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total sum     
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  总数
     And the indexes suggested are as follows: the total sum of colonies (cfu/ml) ≤50; coliform groups ≤3.(Tran by.YUE Yang)
     建议将指标定为 :菌落总数(cfu/ml)≤50,大肠菌群(MPN/100ml)≤3。
短句来源
     Thepositive rate of POX,NAE and ANAE can be used as reference forestimating the total sum of granulocyte,monocyte and T cell in the bonemarrowo.
     还提出可将 POX、NAE 及ANAE 的阳性率作为估计骨髓中粒细胞、单核细胞及 T 细胞总数的参考。
短句来源
     The total sum of T lymphocyte and T lymphocyte percentage of the granularleucocytes in the peripheral blood were significantly increased in the experimentalgroup (P<0.001).
     外周血T细胞总数及亚群(点状颗粒型)也显著高于对照明(P<0.001)。
短句来源
     We received and treated 10 cases of esophageal leiomyoma in our hospital from June,1975 to July, 1990. This disease covered 0. 92% (10/1092) of the total sum of esophageal tumours in the same period.
     我院1975年6月~1990年7月共收治食管平滑肌瘤10例,占同期食管肿瘤总数的0.192%(10/1092)。
短句来源
     The immunologic enhancement of newtype bacterial anticarcinogen-Ⅰ (NBAC-Ⅰ) on 33 cases of pulmonary carcinosis and 20 cases of carcinous hydrothorax were observed. The result showed that the total sum of peripheral blood T cells and the cytotoxic indexes of T4+ subgroup and NK cells of all the patients (particularly those with adenocarcinoma) synergically treated by chemotherapy and NBAC-Ⅰ were significantly improved.
     33例肺癌及20例癌性脑水患者经治疗后,化疗药物与NBAC-Ⅰ联合治疗组,外周血T细胞总数和T4+亚群以及NK细胞的细胞毒指数均明显提高,腺癌患者尤为突出;
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  总额
     World's economy increased fast in 2000,the increasing rate mounted up to 4.7% from 3.6% in 1999.The total sum of the worldwide commodity trade in 2000 was 6.2 trillion dollars,12.5% more than 1999.Chemical industry in USA slowly increased by only 1.7%.
     20 0 0年世界经济快速增长 ,经济增长率从 1 999年的 3 6 %上升到 2 0 0 0年的 4 7%。 2 0 0 0年全球商品贸易总额达 6 2万亿美元 ,较上年增长 1 2 5 %。
短句来源
     According to the statistics of the IMF, the total sum ofmoney-laundering has occupied 2%--5% of the GDP of the whole world.
     据国际货币基金组织估计,全球每年非法洗钱的总额相当于全世界国内生产总值的2%—5%。
短句来源
     The utilization of comprehensive machinery in farm work was only 51.2 percent,the number of machines in transportation made up over 50 percent of the total in agriculture and the sum of the machinery transportation was under 20 percent of the total sum of trans-portation.
     田间作业机械综合利用程度只达到51.2%; 运输作业占农业总用工量的50%以上,机械完成的运输额不到运输总额的20%。
短句来源
     Therefore, the enterprises should analyze quality loss from many aspects such as the constitution of quality loss programs, the total sum of quality loss, the comparison between quality loss and other economic indexes and the difference between the planned control target of quality loss and actual performance in order to provide the policy with more objective, scientific and practical hasis.
     为此,企业必须从质量损失项目的构成、质量损失总额、质量损失与其他经济指标的比较以及质量损失的计划控制目标与实际发生额的差异等方面展开分析,以提供更加客观、科学和实用的决策依据。
短句来源
     Therefore, the enterprises should analyze quality loss from many aspects such as the constitution of quality loss programs, the total sum of quality loss, the comparison between quality loss and other economic indexes and the difference between the planned control target of quality loss and actual performance in order to provide the policy with more objectives, scientific and practical basis.
     为此,工业企业必须从质量损失项目的构成、质量损失总额、质量损失与其他经济指标的比较以及质量损失的计划控制目标与实际发生额的差异等方面展开分析,以提供更加客观、科学和实用的决策依据。
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  总和
     Preliminary Discussion on Calculation Method of Pile Foundation Settlement - Further on Total Sum Method of Equivalent Effect in Layers in 《Technical Code for Building Pile Foundation (JGJ94 -94)》
     关于桩基沉降计算方法的商榷——兼评《建筑桩基技术规范(JGJ94-94)》之“等效作用分层总和法”
短句来源
     The total number of leads in which the ST segment in decreased in the ECG 12 leads(NST)and the total sum of the depression of ST segment(ΣST)of ECG showed a significant improvement.
     治疗组治疗前后心电图 12导联中ST段下降导联数 (NST)及 12导联中ST段压低数值总和 (ΣST)均有明显改善。
短句来源
     Calculation of combination of spring chips of different thickness layered together shows that layered spring chip deformation is not the same as that of a single chip spring with the same thickness of total sum chip thickness;
     对不同厚度的组合簧片计算表明,重叠放置的簧片变形不等于一个簧片(其厚度为组合簧片厚度总和)的变形。
短句来源
     In order to investigate clinical significance of ambulatory ECG ST segment shift in diagnosis of coronary heart disease (CHD), we were observed parameters of maximum elevation of ST segment, maximum depression of ST segment, total sum of ST segment shift and deviation of shift of ST segment, among 62 cases of CHD with main fascicular narrowness≥50% by coronary angiography and 101 cases healthy elderly subjects.
     为探讨动态心电图ST段偏移对诊断冠心病的临床价值,观察经冠状动脉造影主要分支狭窄≥50%的62例冠心病组与101例正常健康老人组的最大ST段上抬、最大ST段下移、ST段偏移总和、ST段偏移总差等参数。
短句来源
     The st segment in total number of leads was decreased in the ECG 12 leads(NST) and the total sum of the depression of st segment( ∑ST) of ECG showed major improvement.
     治疗组治疗前后心电图 12导联中ST段下降导联数(NST)及 12导联中ST段压低数值总和 (ΣST)均有明显改善 (P <0 .0 5 ) ,随访心绞痛患者 6~ 18个月 ,未发现明显不良反应。
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  总金额
     Results The utilization rate of anti-infectious agents was 8.35% , accounting for 1.09% of the total sum of money for the prescriptions.
     结果抗感染药使用率为8.35%,占处方总金额的1.09%;
短句来源
     RESULTS: The sum of money of anti - infectives accounted for 43.42% and 44.87% of the total sum of money,and three kinds of cephalosporins amounted to 94.86% and 96.95% of that of total anti - infectives in 1999 and 2000 respectively, with an increasing tendency.
     结果:抗感染类药物金额占购药总金额的43.42%和44.87%,头孢菌素类等3种抗感染药品金额占抗感染类药物总金额的94.86%和96.95%,且呈上升趋势。
短句来源
     Results: The total sum of returned drugs is decreasing year by year, 1964883.18 yuan in 2000, 1461238.50 yuan in 2001, 431538.38 yuan in 2002, 287504.03 yuan in 2003 and 250995.80 yuan in 2004.Conclusion:Hospitalized patients' returning drugs has improved significantly since the examination and supervision system of returning drug was implemented.
     结果:我院在2000年 ̄2004年住院病人退药总金额依次为1964883.18元、1461238.50元、431538.38元、287504.03元、250995.80元,呈逐年下降趋势。 结论:实施退药审查监督制度后,退药情况有了显著的改善。
短句来源
     Bid invitation on electromechanical equipment for Letan hydropower station is an important part of the whole project bid invitation,the whole project has finished 50 bidding items in total,and the total sum of contract reaches RMB 561,200,000.In the bidding,the principles of "open,fairness,justice,faithfulness and credit" are persisted in all the time,and the equipment with high performances and favorable price is chosen.
     乐滩水电站机电设备招标是整个工程项目招标的重要部分,共完成了50个招标项目,合同总金额达56 120万多元。 在整个招标过程中自始至终坚持“公开、公平、公正、诚实信用”的原则,选择了性能价格比较优的设备。
短句来源
     of them, indoor equipments are 424sets, costing about 8.05×10~5 yuan , and 71% of the total sum.
     其中室内部分为424台件套,金额约80.5万元,占总金额的7I%,人均占有2.68万元;
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  total sum
The FORTRAN implementation of an algorithm is given for approximating an optimal clustering ofm objects inton classes such that the total sum of the sums of absolute deviations from the class members to the class centers (medians) is minimized.
      
The total sum of the groups' payoffs was again found to somewhat increase rated fairness, whereas the number of members in the groups did not have any clear effect.
      
Properties of the total sum of residues with respect to a polynomial map and applications of them
      
In general, for all seed traits with the exception of daidzein, the percentage contribution of genotype to the total sum of square was higher than the genotype × year interaction.
      
In Csáki et al.(1) and Révész and Willekens(9) it was proved that the length of the longest excursion among the first n excursions of a plane random walk is nearly equal to the total sum of the lenghts of these excursions.
      
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In this paper 4 genera and 1 subgenus are described.Among them,Eucyprisand Darwinula were acquired from the Lingao formation(late Early Cretaceous)ofthe Jialai basin of Hainan Island;whereas Potamocypris,Candonopsis and Cyprino-tus(Hemicypris)from the Changpo formation(Probable Pliocene)of the Changpobasin of the same Island.Based on the present study,the following conclusions have been drawn:1.Morphologically,there is rarely,if any,to choose between Darwinula con-tracta Mandelstam(in Ljubimova 1956,pp.117—118,pl.ⅩⅩⅡ,figs.2a,b)and...

In this paper 4 genera and 1 subgenus are described.Among them,Eucyprisand Darwinula were acquired from the Lingao formation(late Early Cretaceous)ofthe Jialai basin of Hainan Island;whereas Potamocypris,Candonopsis and Cyprino-tus(Hemicypris)from the Changpo formation(Probable Pliocene)of the Changpobasin of the same Island.Based on the present study,the following conclusions have been drawn:1.Morphologically,there is rarely,if any,to choose between Darwinula con-tracta Mandelstam(in Ljubimova 1956,pp.117—118,pl.ⅩⅩⅡ,figs.2a,b)and D.leguminella(Forbes).According to numerous pooled data of various anthers,comparisions of the respective means of length and heihgt give the following results:for length t=0.3000 and for height t=0.0027,both of which are not significant on the5%-level.These two species are,beyond doubt,believed to be synonymous,D.contractabeing the junior synonym.The specimens placed in D.contracta by Ljubimova(1956)from the so-calledLower Cretaceous in the eastern part of the People's Republic of Mongolia are dis-similar in outline and size to Mandelstam's type specimen form the USSR or toD.leguminella.From Ljubimova's material(1956)available,the results of thevariance analysis are presented in following table.┏━━━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━━┓┃Source of variation ┃ Degrees of freedom ┃ Sum of squares ┃ Mean square ┃Variance ratio(F) ┃┃ ┃ ┃ ┃ (variance) ┃ ┃┣━━━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━━┫┃Between samples ┃ 1 ┃ 0.0173 ┃ 0.0173 ┃ 34.60 ┃┃ Within samples ┃ 3 ┃ 0.0014 ┃ 0.0005 ┃ ┃┃ Total ┃ 4 ┃ 0.0187 ┃ ┃ ┃┗━━━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━━┛The variance ratio is found to give F= 34.60 is,for 1 and 3 degrees of freedom,highly significant (F>F (0.01/1,3)=34.12).For this point,it seems better to rename herspecimens as a new species,which is widespread in Asia.2.Lycopterocypris was erected by Mandelstam with Cypris faba Egger 1910 asits type species(in Ljubimova 1956,pp.104—105),but the generic diagnosis givenappears too nebulous for the validity of his genus.It is a hard nut to crack whether this form is congeneric with Eucypris.Atotal of ninety-eight specimens are here studied.Of them,49 are at random chosen from Lycopterocypris and 56 from Eucypris of the Chinese and foreign literature.Fourteen chief external taxonomic characters are studied in total and listed on apresent/absent basis as follows:Shape:1=triangular,2=reniform,3=ovate;Grea-test hedight:1=antero-median,2=median,3=postero-median;Posterior end:1=broad round,2=narrow round;Anterior end:1=broad round,2=narrow round;Vantral margin:1=concave,2=straight or near so;and Surface ornament:1=ornament,2=smooth.For each OUT(i.e.speciemen),mean values are obtained for each of the 14characters.These average values are then compiled to indicate a kind of meanmorphology for each OUT.The average data for each OUT are combined into a 14row by 2 column data matrix.Data standardized by rows(characters)before compu-tation of the similar coefficient.The similar coefficient is defined as:cosθ_(ij)=sum from k=1 to m(Z_(ki)Z_(kj))/sum from k=1 to m(Z_(ki)~2) sum from k=1 to m(Z_(kj)~2)~(1/2)Applying the formula listed above,we have thefollowing result:cosθ=0.9571.The following discriminant barrier value,via the discriminant analysis,is foundby computingD_(?)=0.2479.The total sum of the sample sizes of these two genus is ninety-eight speciesfrequencies.Of them only 60 species frequencies are successfully discriminated.Hence,the effective discriminant proportion is only 61.22%.Besides,the type specimensof these two genera are also classified to the same kind(see Fig.2,+ marks thetype species).Consequently,it seems to the present writer that it is impossible tomaintain that Lycopterocypris and Eucypris are two and divided without deprivingdistinctive identities of their charaters.It can not escape from our conclusion thatMandelstam's genus is a junior synonym of Eucypris.3.Two morphologic varieties are observed in the collection of Cyprinotus(Hemicypris)changpoensis.On the basis of the two morphologic specimens,377 intotal,the data show that 75.1% are of“A”type with arched dorsal margin,whilethe remaining 24.9% are of“B”type with round dorsal margin.The latter repre-sents the double recessive homozygote w,the former the dominant homozygotes VVand the heterozygotes Vv.While applying the Hardly-Weinberg formula,we haveobtained the result that frequency of the heterozygous recessive genotype vv=0.249.Hence v=0.499 and V=0.501.The chi-square test is made to see whether thisproportion would fit in with an hypothesis of simple Mandelian segregation(1:3)in accordance with monohybrid crossing.The result achieved has proved to be infavour of the hypothesis(X~2=0.0004;0.98total of 20 specimens selected randomly from the rele-vant literature.The multiple regression equation is:(?)=73.641X_1-18.758X_2-16.698 ┏━━━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━┳━━━┓┃Source of variance ┃Sum of square ┃Degrees of freedom ┃ Mean square ┃F ┃┣━━━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━╋━━━┫┃Regression ┃304.87 ┃ 2 ┃ 152.44 ┃4.31 ┃┃Deviations ┃600.74 ┃17 ┃S~2=35.34 ┃ ┃┃Total ┃905.61 ┃19 ┃ ┃ ┃┗━━━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━┻━━━┛F> F_(2,17)~(0.05)=3.59,which is significant.In Lingao time,perhaps the climate of this region was in dry tropical condition.In the light of the existence of Cyprinotus(Hemicypris),a subgenus living mainlybetween the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn,the investigated areawas a moist tropic climate during Changpo deposition.This trivial name is unadvisable by the preoccupation of Cypris faba De-smarest 1813.According to the book entitled“Principles of Genetics”by E.W.Sinnot,L.C.Duun and Th.Dobzhansky(1950),these results depend on the assump-tions that the mother population was larger,mating occurred at random,themutatiun of V to v and v to V was infrequent,and that the carriers of the genotypesVV,Vv and vv were of equal viability and reproductive power.We can not help noting that the Early Cretaceous palaeo-latitude would de-part far from the present-latitude,as goes beyond the scope of the present paper.However,the limited purpose of this approach is nothing other than proving thefact that with increasing latitude an increase in size of Darwinula leguminella(Forbes)can be observed.

本文应用数理统计的方法,描述了介形类5属10种,其中5新种,对含化石层的时代作了讨论。本文还从介形类的分布、大小变异方面论述了古气候。

Quantitative relationships between the structure and estrogenic activity of 28 derivatives of 1,3,5(10) estratriene series have been examined by multiple variable regression analysis. The results indicate that the estrogenic activity of a derivative may be regarded as the total sum of the activity contributed by the unsubstituented parent structure [1,3,5(10)estra-triene] on the one hand and that by the substituents on the other. Since the correlation coefficient is equal to 0.98, the additivity model...

Quantitative relationships between the structure and estrogenic activity of 28 derivatives of 1,3,5(10) estratriene series have been examined by multiple variable regression analysis. The results indicate that the estrogenic activity of a derivative may be regarded as the total sum of the activity contributed by the unsubstituented parent structure [1,3,5(10)estra-triene] on the one hand and that by the substituents on the other. Since the correlation coefficient is equal to 0.98, the additivity model can be accepted. The effective value of a given substituent is a constant. The contributions elicited by hydroxy, methoxy, cyclopetoxy and other oxygen containing groups at C-3 and C-17β positions are unanimously positive i.e. to enhance the biological activity. On the contrary, contributions elicited by groups at C-2, C-6, C-13, C-16 and C-17α positions, except the 17α ethynyl group, are negative. Since the group contribution of a substituent varies with different positions attached, it seems reasonable to infer that the steric effects may play an important role inestrogenic activity.

对32个雌甾衍生物和9个雄甾和孕甾衍生物进行了结构和雌活性相互关系的定量分析(QSAR)。其结果表明雌甾化合物的雌活性作用可用Fujita-Ban的数学模型来表示。即每个衍生物的雌活性作用是甾核1,3,5(10)雌甾三烯的雌活性作用和各碳原子上各种取代基对雌活性的贡献之和。借助于多元回归和电子计算机计算出了甾核结构和各取代基对活性贡献的数值。计算值与实测值非常相近,相关系数R等于0.98。这些数值对于预测由这些位置的取代基所组成的,在化学上可能合成的药物的生物活性有一定参考价值。QSAR分析表明甾体母体、甾核的立体结构及取代基的位置对生物活性均有重要的影响;C-3环戊氧基增强灌服条件下的雌活性,可能与改变药物的吸收分布过程有关。作者认为对整体动物药理活性的QSAR分析要与药物物化性质研究、体外药物受体结合试验及药物代谢研究等多方面结合才能得到正确的认识。

This article briefly describes the functions, components, characteristics and working principles of Model LJ鈥? computer for vending machines. This machine is purposely used for wholesale, retail, and other business in grain shops and may be used in other commercial departments if slightly modified. It is able to calculate the sum paid by. every customer, to display digits with a number generatar and print out automatically. It can sum up and store the amount of each variety of goods sold out in each day and...

This article briefly describes the functions, components, characteristics and working principles of Model LJ鈥? computer for vending machines. This machine is purposely used for wholesale, retail, and other business in grain shops and may be used in other commercial departments if slightly modified. It is able to calculate the sum paid by. every customer, to display digits with a number generatar and print out automatically. It can sum up and store the amount of each variety of goods sold out in each day and the total sum remained. It can also carry out circulating display at any instant. This machine with maltifunction has the advantages of simple in circuit, easy in operation and low in cost.

本文介绍了78年协助济南市中区粮局研制的LJ—1型售粮(货)计算机的功能、组成、特点及工作原理。该机是适用于粮店业务的专用计算机,稍加改动,也可用于其他商业部门的批发和零售业务。该机能完成对每顾客所付金额的计算;能数码显示各类数字并进行自动打印;能将一天所售各品种数量、总金额进行累计储存,并可随时进行循环显示。该机具有电路简单、操作方便、多功能、成本低等优点。可代替原人工计算、填卡、结账等工作。经有关单位鉴定,性能基本达到设计要求,在商业部门有一定的推广使用价值。

 
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