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potency of
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  效价
     Results The potency of diphtheria toxin was 180 Lf/ml, 210 Lf/ml and 155Lf/ml respectively.
     结果 产毒效价分别为 180 L f/ml、2 10 L f/ml和 15 5 Lf/ml。
短句来源
     The potency of IgG standard in agar double immunodiffusion was 1:2222.2,the coefficient of variation in group was 0-22.2%,whereas coefficient of variation among group was 18.8%,the recovery rate was 87.5%.
     双扩散中标准牛IgG标记为效价 1∶2 2 2 2 .2 ,批内变异系数 0 %~ 2 2 .2 % ,批间变异系数 18.8% ,回收率 87.5 %。
短句来源
     sovcaine, 39. (4) Spinal anaesthesia in winter toad: the potency of procaine, 1;
     沙夫卡因,39.(4)蟾蜍脊髓麻醉:普魯卡因的效价为1;
短句来源
     When adding 0.002mol/L Co 2+, the relative potency of 179M increased to 261.45%;
     Co2 +和Cu2 +则有明显的促进作用 ,当培养基中添加0 0 0 2mol/L的Co2 +时其发酵相对效价提高到 2 6 1 4%;
短句来源
     The neutralizing antibldy titer of mice immunized with live and inactivated JE vaccine were 1:5 and 1:20 respectively , and the immune potency of the 2 kinds of vaccine were 3.6×10 -6 and 4.0×10 -4 -4.2×10 -4 ID 50 /ml , respectively.
     用同批活疫苗免疫小鼠后其中和抗体效价为 1:5 ,而同批的灭活疫苗为 1:2 0 ,活疫苗的免疫效力 (ID5 0 ) 3 6× 10 6(ml)显著高于灭活疫苗的 4 0× 10 - 4 ~ 4 2× 10 4(ml)。
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  效价为
     sovcaine, 39. (4) Spinal anaesthesia in winter toad: the potency of procaine, 1;
     沙夫卡因,39.(4)蟾蜍脊髓麻醉:普魯卡因的效价为1;
短句来源
     The neutralizing antibldy titer of mice immunized with live and inactivated JE vaccine were 1:5 and 1:20 respectively , and the immune potency of the 2 kinds of vaccine were 3.6×10 -6 and 4.0×10 -4 -4.2×10 -4 ID 50 /ml , respectively.
     用同批活疫苗免疫小鼠后其中和抗体效价为 1:5 ,而同批的灭活疫苗为 1:2 0 ,活疫苗的免疫效力 (ID5 0 ) 3 6× 10 6(ml)显著高于灭活疫苗的 4 0× 10 - 4 ~ 4 2× 10 4(ml)。
短句来源
     Precision of duplicate showed a relative potency of 0.84~1.08 for 2~(nd) international reference preparation of TSH and that of 0.82~1.18 for TSH 81/565.Results of accelerated thermal degradation test at 4 ℃ conformed to the trend of immunoactivity change described in WHO report.
     双份样品精密性测定:TSH第2次国际参考制剂双份样品之间的相对效价为0.84~1.08,TSH 81/565双份样品之间的相对效价为0.82~1.18。 +4℃热加速降解样品测定结果符合WHO报告中所述的免疫活性变化趋势。
短句来源
     The neutralizing antibody titer of mice immunized with live and inactivated JE vaccine were 1∶5 and 1∶20 respectively, and the immune potency of the 2 kinds of vaccine were 3.6×10 -6 /ml and 4.0×10 -4 /ml(ID 50 ) respectively.
     用同批减毒活疫苗免疫小鼠后其中和抗体效价为 1∶5 ,而同批的灭活疫苗为 1∶2 0 ,减毒活疫苗的免疫效力 (ID50 ) 3 .6× 1 0 - 6 /ml,显著高于灭活疫苗的 (4.0~ 4 .2 )× 1 0 - 4/ml。
短句来源
     Results from three pilot production batches showed an average potency of 28.7±2.4 U/ml and a mean specific activity of 1.14 ± 0.11U/rag protein.
     3批小量制备的结果显示制品的平均效价为28.7±2.4μ/ml,平均比活为1.14±0.11u/mg。
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  “potency of”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Comparative Potency of Seven Compounds Isolated from Tripterygium Wilfordii on Cultred Rat Leydig Cells and Sertoli Cells
     Comparative Potency of Seven Compounds Isolated from Tripterygium Wilfordii on Cultred Rat Leydig Cells and Sertoli Cells
短句来源
     When the potency of calcium in the recovery samples was 3.33,4.34,5.06 mmol/L,recoveries were 101%,101%,93%.
     当回收样品的钙浓度分别为3.33,4.34,5.06mmol/L时,回收率分别为101%,101%,93%;
短句来源
     Studies on synthesis, secondary structure and hypocalcemic potency of salmon calcitonin analogue [Glu 31 ,Pro 32 N(C 2H 5) 2]sCT
     鲑降钙素类似物[Glu~(31),Pr~o(32)-N(C_2H_5)_2]sCT的合成、二级结构及活性研究
短句来源
     In addition,the vascular total NO content and NOS activity were increased by RES,DES and THSG(10 μmol·L~(-1)),with the potency of THSG > DES > RES.
     另外,RES、DES、THSG(10μmol.L-1)可增加血管总NO含量及NOS活性,其增加NOS活性作用的强度,依次为THSG>DES>RES>SWA>TS。
短句来源
     After an intravenous injection of enriched uranium of UO_2F_2(20 mg/kg of body weight)into mice,spleen B lymphocytes from them were cultured with lipopolysaccharide(LPS)of microbes,rIL-1 or rIL-2 by a conventional method and the amount of ~3H-TdR incorporated in DNA of Blymphocytes were used to measure the potency of proliferation for B lymphocytes.
     经 BALB/c 小白鼠尾静脉注入20mg/kg 体重的浓缩铀 UO_2F_2 48 h 后,无菌取脾,制成单细胞悬液加入细菌脂多糖(LPS)、rIL-1或 rIL-2常规培养,以淋巴细胞 DNA 中~3H-TdR 掺入量的变化来衡量 B 淋巴细胞的增殖能力。
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  potency of
The data obtained in the in vitro models clearly establish the antioxidant potency of the polysaccharides extracted from Lyceum barbarum fruits.
      
The ADM can be used as an accessory marker in estimating the malignant potency of LE and judging the prognosis of LES, and as a novel molecular target of anti-angiogenic and anticarcinogenic strategies.
      
There was no correlation between potency of MAO inhibition and activation of human platelet soluble guanylate cyclase.
      
The phagocytic potency of macrophages isolated from blood of breast cancer patients was lower than engulfment ability of macrophages obtained from healthy donors and depended on tumor degree.
      
The potency of the oligosaccharides SiaLex, SiaLea, HSO3Lex, and HSO3Lea, their conjugates with polyacrylamide (PAA, 40 kD), and other monomeric and polymeric selectin inhibitors has been compared with that of the polysaccharide fucoidan.
      
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An experimental study of 300 mice exposed to pitch(3 gm.dissolved in 10 ml.of 80% benzene solution)obtained from 4 different sources,name- ly Anshan coal-tar pitch,Yu-men petroleum pitch,Dairen petroleum pitch or commonly known as Russian crude oil and the Asia Oil Company, USA,was carried out over a period of 350 days. From the beginning a group of these experimen- tal animals was exposed to artificial sun-ray for 2 hours a day.The results of our experiment indicate that pathological changes of different degrees...

An experimental study of 300 mice exposed to pitch(3 gm.dissolved in 10 ml.of 80% benzene solution)obtained from 4 different sources,name- ly Anshan coal-tar pitch,Yu-men petroleum pitch,Dairen petroleum pitch or commonly known as Russian crude oil and the Asia Oil Company, USA,was carried out over a period of 350 days. From the beginning a group of these experimen- tal animals was exposed to artificial sun-ray for 2 hours a day.The results of our experiment indicate that pathological changes of different degrees of severity,such as chronic dermatitis and tumor formation,were the commonest effect of pitch on skin both in the exposed and non-ex- posed groups while the control group(exposed to 80% benzene only)showed only slightly acute dermatitis. The pathological changes as observed both in gross appearances and histological findings are given in detail. The course of tumor formation as found in both the exposed and the non-exposed groups may be classified in the order of time sequence as benign squamous papilloma,malignant squamous papilloma and finally squamous-celled carcinoma; also a few cases of sarcoma and a few cases of so- called“Myoblastoma”. Through the action of photosensitivity to the exposed group,the prolongation of the latent period of tumor formation,the effectiveness in the development of dermatitis and malignant changes in tumors were clearly observed in the process of the pathological changes. The relative potency of the carcinogenic pitch obtained from the above sources has been calculated by means of the statistical analysis of both the incidence and the length of time for the development of the cutaneous tumors.

(一)四种来源不同的沥青(鞍山煤焦油沥青、西北玉门石油沥青、大连石油沥青、和美国亚细亚公司石油沥青)经涂抹小白鼠的实验证明具有引起皮肤各种的病理变化的作用。其中包括慢性渗出性皮炎;慢性炎性上皮结缔组织增生;良性皮肤乳头状瘤;皮肤鳞状细胞癌。此外也引起了少数的肉瘤和“肌母细胞痛”。皮肤瘤发生的潜伏期由62天至406天不等。(二)光感作用可以加剧及加速煤焦油沥青皮肤炎的进展,和发炎皮肤的角化现象。至于对沥青致癌作用本实验未能证实其有显著的影响。(三)根据四种来源不同的沥青所引起皮肤良性与恶性病变的发病率和潜伏期的长短,可将其毒性的强弱顺序排列如下:(1)鞍山煤焦油沥青,(2)美国亚细亚公司石油沥青,(3)大连石油沥青(苏联原油),(4)西北玉门石油沥青。即煤焦油沥青毒性远较石油沥青为强。国产石油沥青的毒性较外产石油沥青的毒性为弱。

1.Twenty-two agents were tested in vitro, and four of them also in vivo for their antituber- culous activity. 2.Ginkgolic.acid,the active principle of ginkgo fruit against tubercle bacilli,was found to exist only in the fleshy part(endocarp)of the fruit.The tuberculostatic action of ginkgolic acid in vitro was not influenced by heating,but the presence of serum raised the minimal effec- tive concentration from 1:400,000 to 1:1000.The results of in vivo tests failed to demonstrate any effect of the different...

1.Twenty-two agents were tested in vitro, and four of them also in vivo for their antituber- culous activity. 2.Ginkgolic.acid,the active principle of ginkgo fruit against tubercle bacilli,was found to exist only in the fleshy part(endocarp)of the fruit.The tuberculostatic action of ginkgolic acid in vitro was not influenced by heating,but the presence of serum raised the minimal effec- tive concentration from 1:400,000 to 1:1000.The results of in vivo tests failed to demonstrate any effect of the different parts of ginkgo fruit in- cluding ginkgolic acid on the experimental tuber- culosis of mice.No apparent difference was found between the activity of ginkgo fruit with or without previous preparation with vegetable oil. 3.(?)In vitro,garlic exhibited rather weak tuberculostatic action,which decreased slightly in thè presence of serum.The in vitro effect of the winter garlic was better than that of the spring one.No curative effect was exerted by garlic on the experimental tuberculosis of mice. 4.The minimal tuberculostatic concentra- tion of berberine in vitro was found to be around 1:4000,and the èffect slightly decreased in the presence of serum.The development of experi- mental tuberculosis of mice was delayed by the administration of berberine sulfate in daily oral doses of 1.5—2.5 gm./kg. 5.There was definite curative effect of stepharanthine on the experimental tuberculosis of mice in daily doses of 200 mg./kg.;significant toxicity appeared,however,at that dosage level. 6.No significant tuberculostatic effect in vitro was found among other crude drugs. 7.“Hei pao”was ineffective in vitro,while citrinin was definitely effective and its minimal tuberculostatic concentration determined as 1:20.000. 8.Amon synthetic compounds tested,the in vitro tuberculostatic potency of an isomer of PAS was only one-hundredth of that of sodium para- amino-salicylate.The tuberculostatic effects of four sulfones were not satisfactory.The minimal tuberculostatic concentration in vitro of syn- thotic compound Ⅵ was 1:200,000. 9.It was found that the effectlve ranges of the concentration and dosage of thiosemicarba- sone in viro and in vivo were very broad,and the lower margins were comparable with those of isonicotinyl hydrazine.These facts may explain the elinieal effectiveness of thiosemicarbazone used in small doses.

1.在玻器内试验了22种药物,在动物体内试验了四种药物的抗结核杆菌作用。2.白果的抗结核杆菌有效成分(白果酸)仅存在于白果果浆中。白果酸在玻器内的抗菌作用不受加热的影响;但血清能使其最低有效浓度从1:400,000跃至1:1000。白果各部分及白果酸对小鼠的实验结核症并无肯定的疗效。油浸过的白果与未浸过的作用并无显著不同。3.大蒜在玻器内具有较弱的抗结核杆菌作用,遇血清则效力略减;冬季大蒜比春季大蒜的效力高。对小鼠的实验结核症并无疗效。4.黄连硷在玻器内的最低抑制结核杆菌浓度是1:4000左右,遇血清则效力略减。每日食入硫酸黄连硷约1.5—2.5克/公斤时,可以延缓小鼠实验结核症的发展。5.使他肺安定每日200毫克/公斤时,对小鼠实验结核症有肯定的疗效,但已表现相当大的毒性。香豆素在玻器内当浓度为1:2000时有部分抗结核杆菌作用。6.其他生药中,仅韭菜及青蒜在修改的都氏培养基中具有微弱的抗结核杆菌能力,但在尤氏培养基中无效。7.海宝在玻器内无效,橘霉素的最低制菌浓度是1:20,000。8.所试的化学合成品中,对氨水杨酸的同质异构物的抗结核杆菌作用仅为对氨水杨酸钠的1/100。砜类化合物的抗结核杆菌作用很微弱...

1.在玻器内试验了22种药物,在动物体内试验了四种药物的抗结核杆菌作用。2.白果的抗结核杆菌有效成分(白果酸)仅存在于白果果浆中。白果酸在玻器内的抗菌作用不受加热的影响;但血清能使其最低有效浓度从1:400,000跃至1:1000。白果各部分及白果酸对小鼠的实验结核症并无肯定的疗效。油浸过的白果与未浸过的作用并无显著不同。3.大蒜在玻器内具有较弱的抗结核杆菌作用,遇血清则效力略减;冬季大蒜比春季大蒜的效力高。对小鼠的实验结核症并无疗效。4.黄连硷在玻器内的最低抑制结核杆菌浓度是1:4000左右,遇血清则效力略减。每日食入硫酸黄连硷约1.5—2.5克/公斤时,可以延缓小鼠实验结核症的发展。5.使他肺安定每日200毫克/公斤时,对小鼠实验结核症有肯定的疗效,但已表现相当大的毒性。香豆素在玻器内当浓度为1:2000时有部分抗结核杆菌作用。6.其他生药中,仅韭菜及青蒜在修改的都氏培养基中具有微弱的抗结核杆菌能力,但在尤氏培养基中无效。7.海宝在玻器内无效,橘霉素的最低制菌浓度是1:20,000。8.所试的化学合成品中,对氨水杨酸的同质异构物的抗结核杆菌作用仅为对氨水杨酸钠的1/100。砜类化合物的抗结核杆菌作用很微弱。合成品〔Ⅵ〕的最低制菌浓度是1:200,000。9.硫脲胺的部分制菌浓度范围和其对小鼠实验结核症有效剂量的范围都很广,可以追及异烟肼的水平,这可解释临床上其剂量很小,但仍能生效的原因。

The "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" has been used clinically for treatment of hypertension. It is composed of Curculigo ensifolio, Epimedium, sp., Morinda officinalis, Phellodendron chinense, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and Angelica sinensis. In normal dogs, intragastric administrations of 6g (crude drugs) per kg t.i.d, for 20 days produced no toxic reactions: If the dosage was increased 3—4 times, emesis and diarrhea occurred, probably due to alimentary disorder from the bulk of the decoction. When the Compound...

The "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" has been used clinically for treatment of hypertension. It is composed of Curculigo ensifolio, Epimedium, sp., Morinda officinalis, Phellodendron chinense, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and Angelica sinensis. In normal dogs, intragastric administrations of 6g (crude drugs) per kg t.i.d, for 20 days produced no toxic reactions: If the dosage was increased 3—4 times, emesis and diarrhea occurred, probably due to alimentary disorder from the bulk of the decoction. When the Compound Mixture was introduced 6. g/kg into the lumen of duodenum in anesthetized cats, the blood pressure began to descend at 30 minutes, and lowered an average of 30% below the original level in 2 hours. Four Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were given the Compound Mixture by stomach tube. The dose for the first 10 days Was 9 g/kg/day, and doubled for the next, 10 days. The post-medication observation period was another 10 days. Blood pressure was measured daily by auscultation on the carotid loop. The average reduction of the diastolic pressure in the space of 30 days was 10 mm Hg (8%), and that for the lowest 5 days running was 16 mm Hg (12%). A therapeutic action (a reduction of at least 11 mm Hg diastolic) was demonstrated in 3 dogs. Among them 2 dogs received a second course of treatment which appeared to be equally efficacious. Intraperitoneal injections of the Compound Mixture 6 g/kg to anesthetized dogs resulted in a decrease of cardiac output during the hypotension, while the dilatation of peripheral vessels was insignificant. Comparative experiments on the 6 ingredients revealed that the hypotensive action of "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies" could be primarily attributed to Phellodendron chinense and Epimedium sp., whereas Curculigo ensifolio alone had little effect. Eight hypertensive dogs were fed daily the Compound Mixture or a mixture of 6 decoctions of the components. Analysis of variance disclosed that the hypotensive potency of the former was no better than the latter. Hypertensive dogs were fed the Compound Mixture which was devoid of Morinda officinalis, and the therapeutic potency was shown to be no less than that of "Compound Mixture of Two Fairies". Hence, we deem that Morinda officinalis is dispensable.

复方“二仙合剂”由仙茅、淫羊藿、巴戟天、黃蘗、知母及当归組成,所用药液均为水煎剂。正常狗每日灌胃給二仙合剂18克/公斤,連服20天,无毒性反应。增加剂量3—4倍,則有嘔吐泄泻,可能由于药液容量过大,影响消化道的机能。麻醉猫十二指腸注射二仙合剂6克/公斤,30分钟后血压开始下降,2小时后平均降低原水平的30%。慢性腎型高血压狗斗只,每日灌胃給二仙合剂2次,第1—10天剂量为9克/公斤/天,第11—20天剂量为18克/公斤/天,停药10天。舒张压“30天平均降压值”平均为10毫米汞柱(8%),“最低5天降压值”平均为16毫米汞柱(12%)。4狗中3狗呈現疗效(舒张压下降11毫米汞柱或以上),其中2狗重复一次試驗依然降压有效。麻醉狗腹腔注射二仙合剂6克/公斤,在急性降压时有心脏指数的减少,而外周血管的扩张并不明显。单味药的比較試驗証明黃蘗和淫羊藿为二仙合剂降压作用的主要有效成分,而仙茅几无降压效能。高血压狗8只,每天服二仙合剂或分煎合剂,变异数分析証明分煎合剂的降压效果不亚于二仙合剂。高血压狗灌胃試驗二仙減巴合剂,降压效果并不較二仙合剂为弱,所以我們建議复方二仙合剂中可減省巴戟天。

 
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