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     Since International Organization for Standardization (ISO) issued the first edition of ISO9000 clan of management system standard of quality in 1987 and the second edition in 1994, ISO9000 clan standard like a global best-sell book, receive extensive popularization and application in numerous countries and regions, progressively become a basic international standard to weigh enterprise's quality management activity.
     自国际标准化组织(ISO)于1987年、1994年相继颁布了首版及次版ISO9000族质量管理体系标准以来,ISO9000族标准就如同一本全球畅销书,在众多国家和地区得到广泛的推广应用,逐步成为衡量企业质量管理活动状况的一项基础性的国际标准。
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     Both international experience and China's practice show that securities market is a risky one which is like a two-edged sword;
     国际经验和国内的实践表明:证券市场具有很大的风险,它如同一柄双刃剑,既能对经济发展发挥积极的推动作用,也可能给经济生活带来严重的负面影响。
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     The scientific theory develops like a tree.
     科学理论发展如同一棵树的成长。
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     Strong traditional artistic conception runs like a thread all through Kuang Zhouyi's thought on Ci studies.
     浓厚的传统艺术思想如同一条红线贯穿在况周颐词学思想之中
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     Yu Hua is like a prophet living in solitude, who is afraid of the inclemency of the world and dreadfulness of human nature, and also worries about his own disability for that, but calmly tells a premonition that a doomsday is coming unconventionally.
     他如同一位蛰居的先知,他恐惧于世事的险恶与人性的可怕,又焦虑人自身的无能为力,然而又异常平静地讲述着一个个末日来临的征兆。
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  像一
     The Chinese eSCM software market looks like a big cake, the international famous software company all wants to struggle partitions this cake.
     中国的eSCM软件市场像一块大的蛋糕,国际著名软件公司都想争相分割此蛋糕。
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     1. Summarization of Eco-city and Eco-city Management SystemIndustry civilization is like a double blade sword, good fortune interweaves with misfortune, profit with harm, while bringing up city civilization, environment problems aroused has menaced the living and development of biology, including human beings.
     一、生态城市及生态城市管理系统概述工业文明就像一把双刃剑,福与祸、利与弊交织在一起,在造就城市文明的同时,引发的环境问题已经威胁到各种生物包括人类自身的生存和发展。
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     The completely new aesthetics and unique artistic techniques endow the poetic novel with beauty and harmony. Just as the title indicates, it is like a perpetual melody forever echoing through the reader's mind.
     作家将自己的艺术追求建立在突破传统和建构新的美学原则基础上,其新颖的美学思想和独特的艺术技巧,赋予了小说美的内涵和诗的意蕴,使得这部小说正如标题所示,像一首永恒的旋律永远萦绕于读者心中。
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     Grid is information application service which serves users like a supercomputer by means of using geographically widely distributed computation resources, storage resources, network resources, software resources and information resources etc.
     网格是利用计算机网络把地理上广泛分布的计算资源、存储资源、网络资源、软件资源、信息资源等连成一个逻辑整体,然后像一台超级计算机一样为用户提供一体化的信息应用服务。
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     A Building Should Be Like a Tree——A Comparative Study of Architecture and Trees
     建筑应该像一棵大树——建筑与大树的比较研究
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  “like a”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Result MRI showed pituitary obvious homogeneous enhanced,upward symmetrically apophysis with shape like a bell, the height of pituitary gland was 9.4~16mm, the width of the stalk was 1.4~1.7 mm.
     结果10例甲减患者表现为垂体上缘呈对称性隆起,形态呈钟形,垂体明显均匀强化,垂体高9.4~16.0mm,垂体柄横径为1.4~1.7mm。
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     At the condition of 37°,pH 7.35~7.45,the collagen solution extracted by enhanced pepsin digestion method solidified and changed into a glue 10 minutes later,while the product solution by extraction with alkali-solution was still like a sticky liquid.
     在37.0℃,pH值7.35~7.45条件下行凝胶固化性检测,增强酶解法所提胶原凝胶液约10min可固化形成凝胶块,而碱提法所提胶原的溶液仍为黏性液体。
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     The melon is light-green white and like a cylinder, its nubble is few and small. The melon's length is 18~20 cm and its width is 3~4 cm, and its weight is 150~200 g.
     主蔓结瓜,瓜浅绿白色,圆筒形,刺白色,瘤稀小,长18 ̄20cm,粗3 ̄4cm,单瓜重150 ̄200g。
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     The coordinated structure of P2P network is the former essence of Internet. At present, the P2P based technology has swept the entire network industry like a tornado.
     P2P的对等结构是互联网本质的回归,以P2P技术为支撑的网络应用目前席卷了整个网络产业。
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     (2)The root weight and root weight density at different soil layers changed, with the advance of the growth stages, from low to high and then to low again, From top to deep soil layers, the vertical distribution of root weight and root weight density shaped like a "T", and 0 - 20 cm, 20 - 80 cm, 80 - 120 cm and 120 - 160 cm soil layers were categorized respectively into high, mid, lower and thin root density layers.
     ②随生育进程推进,根量与根重密度基本呈小→大→小变化; 根系数量及重量密度在垂直土体中呈“T”型分布,0~20cm为高密度层,20~40、40~80cm为中密度层,80~120cm为低密度层,120~160cm为稀密度层。
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The latter usually decays for large distances r like a Yukawa function exp(-κr)/r, where 1/κ is the decay length (normally different from the Debye length), but, for smaller r, the screened Coulomb potential is a more complicated function.
      
The cusp area at low altitudes acts like a focus of a variety type of instability and disturbances from different regions of the Earth.
      
When the transmitter is off, the WHISPER behaves like a passive receiver, allowing natural waves to be monitored.
      
The case in which the vorticity cloud behaves like a thermodynamic system undergoing an ordering phase transition is discussed.
      
Over the range of low strain rates the water behaves like a medium with very low shear strength and a shear modulus of the order of 10-6 Pa.
      
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Three adult human brain stems which presented an unilateral hyprtrophy ofthe striae medullares of the fourth ventricle were studied in serial Weigert sec-tions with the following results. The unilateral hypertrophy of the striae medullares is correlated with thehypertiophy of the contralateral nucleus arcuatus. In the hypertrophied nucleus arcuatus the fibers collect themselves towardsthe bottom of the ventral median fissure. The large bundle thus formed coursesdorsally along the raphe, crosses to the other...

Three adult human brain stems which presented an unilateral hyprtrophy ofthe striae medullares of the fourth ventricle were studied in serial Weigert sec-tions with the following results. The unilateral hypertrophy of the striae medullares is correlated with thehypertiophy of the contralateral nucleus arcuatus. In the hypertrophied nucleus arcuatus the fibers collect themselves towardsthe bottom of the ventral median fissure. The large bundle thus formed coursesdorsally along the raphe, crosses to the other side ed emerges on the floor ofthe fourth ventricle. It then turns laterally in the subependymal layer, windingaround the tuberculum acusticum to approach the cerebellum. Besides the main nucleus arcuatus, the fibers of the accessory nuclei on themedioventral surface of the pyramid and of the ventral part of the nucleusraphes also paticipate apparently in the formation of the striae. The scatteredgray patches on the lateral part of the ventricular floor are minor relay stationsof the striae medullares. The nucleus arcuatus and allied nuclear masses are the caudally displacedpontine nuclei. The striae medullares behave just like an aberrent bundle ofthe brachium pontis and, as such, they conduct towards the cerebellum. Besides the striae medullares, the fibers of the nucleus arcuatus are also in-corporated into the ventral external arcuate fibers on the same and oppositesides, which curve around the ventrolateral surface of the medulla oblongatatowards the cerebellum.

在三个成人脑干先见第四脑室髓纹一侧偏大,经过染片研究,发现以下的情形。一侧偏大的髓纹与对侧弓状核的偏大是相繋的。在偏大的弓状核中,纤维聚向正中裂底,大束纤维循缝际行向背侧,陆续越边,自室底中線折向外侧,遶过听结节,接近小脑。除了弓状主核,前外侧的副核、缝际核前部似也参加髓纹的合成。室底外侧部的零散核团也收发髓纹纤维。弓状核和连属的核团是脑桥核的下延部分。髓纹相当向下移位的脑桥臂纤维,是傅向小脑的。弓状核的纤维除形成髓纹外,一部进入同边和对边的前外弓状纤维,遶行延髓前外面,似趋奔小脑。

The so-called "truss rigid frames" are those rigid frames with trusses as their horizontal beams, of which the two ends are rigidly connected to columns. Within the author's knowledge, all the methods available at present for analyzing such rigid frames are based on Certain special assumptions such as (1) that the positions of the points of contra-flexure in all the columns are previously known; (2) that the end rotations of a truss may be reprensented by that of its assumed line of axis as in the case of an...

The so-called "truss rigid frames" are those rigid frames with trusses as their horizontal beams, of which the two ends are rigidly connected to columns. Within the author's knowledge, all the methods available at present for analyzing such rigid frames are based on Certain special assumptions such as (1) that the positions of the points of contra-flexure in all the columns are previously known; (2) that the end rotations of a truss may be reprensented by that of its assumed line of axis as in the case of an ordinary beam; or (3) that the end verticals of trusses may be given certain prescribed deformations. Of course, the adoption of any of such assumptions leads to only approximate results inconsistent with the actual deformations of such rigid frames under any loading. Heretofore, the author did not know any correct method for analyzing such rigid frames. In this paper, the author presents two principles of the correct analysis of truss rigid frames. The first principle is that of "moment action on column" for computing the angle change constants of columns, and the second principle is that of "effect of span-change in truss" for computing the angle and span change constants of trusses.As, for computing the angle change constants of a truss, the dummy unit moment is a couple applied to its end verticals, so, for computing the angle change constants of a column, the dummy unit moment must also be a couple applied to the section of column rigidly connected to the end of a truss, in order to effect a consistent deformation at the joint of the two. This is the first principle.A truss just like a curved or gabled beam of which the effect of span-change can not be neglected, so truss rigid frames belong to the same category of what may be called "span-change" rigid frames such as rigid frames with curved or gabled beams. Therefore the span-change constants of trusses should be included besides their angle-change constants for analyzing truss rigid frames. This is the second principle.With the constants of columns and trusses are all computed in accordance with respectively the first and second principles mentioned above, truss rigid frames may be analyzed by any method including the effect of span-change as in the case of rigid frames with curved or gabled beams, and the results thus obtained will be exactly the same as by the method of least work or deflections without any special assumptions.In this paper, after the two principles are described and the formulas for computing the constants of columns and trusses are derived, the correctness of the two principles are then proved by the methods of least work, deflections and slope-deflection. A two-span truss rigid frame is analyzed under the following three conditions:Ⅰ. Applying both of the two principles to obtain the correct results.Ⅱ. Applying only the first principle to show the discrepancies of neglecting the effect of span-change in trusses as born out by comparing the results of Ⅱ with Ⅰ.Ⅲ. Applying neither of the two principles, and the truss rigid frames being analyzed by the special assumption (2) mentioned above with the line of axis at the bottom chord of truss, in order to show the discrepancies of neglecting the moment action on column as born out by comparing the results of Ⅲ with Ⅱ. For the sake of brevity, only the results are given in Tables 1 to 5 without computations in details.Although the discrepancies of neglecting the moment acticn on column are only slight as shown by comparing the results of Ⅲ with Ⅱ in Tables 2, 4 and 5, there is no reason why special assumptions should not be replaced by the correct principle of moment action on column to obtain correct results. As shown by comparing the results of Ⅱ with Ⅰ in Tables 2, 4 and 5, the discrepancies by neglecting the span change in trusses are generally considerable and, in certain particular part, as large as 3000%. Therefore, for the safe and economical design of truss rigid frames, the effect of span-change in trusses should not be neglected in their analysis.Finally, for analyzing co

所謂“桁架剛構”即以桁架為横梁与柱相剛接之剛構。現下採用分析剛構之任一方法,以分析此項剛構时,均須採用種種特殊之假定而得近似之結果。據著者所知,中外書刊中似尚无此項剛構之正確分析法。於本文中,著者發表关於桁架剛構正確分析之兩項原理,即柱頂力矩作用与桁架跨变影響之兩项原理。前項原理使柱頂段之角夔与桁架端豎桿相同,以符合柱与桁架剛接处之連续性。後項原理指出桁架与曲梁(即拱)及折梁(即山墙式梁)相同係一種“跨变横梁”,故桁架刚構亦与拱式及山墙式剛構相同,係一種“跨变剛構”。若根據此兩项原理,分别计算柱与桁架兩端的撓曲常数,再用分析跨变刚構之任一分析法以分析此項刚構,則所得之枯果,与不作任何特殊假定用最少功法或变位法所得者完全相同。本文先說明此兩项原理及根據此兩項原理计算柱与桁架撓曲常數之方法。次取一最簡單之桁架刚構为例,證明此丙項原理之正確性。桁架刚構既与拱式及山墙式刚構同属於跨变刚構一類型,分析後者之任何方法均可用以分析前者,本文无須贅述。但取一兩跨之桁架刚構為例,列举所得之正確結果,与用近似法所得者相比较,藉以顯出近似法有相當巨大之差誤。關於階形之複式桁架刚構之分析,本文用“代替桁架”之辦法,但只說明其原則,不...

所謂“桁架剛構”即以桁架為横梁与柱相剛接之剛構。現下採用分析剛構之任一方法,以分析此項剛構时,均須採用種種特殊之假定而得近似之結果。據著者所知,中外書刊中似尚无此項剛構之正確分析法。於本文中,著者發表关於桁架剛構正確分析之兩項原理,即柱頂力矩作用与桁架跨变影響之兩项原理。前項原理使柱頂段之角夔与桁架端豎桿相同,以符合柱与桁架剛接处之連续性。後項原理指出桁架与曲梁(即拱)及折梁(即山墙式梁)相同係一種“跨变横梁”,故桁架刚構亦与拱式及山墙式剛構相同,係一種“跨变剛構”。若根據此兩项原理,分别计算柱与桁架兩端的撓曲常数,再用分析跨变刚構之任一分析法以分析此項刚構,則所得之枯果,与不作任何特殊假定用最少功法或变位法所得者完全相同。本文先說明此兩项原理及根據此兩項原理计算柱与桁架撓曲常數之方法。次取一最簡單之桁架刚構为例,證明此丙項原理之正確性。桁架刚構既与拱式及山墙式刚構同属於跨变刚構一類型,分析後者之任何方法均可用以分析前者,本文无須贅述。但取一兩跨之桁架刚構為例,列举所得之正確結果,与用近似法所得者相比较,藉以顯出近似法有相當巨大之差誤。關於階形之複式桁架刚構之分析,本文用“代替桁架”之辦法,但只說明其原則,不列出公式及算例。

This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the...

This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the dry season, one side of a broad sand swamp is an artifial dam, while the opposite is the natural bank, which may be gradually destroyed by the current in the rainy season year after year.During the rainy season, the water level is higher which serve as a shelter to the hidden alligator.The Chinese alligator is not only found along the basin of the lower Yangtze River, but also in south Anhwei districts along Chin-I-Kiang and Cheun-Ho River system. The plain is always sunk down by the tide, its surface being usually covered by a harder mud. A lot of burrows are distributed here and there. Each burrow has seveal holes. It is seaier to find out such burrows in the fall and winter, because the reeds are then cropped.Investigations showed that there were two types of burrows with respect to the sex of the alligator found inside. The male burrow is a simple tunnel with two openings, while the female's is more complicated.A longitudinal section of the female's burrow shows that the burrow is somewhat like a three-storied building. The differences in the level of diggings are considered as adaptations to different water levels.The following table presents burrow types in sexual diamorphism.The changes of water levels of the alluvial plain of definite regional river system may be related, according to our field examination, to the period of the animal's hibernation. The burrowed creature is coiled underground in 2m. deep during the winter season. The types of the burrows may be shown in the following table:In the wet season, the water level is about 8m. deep, just reaching.the surface of plain. This fact indicates that water is essential to the animal in the regulation of its physiological processes.The alligator mates in May and June, nesting at the end of June, laying The words "Doors'' and "Windows" adopted here are taken to indicate the various openings of the nests of the alligators.eggs in the July and August. The eggs measure 59 mm. in diameter. The shell is very hard, being ashy white in colour.The head and body length of the breeding adults as well as the number of eggs found in females may be given in following table:Other observations on the night movement during the breeding period may be shown as follows:

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—48°时,曝...

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—48°时,曝晒於水面。

 
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