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  负荷
     An Application of Maximum Principle to Solving the Problem of Optimal Allocation of Daily Load of Power Systems
     应用极大值原理解电力系统日负荷优化分配问题
短句来源
     Software Used in Computer Forecast Control System for Impulse Load of a Power Network in China
     四川渡口电网冲击负荷预测控制系统的软件
短句来源
     Calculation for life and average equivalent dynamic load of machine bearing
     机床轴承平均当量动负荷和寿命的计算
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     A Study on Improvement in Fuel Economy under Partial Load of Diesel Engines
     柴油机部分负荷经济性的研究
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     Microcomputer Data Collecting and Processing System Used for Measuring Operating Load of Equipments
     设备负荷测试微机数据采集及处理系统
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  载荷
     the friction coefficients of steel ball/steel ball under lubricated by N68NT1 decrease respectively 33.8%,39.4% and 55.5% compared with that of N68 under load of 296 N,392 N and 490 N;
     在载荷为296 N、392 N、490 N,试验时间为30 m in的试验条件下,摩擦副的摩擦因数同基础油的相比分别下降了33.8%、39.4%和55.5%;
短句来源
     The mean maximal load of bending of the rabbit radius repaired by this slow- releasing material was (172.2± 6.1)N, closing to (162.6± 4.1)N in the autogenous bone group (P >0.05), much higher than (46.8± 6.8)N in the ceramics bone group (P< 0.05).
     实验组最大弯曲载荷平均为(172.2±6.1)N,接近自体骨组的(162.6±4.1)N(P>0.05),明显高于煅烧骨组的(46.8±6.8)N(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     SCRATCH CRITICAL LOAD OF Au/NiCr/Ta AND Au/NiCr METALLIC MULTILAYERS
     Au/NiCr/Ta和Au/NiCr多层金属膜的划痕特征载荷
短句来源
     The load of static bend test on the welded joint has achieved 1170KN and deflection is above 30mm.
     接头静弯试验载荷超过了1170kN,挠度大于30mm。
短句来源
     The hardness and Young's modulus of the nitridation layers were measured by nano-indentation with a load of 2mN and found to be 11.5~15GPa and 200~250GPa,which were much higher than that of titanium.
     纳米硬度测试结果显示氮化层的纳米硬度和弹性模量较基材钛明显增加,2mN载荷下测得氮化层的纳米硬度和弹性模量分别在11.5~15GPa和200~250GPa之间。
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  荷载
     The maxim load of the transducer in experiment is 10kg,and the hysteresis is 0.3%,repeatability is 0.5%,linearity is ±17.9%.
     试验传感器的最大荷载为10 kg,迟滞为0.3%,重复性为0.5%,线性度为±17.9%。
短句来源
     The results show that the outside surrounding rock mass bears 20%~40% load of the internal water pressure.
     结果表明:钢岔管外围围岩承担了20%~40%的内水压力荷载
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     the sharing load of long pile increases with the increasing of the length of it;
     长桩长度增加,长桩的荷载分担比明显增加;
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     The nominal yield top drift ratios of the model under push and pull forces are about 1/127 and 1/100, respectively, and the corresponding strength is in the range between 880kN and 746kN, 1.73 and 1.47 times that of the representative gravity load of the model, respectively.
     子结构模型受推和受拉的名义屈服位移角分别为1/127及1/100左右,水平荷载分别为880kN和746kN,为顶部附加重量的1.73倍和1.47倍;
短句来源
     The fire load of underground commercial building is very large and controlling fire is difficult.
     同时,地下商业建筑的火灾荷载大,且地下商业建筑的防火救火工作具有相当大的困难。
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  负荷为
     When the influent water was not diluted and the load of CODCr was 5.7 kg/(m3·d), the CODCr concentration of the influent water was 16.8 g/L, the BOD concentration of the influent water was 7.2 g/L, the average removal rate of CODCr was 72%, and that of BOD5 was 84%.
     在进水不稀释条件下,CODCr负荷为5.7kg/(m3·d),进水CODCr的质量浓度为16.8g/L,进水BOD的质量浓度为7.2g/L时,CODCr平均去除率为72%,BOD5平均去除率为84%。
短句来源
     Results show that evapotranspiration load of the surface flow reed wetland is 0.9-1.12 m3/(m2·a) and the COD surface load is 0.65-0.786 kg/(m2·a) when the inlet COD concentration of the wastewater is around 800 mg/L.
     结果表明,当进水COD浓度为800mg/L左右时,表面流人工芦苇湿地的蒸散负荷为0.9~1.12m3/(m2.a),COD面积负荷为0.65~0.786kg/(m2.a)。
短句来源
     The result shows that good effects of nitrogen removal can be achieved with the hydraulic load of 1.0 m~3/(m~2·h),DO of 2.0-3.5 mg/L,water temperature of 19.4-20.5 ℃,influent COD of 165.1-220.1 mg/L and NH_3-N of 69.65-85.86 mg/L.
     结果表明,在水力负荷为1.0 m3/(m2.h)、DO浓度为2.0~3.5 mg/L、水温为19.4~20.5℃以及进水COD为165.1~220.1 mg/L、NH3-N为69.65~85.86 mg/L的条件下,IAL-CHS反应器取得了良好的脱氮效果。
短句来源
     The effects of temperature on nitrate accumulation are investigated under the given conditionsaverage ammonium load of NH 3N0.3 kg/(m 3·d),DO concentration 0.7~1.1mg/L,MLSS concentration 3.3~3.9g/L and no pH adjustment.
     在NH3N平均容积负荷为0.3kg/(m3·d),DO为0.7~1.1mg/L,污泥质量浓度为3.3~3.9g/L,没有对pH进行调节的条件下,研究了温度对亚硝酸氮积累的影响。
短句来源
     critical load of acidity for surface water is 0.80 keq·hm -2 ·a -1 .
     地表水的酸度临界负荷为0.80keq·hm-2·a-1.
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      load of
    The numerical results also indicate that the load of a high pressure turbine rotor will increase with the increase of the span.
          
    Based on the results of the tests and literature, the formula of the buckling load of composite pipes under axially compressive load was presented based on Perry formula.
          
    The level of mollusk foot development and swelling primarily depends on the mode of life and functional load of the tissues.
          
    soleus), which is due to increased functional load of the muscle.
          
    In the groups of 6-year-old boys and 5-year-old girls the stroke volume increased up to a load of 1.0 W/kg.
          
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    An approximate method is presented for investigating the stability of rigid frames. The procedure is based on the concept that the critical load of a frame without sidesway is the same as the smallest value among these critical loads of the compression members of the frame with partially restrained ends, and the critical load of every compression member may be determined by the method of successive approximation.The single storey multi-bay frame with sidesway will be treated as a simple symmetrical...

    An approximate method is presented for investigating the stability of rigid frames. The procedure is based on the concept that the critical load of a frame without sidesway is the same as the smallest value among these critical loads of the compression members of the frame with partially restrained ends, and the critical load of every compression member may be determined by the method of successive approximation.The single storey multi-bay frame with sidesway will be treated as a simple symmetrical bent called equivalent frame with the same critical load as the original frame. Method of propagating joint rotations may be used to determine the critical load of the so-called equivalent frame.The application of the method is illustrated by two numerical examples,

    本文提供一求刚架临界荷重的近似计算方法。将组成刚架的各桿件视为两端受不同约束的桿件,用静力学的方法求出此等桿件相应的临界荷重,其中最小值即为刚架的临界荷重,举有实例以示演算程序。

    The case of proportional loading is dealt with in this paper. A short and concise proof of the basic theorems concerning the limit load of trusses is given. Methods for computing the limit load are critically reviewed. It is emphasized that in any failure mechanism used in computation, the positive (tensile) and negative (compressive) signs of the forces in those bars which have reached plastic state must be consistent with the permissible displacements of the mechanism.

    本文讨论一次加载时桁架极限荷载的计算问题,对有关极限荷载的基本定理提出一简短证明,对各种计算桁架的极限荷载的方法作了分析和讨论。

    In this paper, the wind and snow loads of Shanghai region are investigated, and their standard loads and overloading coefficients are obtained. For Shanghai region, the standard snow load may be taken for 18 kg/m~2, and its overloading coefficient 1.3; the standard wind load may be taken for 75 kg/m~2 and its overloading coefficient 1.2. This paper consists mainly of three parts; i.e.(1)analysis of data,(2)discussion on statistical methods, and(3)determination of standard loads...

    In this paper, the wind and snow loads of Shanghai region are investigated, and their standard loads and overloading coefficients are obtained. For Shanghai region, the standard snow load may be taken for 18 kg/m~2, and its overloading coefficient 1.3; the standard wind load may be taken for 75 kg/m~2 and its overloading coefficient 1.2. This paper consists mainly of three parts; i.e.(1)analysis of data,(2)discussion on statistical methods, and(3)determination of standard loads and overloading coefficients of wind and snow loads. In the first part, processes of regulating original data of wind velocity and snow depth are explained respectively, and the situations of neighbourhood of the oberservatory, the procedures and instruments of observation are also explained. In the second part, merits and drawbacks of current statistical method and Professor Huang Wan-li’s statistical method are discussed, and the method used in this paper is recommended for adoption. In the third part, according to the meanings of standard load and overloading coefficient, the method for determining standard loads and overloading coefficients of wind and snow loads is proposed; by this means, and with the help of recommended statistical method, the standard loads and overloading coefficients of wind and snow loads of Shanghai region are obtained. Besides, it is also emphatically mentioned that the standard loads and overloading coefficients obtained in this paper must be corrected again in the process of making the specification of limit design. Finally, a few problems are laid out for advanced investigation and discussion.

    在本文内,我们研究了上海地区的风雪荷载,建议上海地区的标准雪载为18公斤/公尺~2,雪的超载系数为1.3;上海地区的标准风载为75公斤/公尺~2,风的超载系数为1.2。本文的内容主要分三部份:一、资料的分析,二、统计方法的讨论,三、风雪的标准荷载和超载系数。在第一部份内,分别说明风雪原始资料的整理过程,并对测站周围的环境、测量的方法和仪器作了介绍。在第二部份内,讨论了用矩法的统计方法和黄万里教授建议的统计方法的优缺点,并建议采用本文所用的统计方法。在第三部份内,根据标准荷载和超载系数的意义,建议了确定风雪标准荷载和超载系数的方法;根据这一方法,用本文建议采用的统计方法得到上海地区的风雪标准荷载和超载系数。此外还着重指出,得到的标准荷载和超载系数必须在制定按计算极限状态的设计规范时作进一步的修正。在本文的最后,还指出了一系列尚待进一步研究和讨论的问题。

     
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