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promoting the growth
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  促进动物生长
     To construct the ss/HBsAg protein gene-engineering vaccine for developing the diagnosis and cure tumors in clinical medicine and promoting the growth in animal husbandry production.
     构建 SS/ HBs Ag重组蛋白基因工程疫苗 ,为其临床医学诊断与治疗多种肿瘤和畜牧业生产中促进动物生长等应用打下基础。
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  “promoting the growth”译为未确定词的双语例句
     P303N, P303R, Biop8R and Biop8G show different degree of effect in promoting the growth of nonnutritive group of plant nematode.
     P303N、P303R、Biop8R、BiopSG对非植物寄生线虫营养类群则有不同程度的促进作用。
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     MTT method was used to test the activity of TMPFc in promoting the growth of Ba/F3-mpl cell.
     MTT法鉴定TMPFc对Ba F3 mpl细胞生长的促进作用。
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     Human growth hormone(hGH) has the activity of promoting the growth of body, antagonizing the insulin and promoting the anabolism.
     人生长激素(human growth hormone,hGH)具有促进机体生长以及对抗胰岛素和促进合成代谢的作用。
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     In conclusion that dietary supplementation of carnosine or GSH promoting the growth of yellow feather broilers linked with they significanty improving the level of FT3 and IGF-1 in serum.
     以上结果提示:日粮添加肌肽、GSH能显著提高黄羽肉鸡血清中的FT3和IGF-1含量,能促进黄羽肉鸡生长.
     In this article,it is introduced the latest editions of international standards on wire and wire rod with Chinese technical advantages which were developed by ISO/TC17/SC17 secretariat and the ideas of promoting the growth of Chinese wire and wire rod industry by the developing of international standards with Chinese technical advantages.
     综述了ISO/TC17/SC17秘书处制定的我国优势技术国际标准的内容和特点,提出以我国优势技术国际标准促进我国线材制品工业的发展的思路。
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     promoting rehabilitation.
     促进康复。
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     promoting yeasty growth.
     促进了酵母的生长。
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     Promoting the Civilization of Peasants
     大力推进农民市民化
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     promoting informatization construction;
     以工业化为基础 ,不断推进信息化建设 ;
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     Regulation and the Policy of Promoting
     能源产业规制与技术进步政策
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  promoting the growth
While the importance of public issue markets and venture capital investment in promoting the growth of small dynamic firms cannot be denied, the importance of external equity capital seems to be overstated.
      
This adherence can be improved by a further irradiation promoting the growth of the Ti-TiC composite layer by radiation-enhanced diffusion in the metallic matrix.
      
Some of the endocrine tumors or hyperplasias develop from totipotent stem cells of the duct epithelia, and factors promoting the growth of Langerhans islets might exist.
      
Estrogens are well known to play a predominant role in promoting the growth of DMBA-induced mammary tumors in the rat.
      
The National Institute of Mental Health has played an important role in promoting the growth of mental health economics by supporting research and education in this field, the results of which are shaping mental health policy.
      
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The extract of Lu-jung(growing horns from Cervus xanthopygus,Milne-Edwards)given to castrated rats or mice could not promote the growth of their prostates and seminal vesicles.It showed no estrogenic activity in ovariectomized mice.While tested on gonadotropic activity,it could neither induce the formation of blood spots in ovaries of non-pregnant rabbits,nor cause toads to release spermatozoa into their urine.

1.马鹿鹿茸的浸液经去睾丸大白鼠和小白鼠前列腺精囊称重法和去卵巢小白鼠阴道涂片法试验,证明并无雄性素或雌性素样作用.2.马鹿鹿茸的浸液并不能使未孕家兔的卵巢出现血斑,也不能促使雄蟾蜍排精,因此亦不具有向性腺激素样作用.

Impurities were incorporated intentionally into metal whiskers during their growth, in order to find out the effect of impurities on the growth behavior and the strength of whiskers. By mixing Cud and FeCl2 in the proportion of 5:1, a copper whisker of 13.6 microns in diameter was obtained having a breaking strength of 262 kg/mm2 which is much higher than that of a pure copper whisker of the same diameter. The strength of copper whiskers admixed with cobalt was also raised considerably, while those admixed with...

Impurities were incorporated intentionally into metal whiskers during their growth, in order to find out the effect of impurities on the growth behavior and the strength of whiskers. By mixing Cud and FeCl2 in the proportion of 5:1, a copper whisker of 13.6 microns in diameter was obtained having a breaking strength of 262 kg/mm2 which is much higher than that of a pure copper whisker of the same diameter. The strength of copper whiskers admixed with cobalt was also raised considerably, while those admixed with silver did not show an appreciable change in strength. On the basis of metallographic observations on such whiskers, the strengthening of the whiskers was shown to be primarily due to a precipitation hardening or dispersion hardening. The effect of impurities on promoting the growth of whiskers was discussed in terms of the mechanism involving an axial screw dislocation.

在金属须的生长过程中有意地搀入杂质,以研究杂质对于金属须的生长方式和强度的影响。把1:5的FeCl_2和CuCl混合起来在氢气中进行还原,得到一根直径13.6微米而拉断强度为262公斤/毫米~2的铜金属须,这远比直径相同的“纯”铜金属须的强度为高。搀钴的铜金属须的强度也大大提高,但是搀银的铜金属须的强度却不发生显著的变化。对于这种金属须作了金相观测,由此推论到金属须的强化主要是由于沉淀硬化或弥散硬化。此外,还根据沿轴线的螺型位错的机构讨论了杂质对于促进金属须生长的效应。 把较高比例(例如1:2)的氯化亚铁搀入氯化亚铜并且在800℃以上的温度在氢气中进行还原,得到了直径达到800微米的混合金属须。这种金属须具有一个心轴,是由一种金属的单晶金属须所构成的,心轴的外面包围着由铜铁紧密搀合所形成的机械混合体。初步的实验指出这种金属须的强度相当高。

The paper discusses the conditioning and stabilization of austenite during tempering, and the suggested new tempering process based upon the results of research on high speed steels. The effect of conditioning of austenite, expressed in term of the M' temperature at which the retained austenite transforms to martensite during cooling, depends upon the temperature and duration of tempering. On step tempering, i.e., holding at a higher temperature followed by a lower one (but above a certain temperature T_c),...

The paper discusses the conditioning and stabilization of austenite during tempering, and the suggested new tempering process based upon the results of research on high speed steels. The effect of conditioning of austenite, expressed in term of the M' temperature at which the retained austenite transforms to martensite during cooling, depends upon the temperature and duration of tempering. On step tempering, i.e., holding at a higher temperature followed by a lower one (but above a certain temperature T_c), the effect of conditioning is additive and sometimes equals or exceeds that of tempering only at the higher temperature with identical duration. The amount of retained austenite transformed after optimum step tempering (e. g., 560℃ holding followed by 550℃ holding) is similar to that after multiple tempering process, but the tempering time is shortened. The M' temperature falls with the increasing amount of retained austenite and varies with the carbon content of austenite. Holding at temperatures below T_c and above M' causes a marked effect on the stabilization of austenite. The degree of stabilization and the initial rate of stabilization decrease with the increasing holding temperature. But the maximum amount of austenite stabilized increases with the holding temperature when the holding temperature is below M'. It is suggested that the stabilization of austenite during tempering is chiefly due to the reduction of stresses that promote the growth of martensite embryos. The conditioning may be regarded as a reversed process of stabilization and the following changes are suggested: the rearrangement of random dislocations, the formation of dislocation loops at α-γ phase boundaries and the removal of atmospheres formed from vacancies and solute atoms. A new tempering process consisting of step tempering followed by a normal tempering is suggested, e.g., holding at 590℃ for 25 minutes, then at 550°C for 25 minutes, and finally tempering at 560℃ for 60 minutes. The amount of austenite transformation, the mechanical properties and the cutting abilities of the high speed steel treated with the new process are comparable with those obtained by traditional multiple tempering. An optimum tempering process for reducing the deformation of tools can also be designed by the application of the stabilization of austenite. The total tempering durations are shortened in both cases.

论述了高速钢回火时奥氏体的催化作用和稳定化现象的工作,以及根据研究结果所拟定的回火新工艺.奥氏体催化作用的效果以冷却过程中残余奥氏体转变为马氏体的温度M′来表示.催化作用的效果决定于回火的溫度和时间. 先经高溫保溫又在较低溫度(但在一定溫度T_c以上)保溫(分级回火),则催化作用不但具有迭加性,或和高溫同样时间的效果相等,而且有时超过高溫保溫的效果.高溫保溫有时还能促使低溫时的催化作用.经适当分级回火后(例如先经560℃保温又在550℃保溫),残余奥氏体转变为马氏体的数量能和多次回火后相比拟,但所需总时间却能大为缩短. M′溫度随钢內残余奥氏体量的增加而降低,并随奥氏体內含碳量而改变. 在T-c溫度以下、M′溫度以上停留,奥氏体的稳定化作用(M′值的降低)极为显著.稳定化的程度(△M′)因停留时间的增长而增加,一直达到一定的饱和值.最大稳定化的程度以及稳定化开始的速度因保溫溫度的升高而减小.在M′溫度以下保溫,其最大的奥氏体稳定量因保溫溫度的升高而增加.回火时奥氏体的稳定化现象可能主要由应力的减小所引起的,这些应力在冷却时有助于马氏体核胚的扩展. 催化作用可认为是稳定化的可逆过程,它应该包括下列过程:无序分布...

论述了高速钢回火时奥氏体的催化作用和稳定化现象的工作,以及根据研究结果所拟定的回火新工艺.奥氏体催化作用的效果以冷却过程中残余奥氏体转变为马氏体的温度M′来表示.催化作用的效果决定于回火的溫度和时间. 先经高溫保溫又在较低溫度(但在一定溫度T_c以上)保溫(分级回火),则催化作用不但具有迭加性,或和高溫同样时间的效果相等,而且有时超过高溫保溫的效果.高溫保溫有时还能促使低溫时的催化作用.经适当分级回火后(例如先经560℃保温又在550℃保溫),残余奥氏体转变为马氏体的数量能和多次回火后相比拟,但所需总时间却能大为缩短. M′溫度随钢內残余奥氏体量的增加而降低,并随奥氏体內含碳量而改变. 在T-c溫度以下、M′溫度以上停留,奥氏体的稳定化作用(M′值的降低)极为显著.稳定化的程度(△M′)因停留时间的增长而增加,一直达到一定的饱和值.最大稳定化的程度以及稳定化开始的速度因保溫溫度的升高而减小.在M′溫度以下保溫,其最大的奥氏体稳定量因保溫溫度的升高而增加.回火时奥氏体的稳定化现象可能主要由应力的减小所引起的,这些应力在冷却时有助于马氏体核胚的扩展. 催化作用可认为是稳定化的可逆过程,它应该包括下列过程:无序分布位错的重新排列,α-γ相交界面位错圈的形成,以及空位和溶质原子所形成的气团的消除. 本文作者建议一种高速钢回火的新工艺——分级回火并加一次普通回火,例如先经590℃保溫25分钟,又在550℃保溫25分钟(分级回火)并加一次560℃回火60分钟.高速钢经这种回火工艺处理后,其奥氏体的转变量、力学性质及切削性能均能和三次经典回火工艺相比拟,但回火的总时间能大为缩短. 应用回火时奥氏体稳定化的原理,可以选择一适当的回火工艺以減少回火时工具的变形,这些工艺所需的时间较现有的工艺缩短很多.

 
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