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deviated from
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  背离了
     Tolstoylism, which has a positive significance, is deviated from the teachings of Christianity.
     托翁的宗教 思想不同于基督教,托尔斯泰主义背离了基督教教义,而且有其积极意义所在。
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     All setbacks or failing during the process of leading the revolution and construction of the Communist Party of China, have all deviated from Marxism and result of combining the principle of China's reality.
     中国共产党在领导革命和建设过程中的一切挫折或失败,都是背离了马克思主义同中国实际相结合原则的结果。
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     Recent teaching status of public art lesson is presenting a tendency of inclining,which is deviated from the original art teaching target.
     当今的美术公共课的教学现状是美育目标发生倾斜,背离了艺术教学的宗旨。
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     In the course of farmland rearrangement many problems have been revealed and farmland rearrangement has deviated from its original target. All these have resulted from the force-imbalance of government, market and villager body due to their varied value orientations and asymmetrical information exchanges in different phases.
     我国的农地整理在实践中暴露出了大量的问题,这与农地整理中政府、市场、村民集体三者的力量对比失衡有很大的关系,致使农地整理背离了原来的目标,其原因在于政府、市场、村民在农地整理中的价值取向不同,农地整理各阶段信息不对称,使之不能形成合力。
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     Yu Huas smooth depiction and humanitarian literature theme in 90s represents that his indication has deviated from his avant-gardism experiment in late 80s,and is once considered as having lost his avant-gardism in 90s.
     余华在90年代以流畅的故事叙述、人道主义的文学主题标示其创作背离了他在80年代后期的先锋实验,一度被人们认为他在90年代丧失了先锋性。
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  “deviated from”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The χ~2 goodness-fit test showed that the genotypic distributions of rs3762637 were not deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium either in the patient sample(χ~2=1.431,df=1,P=0.232) or in the parent group(χ~2=1.212,df=1,P=0.271).
     结果:rs3762637基因型频率的分布符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡(χ2=1.431,df=1,P=0.232;χ2=1.212,df=1,P=0.271);
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     The results showed that with 1.0 MPa nitrogen atmosphere at 1 913 K the solubility of nitrogen in molten stainless steel Cr12, Cr17Mn5Ni5, Cr19Mn15 and Cr20Mn8 was respectively 0.391%, 0.692%, 1.120% and 0.899%, and it was found that to a certain extent the nitrogen dissolution in molten stainless steel deviated from Sievert's law;
     结果表明,1913K、1.0MPa氮气氛中Cr12、Cr17Mn5Ni5、Cr19Mn15和Cr20Mn8不锈钢中氮的溶解度分别为0.391%、0.692%、1.120%和0.899%,氮在液态不锈钢中的溶解与Sievert定律有所偏离;
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     Results The distributions of genotypic and allelic frequencies of rs3770448 and rs3769955 were not deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
     结果:rs3770448、rs3769955基因型频率的分布均符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡;
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     the population deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium(P<0.05).
     群体均偏离了哈迪-温伯格平衡(P<0.05)。
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     Markers Deviated from Mendelian segregation ratios were observed to be 15.0% (P<0.05) and (27.5%) (P<0.01) respectively.
     255个AFLP位点中偏离孟德尔遗传的比率(P<0.05)为15 0%和27 5%(P<0.01)。
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  相似匹配句对
     Cognitive Studies of Deviated Rhetoric
     变异修辞的认知透视
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     deviated form the students' real life;
     与学生生活相疏离:“关注彼在,忽视此在”的道德教育观等。
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     Why will the reality be deviated from the theory?
     为什么理论与现实会出现偏离呢?
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     They deviated from the characteristics of discrete of periodicals information.
     它们在不同程度上偏离期刊信息的实际离散特性。
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  deviated from
In our experiments the critical Reynolds number was determined as the value, independent of the distance from the inlet, at which the ratio of the axial to the mean-flow velocity as a function of the Reynolds number deviated from 2.
      
Subsequent observations showed that parameters of their development deviated from those in the control groups.
      
The DRD4 genotype distribution deviated from the equilibrium in most of the samples examined.
      
Gravistimulation was induced when roots were in the horizontal position or slightly deviated from the initial vertical position at the beginning of chemotropic curvature response.
      
In leaves treated at 42 and 46°C, the slow phase of dark relaxation deviated from an exponential curve.
      
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The main difficulty of the one-electron theory of optical activity lies in the calculation of the so-called vicinal actions. This may be overcome, as suggested in the present investiga- tion by assuming that the vicinal actions are due to the interactions of various chemical bonds in the molecule with the chromophoric electron. For the calculation of these interactions the charge distribution of a single covalent bond is assumed to consist of two nuclei, each of unit positive charge, separated by the bond distance...

The main difficulty of the one-electron theory of optical activity lies in the calculation of the so-called vicinal actions. This may be overcome, as suggested in the present investiga- tion by assuming that the vicinal actions are due to the interactions of various chemical bonds in the molecule with the chromophoric electron. For the calculation of these interactions the charge distribution of a single covalent bond is assumed to consist of two nuclei, each of unit positive charge, separated by the bond distance and two electrons with opposite spins and a spherically symmetrical orbital eigenfunction represented by (?) where r is the distance measured from a certain point on the bond axis and near the center of the bond. The location of this point is so determined that the model will give the proper dipole moment of the bond. The exponent α, which determines the extent of diffusivity of the electron cloud, is obtained by an approximate variational treatment. The quadruple moment of this model, calculated for the C-H bond, agrees very well with that estimated by Lassettre and Dean from a study of the potential barrier hindering the internal rotation of the ethane molecule. To test the theory and also to illustrate the procedure which is followed in calculating optical rotations using the new model of vicinal actions, the optical rotations of several methyl derivatives of cyclopentanone have been calculated and the following conclusions have been reached: (1) The proposed model gives rise to optical rotations in agreement with the observed values. (2) The effect of the internal rotation of the methyl group on the molecular rotation [M]_D of 3-methylcyclopentanone is large, [M]_D being +44° and -130° for the cis- trans-conformations, respectively. (3) The observed [M]_D may be regarded as composed of two parts, namely, the contribution from the multipole terms and that from the orbital overlapping. The latter corresponds to the "incomplete screening of atomic nuclei", and has been regarded as the most important vicinal action in earlier calculations. In the present work, it is shown, however, that this effect contributes only a few percent of the total [M]_D, unless the perturbing group is very near to the chromophoric group as it is in the case of 2-methyl- cyclopentanone. The failure of the previous calculations is, therefore, due mainly to the omission of the multipole (especially the quadrupole) terms. (4) The absolute configuration of 3-methylcyclopentanone, indicated by the present calculation, is the opposite of the one suggested by Eyring, since he based on the overlapping contribution alone, which bears a sign opposite to that of the total [M]_D (5) That the observed [M]_D of 2,4,5,5-tetramethylcyclopentanone is considerably smaller than that of 2,4-dimethylcyclopentanone may be due to one or both of the following possibilities: (a) that the conformation of the 2- and 4-methyl groups slightly deviates from the trans-position in the tetra-methyl compound, due to the presence of the two additional methyl groups; (b) that the two additional methyl groups in 5,5-positions are not exactly symmetrical with respect to the ring so that they make contributions to [M]_D.

本文在量子力學的單電子旋光理論的鄰近作用問題上,作了如下的貢獻: 1.指出旋光度應由分子中各化學鍵,而不是分子中各原子(如像前人所假定的)對於生色團電子的微擾作用來計算,兩者的主要不同點在於是否考慮鍵的多極矩。 2.建議在旋光度的計算中,共價單鍵可以看作是由兩個處於鍵端的正電荷和一個以單中心狀態函數,表示出來的電子雲所組成。根據這個假定計算了環戊酮的甲基衍生物的旋光度,其結果與實驗值甚爲一致(詳見結果討論)。 3.計算結果證明甲基的內旋轉對於旋光度的影響很大,例如順式和反式構型的3-甲基環戊酮的旋光度,應分別為+44°和-30°。 4.指定了3-甲基環戊酮的絕對構型,其結果Eyring所指定者相反。

On the assumption that the bond length and bond polarity contribute to ,bond energy (bond A-B) independently, an empirical relationship among them has been found as follows: D = ab / r~1.66 + 23.06-(x_A-x_B)~2 or 1/2(D_(A-A) + D_(B-B) = ab/r~1.66_(AB) where constant a (or b)=8.03 for N, O, F, H; a (or b)=13.40 for other elements; a (or b)= 4.63-1-4.7r4 for H in hydrides (r_A is the covalent radius of the atom with which H is com-bined); D and r (i.e. r_(AB)) represent the bond energy and bond length respectively;...

On the assumption that the bond length and bond polarity contribute to ,bond energy (bond A-B) independently, an empirical relationship among them has been found as follows: D = ab / r~1.66 + 23.06-(x_A-x_B)~2 or 1/2(D_(A-A) + D_(B-B) = ab/r~1.66_(AB) where constant a (or b)=8.03 for N, O, F, H; a (or b)=13.40 for other elements; a (or b)= 4.63-1-4.7r4 for H in hydrides (r_A is the covalent radius of the atom with which H is com-bined); D and r (i.e. r_(AB)) represent the bond energy and bond length respectively; x_A and x_B are the electronegativities of the two bond-forming elements, A and B. The validity of the relationship has been tested for the bond energy of 83 kinds of single bonds. In the majority of cases, the calculated values deviate from the experimental data within ± (1-2) kcal.

作者認為單價鍵的鍵能主要決定於鍵長及鍵的極性,並假定此二因素對鍵能各有獨立的影響,從而獲得如下的經驗關係式: D=ab/r~(1.66)+23.06(x_A-x_B)~2或 1/2(D_(A-A)+D_(B-B))=ab/r_(AB)~1.66其中x_A,x_B為成鍵二原子的元素電負性;a舆b為常數,其數值如下: a(或b)=8.03 (N,O,F,H的常數) a(或b)=13.40 (其他元素的常數) a(或b)=4.63+4.7r_A (氫化物中H的常數,r_A為化合原子的共價半徑) 利用此三常數,曾計算83種單價鍵的鍵能。與實驗值比較,極大多數鍵的平均差異均在實驗誤差±(1-2)千卡以內。

A β superlattice structure, with the ideal stoichiometrical formula AgAuZn2 and isoinorphous with that of Heusler alloys, has been found existing over a quite wide range of composition. It is, in fact, a superstructure of the β ordered structure. Its formation is accompanied by a sudden lattice contraction. The effect of gradual substitution of Ag by An on the atomic distribution has been stndied systematically. It is shown that the Au atoms introduced simply replace the Ag atoms more or less in a random manner,...

A β superlattice structure, with the ideal stoichiometrical formula AgAuZn2 and isoinorphous with that of Heusler alloys, has been found existing over a quite wide range of composition. It is, in fact, a superstructure of the β ordered structure. Its formation is accompanied by a sudden lattice contraction. The effect of gradual substitution of Ag by An on the atomic distribution has been stndied systematically. It is shown that the Au atoms introduced simply replace the Ag atoms more or less in a random manner, the positions of Zn atoms not being affected. Tho decrease of the degree of order as deviating from the stoichiometrical formula is not merely due to the deviation from the ideal chemical composition; some disordering among the Ag and Au atoms also occurs. High temperature investigation of Ag-rieh alloys shows that the temperature of β'-β transformation increases with Au content and that the β-phase structure exists only at high temperatures. The presence of even a minute amount of Au stablizes the β' structure obtained by quenching very remarkably. On the other hand, the β' structure of Au-rich alloys persists from room temperature probably to the melting point.

合金AgAuZn_2具有一个与郝斯勒合金同晶型结构的β″相,这个β″相存在于一个相当广阔的成分范围里。事实上,β″相就是β′有序结构的超结构。伴随着,β″结构的形成晶格发生突然的收缩。关于Ag-Au替换对于原子分布的影响,也作了系统的观察。在Ag-Au替换过程中,Au和Ag的替换或多或少是无规律性的,但Zn原子则仍保持它们的适宜位置,而不受到影响。当成分偏离于理想化学式AgAuZn_2时,有序度的减小不仅仅是由于化学成分的乖异,而且Ag-An替换也产生了一些无序的排列。高温观察的结果指出:Ag多合金的β′-β转变温度随着Au含量的增加而升高,而β相只能在高温度存在。少量的Au大大地提高了由淬炼而得到的β′相的稳定度。但是Au多的合金无论是在室温和高温都是具有β′结构的。

 
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