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building of
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  建设
     On the Building of China Modern Official Moral
     中国现代官德建设研究
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     Study on Reform and Building of China Rural Co-Operative Finance
     中国农村合作金融改革与建设研究
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     The Study of the Cadres Building of Local Discipline Inspection in New Period
     新时期地方纪检监察干部队伍建设研究
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     The Analysis of the Prohlems Concerning the building of Lianyungang Deep-Water Outer Navigation Channel
     关于连云港深水外航道建设中有关问题的分析
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     PROBING TO THE MODERNIZATION BUILDING OF EARTHQUAKE ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION SYSTEM
     地震分析预报系统现代化建设初探
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     Library building of the 21th century
     浅谈21世纪的图书馆建筑布局
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     The total area of the office building of the China National Offshore Oil Corporation is(96 340m~2),with the structural height of 74.5m.
     中国海洋石油办公楼建筑面积96 340m2,结构总高度74.5m。
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     CASIO fx-4500P Computer Application In The Building of Engineering Survey
     CASIO fx-4500P计算器在建筑工程测量中的应用(下)
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     Library Building of Green and Ecology
     绿色生态的图书馆建筑
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     The Optimization of Plan of the Super High-rise Building of Concrete Structure
     超高层建筑混凝土结构的方案优选
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     The Building of a Structural Model of Self-regulated Learning
     自我调节学习结构模型的建构
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     The Building of the Virtual Enterprises and the Benefit Risks Research
     虚拟企业构建及利益风险研究
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     Building of Flexible Organization Based on Information Technology
     基于信息技术的柔性组织构建
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     Structural Design of the Main Building of China Shenzhen Foreign Trade Center
     中国深圳外贸中心大厦主楼的结构设计
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     BUILDING OF DYNAMIC AND CONTINUOUS LOAD MODEL
     动态电力负荷连续模型的建立和应用(英文)
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distichum takes on the features of a water-tolerant and hydrophilic plant, which can be considered as one of the species for the building of a forest protection system for the hydro-fluctuation belt in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.
      
Architecture design of Exit-Entry Administration Building of Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau
      
Petersburg was determined using soil samples taken from sections located at the historical center of this city nearby the Kazan Cathedral and the Twelve Colleges building (now the main building of St.
      
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Duplex-steel welding problems in the building of chemical cargo ships
      
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The group. of ruins of the main building of Rou-Han Yuen and the twin pagoda in Soochow is one of the most important manument in the history of Chinese architecture of Sung dynasty. In the Autumn of 1954 The author was appointed by the bureau of culture of Kiangsu province and The Board of culture conservation and administration to prepare a scheme of renovation of the twin pagoda and at the same time to make a survey of the ruins of the main biuldiug of Ron-Han Yuen. This article is a report of authors...

The group. of ruins of the main building of Rou-Han Yuen and the twin pagoda in Soochow is one of the most important manument in the history of Chinese architecture of Sung dynasty. In the Autumn of 1954 The author was appointed by the bureau of culture of Kiangsu province and The Board of culture conservation and administration to prepare a scheme of renovation of the twin pagoda and at the same time to make a survey of the ruins of the main biuldiug of Ron-Han Yuen. This article is a report of authors findings there about. As to the details of the twin pagoda, Professor T.T. Liu of Nanking University had made a previous investigation report in 1936. No further elucidation is therefore given in this article.

苏州罗汉院双塔及正殿遗址,为中国建筑史宋代一章的重要证物,一九五四年冬我受江苏省文化局及苏州市园林古迹修整委员会(现名文管会)的委托,为双塔修善工程拟计划时,提出整理正殿遗址,这项工作居然在修整期间完成,遂将所得写成此文,至于双塔部分已详刘敦桢教授一九三六年的调查报告中兹从略。

This paper describe the analysis of stresses in a building of three spins and thre storeys. For the want of a better hame, we shall call the product of the sum of the shears at the either ends of eads tier of columns and their length the shear moment for that tier or storey. Evidently the sum of moments at ends of all the columns belonging tothe same storey must equal to the shear moment of the same storey. To begin with we assume that the shear moment in each storey separately equals l. Let us take the...

This paper describe the analysis of stresses in a building of three spins and thre storeys. For the want of a better hame, we shall call the product of the sum of the shears at the either ends of eads tier of columns and their length the shear moment for that tier or storey. Evidently the sum of moments at ends of all the columns belonging tothe same storey must equal to the shear moment of the same storey. To begin with we assume that the shear moment in each storey separately equals l. Let us take the nth. storey first. A unit shear moment in this storey will induce certain fixed-end moments in the columas, which will be then distributed among the joints at end of the columns belonging to this storey_2 leaving the moments at any other joint alone. Since the block distribution coefficients and carrying over factors to the second joints used for this distribution are calculated for the whole truss, the moments in a number of joints are still unbalanced, at the same time new moments appear at ends of columns of the (n+1) th and(n—l) th. storeys, so that new shear moments are acquired also by these two storeys. On the other hand the shear moment in the nth. storey is no longer equals to 1, but some new value a. this will not matter, the important thing is that we have determined definitely the ratios between this uew shear moment value a and the moments at the ends of the columns belonging to these three storeys and the shear moments in storeys below and above, In order to bring the value of the shear moment in the nth. storey back to l, we divide all these end moments and shear moments by a, the result is a set of new values, which will be called, for convenience, the influence values due to shear moment in the nth. storev.Wben the building truss is being analysed, we multiply the influence values of different storeys by a set of suitable numbers, and put the results in successive rows in a table. The multiplying should be so chosen that the sums of shear moments for saeh storey should equal approximately their actual values. The end moments are then balanced by block distribution. After this distribution the shear moment for each storey will differ from their actual values appreciably7 the difference wiil be then made up by repetition of the above process as'often as required. For the truss under consideration7 the calculations are repeated only once, then the maximum error in values of shear moments is already so low (only 0.075%), a second repetition of the process is quite unnecessary.

本文計算的是一个三層三间的屋架?衙繉拥淖∽拥淖芗袅退麄兊母叨鹊某朔e喚做这一層的剪力矩,那么这个剪力矩是和同一層的柱子的两端的弯矩的总和值相等的燃俣恳粚拥募袅氐扔?.为便利超見,譬如我們先假定第n層的剪力矩等于1。把这一層的各柱子的兩端的固定端弯炬求得,再把他們在本層的柱子的兩端的各結点分配一下。因为我們用的集体分配系数和隔点傳遞系数是根据整个屋架計算的緣故,有一部分的結点的弯矩是不完全平衡的,同时第n—1和n+1層的柱子的两端出现了新的弯炬,因此这两層也出現了新的剪力矩了。在另一方面,第n層的剪力矩已經不等于1,却等于一个新值α了。但是本層和上下两層的柱子两端的弯矩和上下两層的剪力矩和这个新剪力矩值α的中間是有一定的比例的。为了要本層的剪力矩值仍旧变成1,我們拿α除所有弯矩值和剪力矩值,因此我求得一系列的新值,这些新值就喚做n層的剪力矩的影响值嬎阄菁苁蔽覀兡檬实钡氖党烁鲗拥募袅氐挠跋熘?叫各厨的剪力矩的总和差不多和他們的实在值相等,然后進行分配弯矩。分配之后,各層的剪力矩和他們的实在值必定还有一定的距离或一定的差数。因此我們再用另一批适当的新数值乘各層的剪力矩的影响值,叫各層的剪力矩的总和差不...

本文計算的是一个三層三间的屋架?衙繉拥淖∽拥淖芗袅退麄兊母叨鹊某朔e喚做这一層的剪力矩,那么这个剪力矩是和同一層的柱子的两端的弯矩的总和值相等的燃俣恳粚拥募袅氐扔?.为便利超見,譬如我們先假定第n層的剪力矩等于1。把这一層的各柱子的兩端的固定端弯炬求得,再把他們在本層的柱子的兩端的各結点分配一下。因为我們用的集体分配系数和隔点傳遞系数是根据整个屋架計算的緣故,有一部分的結点的弯矩是不完全平衡的,同时第n—1和n+1層的柱子的两端出现了新的弯炬,因此这两層也出現了新的剪力矩了。在另一方面,第n層的剪力矩已經不等于1,却等于一个新值α了。但是本層和上下两層的柱子两端的弯矩和上下两層的剪力矩和这个新剪力矩值α的中間是有一定的比例的。为了要本層的剪力矩值仍旧变成1,我們拿α除所有弯矩值和剪力矩值,因此我求得一系列的新值,这些新值就喚做n層的剪力矩的影响值嬎阄菁苁蔽覀兡檬实钡氖党烁鲗拥募袅氐挠跋熘?叫各厨的剪力矩的总和差不多和他們的实在值相等,然后進行分配弯矩。分配之后,各層的剪力矩和他們的实在值必定还有一定的距离或一定的差数。因此我們再用另一批适当的新数值乘各層的剪力矩的影响值,叫各層的剪力矩的总和差不多和这些差数相等,然后分配弯矩。这样一遍一遍的算下去等到求得剪力矩和他們的实在值中间没有差数或相差很小才歇手。我們計算这个例題时僅僅算了两遍,最大誤差已經小到0.075%,因此就沒有再算下去了。

Basing on the equations of calculated tolerance for fitting short shafting put forth by. the author uses the shafting of a 50-ton tiansport ship as an example to illustrate a new technology for fitting shafting on shipways with the help of calculated tolerance. Trial data of gradually increasing tolerance for fitting shafting are listed. Records of actual fitting on shipway arc also listed with joggling value in the calculated limit tolerance taken as 1mm/m, to verify the accuracy of fitting shafting with the...

Basing on the equations of calculated tolerance for fitting short shafting put forth by. the author uses the shafting of a 50-ton tiansport ship as an example to illustrate a new technology for fitting shafting on shipways with the help of calculated tolerance. Trial data of gradually increasing tolerance for fitting shafting are listed. Records of actual fitting on shipway arc also listed with joggling value in the calculated limit tolerance taken as 1mm/m, to verify the accuracy of fitting shafting with the help of calculated tolerance. Having succeeded in fiitting shafting with the help of calculated, limit tolerance, and for the purpose of facilitating mass building and operation of production lines, the author suggests the elimination of fitting rod to effeet mass processing. He further suggests the use of an imitation shaft to align the main engine beforehand, instead of the thread-alignment or illumination method used hitherto, and enabling the installation of main engine, the boring of shafting and rudder-post, and the fitting of piping to be performed simultaneously. Shipyard practice shows that this new technology can be used in mass building of ships.

作者根据Д.Л.加尔馬謝夫(Гармашев)所提供的短軸系船舶安装公差計算公式: 以50吨运輸船軸系为实例,探討了用計算公差在船台上空装軸系的新工艺。文中列举了以逐步扩大軸系安裝公差的試驗资料,以及用折曲值为1毫米/米計算极限公差,在船台上安装后的实船試驗記录,借此宋驗証軸系用計算公差进行安裝的正确性。在計算极限公差安裝軸系成功的基础上,为了适应成批造船和生产流水线的需要,作者提出:軸系制造时取清单配样捧,以便成批加工軸系;同时建議軸系在船台安裝时,采用假軸定位法使主机在船上先行定位,从而取消了軸系定位时的拉线工序或照光工序,使主机安装、軸系和舵系鏜孔、管系安裝能够同时进行。經过实踐証明,这种新的工艺方法可供船舶成批建造时作参考。

 
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