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foramen cecum
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  盲孔
     (2) At the tongue base: 1) The distance of hypoglossal nerve to the surface is 22.21±2.22mm ,and has no correlation to the length and the width of the tongue. 2) There are some regularities of the anatomical location of the hypoglossal nerve before/after the foramen cecum .
     (2)成年男性舌下神经舌内部分的主干(本实验为舌盲孔前后15mm范围内)其垂直向解剖走行基本恒定,距舌表面(22.21±2.22)mm;
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     Before the foramen cecum the hypoglossal nerve is located in the mid-medial (21.89±1.93)% and after the foramen cecum is in the mid-medial (28.61±2.66)%.
     水平向走行中,舌盲孔后一般位于舌中内(近中线侧)(28.61±2.66)%处,舌肓孔前为(21.89±1.93)%处。
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  “foramen cecum”译为未确定词的双语例句
     At points of foramen cecum of the tongue, 5 mm and 10 mm prior to foramen cecum, 10 mm behind foramen cecum ,and at adjacent part between root of the tongue and epiglottic vallecula ,the distances between linqual artery and midline of the tongue were separately measured.
     其中第 1段为 (4 0 .44± 5 .79)mm ,第 2段为 (18.33± 3.32 )mm ,第 3段为 (38.33± 7.74)mm。
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  相似匹配句对
     Microanatomy of jugular foramen
     颈静脉孔区显微解剖
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     Foramen magnum tumors
     枕大孔区肿瘤
短句来源
     Diagnosis and Treatment on Mobile Cecum
     移动盲肠症的诊断和治疗
短句来源
     STUDIES OF MIDGUT CECUM OF PENAEUS CHINENSIS
     中国对虾中肠盲囊的研究 Ⅱ中肠后盲囊的结构与功能
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  foramen cecum
The Sistrunk operation described in 1920 consists of en bloc cystectomy and central hyoidectomy, with tract excision up to the foramen cecum.
      
It occurs along the path of descent of the developing thyroid primodium from the foramen cecum.
      
Views of a large encephalocele originating at the foramen cecum.
      
The second was an isolated ethmoid roof defect with a normal foramen cecum.
      
The first originated at the foramen cecum, with a devi Figure 3.
      
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Objective To investigate the relationship between anatomic characteristics of linqual artery and midline glossectomy, for the purpose of increasing operative safety. Methods ⑴16 extraoral dissections of the submandibular region were performed on 8 human cadavers and to observe the origin and distribution of lingual artery .⑶The lingual artery was divided into three segments ,and the length and adjacent organs were observed and measured. Results The whole length of linqual artery was (92.88±13.53) mm;...

Objective To investigate the relationship between anatomic characteristics of linqual artery and midline glossectomy, for the purpose of increasing operative safety. Methods ⑴16 extraoral dissections of the submandibular region were performed on 8 human cadavers and to observe the origin and distribution of lingual artery .⑶The lingual artery was divided into three segments ,and the length and adjacent organs were observed and measured. Results The whole length of linqual artery was (92.88±13.53) mm; At points of foramen cecum of the tongue, 5 mm and 10 mm prior to foramen cecum, 10 mm behind foramen cecum ,and at adjacent part between root of the tongue and epiglottic vallecula ,the distances between linqual artery and midline of the tongue were separately measured. The distances were (11.00±4.95) mm, (8.56±3.51) mm, (7.78 ±3.15) mm, (13.00±3.28) mm, (15.22±3.11) mm. The distances between linqual artery and the surface of tongue were (21.4±5.59) mm, (22.11±6.74) mm, (22.56±7.81) mm, (16.56±5.57) mm, (2.56±0.73) mm respectively. Conclusion During the midline glossectomy, the linqual artery is easier to be damaged at the position where the root of tongue adjoining epiglottic vallecala. The operation should be done within 10 mm below the surface, 7 mm lateral to the midline , to avoid the damage of linqual artery.

目的 观察舌动脉的走行、比邻及其主干与舌表面各标志的关系 ,以指导舌根中线手术 ,提高手术安全性。方法  8具 (16侧 )颌面部发育正常成人尸头标本 ,颈总动脉灌注红色乳胶。①解剖观察舌动脉的起源、走行 ;②以舌骨舌肌为界将舌动脉分为 3段 ,对各段的长度及其邻近结构进行观测。③以舌盲孔、舌盲孔前 5mm和 10mm、舌盲孔后 10mm及舌根与会厌谷粘膜分界处为标志 ,分别测量舌动脉主干距舌中线及舌表面的距离。结果 舌动脉全长为 (92 .88± 13 .5 3)mm ;其中第 1段为 (4 0 .44± 5 .79)mm ,第 2段为 (18.33± 3.32 )mm ,第 3段为 (38.33± 7.74)mm。舌动脉主干在舌盲孔前 10mm和 5mm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后 10mm、舌根与会厌谷分界处距舌中线的距离分别为 (7.78±3 .15 )mm ,(8.5 6± 3.5 7)mm、(11.0 0± 4.95 )mm、(13 .0 0± 3.2 8)mm、(15 .2 2± 3.11)mm ,距舌表面的距离分别为 :(2 2 .5 6± 7.81)mm、(2 2 .11± 6 .74)mm、(2 1...

目的 观察舌动脉的走行、比邻及其主干与舌表面各标志的关系 ,以指导舌根中线手术 ,提高手术安全性。方法  8具 (16侧 )颌面部发育正常成人尸头标本 ,颈总动脉灌注红色乳胶。①解剖观察舌动脉的起源、走行 ;②以舌骨舌肌为界将舌动脉分为 3段 ,对各段的长度及其邻近结构进行观测。③以舌盲孔、舌盲孔前 5mm和 10mm、舌盲孔后 10mm及舌根与会厌谷粘膜分界处为标志 ,分别测量舌动脉主干距舌中线及舌表面的距离。结果 舌动脉全长为 (92 .88± 13 .5 3)mm ;其中第 1段为 (4 0 .44± 5 .79)mm ,第 2段为 (18.33± 3.32 )mm ,第 3段为 (38.33± 7.74)mm。舌动脉主干在舌盲孔前 10mm和 5mm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后 10mm、舌根与会厌谷分界处距舌中线的距离分别为 (7.78±3 .15 )mm ,(8.5 6± 3.5 7)mm、(11.0 0± 4.95 )mm、(13 .0 0± 3.2 8)mm、(15 .2 2± 3.11)mm ,距舌表面的距离分别为 :(2 2 .5 6± 7.81)mm、(2 2 .11± 6 .74)mm、(2 1.44± 5 .5 9)mm、(16 .5 6± 5 .5 7)mm、(2 .5 6±0 .73)mm。结论 舌骨大角上方 10mm范围内为寻找舌动脉的首选位置 ,在行舌根中线部分切除术时 ,在舌根与会厌谷粘膜分界处最易伤及舌动脉主干 ,切除范围在舌中线两侧 7mm、舌表面下 10mm范围内 ,可防止舌动脉的损伤。

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical location of hypoglossal nerve at tongue base of male adults to avoid creating a function deficit during radiofrequency of tongue base in OSAHS. METHODS: Ten tongues of male adults in frozen were coronally dissected at foramen cecum, 5mm,10mm,15mm before/after the foramen cecum. Vertical and horizontal distance of hypoglossal nerve to the surface and middle line of the tongue were measured using computer image procession in micrometer. The...

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical location of hypoglossal nerve at tongue base of male adults to avoid creating a function deficit during radiofrequency of tongue base in OSAHS. METHODS: Ten tongues of male adults in frozen were coronally dissected at foramen cecum, 5mm,10mm,15mm before/after the foramen cecum. Vertical and horizontal distance of hypoglossal nerve to the surface and middle line of the tongue were measured using computer image procession in micrometer. The data were analyzed with such statistical methods as descriptive statistics, paired t-test-ing, linear correlation analysis. RESULTS: (1) The anatomical location of the bi-lateral hypoglossal nerve is symmetrical in principle. (2) At the tongue base: 1) The distance of hypoglossal nerve to the surface is 22.21±2.22mm ,and has no correlation to the length and the width of the tongue. 2) There are some regularities of the anatomical location of the hypoglossal nerve before/after the foramen cecum . Before the foramen cecum the hypoglossal nerve is located in the mid-medial (21.89±1.93)% and after the foramen cecum is in the mid-medial (28.61±2.66)%. CONCLUSION: We conclude that if the depth of the needle-polar penetrating into the tongue base doesn't exceed (22.21±2.22)mm , and keep away from mid-medial (21.89±1.93)% ( before the foramen cecum ) or mid-medial (28.61±2.66) % after the foramen cecum , it may be helpful to avoid creating a function deficit when radiofrequency tongue base in snoring and OSAHS is performed.

目的:探讨成年男性舌根部舌下神经解剖走行特点,指导临床舌根部射频温控减容术治疗阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)时针形电极刺入舌根部的部位及深度,以避免损伤舌下神经。方法:选择10具成年男性的舌标本,定型后在冰冻状态下作冠状切面,通过计算机图像处理与测量系统行舌下神经定位测量,并进行相关的统计学分析。结果:(1)两侧舌下神经呈对称性分布。(2)成年男性舌下神经舌内部分的主干(本实验为舌盲孔前后15mm范围内)其垂直向解剖走行基本恒定,距舌表面(22.21±2.22)mm;水平向走行中,舌盲孔后一般位于舌中内(近中线侧)(28.61±2.66)%处,舌肓孔前为(21.89±1.93)%处。结论:本实验为舌根部射频温控减容术治疗OSAHS提供了一个相对安全的范围:在不超过(22.21±2.22)mm深度且舌盲孔后避开中内(近中线侧)(28.61±2.66)%区域、舌盲孔前避开中(内近中线侧)(21.89±1.93)%区域,基本不会损伤舌下神经。

Objective:To investigate the anatomic characteristics of lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve and relationship between lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve in tongue base,for the purpose of improving data with clinic and increasing safety in the operation of tongue base.Method:Twenty extraoral dissections of the submandibular region were performed on 10 human cadavers.The origin and distribution of lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve were observed:① The lingual artery was divided into four segments, length...

Objective:To investigate the anatomic characteristics of lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve and relationship between lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve in tongue base,for the purpose of improving data with clinic and increasing safety in the operation of tongue base.Method:Twenty extraoral dissections of the submandibular region were performed on 10 human cadavers.The origin and distribution of lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve were observed:① The lingual artery was divided into four segments, length and adjacent organs were observed and measured;②The hypoglossal nerve length and adjacent organs were observed and measured;③The anatomic relationship of lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve was observed and measured.Result:The whole length of lingual artery was (9.73±0.83)cm.At points of foramen cecum of the tongue,1 cm prior to foramen cecum ,1cm behind foramen cecum and at adjacent part of foramen cecum to lateral tongue, hyoid, and distances between lingual artery and lateral of the tongue were separately measured. The distances were (2.34±0.20)cm,(2.48± 0.14)cm,(2.43±0.26)cm,(2.53±0.33)cm,(2.14±0.16)cm,(1.11±0.09)cm,respectively,At points of foramen cecum of the tongue,1 cm prior to foramen cecum ,1 cm behind foramen cecum and at adjacent part of hyoid, lateral tongue,and distance between hypoglossal nerve and midline of the inner mandible were separately measured.The distances were(2.28±0.14)cm,(2.36±0.16)cm,(2.34±0.21)cm,(1.25±0.42)cm,(1.86±0.32)cm,(2.64±0.28)cm,respectively.The position of the tongue base,lingual artery and hypoglossal nerve are significantly inferior and lateral, that is,2 cm inferior and (1.11±0.09)cm lateral to the foramen cecum; (2.08±0.33)cm medial to the inner mandible.Conclusion:This inferior lateral location-'V' type- allows the potential for aggression tongue base resection without neurovascular bundle compromise. To ensure the operating safety, the depth and angle of radiofrequency of the tongue base for OSAHS should be controlled.

目的:观察舌动脉、舌下神经的走行及其与舌表面标志点的关系,以及舌动脉、舌下神经的相互关 系,为临床提供舌动脉、舌下神经的形态学资料,指导舌根手术,提高手术安全性。方法:10具(20侧)甲醛固定、 颌面部发育正常的成人尸头标本,颈总动脉灌注红色乳胶。观察:①舌动脉和舌下神经的起源、走行、分段,测量 各段长度;②舌动脉和舌下神经与各解剖标志点的距离;③舌动脉和舌下神经的解剖关系。结果:舌动脉全长为 (9.73±0.83)cm;第1、2、3、4段分别为(1.81±0.46)cm、(2.98±0.45)cm、(1.24±0.39)cm、(3.79±0.28)cm。 舌动脉主干距舌盲孔前1cm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后1cm及舌盲孔至舌骨、舌侧缘,舌动脉距舌侧缘的距离分别为 (2.34±0.20)cm、(2.48±0.14)cm、(2.43±0.26)cm、(2.53±0.33)cm、(2.14±0.16)cm、(1.11±0.09)cm。舌 下神经距舌盲孔前1cm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后1cm、舌骨、舌侧缘及下颌骨内侧缘的距离分别为:(2.28±0.14)cm、 (2.36±0.18)cm...

目的:观察舌动脉、舌下神经的走行及其与舌表面标志点的关系,以及舌动脉、舌下神经的相互关 系,为临床提供舌动脉、舌下神经的形态学资料,指导舌根手术,提高手术安全性。方法:10具(20侧)甲醛固定、 颌面部发育正常的成人尸头标本,颈总动脉灌注红色乳胶。观察:①舌动脉和舌下神经的起源、走行、分段,测量 各段长度;②舌动脉和舌下神经与各解剖标志点的距离;③舌动脉和舌下神经的解剖关系。结果:舌动脉全长为 (9.73±0.83)cm;第1、2、3、4段分别为(1.81±0.46)cm、(2.98±0.45)cm、(1.24±0.39)cm、(3.79±0.28)cm。 舌动脉主干距舌盲孔前1cm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后1cm及舌盲孔至舌骨、舌侧缘,舌动脉距舌侧缘的距离分别为 (2.34±0.20)cm、(2.48±0.14)cm、(2.43±0.26)cm、(2.53±0.33)cm、(2.14±0.16)cm、(1.11±0.09)cm。舌 下神经距舌盲孔前1cm、舌盲孔、舌盲孔后1cm、舌骨、舌侧缘及下颌骨内侧缘的距离分别为:(2.28±0.14)cm、 (2.36±0.18)cm、(2.34±0.21)cm、(1.25±0.42)cm、(1.86±0.32)cm、(2.64±0.28)cm。舌下神经与舌动脉最 小距离、舌下神经在舌骨大角距舌动脉距离、舌下神经与舌动脉交叉点距舌骨的垂直距离分别为: (0.38±0.38)cm、(0.35±0.31)cm、(1.48±0.26)c

 
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