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     Chinese Named Entity (NE) recognition is to recognize specific entities in text.
     中文命名实体(Named Entity,NE)识别是指识别出文本中特定的实体。
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     FF-HSE is divided for theCommunication Entity (CE), the System Management Kernel(SMK) and the Field-busApplication Process (AP), conducted the thorough research to its correspondence main part——Communication Entity.
     FF-HSE被划分为通信实体(CE),系统管理内核(SMK)和现场总线应用进程(AP),对其通信的主要部分——通信实体进行了深入的研究。
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     This dissertation focuses on an important component in TPT, i.e. Encoder/Decoder (E/D), which acts as the peer entity (in a test system) of the protocol implementation in a router under test.
     本文讨论的中心是双端口测试器(TPT)中的重要组件:编解码器(Encoder/Decoder-E/D),它是被作为被测路由器协议实现的对等实体(在测试系统中)宋考虑的。
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     OpenRouter divides traditional router into forwarding entity(FE) and control entity(CE), and control entity can future be divided into control service layer and operation service layer.
     OpenRouter模型将路由器划分为转发实体(FE)和控制实体(CE),其中控制实体又可以进一步垂直划分为控制服务层和操作服务层。
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     The runtime engine is studied, and the idea that support the soft components running with runtime engine is presented, the runtime engine was divided as: deployment management entity (DME), events connector management (ECM), real time database and data connector management, function block type library, a set of function block container (FBC).
     把运行时引擎大致分为:部署管理实体(DME)、事件连结管理器(ECM),实时数据库和数据连接管理器,功能模块类型库、一组功能模块容器(FBC);
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  “entity (”译为未确定词的双语例句
     This article mainly introduces a design of cost-effective and high performance hardware circuit which adopts the JUPITER 32-BIT EISC high performance double ethernet microcontroller designed by Advanced Digital Chips Inc(ADC)assisted with the LXT971A Physical layer entity(PHY).
     介绍基于韩国ADC公司的JUPITER32位EISC高效双以太网处理器,并辅以LXT971A为以太网物理层接口的低功耗、高速硬件电路的设计;
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     Most protocols that support the message transfer between the SMSC and external short message entity (ESME) are binary protocols over an underlying TCP/IP or X.
     许多支持短消息服务中心(SMSC)与外部短消息实体之间短消息传输的现存协议都是通过TCP/IP或X.
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     It also introduces a design of cost- effectiveand high performance hardware circuit which adopts theJUPITER high performance double ethernet microcontroller as-sisted with the LXT971A Physical layer entity(PHY).
     同时介绍基于JUPITER高效双以太网处理器,并辅以LXT971A为以太网物理层接口的低功耗、高速硬件电路的设计;
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     The theory of SM believes that the representation of SM concerns at least five dimensions, such as (1) space, (2) time, (3) entity, (4) causality and (5) intention.
     情境模型理论认为人们在理解信息的过程中至少需要建构5个维度,即:(1)空间,(2)时间,(3)实体,(4)因果,(5)目的等。
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     Named entity (NE), as the basic information unit of text, is essential to the correct understanding of a text.
     命名实体是文本中基本的信息元素,是正确理解文本的基础。
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     time is entity.
     时间是实体。
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     Entity principle;
     主体性原则;
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     (4) Running security of software entity.
     (4) 软件实体的运行安全性。
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Mobile intelligent agent entity model towards QoS guarantee
      
Aspect is the first class entity as Component and Connector in ABC/ADL.
      
The heterogeneity of the Fungi kingdom is emphasized, the existence of Oomycota as a separate entity is supported, and the theory of the primitive nature of fungal cells is criticized from the viewpoint of biochemical adaptation.
      
The concept of a morphophysiological genus continues to play the key role in general microbiology, serving as an operational entity of the science.
      
The observations of a laboratory culture of filamentous cyanobacteria revealed a complex of behavioral responses of their community, which maintain their activity as an integrated entity.
      
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In order to study the distribution of the virus entities which cause“Kwuting”symptomsof Chinese cabbage on various cruciferous crop plants,diseased specimens were collected fromPeking and Tientsin throughout the growing season in 1962.Isolations and routine diagnosiswere made during 1962-63.On basis of the differential host reactions,109 isolates weregrouped into seven types,among which types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ being reacted with K_1 (TurnipMosaic Virus) antiserum were thus considered to be related strains.These...

In order to study the distribution of the virus entities which cause“Kwuting”symptomsof Chinese cabbage on various cruciferous crop plants,diseased specimens were collected fromPeking and Tientsin throughout the growing season in 1962.Isolations and routine diagnosiswere made during 1962-63.On basis of the differential host reactions,109 isolates weregrouped into seven types,among which types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ being reacted with K_1 (TurnipMosaic Virus) antiserum were thus considered to be related strains.These strains were de-signated K_(1-2) for type Ⅰ,K_(1-3) for type Ⅱ and K_(1-4) for type Ⅲ.Type Ⅰ neither infectedNicotiana tabacum nor N.glutinosa.Type Ⅱ did infect N.tabacum causing local lesions,butnot N.glutinosa.Type Ⅲ with its T.D.P.slightly higher than 65℃ did infect N.glutinosacausing local lesions,but might or not infect N.tabacum.Type Ⅳ being identical to theKwuting Virus 1 (A type strain of Turnip Mosaic Virus on Chinese cabbage) was designatedK_(1-1).Types Ⅴ and Ⅵ had not yet been identified,while type Ⅶ was identical to the former-ly reported virus K_3 (A ringspot strain of TMV).In fields,types Ⅰ and Ⅱ occurred more frequently.They were 59.0 and 32.0 per cent ofthe total isolates respectively.Type Ⅲ was apparently less prevalent (5.5 percent) and theother types occurred more rarely (less than 0.9 percent each).Therefore the two TurnipMosaic Virus strains K_(1-2) and K_(1-3) were the most prevalent and responsible for the epiphyto-tics of the Kwuting disease of Chinese cabbage in 1962.However,in Peking K_(1-2) was lessabundant than K_(1-3),while in Tientsin the condition was quite the reverse.The difference ofstrain dominance might be attributed to the different varieties of Chinese cabbage cultivatedin these two localities.For instance,the main Chinese cabbage variety cultivated in Pekingwas“Qinpaikou”,from which the isolates of K_(1-3) and K_(1-2) were in the ratio of 3:2.Themain Chinese cabbage variety grown in Tientsin was“Tianjinl(?)”,from which the isolates ofK_(1-3) and K_(1-2) was in the ratio 1:5.Isolates made from two kinds of seeding plants,namely the overwintered seed plants plant-ed out in spring and the seed plants grown from vernalized seeds,revealed that they wereessentially K_(1-2) and K_(1-3).It was believed that these virus entities were carried in the over-wintered seed plants and disseminated to other cruiferous plants after planting out in spring.These two essential virus entities were isolated from successive cruciferous crops throughoutthe growing season.Therefore the summer sown cabbage served as one of the principal hostsfor the virus to tide over summer,while the autumn Chinese radish which was sown usually10-15 days earlier than Chinese cabbage,served as one of the important bridge hosts.

1962年至1963年系统地调查北京及天津白菜区十字花科作物上逐月出现的病毒类型及其相对数量,以确定十字花科作物之间病毒的相互关系。从109个分离物中,根据寄主反应,区分成7个类型,其中Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型都和芜菁花叶病毒(白菜孤丁病毒1号即 K_1)的抗血清起反应,因此认为它们是白菜孤丁病毒1号的相关株系:Ⅰ型定为 K_(1-2),根本不侵染菸草;Ⅱ型定为 K_(1-3),能侵染普通菸,产生局部坏死斑,但不侵染心叶菸;Ⅲ型定为 K_(1-4),能侵染心叶菸产生局部坏死斑,能或不能侵染普通菸与产生局部坏死斑,致死温度稍高于65℃;Ⅳ型为典型的白菜孤丁病毒1号的原株系(K_(1-1));Ⅴ及Ⅵ型是未经鉴定的毒原;Ⅶ型是典型菸草环斑型花叶病毒(K_3)。京、津两地109个分离物中,Ⅰ型(K_(1-2))占59%,Ⅱ型(K_(1-3))32%,Ⅲ型(K_(1-4))5.5%,Ⅳ型(K_(1-1))0.9%,Ⅴ型0.87%,Ⅵ型0.87%,Ⅶ型(K_3)0.87%。其中以 K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)(芜菁花叶病毒亦即白菜孤丁病毒1号)为主,其他类型均不重要。北京及天津两地十字花科作物上病毒类型的分布显然有些差别,在北京...

1962年至1963年系统地调查北京及天津白菜区十字花科作物上逐月出现的病毒类型及其相对数量,以确定十字花科作物之间病毒的相互关系。从109个分离物中,根据寄主反应,区分成7个类型,其中Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型都和芜菁花叶病毒(白菜孤丁病毒1号即 K_1)的抗血清起反应,因此认为它们是白菜孤丁病毒1号的相关株系:Ⅰ型定为 K_(1-2),根本不侵染菸草;Ⅱ型定为 K_(1-3),能侵染普通菸,产生局部坏死斑,但不侵染心叶菸;Ⅲ型定为 K_(1-4),能侵染心叶菸产生局部坏死斑,能或不能侵染普通菸与产生局部坏死斑,致死温度稍高于65℃;Ⅳ型为典型的白菜孤丁病毒1号的原株系(K_(1-1));Ⅴ及Ⅵ型是未经鉴定的毒原;Ⅶ型是典型菸草环斑型花叶病毒(K_3)。京、津两地109个分离物中,Ⅰ型(K_(1-2))占59%,Ⅱ型(K_(1-3))32%,Ⅲ型(K_(1-4))5.5%,Ⅳ型(K_(1-1))0.9%,Ⅴ型0.87%,Ⅵ型0.87%,Ⅶ型(K_3)0.87%。其中以 K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)(芜菁花叶病毒亦即白菜孤丁病毒1号)为主,其他类型均不重要。北京及天津两地十字花科作物上病毒类型的分布显然有些差别,在北京地区 K_(1-3)占51.2%,K_(1-2)占34.1%,K_(1-4)占7.3%,其余 K_(1-1),Ⅴ及Ⅵ各占2.5%,无 K_3,而在天津地区则 K_(1-2)占68.8%,K_(1-3)占22.9%,K_(1-4)占6.3%,有 K_3的出现(2.1%),而无 K_(1-1),Ⅴ及Ⅵ。这种差异可能与当地所栽品种及十字花科蔬菜种类有关,因为北京的白菜以青白口品种为主,而 K_(1-3)和 K_(1-2)在青白口品种上的出现此数为3∶2。天津地区的白菜品种邓鄯沽大核桃纹、高杆连心壮及天津绿上的 K_(1-3)和 K_(1-2)的出现比数相应为1∶5,1∶2及3∶4。根据两种采种株,即越冬菜株及当年播的春化种子的种菜上的毒原类型分析,一般均为,K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3),而出现的次数在越年采种株上为多,可见越年采种株是白菜孤丁病毒的主要越冬寄主之一,春化种子的种菜上的病原可能是从越冬采种株上传来的,根据3—10月各种十字花科作物上病毒类型出现次数的分析,K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)在四至五月间在留种菜、小白菜、油青菜及甘兰上达到高峯,六月间则出现在白菜及甘兰上,最后则出现在秋白菜上,其中甘兰是京津六至九月间的连续作物,因此作为主要越夏寄主的可能性更大,而萝卜则因其播种较秋白菜早10天至15天,正当传毒翅蚜的发生期,因此认为是一个比较危险的过渡寄主。

During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand...

During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand hada lower thermal death point(55-62℃).In the case of the mosaic disease of squash(Cucurbitamoschata var.melonaeformis,Makino),a similar virus was isolated,however,it differed fromthe above strain by not attacking watermelon,although having the same thermal resistance.From the specimens of the mosaic disease of cucumber plants,all isolates were pertain-ing to the Cucumber Mosaic Virus(CMV=Marmot cucumeris Holmes)group,consisting oftwo or more distinct strains,except a peculiar entity was isolated from a specimen of theautumnal cucumber plant.This entity,having a higher thermal death point(85℃),did notattack Nicotiana glutinosa L.,but did systemically infect N.tabacuum L.and N.sylvestris L.and caused local necrotic spots on Datura stramonium L.It was tentatively considered as anew strain and named Autumnal Cucumber Mosaic Virus(ACMV).All isolates from variousmelons were demonstrated to be the same entity as that obtained from the vegetable marrow,namely the Muskmelon Virus(MMV).A virus isolated from Luffa cylindrica Roem.was shown to have distinct properties butclose to MMV.Owing to its rather restricted host range among cucurbits,it was possibly adistinct strain of the Muskmelon Virus.

从1957到1958年,在北京都区进行了瓜类作物花叶病毒的调查研究。在记述病作物症状的同时,还采集了各类花叶病株的标样,进行了病毒的常规鉴定。西葫芦的花叶病是一个严重的病毒病,鉴定的结果证明其毒原主要为典型的甜瓜花叶病毒(MMV),而且能侵染西瓜而产生系统性花叶症。在南瓜的花叶病标样中分离到的也是甜瓜花叶病毒,但是这个株系不同于典型的甜瓜花叶病毒,因为它们都不侵染西瓜。从黄瓜花叶病标样中分离出来的病毒全属于黄瓜花叶病毒种羣(GMV),其中可能有不同的株系,而秋黄瓜上却分离出了一个毒原,不侵染心叶菸,系统侵染普通菸和毛叶菸,在蔓陀蘿叶上产生局部枯斑而具有较高的致死温度(85℃)。作者认为这可能是一个新单元,称之为秋黄瓜花叶病毒(ACMV)。所有在甜瓜,哈密瓜及绞瓜上分离出来的毒原都是属于典型甜瓜花叶病毒的,但梢瓜(即白瓜)上的毒原都是黄瓜花叶病毒(CMV),没有广州报告的白瓜花叶花病毒。丝瓜花叶病的分离物类似甜瓜花叶病毒,但寄主范围远较狭隘,很可能是一个甜瓜花叶病毒的新株系。

Based on our previous findings that N-phthalyl glutamine (compound 7) was inhibitory to the glutaminase (phosphate activated) activity in tumour tissues, a series of 44 synthetic compounds which are analogues in chemical structure to N-phthalyl glutamine was further investigated for their effects on glutaminase activity in both tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180, Reticulum cell sarcoma L_(II) P and 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene induced liver tumour) and rat liver. The results showed that the presence of N-phthalyl...

Based on our previous findings that N-phthalyl glutamine (compound 7) was inhibitory to the glutaminase (phosphate activated) activity in tumour tissues, a series of 44 synthetic compounds which are analogues in chemical structure to N-phthalyl glutamine was further investigated for their effects on glutaminase activity in both tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180, Reticulum cell sarcoma L_(II) P and 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene induced liver tumour) and rat liver. The results showed that the presence of N-phthalyl group seems to be important, though not absolutely necessary,for the compounds to inhibit glutaminase in tumour tissues. Removal or change in structure of this group led to a decrease in the inhibitory effect of the compound. A more pronounced inhibitory activity was, however, noticed with the N-phthalyl derivatives of a modified γ-amide group. So far, compound 45 was found to be the most active in inhibiting the enzyme from both tumour tissues and rat liver.Different responses of enzymes from liver and tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180 and liver tumour) were observed with a number of compounds. These facts together with the observation of different pH optima (8.0 for the enzyme in rat liver and 9.0 for that in tumour tissues) indicate that glutaminase in liver and the tumour tissues may be different entities.Kinetic data showed that the inhibition of compounds 7 and 42 on the glutaminase activity in Sarcoma 180 is reversible. The inhibitory effect of compound 7 and 45 may be primarily due to modification of the enzyme or the enzyme-substrate complex (ES), while that of compound 45 on the enzyme activity in rat liver may be due to the effect on the rate of breakdown of ES.

本文报告了45种谷氨酰胺衍生物对肉瘤180、L_(11)(脾)网织细胞肉瘤、肝癌及大鼠肝组织中谷氨酰胺酶活性的抑制作用。结果表明,化合物的结构与对酶的抑制似有一定关系。其中以α-N-邻苯二甲酰基较为重要,如将其去除,或将其环打开或缩小,都会导致对原来抑制作用的降低。但如在有此基的同时改变γ-酰胺基的结构,则又可能提高对酶的抑制作用。目前发现以化合物45对肿瘤及肝谷氨酰胺酶的抑制作用最好。动力学试验结果表明,化合物7及42对肉瘤180谷氨酰胺酶活性的抑制是可逆的。化合物7及45的作用可能不是通过与酶的活性中心相结合,而是通过对酶或酶与底物复合物的影响所致。化合物45对肝酶活性的抑制则可能是由于影响了酶与底物复合物的分解速度,而不是由于与酶或酶与底物复合物相结合所致。

 
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