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     Test results show that gradation 1 and gradation 4,gradation 2 and gradation 3 have the similar performance of frost resistance; the frost resistance coefficient of the former is about 40% when the cycle of freezing and thawing is 50 and the coefficient of the latter is still larger than 70% when the cycle is 100.Besides,the former is much smaller than the latter and the frost resistance coefficient decreases with the increase of cycle of freezing and thawing.
     结果表明,级配1与级配4,级配2与级配3具有类似的抗冻性,前者冻融循环50次后抗冻系数约为40%,后者冻融循环100次后抗冻系数仍大于70%,前者明显低于后者,且抗冻系数分别随着冻融循环次数的增加而降低。
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     Since entering the 21st century,with the change of the history culture,the contemporary Chinese aesthetics has also entered in a new history time.
     进入21世纪以来,随着历史文化的变迁,当代中国美学也步入了一个新的历史时期。
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     It was found that the percentage of grafting increases with the increase of initiator,AGES concentration,time and temperature.
     结果表明:随着引发剂浓度增大、AGES用量提高、反应时间延长及反应温度的升高,AGES对PVA接枝率增大。
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     The value of Fv/Fm,chlorophyll content and cell density of the two microalgae all increased with the increase of nitrogen concentration and reached their highest values at 1760 M,then all the above quantities decreased with the increase of nitrogen concentration.
     两种微藻的Fv/Fm比值、叶绿素含量以及细胞密度均随着起始氮浓度的增加而增加,在1760μM时达到最大值,其后随着起始氮浓度的增加,上述指标反而下降。
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     Results Compared with control group, Cbfα1 expression increased remarkably from 30 min to 60 min with the treatment of FSS (P<0.01).
     结果和无FSS作用组相比,FSS作用组的Cbfα1的表达在30min和60min均显著增强,且在一定的时间范围内(15~60min)Cbfα1的表达水平随着作用时间的延长而增加。
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     Simplifying the LR Parsing Table Construction Technique with the Sub-parsing Table Method
     采用子表方法简化LR语法分析表的构造
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     Precise Determination of Gross β Activity With the Method of Channel Count Rate Ratio by the FJ-2600
     采用道比法在FJ-2600上作总β~-放射性的精确测定
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     Output spectrum of a branch-selected CO laser with the Au electrodes
     采用金电极的选支CO激光器输出光谱研究
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     The Simulation System of TMS320C25 with the Single Processor 8031
     采用8031单片机的TMS320C25仿真系统
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     An ISDN-PABX Designed with the New Type of VLSIs
     采用新型VLSI设计的ISDN-PABX
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     Laser Properties of Nd~(+3) and Ho~(+3) Doped Crystals with the Apatite Structure
     具有磷灰石结构的掺钕和掺钬晶体的激光性能
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     Design for a Multipurpose CO_2 Laser Surgical Equipment with the Pilotlight
     具有可见光指示的多用途CO_2激光治疗机的设计
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     THE PRECISION OF INTERPOLATION BY HERMITE-FEJER POLYNOMIALS WITH THE CHEBYSHEV NODES OF THE SECOND KIND
     具有第二型Chebyshev结点的Hermite-Fejer插值多项式的精度
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     Quasitriangularity of (A) Operators with the Asymptotic Spectral Decomposition Property
     具有渐近谱分解性质的(A)算子之拟三角性
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     Multivariable Coordinated Control Systems with the Robust Structure
     具有鲁棒结构的多变量协调控制系统
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     Study on the Macro-scale Hydrological Model and Its Coupling with the Land Surface Processes Model
     大尺度水文模型及其与陆面模式的耦合研究
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     Transformation of Tomato with the BADH Gene from Atriplex hortensis Improves Salt Tolerance
     BADH基因转化番茄提高耐盐性的研究
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     Experimental Study on the Full Procedure of Concrescence of Bone Fracture with the Help of the Arm-type Single-side Hydraulic-Adjusted Viscoelastic External Fastened System by Using 3-D Finite Element Model
     力臂式单侧液压调控粘弹性骨折外固定系统对骨干骨折愈合全过程的三维有限元模型实验研究
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     RNA Mediated Transgenic Resistance to Potato Virus Y by Transforming Tabacco with the CP Gene Segments and Inverted Repeats
     马铃薯Y病毒CP基因的短片段及其反向重复转基因烟草的RNA介导的抗病性研究
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     Genetic Diversity of Fusarium Graminearum in China and Its Comparison with the Isolates from of Nepal, Europe and USA
     中国禾谷镰刀菌(Fusarium graminearum)的遗传多样性及其与尼泊尔、欧美菌系的比较
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In the case of 4-dimensional anticommutative algebras a construction is given that links the associated cubic surface and the 27 lines on it with the structure of subalgebras of the algebra.
      
A linear model for a given action is a linear orthogonal action with the same orbit types and equivalent slice representations.
      
The aim of this paper is to discuss a construction of a class of linear isomorphisms σ:S(g)→U(g) which commute with the adjoint representation.
      
Recently Varagnolo and Vasserot established that theq-deformed Fock spaces due to Hayashi, and Kashiwara, Miwa and Stern, admit actions of the quantum toroidal algebra with the level (0,1).
      
We study Cartier divisors on normal varieties with the action of a reductive groupG.
      
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In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in n-dimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into...

In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in n-dimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into the given final region of states. Some conclusions are obtained from the maximum principle by using transversal conditions of optimal trajectories in terminal points, and the particular properties of the stated problem are pointed out. The case of linear dif-ferential equations with integral quadratic functional criterion is investigated in detail.Further, in the second part the fundamental properties of isoloss regions, the rela-tions between the isoloss region and optimal control functions are indicated. As a direct result a partial differential equation determining the optimal loss-function J (x) is found and the connection between function J (x)and optimal vector control function u (x) is also stated. The methods proposed are practically the extension of the me-thods used by us for designing time optimal control systems as seen in [5, 6 ,7].Finally, an example is illustrated with optimal trajectories shown in phase plane.The necessary numerical data is calculated by an analog computer with high accuracy.

文中研究了具有公式(3)表示的一般正积分泛函的最优控制系统的综合问题.在第一部分中研究了具有控制参数的一阶微分方程组.控制系统的终点状态为n维相空间内的某一逐段光滑边界的闭性区域Ω.文中指出了根据极大值原理和轨道终点的横截条件寻找引到Ω的所有最优轨迹的方法.这里详细地研究了具有二次泛函和被积函数中不明显含有控制参数的质量指标泛函的线性方程情况.在文中第二部分研究了等损耗区的主要特性.指出了等损耗区与最优控制函数之间的关系.导出了求算最优损耗函数J(x)的偏微分方程,以及这一函数与最优控制函数u(x)的关系.上述方法是我们曾在文献[5,6,7]中用过的最优快速系统的综合方法的推广.文章最后举有例证.

This paper describes the dynamic behaviors of a selfbiased bistable multivibrator by the use of waveform analysis with special attention to the switching action of the isolation diodes and the effect of the symmetrical triggering pulse. Seven typical forms of transi-tion and four typical forms of failure are introduced in which the monotonic transition case with the grid voltage intersection point at the leading edge of the triggering pulse gives the highest dynamic stability. Experimental results are...

This paper describes the dynamic behaviors of a selfbiased bistable multivibrator by the use of waveform analysis with special attention to the switching action of the isolation diodes and the effect of the symmetrical triggering pulse. Seven typical forms of transi-tion and four typical forms of failure are introduced in which the monotonic transition case with the grid voltage intersection point at the leading edge of the triggering pulse gives the highest dynamic stability. Experimental results are included to illustrate the main points.

在研究触发器的动态过程中,我们考虑了隔离二极管的开关作用和触发脉冲的影响,介绍了一种简单直观的分析方法. 文中概括出触发器的七种典型翻转过程和四种破坏情况,指出“交点在前沿的单调翻转过程”的动态可靠性最高.文中主要论点都有实验验证.

Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very...

Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very probable that SO2, is the emitter of these emission bands. Evidences were also found that these emission bands arc not the known bands of O2, Oa+ and S2 in the same region. As a further support a vibra-tional level scheme was worked out, using the three fundamental frequencies of the normal SO2, molecule (1150, 525, and 1360 cm-1) in the lower state and 750 and 350 cm-1 (possible also 1110 cm-1) as the frequencies in the upper state. This scheme accounts for 1Q% of the absorption bands, 70% of the emission bands and a small fraction of the fluorescent bands. While the scheme may not be the final due to the complexity of the vibrational formula, one feels fair, as far as the present evidence goes, to conclude that the emission bands observed are actually emitted by the SO2, molecules and that they can be fitted by a vibrational level scheme based on the three known fundamental frequencies of the normal state.

此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(-1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(-1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之 能 力唯协...

此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(-1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(-1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之 能 力唯协所得之能 力 圆 山。。。,。w山。…。。。。\可。Z5t 叫 吸收 几 卅之70九传 时 光排 上 7,%及 比 儿 儿 卅上 一 个 部 份 此 能 力 闲 伙 不 正 全;故个能 望IC iX侦相 许 nt原一户 外 广似形 应 输,完全 正雕之分 析。尚有

 
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