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aid to
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     Soviet Union's Aid to China in Navy Technology Education:The Case of Naval Engineering Department,Harbin Institute of Military Engineering,1952-1956
     苏联对中国海军技术教育的援助——以哈尔滨军事工程学院海军工程系为例(1952—1956年)
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     The Comments of Soviet Union's Material Aid to the CCPC (1921-1949)
     评苏联对中共的援助(1921—1949)
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     1. It can change the teaching idea that the school lead to implement professional aid to theteacher while using information-based course resources, promote the school to buildinformation-based hardware, promote the educational modernization of the school.
     1.应用信息化课程资源对教师实施专业援助可以改变学校领导的教学观念,促进学校进行信息化硬件建设,推动学校教育现代化。
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     The economic aid served for holding Taiwan's stability and maintaining excessive military power technically, some documents, such as NSC 146/2 、 NSC5429/5 and NSC5506, were the direction of American aid to Taiwan. America and Taiwan's military safety and political alignment were the purpose of it.
     在此期间,美国政府对台湾的经济援助政策是以NSC146/2、NSC5429/5、NSC5506等文件为指导,以美台军事安全与政治结盟为目的。
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     America's economic aid to Taiwan was basic consumer goods in 1951-1954.After 1955,turning to capital commodities .
     1951—1954年,美国向台湾提供的经济援助主要是基本消费品,1955年以后才开始转向提供资本货物援助
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  “aid to”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Offering Fuel In Snowy Weather──Timely Aid to Disaster-Stricken Area in Yushu
     Offering Fuel In Snowy Weather──Timely Aid to Disaster-Stricken Area in Yushu
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     1wt% ZnO - B2O3 addition was selected as proper sintering aid to reduce the sintering temperature. At 880℃ for 4 hour, the 97% theoretical density can be obtained, the dielectric properties of the ceramic are εr = 42,tanδ <1. 5×10-1(100MHz)
     ZnO-B2O3的掺杂量以1%为最佳,在880℃保温4h,可达到97%理论密度,在100MHz测试频率下,εr=42,tanδ<1.5×10-3。
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     In this paper, the advance in technology of aid to leaching by adding peroxide (H2O2,CaO2), its technological principles and advantages are discussed.
     概述了过氧化物(H2O2,CaO2)助浸工艺的进展、原理和优点。
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     Conclusion:The criteria A、B、C、D in ECG could aid to clinic diagnosis of RCA or LCX occlusion.
     结论 :ECG指标 A、B、C、D的观察有助于 RCA或 L CX阻塞的临床诊断。
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     In order to improve the working efficiency of the enterprise ,reduce the production cost and make the level of management better , most enterprises establish the management of information systems which aid to complete the business process and occupy preponderant position in competition.
     在市场竞争日趋激烈下,企业信息管理要求对社会需求瞬息万变作出及时反映,企业纷纷建立企业信息系统来辅助企业业务活动,以期提高企业的工作效率,改善企业的经营管理水平,降低企业的生产成本,加快企业对市场变化的反应速度,从而在竞争中占得有利地位。
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     With the aid of computer, G.
     1997年,G.
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     With the aid of MSC.
     用MSC.
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     Food Aid to Bangladesh
     孟加拉国粮食援助浅析
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     Research on Medical Aid to the Vulnerable
     弱势群体的医疗救助研究
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A novel framework is presented for structuring and building distributed systems, which use cooperating mobile agents as an aid to carry out coordination and cooperation tasks in distributed systems.
      
Analyzed by the equivalent-circuits method and simulated by HFSS, a rule derived from simulated results that can aid to design the microstrip antennas is found.
      
Given the continuing shortage of available donor hearts, echocardiography may aid to improve the successful utilisation of potential cardiac donors.
      
This aid to diagnosis is recommended in addition to the measurement of conduction velocities in the motor branches to M.
      
This increase in CBD patients may reflect widespread tau pathology in CBD, but should be interpreted with reserve as an aid to diagnosis.
      
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Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

This is a preliminary report of X-ray diagnosis on osteopetrosis ga-llinarum. Twenty natural cases of the disease were discovered and studied by X-ray examination.Avian skeleton radiography is a useful and practicable aid to the diagnosis of osteopetrosis and is a more reliable method than others to detect lesions of the bones in live chickens.Radiographic signs of the disease are increase in density of bilateral bones, osteosclerosis with thickening of the cortex and stricture or obliteration of the medullary...

This is a preliminary report of X-ray diagnosis on osteopetrosis ga-llinarum. Twenty natural cases of the disease were discovered and studied by X-ray examination.Avian skeleton radiography is a useful and practicable aid to the diagnosis of osteopetrosis and is a more reliable method than others to detect lesions of the bones in live chickens.Radiographic signs of the disease are increase in density of bilateral bones, osteosclerosis with thickening of the cortex and stricture or obliteration of the medullary cavity. Pathologic changes of the skeleton were observed in most bones of the body, but they were most frequently encountered in the long bones of the extremities. The pathologic process affected the tibia first and its incidence was the highest (20/20), while the figures of other bones were, for the femur 12/20, the coracoid 11/20, the ulna 11/20 and the radius 11/20. The lowest incidences were encountered in the metatarsus 6/20 and phalanges 3/20. X-ray presentation of the disease might be divided into the following types. ( a ) fusiform deformity and sclerosis of the long bones in the extremities, especially in the metatarsus; (b)deformity of the long bones of the pelvic extremities with diffuse osteosclerosis; ( c ) difuse osteosclerosis without skeletal deformity; (d) partly proliferation and sclerosis in the endosteum or small focal osteosclerosis, which were ordinarily well-defined in the tibia and were sometimes found in the femur or ulna. The first type of X-ray presentation might only be in young chickens, while other types might generally occur in adult chickens without "bootlike" deformity of the metatarsus.Differential diagnosis of other avian osteopathies, for example, rickets, osteoporosis, periostosis, staphylococcosis, chronic osteomyelitis, osteosarcoma and Paget's disease was discussed. Radiopraphy of a shank is recommended as a means to detect this disease in general survey.

1、本文在国内首次报告了鸡骨质石化病的X线诊断,利用X线检查,共发现了20只本病的自然病鸡。鸡的骨骼X线照相对诊断骨质石化病是有效可行的。在生前检出骨骼的病变较其他方法更为可靠。 2、本病的X线征为双侧骨骼的密度增高和骨质硬化,骨皮质变厚,骨髓腔变窄甚至闭塞。病变可见于多骨,但最常发生在四肢长骨。最先损害的是胫骨,其发生率最高(20/20);股骨其次(12/20);而乌喙骨、尺骨和桡骨再其次,均为11/20;跖骨较低(6/20);趾骨最低,只有3/20发生病变。其X线表现可分为四种类型:(1)四肢长骨(尤其跖骨)梭状畸形与骨质硬化;(2)后肢长骨畸形与泛发性骨质硬化;(3)泛发性骨质硬化但无骨骼畸形;(4)胫骨骨内膜局限性增生硬化或小灶性硬化,有时累及股骨或尺骨。第一种类型的表现可能只发生于仔鸡。没有跖骨“靴样”畸形的其他类型通常见于成年鸡。 3、对其他骨病如佝偻病、骨质疏松、骨膜骨质增生、葡萄球菌病、慢性骨髓炎、成骨肉瘤和佩吉特氏病(Paget’s disease)等的区别诊断作了讨论,并建议在大群检疫时用一侧胫骨的X线照相作为检出该病的方法。

This paper proposes the so-called tree-structures method as an aid to realize design standardization based on "building blocks". Both the general-purpose and special-purpose tree-structures methods are presented, with the former intended for any functions, and the latter for given specific functions.

本文对三维三值胞腔阵列的设计,提出了如何实现像“积木”一样的设计标准化、系列化的一种方法,即所谓的树型结构法。本文重点讨论了对于任何函数的一般的树型结构设计方法,同时也介绍了对于给定的各种具体函数的专用树型结构的设计方法。

 
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