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  或称为
     Objectives:Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema (NPE ) or called the centre pulmonary edema(CPN), or Neurogenic acute respiratory distress syndrome (N-ARDS ), it is a kind of serious complication with swift and violent oncoming force and developing rapidly , erupting simultaneously in early days , jeopardizing the life in short time. So serious central nervous system injuries is one of pulmonary edema's key factors.
     神经原肺水肿(Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema,NPE)或称为中枢性肺水肿(CPN),或神经原性急性呼吸窘迫综合征(N-ARDS),是一种来势迅猛、进展迅速、早期并发、短时间内危及生命的严重并发症,所以中枢神经性因素是肺水肿的重要原因之一。
短句来源
     Each balancing head has two or three balancing discs, each of which has been provided with a balancing block (or called the balancing mass).
     每个平衡头有两或三个平衡盘 ,每个盘上均有平衡块 (或称为平衡质量 )。
短句来源
     Although for a real high power and high energy laser the propagation distance of lasers in the beam control system (or called the inner optical system) is much shorter than that in the long distance atmosphere, the thermal effect of a high power density laser beam passing through the inner optical system remarkably affects the far field beam quality.
     高功率高能激光在光束控制系统(或称为内光路)中的传输距离比长程大气传输要短得多,但高功率密度的激光束在通过内光路时的热效应对远场光束质量会有显著影响。
短句来源
     From the observations of various GPS networks during 1991~1999 and basic network of China Crustal Movement Observation Network during 1998~2000 in China Mainland, the united solution of horizontal velocities have been calculated in this paper. On the basis of assumption of continuous medium a model of horizontal velocity field is established with the aid of the least square collocation, and the preliminary results of horizontal strain fields (or called apparent strain fields) of China Mainland are presented.
     根据中国大陆不同来源的多个GPS区域监测网 1991~ 1999年间的观测资料和“中国地壳运动观测网络”基本网 1998~ 2 0 0 0年的观测资料 ,联合处理得到中国大陆地壳水平运动速度场结果 ,通过最小二乘配置法建立中国大陆水平运动速度场模型 ,获得了基于连续介质假设的中国大陆水平应变场 (或称为视应变场 )初步结果 .
短句来源
     Comparative study will benefit the establishment of exclusionary rules in China in the aspect of the connotation of exclusionary rules, the purpose of creating exclusionary rules (or called the notion of exclusionary rules), the scope of exclusionary rules, the limits of using exclusionary rules.
     通过对两国排除规则的内涵 ,设立排除规则所要达到的目的 (或称为排除规则的理念 ) ,排除规则的范围 ,运用排除规则的限制等进行比较研究 ,将有助于我国设立排除规则
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  或称
     Of the problems of optimal control, the most important two optimization methods are Pontryagin minimum(or called maximum) principle and Bellman dynamic programming。
     在最优控制中,最重要的两种优化方法是庞特里亚金最小值(或称最大值)原理和贝尔曼动态规划法。
短句来源
     The connections of the home and Internet need a nerve center to be the family network central controller in family's information-based network technology system research and product development , or called " the home gateway ".
     家庭信息化网络技术体系研究及产品开发中家庭与互联网的连接需要一个神经中枢即家庭网络中央控制器,或称“家庭网关”。
短句来源
     Now, static security defense system has been hard to meet new network environment, may adapt the network security theory (or called dynamic information security theory) to emerge as the times require.
     目前,静态安全防御体系已难以适应新的网络环境,可适应网络安全理论(或称动态信息安全理论)应运而生。
短句来源
     In order to check whether a prototype can be put into batch peoductio,it isnecessary to conduct and overall performance test and industrial test(or called reliabilitytest)for all new products and modified,produced by transfer or greatly improved old prod-ucts in the mine machinery.
     在矿山机械中,凡是新产品,或变型、转厂产品,或经重大改进的老产品,均应进行整机性能试验和工业试验(或称可靠性试验),以审核样机是否能投入批量生产。
短句来源
     In the second chapter the author finds the main causes that lead to the conflicts: the cultural centralism, or called ethnocentrism, of both the mothers’ and daughters’.
     第二章揭示出了母女冲突的主要原因:双方的文化中心主义,或称民族优越感。
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  “or called”译为未确定词的双语例句
     (4)Analyses the Globus project and the Globus Platform(or called Globus toolkits), and explain the installation of the Globus under Linux and Windows environment.
     (4)简要介绍了Globus项目及Globus支撑平台(也称Globus工具包),并就Globus支撑平台在Linux环境和Windows2000环境下的安装调试进行了详细的探讨。
短句来源
     Turaev introduced the notion of a modular crossed π-category(or called T-category following M. Zunino[4]) and showed that such a category gives rise to a three-dimensional homotopy quantum field theory with target space K(π, 1).
     Turaev引进了模的crossed π-范畴(根据M.Zunino简称为T-范畴),并且证明了这一范畴能提升到带有目标空间K(π,1)的三维同伦量子场理论。
短句来源
     This article belong to the domain, is a high-speed developing geometry branch on the decade of late, of the L_p-Brunn-Minkowski theory (or called Brunn-Minkowski-Firey theory).
     本文隶属于L_p-Brunn-Minkowski理论(又称为Brunn-Minkowski-Firey理论)领域,该领域是近10年来在国际上发展非常迅速的一个几何学分支。
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum density of interleukin-18(IL-18) induced by interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and clinical unstability of Coronary Heart Disease(CHD) or called Acute Coronary Syndrome(ACS).
     目的:研究干扰素-γ诱导因子白细胞介素-18(IL-18)血清浓度与冠心病临床不稳定情况,即急性冠状动脉综合征(ACS)之间的关系。
短句来源
     (3) Study and analyse the Globus project and the Globus platform (or called Globus toolkits ), and carry on a simple introduction on some applied development tools that base on the Globus platform;
     (3) 研究和分析Globus项目及其Globus支撑平台(也称Gloubs工具包),并就Globus平台上一些应用开发工具进行了简单介绍;
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The point of doing sociology is not only being dedicated to specialized scholarly work or called to illuminate human affairs, but also being oriented to certain virtues and moved by a particular kind of passion.
      
If they did not, the teacher typically repeated, rephrased or asked a different question, or called on others.
      
As a result of nonequivalent genetic contribution of maternal and paternal genomes to offsprings, genomic imprinting or called parent-of-origin effect, has been broadly identified in plants, animals and humans.
      
Attempts to obtain molecular information from this record by analysis of nucleic acids found within fossils of extreme age have been unsuccessful or called into question.
      
Our analyses indicated that successful males had a higher number of pulses in the first note and/or called at a higher rate.
      
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The early Middle Devonian Tangxiang formation(or called as the Nabiao for-mation)exposed in Luofu of Nandan,Guangxi,is composed of black-gray,light gray,carbonaceous and siliceous mudstones,attaining a thickness of about 360m.Themudstones contain plentiful tentaculites,cephalopods,trilobites as well as many smal-ler brachiopods.So far as the brachiopods are concerned,they are fairly rich inkind but are quite different in assemblage and features from those in the contem-poraneous deposits of Southwest China.The...

The early Middle Devonian Tangxiang formation(or called as the Nabiao for-mation)exposed in Luofu of Nandan,Guangxi,is composed of black-gray,light gray,carbonaceous and siliceous mudstones,attaining a thickness of about 360m.Themudstones contain plentiful tentaculites,cephalopods,trilobites as well as many smal-ler brachiopods.So far as the brachiopods are concerned,they are fairly rich inkind but are quite different in assemblage and features from those in the contem-poraneous deposits of Southwest China.The whole brachiopods and their stratigra-phical significance will be discussed in other article.In the present paper,special reference is made to plicanoplids,which,so faras is known,have been unrecorded in this country,or at least little recorded abroad.As it bears its peculiar internal and external structures,its systematic position isstill in dispute,some paleontologists referred it to Strophomenacea or Chonetacea,others to Atrypacea.However,the specimens under study show such characteristicsas follows:shell small with a thin visceral cavity,without punctate shell;internalpart of ventral shell having pedical tube but lacking in foramen,ventral musclarscars indistinct.Cardinal process of dorsal valve recurved and rectangular in outlinewith the long axis transverse.Socket ridge nearly parallel to hinge line.Spiraliascar unseen.Accordingly,it seems feasible that Plicanoplids may be erected as anew superfamily Plicanoliacea.In this paper are described a new family Plicanoplidae,5 new genera,6 newspecies and an indeterminate species,namely,Costanoplia faceta,C.sp.,Paracos-tanoplia mirabilis,Luofaia delicata,Paraplicanoplia nana,P.multicostata,Tangxiangiadelicata,all belonging to Plicanopliacea.

本文是研究广西南丹罗富地区中泥盆世早期塘乡组中的小型腕足类中的褶无皱贝类,建立了褶无皱贝超科,并建立了1新科、5新属。对超科、科、属的特征进行了讨论和比较。文中描述了5属、6种,一未定种,均为新属新种。

The theory presented in the previous paper [1] has a wide class of applications in physics and engineering mechanics. In this paper, we aim principally to show its application to general elasticity (elasticity of generalized media, polar elasticity, or called no-linear asymmetric elasticity in some literatures). A generalized Euler's Kinematic formula is first derived by using the theory [1], it is seen that the method of intrinsic comoving coordinates for deformable body is a natural extension of that...

The theory presented in the previous paper [1] has a wide class of applications in physics and engineering mechanics. In this paper, we aim principally to show its application to general elasticity (elasticity of generalized media, polar elasticity, or called no-linear asymmetric elasticity in some literatures). A generalized Euler's Kinematic formula is first derived by using the theory [1], it is seen that the method of intrinsic comoving coordinates for deformable body is a natural extension of that method of moving coordinates used in rigid body dynamics. By means of the theorems of momentum and moment of momentum,and the principles of conservation of mass and energy, we found the fundamental equations of general elasticity, certain improvements have been made in comparison with the works of Eringen and Nowacki in polar elasticity. Some of the applications will be left for subsequent papers. Due to the interests in mining and military, we pay special attention in the Appendix to the finite motion of one dimensional shock wave in rock. Theoretical results obtained were used to the interpretations of the equal velocity paradox in shock wave attenuation which was noted by Rinehart, to the tensile fracture phenomena caused by the trailing part ,of . compressive shock wave, and to the influence of couple stress. These .results are also useful in discernning .the change of wave velocity related to earth stress in the precursor of earthquake.

应用前文[1]建立的有限变形力学几何场论,首先导出广义的Euler运动学公式,证明内禀拖带系描述法是Euler动坐标系在变形体力学的自然推广。再由动量与动量矩定理、质量与能量守恒定律建立了具有体矩的广义弹性力学(在文献中有的称非线性非对称弹性力学)的基本方程。进一步改进了Eringen、Nowacki等人提出的广义弹性力学理论。这个理论的一些应用将另文叙述。由于矿业及军事上的兴趣,本文附录重点讨论的应用是关于岩石中的有限变形一维冲击波的基本特点。由新理论取得的结果容易解释Rinehart提出的冲击波衰减时的等速疑案(Paradox),并应用于解释冲击尾波破坏现象以及力偶应力的影响。这些结果对理解地震前地应力变化对波速的影响也是有用的。

The regeneration feedback tracking system, or called as computer aided tracking system, can very effectively track large dynamic targets with high accuracy. Digital computers have been used to analyze performance data owing to the fact that the system is a nonlinear one with multi-inputs and multi-outputs.This paper proposes a time-domain approach. And a mathematical model for the system analysis is achieved. In most cases, such multi-inputs and multi-outputs nonlinear system can be converted into a discoupled...

The regeneration feedback tracking system, or called as computer aided tracking system, can very effectively track large dynamic targets with high accuracy. Digital computers have been used to analyze performance data owing to the fact that the system is a nonlinear one with multi-inputs and multi-outputs.This paper proposes a time-domain approach. And a mathematical model for the system analysis is achieved. In most cases, such multi-inputs and multi-outputs nonlinear system can be converted into a discoupled linear time-invariant system, which can be used to analyze in cartesian coordinates error caused by manoeuvre flying of targets and random error of tracking and in spherical coordinates mismatched error. Two examples given show good agreements between results obtained by this approach and those by digital computer simulation. It is concluded that well-known classical frequency method can be used for system analysis and analytical method thus obtained is most applicable for engineering calculation. An optimized system design is also presented.

再生反馈跟踪系统是对大动态目标进行精密跟踪的有效体制。由于这种体制是多输入、多输出的非线性系统,过去只能用计算机对系统非线性动力学方程组求数值解的方法对系统进行定量的研究。本文利用时域算子的方法建立了系统的数学模型,并且得到了系统跟踪精度计算的解析表达式。分析结果表明,系统跟踪的目标机动飞行误差和随机误差归结为直角座标内定常线性系统的分析计算问题,而系统跟踪的失配误差则是球座标内定常线性系统的分析计算问题。因此,所得结果非常适于工程计算和设计。

 
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