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博物馆     
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  museum
     A Study on Zhouyi Copied on the Bamboo Slips of Chu Collected in Shanghai Museum
     上海博物馆藏战国楚竹书《周易》研究
短句来源
     The Micro-environment Study of Museum Display for Chinese Climate Adaptability
     气候适应性的博物馆展示微环境研究
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     Research of Key Technique on Digital Museum
     数字博物馆关键技术研究
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     Science Museum,Bangkok,Thailand.1977
     曼谷科学博物馆,泰国
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     The Museum of Anthropology of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
     温哥华不列颠哥伦比亚大学人类学博物馆,加拿大
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  museums
     Museums and Art Spaces
     博物馆建筑与艺术空间
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     Cultural Function and Attraction of Museums
     论博物馆的文化功能与文化品味
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     Exploring the Industrialization of Museums
     探索博物馆产业化之路
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     The Origin and Development of Museums in Henan Province in 20th Century
     20世纪河南博物馆产生与发展概述
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     Enhance Development-Research of Museums at the County Level
     加强县级博物馆的发展研究
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  history museum
     Shenyang History Museum of September 18th Incident
     记沈阳9·18历史博物馆创作
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     INTEGRATION OF TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND MODERN TECHNOLOGY INTERIOR DESIGN OF SHANXI HISTORY MUSEUM
     传统文化与现代技术的结合——陕西历史博物馆室内设计
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     Natural history museum ard paleoenvironment
     自然历史博物馆与古环境
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     The checklist enumerates 53 species belonging to 14 genera of the subfamily Cicadellinae(Homoptera:Cicadellidae)in Tianjin Natural History Museum,China.
     通过对天津自然博物馆馆藏同翅目Homoptera叶蝉科Cicadellidae大叶蝉亚科Cicadellinae昆虫的整理,经鉴定共列出14属53种,其中包括1个中国新记录种:平茎斑大叶蝉AnatkinainsessaYoung,1986。
短句来源
     Based on literature and specimens from the British Natural History Museum and the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, we studied the species diversity of aphids in Hong Kong.
     作者研究和整理了英国自然历史博物馆和中国科学院动物研究所动物标本馆已有的香港地区蚜虫标本,并参考大量相关文献,从分类阶元、特有物种、动物地理区划和寄主植物四个方面分析了香港地区蚜虫物种多样性。
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  the modern museums
     Remark on What Kang Youwei Understood and Advocated the Modern Museums
     论康有为对近代博物馆的认知和宣传
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  museum
Identification keys, a checklist, and distribution data for sea snakes of Vietnam are provided, proceeding from museum collections and extensive analysis of the available literature.
      
Ural Mineralogical Museum (Great Ural Building, ul.
      
palparis Loew and also specimens from the collection of the Humboldt Natural History Museum (Berlin, Germany), identified as Ch.
      
The material is deposited at the Museum national d'Histore naturelle, France, Paris.
      
Petersburg (ZIN), and the Natural History Museum, London (NHM).
      
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  museums
In a way, museums and exhibitions can be taken as symptoms of knowledge and image construction.
      
Anschlie?end testet ein Experiment (N = 85) den Einfluss zentraler Charakteristika virtueller Medienumgebungen (sensorische Vereinnahmung und Interaktivit?t) auf die Stufen von ?überw?ltigung? am Beispiel eines virtuellen Museums.
      
At the same time there is a large quantity of publications on Urartian metal artifacts, most of which are in museums and private collections in Europe, the United States, and Japan.
      
Modern interpretations of this information and attempts to date the finds are also included: some of the artefacts were transferred from the Hermitage to museums in Kharkov and then lost during the Second World War.
      
This article discusses the symbolic markings incised on a small group of jade bi disks from the Neolithic Liangzhu Culture in southeastern China, now dispersed among museums all over the world.
      
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  history museum
palparis Loew and also specimens from the collection of the Humboldt Natural History Museum (Berlin, Germany), identified as Ch.
      
Petersburg (ZIN), and the Natural History Museum, London (NHM).
      
The lectotypes of Muraenolepis marmorata Günther, 1880 (British Natural History Museum, BNHM) and M.
      
On the types of mesozoic archostematan beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera, Archostemata) in the Natural History Museum, London
      
Crowson and stored in the Paleontological Department of the Natural History Museum (London) are redescribed.
      
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  其他


The present article deals chiefly with the skillful utilization of gear trains in ancient China. The authors analyze chiefly three examples, all of who will be reconstructed for exhibition by the Historical Museum of China. The first example is the water-powered astronomical apparatus equipped with clock-work indicating the day of the month, which was invented by Chang Heng (张衡) in the Han dynasty, about 130 A. D. The second example is the same kind of apparatus invented by I-Hsing (一行) and Liang Ling-tsan(梁令瓒)...

The present article deals chiefly with the skillful utilization of gear trains in ancient China. The authors analyze chiefly three examples, all of who will be reconstructed for exhibition by the Historical Museum of China. The first example is the water-powered astronomical apparatus equipped with clock-work indicating the day of the month, which was invented by Chang Heng (张衡) in the Han dynasty, about 130 A. D. The second example is the same kind of apparatus invented by I-Hsing (一行) and Liang Ling-tsan(梁令瓒) in the T'ang dynasty, in the year 725 A.D. And the third example is the south-pointing carriage invented by Wu Te-jen (吴德仁) in the Sung dynasty in the year 1107 A.D. From the above examples, we see that the ancient Chinese scientists already knew the following principles: 1. by using a kind of gear train mechanism that is, by the combination of a number of toothed wheels with different number of teeth, they could obtain a regular and uniform reduction of rotary motion; 2. by using gear trains they could transmit motion from one driver to two or more different followers with different speeds and directions; 3. by putting in or taking out an idler (or an intermediate wheel) between two toothed wheels, they could make the follower connect or disconnect with the driver; 4. by putting in one or several intermediate wheels between the driver and the follower, they could easily change the direction of rotation of the follower and reduce the total space needed by the whole train; 5. by putting in one intermediate wheel between two toothed,wheels having the same number of teeth, they could get them to rotate with the same speed and direction. From all this, we can clearly see that, almost all the important principles relating to gear trains were discovered by our,ancient scientists.

本文主要叙述中国古代对于齿轮系的巧妙应用。详细地分析了三个实例,并将由中国历史博 物馆古代技术工作室把它们都复原出来,在中国历史博物馆里陈列。第一个实例是汉代张衡在公 元130年(永建五年)左右发明的水力天文仪器;第二个实例是唐代一行和梁令瓒在公元725年 (开元十三年)发明的水力天文仪器;第三个实例是宋代吴德仁在公元1107年(大观元年)发 明的指南车。 根据这三个实例,可以知道中国古代的科学家们早已掌握了下列有关齿轮系的原理:1、由 不同齿数的若干个齿轮组成一个齿轮系可以得到很规律的减速运动;2、由一个原动轮的迴 转运动,可以传达到两个,三个,甚至更多的从动轮,得到彼此不同速度不同方向的运动;3、 由一个中轮的嵌入或离开,可以任意使从动轮与原动轮联系或不联系;4、由嵌入中轮的作用, 可以任意变更从动轮迴转的方向并可大大缩小全机构所占的空间;5、两个齿数相同的齿轮,中 间嵌入一个中轮,可以使它们按同一速度和同一方向迴转等。 根据上边所说的一切,我们可以很清楚地看出,所有一般有关齿轮系的主要原理都早已被我 国古代科学家们发现了。

Being one of the two existing species of the subfamily Iniinae,the white-flagdolphin,Lipotes vexillifer Miller is a rare animal and wvas originally recorded onlyin the Tung-Ting Lake and in the adjacent parts of the Yangtze River.Only a fewspecimens have been preserved in the museums of our country and still scantierabroad.Four adults of this dolphin,taken from the Yangtze River in the vicinity of O-cheng and Hung-hu,have recently been donated to the Institute.Two of them arepregnant females,and upon dissection...

Being one of the two existing species of the subfamily Iniinae,the white-flagdolphin,Lipotes vexillifer Miller is a rare animal and wvas originally recorded onlyin the Tung-Ting Lake and in the adjacent parts of the Yangtze River.Only a fewspecimens have been preserved in the museums of our country and still scantierabroad.Four adults of this dolphin,taken from the Yangtze River in the vicinity of O-cheng and Hung-hu,have recently been donated to the Institute.Two of them arepregnant females,and upon dissection two embryos of advanced stage have beenobtained.This paper deals with certain external characteristics of this species as well asthe results of observation on the skeleton and the respiratory,digestive and urogen-ital organs.It makes up a needful supplement to the various comments made byprevious authors since the first description of this dolphin in 1918.

白鳍豚是一种很稀有的动物,是鳍豚亚科现在生存的两个种之一,以前只是在我国的洞庭湖及其附近长江中有过记载。全国的自然博物馆收藏的标本并不多,而外国更其少数。最近先后有从长江中游的鄂城和洪湖赠送我所标本室四条白鳍豚的成体,其中有两条是怀孕的母豚,经解剖后又获得二条将近产期或发育晚期的胎豚。本文记载了这四条成体和二条胎豚的外部形态,并对被解剖过的三条成体的骨骼呼吸、消化和泄殖等器官进行了观察。在1918年白鳍豚在科学上最初记载之后,虽尚有一些继续发表的叙述,但对白鳍豚的知识仍然是很不够的,我们这个资料对此有了较多的补充。

Chinese fishes of the family siluridae,includes 12 species which can be grouped into 3 genera,namely,Silurus L.,Kryptopterus Blkr.and Wallago Blkr.Onespecies—Silurus lanzhouensis,sp.nov.and one subspecies S.soldatovi meridionalis subsp.nov.have 2 pair of barbels,the former inhabiting the Yellow River,and the latterlioing in the larger rivers of south China.By comparison of the cranialstructure,especially the shape of the supra-ethmoid of most species of the genusSilurus,3 groups can be distinguished,each group...

Chinese fishes of the family siluridae,includes 12 species which can be grouped into 3 genera,namely,Silurus L.,Kryptopterus Blkr.and Wallago Blkr.Onespecies—Silurus lanzhouensis,sp.nov.and one subspecies S.soldatovi meridionalis subsp.nov.have 2 pair of barbels,the former inhabiting the Yellow River,and the latterlioing in the larger rivers of south China.By comparison of the cranialstructure,especially the shape of the supra-ethmoid of most species of the genusSilurus,3 groups can be distinguished,each group includes both species with 2 pairsof barbels and species with 3 pairs.This fact indicates that though the number ofbarbels may serve as a specific criterion,it does not suffice to be a generic one.Theauthor thus shares the opinions of certain previous ichthyologist that the genus Par-asilurus should be regarded as a synonym of Silurus.In this country,the most commonsiluroid fish is Silurus asotus,but in some drainage systems there co-exists a closelyallied 4-barbeled species which is apt to b mistaken for the former.Recent investigation shows that the presence of rather strong serration on the anterior margin of the pectoral spine in both sexes is the essential feature of S.asotus.Trying to locate the type specimen of Linné for a checkup,the author has been informed by the curators of two Swedish museums that the type specimen of S.asotus seems to have been lost.Accordingly the author has assigned the ten specimens collected from the Heilung KiangRiver (designated as the Amur River by foreign authors) as neotype,preserved in themuseum of the Institute of Hydrobiology,Wu-Han,Hupei Province.The origin andgeographic distribution of the Siluridae is also discussed.

本总述包括3个属(鲶属、缺鳍鲶属和叉尾鲶属),共计12个种。其中1个种是新种,命名为兰州鲶(Silurus lanzhouensis,sp.nov.),采于黄河水系;另1个是南方大口鲶新亚种(Silurussoldatovi meridionalis,subsp.nov.),生活在长江及长江以南大的江河中。两种成体均具有2对口须。通过鲶属大多数种的头骨的比较,发现鲶属有3个类型,主要是以上筛骨的形状来区别。在这3个类型中各有2对和3对口须的种,因此作者认为以口须的多少作为属的特征是不够的,本文仍按以往有些学者的观点,将4须鲶属作为鲶属的异名。在我国各处最普通的种是鲶鱼,但时常在若干水系中也出现具4根口须的很相近似的种,互相混淆。鲶鱼必须依据什么特征来识别,是长期没有解决的问题。作者根据各方面的记述,提出无论雌雄其胸鳍刺外缘均具有显著的锯齿,才是鲶鱼的主要特征。我们曾函询瑞典的两个博物馆,据回信:“看来,保藏在瑞典的林奈的鲶鱼模式标本已经遗失了。”因而作者指定把我国黑龙江水系所产的10尾鲶鱼标本作为新的模式标本,存放于水生生物研究所鱼类标本室。本文还讨论了鲶科鱼类的起源与地理分布问题。

 
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