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ligaments
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     The injury of collateral ligament was classified as: Grade I (18 ligaments), Grade Ⅱ (11 ligaments), and Grade Ⅲ (7 ligaments).
     Ⅰ级侧副韧带损伤 18条 ; Ⅱ级侧副韧带损伤 11条 ;
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     The injury of collateral ligament were classified to:Grade Ⅰ(18 ligaments),Grade Ⅱ(11 ligaments) and Grade Ⅲ(7 ligaments).
     Ⅰ级侧副韧带损伤 1 8条 ; Ⅱ级 1 1条 ;
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  相似匹配句对
     (11) C.
     ( 1 1 )二色锦鸡儿C .
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     11. C.
     11.离叶秽蝇C.
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     Ligaments are consist of denseconnective tissues.
     椎间孔韧带由致密结缔组织构成。
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     Anatomy study of carpal ligaments
     腕关节韧带的解剖学研究
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     Ultrasonography of Ankle Ligaments Injury
     踝关节侧副韧带损伤超声检查
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  ligaments
Des essais de mise en tension ont été réalisés sur 25 ligaments alaires et 11 ligaments transverses, en restant en de?à du point de rupture.
      


The mode of origin of the A. profunda femoris and its branches in 200Chinese was studied and analysed. The a. profuda femoris arises from thefemoral artery at a distance varying from 1 to 6 cm below the inguinal ligament,among which the most common distances were found to be between 2.45 cm and4.9 cm. The latter correspohds closely to Quain's figure. Based on the relationship of the A. profunda femoris with the A. circumflexafemoris medialis and the A. circumflexa lateralis, five main types and severalsubtypes...

The mode of origin of the A. profunda femoris and its branches in 200Chinese was studied and analysed. The a. profuda femoris arises from thefemoral artery at a distance varying from 1 to 6 cm below the inguinal ligament,among which the most common distances were found to be between 2.45 cm and4.9 cm. The latter correspohds closely to Quain's figure. Based on the relationship of the A. profunda femoris with the A. circumflexafemoris medialis and the A. circumflexa lateralis, five main types and severalsubtypes were classified. The ratio corresponds closely to that obtained by Prof. Pan from a study of150 Chinese specimens.

(一)股深动脉可在腹股沟靱带下1—6.1厘米之间自股动脉发出,以在腹股沟靱带下2.45—4.9厘米之间发出者为最多占76.3%与Quain氏指出者75%之数目相接近。 (二)依国人200例股深动脉分枝情形,可分为五型及若干副型从第一型为最多占68±3%,约占其他各型2/3强;第二、三型次之,各占14±1.5%及13±1%。其数目与潘氏报告150例者的结果相近(参表1)。 (三)无论旋股外侧动脉起於股动脉或股深动脉,它的降枝常有独立起源不与总幹一致。

A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination...

A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination of the abdominal and pelvic viscera and serial sec- tions of the latter have revealed that, the cloaca retains its primitive condition, with an abnormal development of the urorectal septum. No kidneys, ureters, renal vessels and nerves are identifiable, after microscopic examination of the sections of the retroperitoneal loose connective tissues taken from every 5 mm. along the posterior abdominal wall from the diaphragm down to the pelvic floor. This indicates an aplasia of the uretic bud and the metanephrogenic tissue. All the blood vessels supplying those organs represent wide deviations from the normal. A possible causes of the anomalies are briefly discussed. A developmental arrest is suggested.

从解剖学与胚胎学观点,观察一例先天性无外阴、原始泄殖腔保留与双侧肾未发育的8—9月胎儿。会阴部只显一杏仁状隆起,经肉眼与显微镜观察此隆起与内生殖器,证明此杏仁状隆起为生殖结构,卵巢与输卵管发育正常,表明为女性胎儿,但子宫、阴道与阔韧带缺如。检视腹腔与盆腔脏器,并把骨盆内脏器作连续切片,发现尿直肠隔发育反常,使泄殖腔保留原始状态。双侧肾、输尿管、肾血管与神经均未找到。循腹后壁由膈至骨盆底每隔5毫米取腹膜后疏松结缔组织,未发现残留的后肾组织,表明输尿管芽与生后肾组织均未发育。所有供给异常器官的血管发现很大变异。产生畸形的原因略加论述,从发育受阻碍或抑制的假说似能作较合理的解释。

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk...

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk may arise from any one of the three parts,on the left side more often from the second or middle part (62.5%) and on the right side more often from the first part (73.3%);the transverse cervical artery may also arise from any one of the three parts,more often from the first part (64.66%),as a branch of the thyro-cervical trunk. 18 types Were observed in the pattern of branching of the thyro-cervical trunk.Type Ⅰ with the artery divided into the inferior thyroid artery,ascending cervical artery,superficial cer- vical artery and suprascapular artery and type Ⅱ into inferior thyroid ascending cervical,transverse cervical and suprascapular artery occurred more often than other types (type Ⅰ 18.00% and type Ⅱ 26.00% respectively). The supra-scapular artery arising from the thyro-cervical trunk or from the internal mammary artery in most cases passes above the suprascapular ligament;that arising from the third part of the subclavian artery or from the axillary artery in most cases passes below the ligament. On the left side the inferior thyroid artery more often passes in the front of the inferior laryngeol nerve,on the right side it passes in front and behind the nerve in almost equal num- bers.

根据90例(男:76例,女:14例)尸体锁骨下动脉及其部分分支之统计,有以下之初步结果:1.锁骨下动脉于颈部,高出锁骨上缘之平均距离为2.19厘米,及该点(锁骨上缘之点)至胸锁关节之距离平均长度为2.18厘米。2.锁骨下动脉移行为腋动脉时,并非在锁骨之中点通过,而在其中点之内侧平均距离为1.05厘米处通过。3.椎动脉、甲状颈干及胸廓内动脉(1例除外)均由锁骨下动脉之第一段发出;肋颈干在三段中均可发出,但左侧以第二段,右侧以第一段为多;颈横动脉同样可由三段中发出,但以第一段发出者为多见。4.甲状颈干分支类型共计18型,以第一、二型最多,应为标准型。5.肩胛上动脉起于甲状颈干或胸廓内动脉者,多在肩胛上韧带之上经过;起于锁骨下动脉第三段或腋动脉者,多在韧带之下经过。6.甲状腺下动脉行经喉下神经之前方者较后方为多,以左侧为甚,右侧前后之出现率几相等。

 
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