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博物馆     
相关语句
  museum
    The Basic Qualities and Intellectual Structure of Museum Personnel
    试论博物馆人员的基本素质和知识结构
短句来源
    On Museum Reform
    博物馆改革刍议
短句来源
    The historical significance of museum undertaking in old China
    论旧中国博物馆事业的历史意义
短句来源
    My views on the current reform and management of museum
    当前博物馆改革与管理的我见
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    The Cultural Collisions anti Traditional Functions of Museum Education
    文化的碰撞与博物馆教育的传统职能
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  museums
    The Classification of the Collections in Museums
    博物馆藏品分类
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    Museums and social education in Asia and the pacific
    亚太地区博物馆与社会教育
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    The development of museums throughout the world from the postwar to the beginning of eighties
    战后至八十年代初世界博物馆的发展
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    Private museums in Shanghai
    上海的私人博物馆
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    Conception of the colony of museums in Suzhou
    对苏州市博物馆群体的构想——兼论历史文化名城的博物馆建设
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  history museum
    Natural history museum ard paleoenvironment
    自然历史博物馆与古环境
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    Based on the theory and practice on history museum,the articlc mentions the importance of collecting, strdying and displaying human specimen.
    本文从历史博物馆理论与实践的角度,提出征集、研究、陈列人类标本的重要性。
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    What is the role of environmental protection for Natural history museum is discussed in the last part.
    第三部份则讨论了自然历史博物馆在环境保护中的作用。
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    To satisfy the need of the age,Hongkong History Museum in playing a variety of roles in the local education on cultural relics in order to foster the local citizens'interest in the traditional cultrue of the motherland as well as the native history and culture,and consequently establlish a national identification among the Hongkongers.
    为了适应时代的需求,香港历史博物馆在香港地区的文物教育中担负起多种角色,培养香港市民对祖国传统文化及香港本地历史文化的兴趣,建立起香港人的民族认同感。
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  the modern museums
    Remark on What Kang Youwei Understood and Advocated the Modern Museums
    论康有为对近代博物馆的认知和宣传
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  museum
Identification keys, a checklist, and distribution data for sea snakes of Vietnam are provided, proceeding from museum collections and extensive analysis of the available literature.
      
Ural Mineralogical Museum (Great Ural Building, ul.
      
palparis Loew and also specimens from the collection of the Humboldt Natural History Museum (Berlin, Germany), identified as Ch.
      
The material is deposited at the Museum national d'Histore naturelle, France, Paris.
      
Petersburg (ZIN), and the Natural History Museum, London (NHM).
      
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  museums
In a way, museums and exhibitions can be taken as symptoms of knowledge and image construction.
      
Anschlie?end testet ein Experiment (N = 85) den Einfluss zentraler Charakteristika virtueller Medienumgebungen (sensorische Vereinnahmung und Interaktivit?t) auf die Stufen von ?überw?ltigung? am Beispiel eines virtuellen Museums.
      
At the same time there is a large quantity of publications on Urartian metal artifacts, most of which are in museums and private collections in Europe, the United States, and Japan.
      
Modern interpretations of this information and attempts to date the finds are also included: some of the artefacts were transferred from the Hermitage to museums in Kharkov and then lost during the Second World War.
      
This article discusses the symbolic markings incised on a small group of jade bi disks from the Neolithic Liangzhu Culture in southeastern China, now dispersed among museums all over the world.
      
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  history museum
palparis Loew and also specimens from the collection of the Humboldt Natural History Museum (Berlin, Germany), identified as Ch.
      
Petersburg (ZIN), and the Natural History Museum, London (NHM).
      
The lectotypes of Muraenolepis marmorata Günther, 1880 (British Natural History Museum, BNHM) and M.
      
On the types of mesozoic archostematan beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera, Archostemata) in the Natural History Museum, London
      
Crowson and stored in the Paleontological Department of the Natural History Museum (London) are redescribed.
      
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  其他


This treatise historically and dialectically describes the evolutionary changes of museum phenomena which occured in the past twenty centuries. It addresses the historic causes and social prequisities of the development of museum. The author examines the evolution of museum from various angles: Viewed from the cultural history standpoint, museum phenomena have experienced four stages : 1. original stage (collecting treasures) , 2. comprehensive stage (collecting treasures and scientific researching), 3. tri-functional...

This treatise historically and dialectically describes the evolutionary changes of museum phenomena which occured in the past twenty centuries. It addresses the historic causes and social prequisities of the development of museum. The author examines the evolution of museum from various angles: Viewed from the cultural history standpoint, museum phenomena have experienced four stages : 1. original stage (collecting treasures) , 2. comprehensive stage (collecting treasures and scientific researching), 3. tri-functional comprehensive stage (collecting, researching and educating), 4. contemporary and multi-functional comprehensive stage; Viewed from the social history standpoint, museum phenomena have experienced also four stages : 1. the stage of personal collection, 2. the Stage of opening to members of upperstrata, 3. the stage of opening to the public, 4. the stage of museum's development. The tri-functional comprehensive stage is accompanied by two great divisions of labor in museum's internal system.

本文历史地、辩证地陈述了廿多个世纪以来博物馆现象演变的史略。阐述了博物馆在嬗变演进的历程中,不断发展自己又不断否定自己的历史原因和社会条件。从多角度研究博物馆演变。从文化史角度看,博物馆文化现象经历了收藏珍品的原始形态阶段,收藏珍品、科学研究的复合形态阶段,收藏、科研、教育的三职能复合形态阶段以及当代多职能复合形态。从社会史角度看,博物馆现象经历了私人秘藏阶段,社会上层开放阶段,社会公众开放阶段和博物馆发展外化阶段。伴随三职能的出现博物馆内部机制经历了两次大分工。

The author has long been engaged in museum work. In this article, with his rich experience in macro-management of museum and a large amount of material on the development of the museum cause, he argues that the museums must have their respective characteristics, explores in particular the ways in which the museums acquire their own characteristics, and points out that the museums should not only stamp their characteristics in the display, but also in the collections of cultural relics (or specimens) , the methods...

The author has long been engaged in museum work. In this article, with his rich experience in macro-management of museum and a large amount of material on the development of the museum cause, he argues that the museums must have their respective characteristics, explores in particular the ways in which the museums acquire their own characteristics, and points out that the museums should not only stamp their characteristics in the display, but also in the collections of cultural relics (or specimens) , the methods of display and educational work.

这篇文章,作者根据自已长期从事博物馆事业宏观管理工作的实践经验,以大量的博物馆事业发展的实践资料,论述了博物馆必须各具特色;着重探索了各个博物馆怎样才能够做到具有自己特色的规律;提出博物馆突出本馆特色不只限于陈列,在馆藏文物(标本)、陈列方法、教育方法等各方面都可以创造出自己突出的特色。

The writer observed and studied, from the angle of museum practice, the issue of essential quality and frame of basic knowledge of museum staff, and deemed it necessary for museum staff to possese five basic qualities, namely political thought and ethics, special talent, organizational skill, relation with the people and will-temperament. The proportion of the five qualities in the individual quality frame of the museum staff differs from man to man. The knowledge of museology, of museum discipline, of museum...

The writer observed and studied, from the angle of museum practice, the issue of essential quality and frame of basic knowledge of museum staff, and deemed it necessary for museum staff to possese five basic qualities, namely political thought and ethics, special talent, organizational skill, relation with the people and will-temperament. The proportion of the five qualities in the individual quality frame of the museum staff differs from man to man. The knowledge of museology, of museum discipline, of museum management, which were basic knowledge to the museum staff, ought to be possessed in varying degree by the museum staff, according to the needs of their own work, in order to form the rational frame of knowledge.

本文从博物馆实践活动的角度对博物馆人员的基本素质和知识结构问题进行考察,认为博物馆人员必须具备五种基本素质:即思想政治品德素质、专业素质、组织管理素质、人际关系素质和意志素质。并且,在博物馆各类人员的个体素质结构中,这五种素质所占的比重是各不相同的。博物馆学知识、博物馆专业知识、博物馆管理知识是博物馆人员必备的基本知识,博物馆人员应根据各自的工作需要,不同程度地掌握这三个方面的知识,以形成合理的知识结构。

 
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