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     METHODS: The outcomes of murine fetuses and pups were evaluated in breeding pairs of CBA/J×DBA/2, C57BL/6×DBA/2 and BALB/c×DBA/2 mice.
     方法 :评价CBA/J×DBA/ 2、C57BL/ 6×DBA/ 2和BALB/c×DBA/ 2小鼠胚胎和鼠仔的预后 ,绘制出生后 1 - 2 1d鼠仔离乳前生长曲线和Kaplan -Meier生存分析曲线。
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     The roles of 2D-DSA and 3D-DSA were evaluated in five aspects: 1. Detection of aneurysm;
     从以下5方面评价2D-DSA、旋转DSA和3D-DSA:1.动脉瘤的检出;
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     Harbin The SO_2 absorbability of 7 main tree species were evaluated in Harbin
     7种乔木对SO_2清除能力的定量评价
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     LH-02 hydrofining catalyst has been evaluated in Lab taking the reformer naphtha of Shengli Refinery as feedstock under the condition of reaction temperature 255℃, pressure 2.0 MPa, LHSV 2.0 h -1, and the hydrogen/oil volume ratio 150. The result shows that product sulfur content, bromine number, and the aromatic loss are less than 0.5 μg/g, 0.1 gBr/100g, and 1 percent point respectively.
     在实验室以中国石油化工股份有限公司齐鲁分公司胜利炼油厂重整石脑油为原料 ,在反应温度 2 5 5℃、压力 2 .0MPa、液时空速 2 .0h- 1 、氢油体积比 15 0的条件下 ,对LH 0 2加氢精制催化剂的评价结果表明 ,产品硫质量分数小于 0 .5 μg/g、溴价小于 0 .1gBr/10 0g、芳烃损失小于 1个百分点。
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     and regulator 100—500. The performance properties of the gel are evaluated in laboratory: ageing at 70℃ in 90 days reduces the viscosity from 137.0 and 286.9 to 102.0 and 182.5 mPa·s for 500 and 700 mg/L xanthan gel, respectively;
     在室内评价了凝胶的应用性能:在70℃老化90d使黄胞胶浓度为500和700mg/L的凝胶粘度分别由137.0和286.9mPa·s降至102.0和182.5mPa·s;
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  “evaluated in”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The tumor uptake and imaging properties of 99Tcm-MAG2Lys-Dx10-SMS are evaluated in nude mice bearing human pancreatic tumor.
     并用99Tcm-MAG2Lys-Dx10-SMS进行正常SD大鼠体内分布、血浆清除以及肿瘤模型动物显像实验。
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     The hydroxyl number of Gd@ C82 (OH)x was determined by XPS on its C1s spectrum and the compound was assigned as Gd@ C82(OH)16. The proton relaxivity and MRI photographs of Gd@ C82 (OH) 16 were evaluated in vitro and in vivo on a Bruker 4. 7T/30 cm Biospec magnetic resonance imaging scanner.
     以四丁基氢氧化铵(TBAH)为催化剂,用NaOH溶液对Gd@C82进行羟基衍生化,并利用同步辐射XPS分析其C(12)确定Gd@C82羟基化产物的羟基数,得到水溶性的Gd@C82(OH)16。
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     The levels of SIL-2R in serum were also evaluated in 1,2 and 3 weeks after infection.
     并在感染后不同时间分别3次采血测定血清可溶性IL-2受体(SIL-2R)水平。
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     Six compounds Ⅲ_2,4,5,7-9 exhibited marked anti-inflammatory activity in xylene-induced mice ear swelling model and were further evaluated in carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model. Ⅲ_2,7,8 possessed anti-inflammatory activity.
     小鼠耳肿胀模型测试显示,6个目标化合物Ⅲ2,4,5,7-9具有明显的抗炎活性,角叉菜胶致大鼠足跖肿胀模型显示Ⅲ2,7,8具有一定的抗炎活性;
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     Objective Smoking effects on vascular endothelial dilatation function and on inflammation media such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were to be evaluated in healthy young adults and in passive smokers.
     目的探讨被动吸烟对健康青年人血管内皮舒张功能和白细胞介素6(IL-6)、肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、C反应蛋白(CRP)等炎性介质的影响。
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     As(V) was evaluated by difference.
     以差减法求得As(V)含量。
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     What to be evaluated?
     评什么?
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     flying security is evaluated;
     针对该典型故障,进行了飞行安全评估;
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     The theory was evaluated in the end.
     最后 ,对该理论作了评价。
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32% or less, have been evaluated in a full panel of 60 human cancer cell lines over a 5-log dose range at the National Cancer Institute.
      
Finally, DPAF is evaluated in theory and tested on a 32-CPU cluster of workstations.
      
The method has been evaluated in clustering real-world gene expression data and high dimensional artificial data with outliers, and the experimental results have shown its effectiveness.
      
The two methods were compared, and their clinical and diagnostic validity was evaluated in patients with various diseases associated with disorders in the antibody synthesis by the immune system.
      
Expression of transcription factors PAX6, PROX1, and PITX2 was evaluated in eye tissues after 9.5 and 22.0 weeks of human fetus development using polymerase chain reaction.
      
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In this paper,the activity coefficient of MnO in liquid blast-furnace-type slagshas been evaluated as a function of the basicity ratio,calculated according to a newformula previously proposed by the author,with reference to pure solid MnO as thestandard state.The data of Stukel and Cocubinsky,and Filer and Darken havebeen used as the basis of this calculation.The results of this paper together withthe α_(CaO) values evaluated in a previous paper are discussed from the standpoint ofionic nature of slags....

In this paper,the activity coefficient of MnO in liquid blast-furnace-type slagshas been evaluated as a function of the basicity ratio,calculated according to a newformula previously proposed by the author,with reference to pure solid MnO as thestandard state.The data of Stukel and Cocubinsky,and Filer and Darken havebeen used as the basis of this calculation.The results of this paper together withthe α_(CaO) values evaluated in a previous paper are discussed from the standpoint ofionic nature of slags.

本文根据已有的热力学及分配数据算出了液态高炉型熔渣内MnO的活度系数与碱度间的关系如图3所示。计算结果显示碱度愈高,温度愈低,则MnO的活度系数亦愈大。如Темкин模型可以适用于液态CaO—MnO—SiO_2系统,则CaO与MnO的活度系数在一定碱度与温度的条件下应该相等(分别以液态CaO与MnO为标准状态),但作者的计算结果显示后者约为前者的4—5倍。这个差异表明Темкин的理想溶液模型不能適用于CaO—MnO—SiO_2系统,一个可能的解释是Ca~(++)与SiO_4~(4-)间组成了稳定的离子偶。

Guanethidine(Ⅰ),a new hypotensive agent,differs from older ones in that it blocks the transmission of the sympathetic nervous system by depleting stored catecholamines,but has no effects on the parasympathetic system. Pempidinc(Ⅱ)is a potent and longacting ganglionic blocking agent with proven clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertension.It appears interesting to replace the heptamethylenimino group of guanethidine by the 2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidino group of pempidine or by other α-methyl-substituted...

Guanethidine(Ⅰ),a new hypotensive agent,differs from older ones in that it blocks the transmission of the sympathetic nervous system by depleting stored catecholamines,but has no effects on the parasympathetic system. Pempidinc(Ⅱ)is a potent and longacting ganglionic blocking agent with proven clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertension.It appears interesting to replace the heptamethylenimino group of guanethidine by the 2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidino group of pempidine or by other α-methyl-substituted piperldines. The β-(α-methyl-substituted piperidino) ethylguanidine sulphates (Ⅲ_(a,b,c)) were prepared by the interaction of the appropriate β-(α-methyl-substituted piperidino)ethylamines and aqueous 2-methyl-2-thiopseudourea sulphate. The intermediate β-(α-methyl-substituted piperidino) ethylamines (Ⅶ_(a,b,c)) were in turn synthesized by condensation of α-methyl-substituted piperidines with chloroacetonitrile,and subsequent reduction of the nitriles so formed with lithium aluminium hydride. The hypotensive activities of these compounds were evaluated in anaesthetized dogs, cats, rats, and renal hypertensive dogs. Most compounds listed in Tables 2 and 3 were found to have hypotensive action.BD-31(Ⅲ_a) was the most active.It was fast in onset and its action lasted for 2—4 hours following single intravenous dose of 0.5—1.0 mg/kg.The compound has been sent for clinical trials.

从胍乙啶(Ⅰ)和潘必啶(Ⅱ)结构出发,作者设计了β-N-(2,2,6,6-四甲基哌啶)乙胍(Ⅲ_a,BD-31)及其β-N-(2-甲基或顺式2,6-二甲基哌啶)乙胍(Ⅲ_b,BD-37;Ⅲ_c,BD-38)类似物。它们由不同的α-甲基哌啶与氯乙腈生成相应的N-(α-甲基哌啶)乙腈(Ⅷ_(a,b,c)),经氢化锂铝还原变成β-N-(α-甲基哌啶)乙胺(Ⅶ_(a,b,c)),再用硫酸甲基异硫脲引入胍基制得。药理试验发现BD-31,32(Ⅵ),33(Ⅶ_a),38均有明显降压作用,其中以BD-31作用最强。

Effect of direct electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on the output of rabbit hepatic bile was evaluated in evaluated in anesthetized animals. Rabbits were cannulated in the common bile duct, and electrodes were placed around the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves. The vagus nerves were cut proximal to the electrodes and stimulated with an induction current for 3 minutes (15 to 70 Hz). Stimulation was carried out when the enterohepatic circulation was interrupted artificially. The results were as...

Effect of direct electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on the output of rabbit hepatic bile was evaluated in evaluated in anesthetized animals. Rabbits were cannulated in the common bile duct, and electrodes were placed around the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves. The vagus nerves were cut proximal to the electrodes and stimulated with an induction current for 3 minutes (15 to 70 Hz). Stimulation was carried out when the enterohepatic circulation was interrupted artificially. The results were as follows: (1) After the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves of 22 animals being stimulated, the bile flow was inhibited in 14 cases, increased and decreased alternatively in 6 cases, and unchanged in the remained two. (2) In ten rabbits with gallbladder duct ligated, the bile flow was stopped by stimulation of vagus nerves. (3) In seven animals intravenous injection of bile being given previously, and then vagus nerves being stimulated, the bile flow was stopped in four cases, unchanged in two and increased in one. (4) After atropine being injected intravenously in six animals, and then vagus nerves being stimulated, the bile flow was found unchanged in 4 cases and inhibited in two. This study indicates that vagal nerve stimulation inhibits hepatic bile flow in rabbits.

本工作用22只家兔进行实验观察,看到: (一)在麻醉情况下,家兔胆汁流量较多,流速均匀。 (二)在电刺激膈下迷走神经后,22例实验动物中有14例出现胆汁分泌抑制现象,6例出现胆汁分泌增多或暂停的交替现象,这二现象的刺激与反应之间的潜伏期均很短,在1—2秒钟之内。2例无改变。 (三)10例实验动物的胆囊胆管被结扎,然后用电刺激迷走神经,均出现胆汁分泌抑制现象。 (四)7例实验动物于静脉注射自身胆汁引起胆汁流量明显增多的情况下,刺激迷走神经,结果4例出现胆汁流量暂停,2例无变化,1例出现胆汁流量增多。 (五)6例实验动物于静脉注射阿托品后刺激迷走神经,其中4例的胆汁流量不发生改变,2例出现抑制现象。根据这些结果似乎可以认为,电刺激膈下迷走神经可以抑制胆汁流出,这可能是由于胆管收缩或痉挛所致。

 
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