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     The eight ancient Chinese words:“yong(踊)、yue(跃)、yue(越)、chao(超)、teng(腾)、kua(跨)、tiao(跳)、yu(逾)”share the common basic semantic features on the meaning of “jump”(跳跃)and form an anonymous semantic field.
     古汉语“踊、跃、越、超、腾、跨、跳、逾(踰)”等八词在“跳跃”这个义位上,具有共同的基本语义特征,形成一个同义义场。
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     In the presence of polyvinyl alcohol-124, the droplet of tetracycline in the medium of hexahydropyridine can form an SOR on the surface of hydrophobic glass slides with the diameter of 1 44 mm and the ring belt width of 0.025 mm.
     四环素的六氢吡啶液滴在聚乙烯醇 1 2 4存在下 ,能在憎水性玻璃表面形成一个自组装环 (SOR) ,环直径为 1 .1 4mm ,环线宽为 0 .0 2 5mm。
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     A sports centre is made up of individual buildings and areas with different functions, all reasonably distributed to form an organic whole.
     体育中心要把不同功能的个体建筑物和功能区域有机地组织起来,合理安排整体与局部以及各局部间的联系,形成一个完整的统一整体。
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     From the legal angle, it is important to form an advantageous law environment for the development of educational industrialization, namely provides an advantageous legal strut for the development of the educational industrialization, and
     从法律的角度来说,就是要形成一个有利于教育产业化良性发展的法治环境,为教育产业化的发展提供一个有利的法律支撑,同时应合理强化政府在教育中应承担的责任,从而真正实现教育质量与效率的提高,促进教育的改革与发展。
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     The development of modern logistics must consider the environment question firstly, needs make the improvement from the environment angle to the thing fluid, namely needs to form an logistics management system of environment paragenesis .
     现代物流的发展必须优先考虑环境问题,需要从环境角度对物流体系进行改进,即需要形成一个环境共生型的物流管理系统。
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  对人
     Graduate is the cultivation and education for man, which is as the same as the essence of education.
     研究生教育本身即是对人的培养和教育,与教育的本质相一致。
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     The poly(A)~+RNA extracted from primary human embryo kidney cell cultures exhibited significant translation activities in this system and the incorporation of ~(14)C-leucine was raised 5.1~7.6 times in comparison with the control. The competitive immunoprecipitation test showed that the total poly(A)~+RNA from this cell cultures contained specific mRNA coding for man urokinase.
     用此系统对人胚肾培养细胞poly(A)~+RNA进行转译,以~(14)C-亮氨酸进行掺入,50μl反应混合物的cpm值为1.5~3.6×10~3,对本底的转译倍数为5.1~7.6倍,用竞争性免疫沉淀鉴定转译产物,表明转译产物中含尿激酶。
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     This article,an interdisciplinary research work on man's quality from the point of view of culture science,makes a systematical expounding on the nature of information ,of innovation and of informaton civilization ; on the historical features of social development in information age and on the demand of social development in information age for man's quality structure.
     从文化学角度研究人的素质建设与管理,对信息、创新、信息文明的本质,信息时代社会发展的历史特征,信息时代社会发展对人的素质结构的要求等进行了系统的阐述。
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     Architecture for Man
     建筑——对人的研究——谈建筑创作基本功及建筑师的素质
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     Modern humanist trend of thoughts on education embraces humanism as its methodology and standard of value,emphasizing the concerning and respect for man.
     当代人本主义教育思潮以人本主义为其方法论基础和价值标准,强调对人的关注和尊重。
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  福尔曼
     : Three dimensional Km-da/dN-ΔK surfaces are established by using the multi - parameter crack propagation models of Forman type and Walker type. In these surfaces, stress intensity factor range and mean stress intensity factor are regarded as two variables.
     分别利用多参数的福尔曼(Forman)和沃克尔(Walker)裂纹扩展模型,将应力强度 因子变程ΔK和应力强度因子均值Km作为二元变量,建立了空间Km-da/dN-ΔK曲面。
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  “form an”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Modelling for Man——Weapon Systems and Prediction of Fire Accuracy
     人/枪系统建模和射击精度预估
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     To Form an Economic Outlook of Ecological Consumption: Also Comment on Theory of Consumption in Reasonable Degree of Our Country
     构建生态消费经济观——兼评我国适度消费理论
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     This paper discussed mainly the character and the function of the Real-Time OS μC/OS-II, explained the architecture of Embedded System based on μC/OS-II and how to form an embedded development platform based on μC/OS-II, in addition, the transplantation of μC/OS-II in ARM microprocessor is discussed in details.
     本文主要讨论嵌入式实时操作系统μC/OS-II的特性与功能,阐述基于μC/OS-II的嵌入式系统的系统结构,如何构建基于μC/OS-II的嵌入式开发平台,重点论述了μC/OS-II在ARM微处理器上的移植。
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     In a NaH2PO4-Na2HPO4 buffer medium with pH 7.20,the aciclovir reacts with bromothymol blue to form an ion-association complex,and the colours of the solution change obviously,with the maximum absorption wavelength occurring at 614 nm and the obvious fading color existing at 438 nm.
     在pH 7.20的NaH2PO4-Na2HPO4缓冲介质中,溴百里酚蓝与阿昔洛韦反应形成离子配合物,溶液颜色发生明显改变,最大吸收波长为614 nm,同时在438 nm波长处产生负吸收。
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     In HCl-NaOAc buffer medium,cationic surfactants(CS) reacts with eosin Y(EY) or ethyl eosin(EE) to form an ion-association complex,the colors of solutions fade obviously,the maximum fading wavelength at 514 nm and 516 nm,besides,there is an absorption peak at 548 nm and 544 nm.
     在HOAc-NaOAc缓冲介质中,阳离子表面活性剂(CS)与曙红Y(EY)或乙基曙红(EE)反应,形成离子缔合物,溶液颜色褪色明显,最大褪色波长分别在514 nm和516 nm处,同时在548 nm和544 nm处有吸收峰.
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A new class of unbalanced haar wavelets that form an unconditional basis for Lp on general measure spaces
      
Given a complete separable σ-finite measure space (X,Σ, μ) and nested partitions of X, we construct unbalanced Haar-like wavelets on X that form an unconditional basis for Lp (X,Σ, μ) where1>amp;lt;p>amp;lt;∞.
      
If these functions form an orthogonal basis for (Ω), when λ ranges over some subset Λ in ?d, then we say that (Ω, Λ) is a spectral pair, and that Λ is a spectrum.
      
A refinable function vector is called orthogonal if {φj(x-α):α∈?n, 1≤j≤r form an orthogonal set of functions in L2(?n).
      
By use of special wavelet bases associated to accretive or pseudo-accretive functions, it was proved that all Calderón-Zygmund operators satisfying certain conditions form an algebra.
      
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In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in n-dimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into...

In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in n-dimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into the given final region of states. Some conclusions are obtained from the maximum principle by using transversal conditions of optimal trajectories in terminal points, and the particular properties of the stated problem are pointed out. The case of linear dif-ferential equations with integral quadratic functional criterion is investigated in detail.Further, in the second part the fundamental properties of isoloss regions, the rela-tions between the isoloss region and optimal control functions are indicated. As a direct result a partial differential equation determining the optimal loss-function J (x) is found and the connection between function J (x)and optimal vector control function u (x) is also stated. The methods proposed are practically the extension of the me-thods used by us for designing time optimal control systems as seen in [5, 6 ,7].Finally, an example is illustrated with optimal trajectories shown in phase plane.The necessary numerical data is calculated by an analog computer with high accuracy.

文中研究了具有公式(3)表示的一般正积分泛函的最优控制系统的综合问题.在第一部分中研究了具有控制参数的一阶微分方程组.控制系统的终点状态为n维相空间内的某一逐段光滑边界的闭性区域Ω.文中指出了根据极大值原理和轨道终点的横截条件寻找引到Ω的所有最优轨迹的方法.这里详细地研究了具有二次泛函和被积函数中不明显含有控制参数的质量指标泛函的线性方程情况.在文中第二部分研究了等损耗区的主要特性.指出了等损耗区与最优控制函数之间的关系.导出了求算最优损耗函数J(x)的偏微分方程,以及这一函数与最优控制函数u(x)的关系.上述方法是我们曾在文献[5,6,7]中用过的最优快速系统的综合方法的推广.文章最后举有例证.

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China....

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China. Apart from studying the living flagellates, at the same time stained specimens were prepared for the detailed study of various structures. These specimens were fixed either in Hollande's or in Schaudinn's fluid; stained in Heidenhain's haematoxylin, and destained in 2% aqueous phospho-tungstic acid. Moskowitz' (1950) modification of the Protargol impregnation method was also used for staining.In the living state, the flagellare has a slender, slipper-shaped trunk with an anterior dorsal flexure. The mean body size, exclusive of the posterior spike, is 12.8μ×4.8μ. The length of the slender posterior spike varies from 4.6μ to 15.8μ. There are two flagella of unequal length. The longer one extends forwards and lashes rapidly, causing the animal to rotate and to pursue a special course. The shorter flagellum is directed backwards and usually lies in the cytostome; it moves in an undulating manner.In fixed and stained preparations, the flagellates, not including the posterior spike, show a size-range of 6.2×2.2μto 15.6×5.4μ, with a mean of 11.9×3.4μ. The spike varied from 4.6μ to 13.6μ long, with an average length of 11.2μ. In general, a normal specimen of R. leccotrephae has a slender body; the anterior portion is narrower than the postcerior, and is markedly bent as shown in the living indivi.duals. The posterior portion of the body usually has a dorsal convexity, and the widest region is located near the two-thirds of the body-length from the anterior end.Near that edge of the nuclear membrane lying next to the cytostome, there are two minute, but separate, basal granules which give rise to the two flagella. The anterior flagellum is about as long as the body proper: much longer and more slender than the posterior flagellum, which usually lies within the cytostome, and commonly shows a series of two or three undulations; it often stains more deeply than the anterior flagellum.In hematoxylin preparations the nucleus is well stained, and clearly shows a layer of chromatin granules lying against the nuclear membrane, and a large central endosome, composed of a mass of granules.The cytostome is a large structure in this animal. It usually occupies about twothirds of the total length of the body proper. Along the margin of the cytostome there are two deeply staining fibres, the one on the right margin is longer than that on the left.Both the precystic forms and cysts of R. leccotrephae have been observed. The body of precystic individuals which are preparing to encyst, becomes smailer and rounds up; meanwhile, the chromatin of the nucleus condenses and forms a deeply staining endosome. The anterior flagellum is still disposed freely, and no cyst wall has as yet been formed. The border-line of the cytostome is distinct, but the two basal granules are visible only in favourable preparations. The mature cysts are nearly peanut-shaped, and are about twice as long as wide. In the stained specimens they are about 4.6μ long and 2.4μ wide. The cyst wail is of uniform thickness, and the nucleus is visible at one end. The other conspicuous structures within the cyst are the two flagella and the cytostomial fibres, which are arranged as they are in the trophozoite, except that the anterior flagellum is here directed posteriorly.DISCUSSION & SUMMARYIn its general body-form, R. leccotrephae closely resembles Mackinnon's R. agilis ('11) from crane-fly larvae, and also Corradett's R. gryllotalpae ('37) from the mole cricket, but it is especially like Geiman's R. caudacus ('32) from the aquatic larvae ef certain beetles.

红娘华蛐的身体结构,一般与Mackinnon所述的R.(Embadomonas) agilis和Corradetti所述的R.grillotalpae相似,特别近似Geiman所述的R.caudacus(图15,16)。但红娘华蛐有大约等於体长2/3的大胞口,和长於或等於体长的针状尾巴,而且无论在生活时或固定染色後,头部均向背後扭曲(此较图1和15)。这些特性,显然与过去文獻中所记载的种类不同,故(氵夬)定为蛐属——新种。

The essential oil of the chinese drug, Hu-Io-po-tze, the seeds of Daucus carota L., was found to contain the following constituents: (1)a small amount of tiglic acid,(2) asarone, and(3) bisabolene which forms a trihydrochloride, melting point 77-78℃ and a hexabromide, melting point 155-157℃. From the non-volatile residue obtained by extracting the drug with benzene there have been isolated, an asaraldehyde, its semicarbazone melts at 205-207℃ and an unknown sterol having a molecule formula C_(27)H_(52)O...

The essential oil of the chinese drug, Hu-Io-po-tze, the seeds of Daucus carota L., was found to contain the following constituents: (1)a small amount of tiglic acid,(2) asarone, and(3) bisabolene which forms a trihydrochloride, melting point 77-78℃ and a hexabromide, melting point 155-157℃. From the non-volatile residue obtained by extracting the drug with benzene there have been isolated, an asaraldehyde, its semicarbazone melts at 205-207℃ and an unknown sterol having a molecule formula C_(27)H_(52)O and a melting point 87℃.

国产胡萝卜子经化学分析後,除证实共挥发油中含有细辛酮及毕纱倍半萜革外,并发现其中亦含有顺芷酸,细辛醛及一种未知固醇C_(27)H_(52)O,熔点87℃。

 
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