损害或心肌炎可能具有一定参考价值。

Thirty-seven cases of asphyxia neonatorum treated with fluid therapy during Dec 1979 to Jan 1981 are reported. The average amount of iv fluid given on the 1st day after birth was about 70 ml/kg/d, the 2nd day 90 ml/kg/d and the 3rd day 110 ml/kg/d. The average amount of sodium ion given in these 3 days was 3.8, 2.3 and 2.5 mEq/kg/d, and potassium ion 0, 0.6 and 2.1 mEq/kg/d, respectively. Metabolic acidosis was treated by 5% sodium bicarbonate iv. Body weight, blood pH, PCO_2, BE, electrolytes and sugar...

Thirty-seven cases of asphyxia neonatorum treated with fluid therapy during Dec 1979 to Jan 1981 are reported. The average amount of iv fluid given on the 1st day after birth was about 70 ml/kg/d, the 2nd day 90 ml/kg/d and the 3rd day 110 ml/kg/d. The average amount of sodium ion given in these 3 days was 3.8, 2.3 and 2.5 mEq/kg/d, and potassium ion 0, 0.6 and 2.1 mEq/kg/d, respectively. Metabolic acidosis was treated by 5% sodium bicarbonate iv. Body weight, blood pH, PCO_2, BE, electrolytes and sugar were measured before and after treatment. The body weight of 37 cases decreased 0.01kg, and electrolytes and acid-base disturbance were converted to normal after treatment. In addition, 34 cases had blood sugar determined before treatment (19 normal, 11 hyperglycemia and 2 hypoglycemia). However, glucose had been given in the 11 cases with hyperglycemia. The authors, therefore, suggest that routine examination of blood sugar is necessary before glucose administration, as sugar is only indicated in cases of hypoglycemia.

本文报道我院1979年12月至1981年1月对37例新生儿窒息患儿以液体治疗,第一天补液总量70ml/kg/d,第二天90ml/kg/d,第三天110ml/kg/d,这三天钠离子补充量各为3.8、2.3和2.5mEq/kg/d,钾离子各为0、0.6和2.1mEq/kg/d,代谢性酸中毒用5%碳酸氢钠治疗。37例治疗后体重平均减轻0.01kg,主要由于进入总热能较低。血电解质和酸碱度均恢复正常。结果表明本治疗方法行之有效。34例曾作血糖测定,19例正常,11例偏高,2例偏低,血糖高者都在刚出生后接受过高浓度葡萄糖液静脉注射。因此急救新生儿窒息要事先测血糖,低者方可静脉注射葡萄糖液。

 
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