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in the proximal
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  在近端
     Results: There were significantly increased frequencies of the HER2 amplification in the proximal GC group compared with the distal GC group, and in the invaded serosa group compared with no invaded serosa groupe (11/13 vs 5/19, P <0.005; 12/18 vs 4/14, P <0.05).
     结果 :HER2扩增频率在近端胃癌组中明显高于远端胃癌组 (分别是 11/ 13和 5 / 19,P <0 .0 0 5 ) ,侵及浆膜组明显高于未侵及浆膜组 (12 / 18和 4/ 14,P <0 .0 5 )。
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     RESULTS: RER was found in 13 cases (8 in the proximal colon, 5 in the distal colorectum), and 5 of them showed mutations of the RII gene.
     结果 :RER +的共有 13例 (8例在近端 ,5例在远端 ) ,RII基因突变的共有 5例。
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     The apoptotic cells existed in the proximal OFT septum of(Cx43+/+) mostly during ED12.5 to ED15.5.However,there were less apoptotic cells observed in(Cx43+/-),and few in(Cx43-/-).
     ③Active caspase-3组化显示Cx43+/+凋亡细胞主要出现在近端流出道隔,ED12.5至ED15.5均可见到; Cx43+/-凋亡减少,Cx43-/-则仅见很少凋亡细胞。
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     Purpose To identify and clone the cDNAs encoding renal formate and (or) oxalate transporters in order to investigate the mechanism of Cl - reabsorption in the proximal tubule.
     目的 分离、克隆编码肾脏甲酸盐 (formate)和 (或 )草酸盐 (oxalate)转运体的cDNA ,以研究Cl-在近端肾小管转运的机制。
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     Thirty-nine percent of colorectal carcinomas were developed in the proximal colon. Fifty-one out of 71 patients (71.8%) were diagnosed before the age of 50. A total of 24 extracolonic malignancies were identified in these families.
     共发生大肠癌癌灶86个,部位明确的71个癌灶中,28个(39.4%)发生在近端结肠,51例(71.8%)患者发病年龄<50岁。
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  近段
     Nine of 11 cases in the proximal ureter were fragmented with success rate of 82%.
     近段结石 11例,9例一次粉碎,2周内碎石排尽,成功率82%。
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     The calcification of 76 arteries located in the proximal M1 segment,55 in the middle M1 segment,and 20 in the distal M1 segment.
     76支钙化位于大脑中动脉M1近段,55支位于大脑中动脉M1中段; 20支钙化位于M1远段。
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     The brown products of positive expression of C fos gene were abundant in lamina propia and muscularis in the aganglionic colon and were absent in the proximal dilated segment and normal colon.
     C fos蛋白免疫组化巨结肠无神经节细胞的痉挛段粘膜固有层和粘膜肌层中出现大量的棕褐色C fos蛋白表达产物 ,而巨结肠近段的扩张段未见C fos蛋白表达阳性产物。
短句来源
     The stones were localized in the proximal ureter in 11 cases and in the distal ureter in 23 cases.
     结石位于输尿管近段11例,远段23例。
短句来源
     Results Among the 34 patients, 30 was colorectal cancer and 6 was polyps (2 of which in the proximal lumen of 2 colon carcer).
     结果34例患者,结肠癌30例,息肉6例(有2个息肉病灶分别位于2例结肠癌的近段肠腔内)。
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  “in the proximal”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective To investigate the changes of Na~+,K~+-ATPase activity in the proximal tubules (PT) of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) and the correlation of PT Na~+,K~+-ATPase activity and endogenous digitalis-like substance (EDLS).
     目的探讨2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)近球小管(proximaltubule,PT)的Na~+,K~+-ATPase活性变化。
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     24.1% of young group vs 25.1 % of aged group had lesions in the proximal colon and 72.4% vs 71.2% had cancers located in distal coloredum (P>0.05, X~2 = 0.42).
     位于近端结肠者分别为24.1%和25.1%,位于远端结直肠者分别为72.4%和71.2%(P>0.05,x~2=0.42);
短句来源
     In the proximal femur(prROI),the mean BMD decrease was(21.2±5.2)% in the contrast group,where as in the observing group the mean BMD increase was(4.2±2.6)%(P<0.05).
     在股骨近端(prRO I),对照组的BMD平均降低(21.2±5.2)%,而观察组平均升高(4.2±2.6)%(P<0.05)。
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     HSP73 translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and accumulated in granules in the proximal tubular epithelial cells.
     HSP73从胞核弥散至胞浆中,并以颗粒的形式积聚于近曲小管上皮细胞中。
短句来源
     Results: (l) Proper palmar digital nerves were 1.4-2.0 mm wide and 0.8 - 1.0 mm thick in the proximal end;
     结果:(1)指掌侧固有神经平近节指横纹处宽1.4~2.0 mm,厚0.8~1.0mm;
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  in the proximal
Models of Mn-bearing rock deposition in the proximal and distal zones of the hydrothermal solution discharge area are considered.
      
An additional large polymorphic site of 45S and 5S rDNA was found in the proximal region of one arm of a small chromosome in the L.
      
The neural gland is located in the proximal portion of the mediodorsal blood vessel of the branchial sac.
      
Fluid percolation through amphibolite produced a column of feldspathized and debasified rocks and granite melt completely replacing amphibolite in the proximal zone.
      
These data suggested that the base change in the proximal promoter of rPRL gene may be associated with hyperexpression of rPRL gene in eutopic prolactinomas.
      
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A new species of nematode, Ostertagia (G.) skrjabini sp. nov., was found in the abomasum of the Chinese goat in Kweiyang and Tsinan. The specific diagnosis of the new species is as follows:Body filiform, yellowish when living. The cuticle of the body is marked with about 30 longitudinal ridges and without fine transverse striations. The cuticle of the anterior end is slightly dilated. Cervical and preburrsal papilla present.Male: Body 7.890-11.770 mm in length and 0.145-0.182 mm in the greatest diameter, and...

A new species of nematode, Ostertagia (G.) skrjabini sp. nov., was found in the abomasum of the Chinese goat in Kweiyang and Tsinan. The specific diagnosis of the new species is as follows:Body filiform, yellowish when living. The cuticle of the body is marked with about 30 longitudinal ridges and without fine transverse striations. The cuticle of the anterior end is slightly dilated. Cervical and preburrsal papilla present.Male: Body 7.890-11.770 mm in length and 0.145-0.182 mm in the greatest diameter, and has a width at the preburrsal between 0.175-0.218 mm. Head 0.023-0.026 mm in great diameter. Nerve ring is situated close to the cervical papilla. Oesophagus 0.656-0.680 mm long and 0.049-0.059 mm in the greatest diameter. Bursa well developed with two large lateral and one small slightly depressed dorsal lobes and covered with bosses of different size. Bursa 0.332 mm in length and 0.300 mm in expansion, Latero-ventral and ventro-ventral rays almost equal in size, being separated in the proximal end, then getting gradually close to each other in the distal end and slightly curved toward the ventral side. The 3 lateral rays equally stout. Anterio-lateral ray slightly curved toward the veutal side, while the medio- and posterio- lateral rays curve toward the dorsal side and extend to the margin of the bursa. External dorsal ray large and stout in base, becoming gradually slender in the distal end, and being curved toward the dorsal ray. Dorsal ray 0.195 mm in length and bifurcated in the distal third into two branches, each branch subdivided into external and internal sub-branches at. the end the external sub- branch with a small papilla like structure in the outside. Spicules 1 pair, brown-colored, equal in length and of similar shape, measuring 0.251-0.280 mm in length and 0.036-0.039 mm in the greatest width. They are bifurcated in the distal third into dorsal, latero-ventral and medio-vcntral branches. The dorsal branch plate-formed, strongly chitinized and as large as the greatest width of the spicule. The distal margin of the dorsal branch rolls up toward the dorsal side, looking like a hook in the lateral view and like a inverted comma (') in the dorsal view. The latero-ventral branch is the longest, slightly curved to the ventral side, and surrounded by a transparent menbrane-like structure. Medio-ventraJ branch shorter and more slender than the latero-ventral, and without membranous structure in the distal end. 'Gubernaculum spindle-shaped.Female: Body 11.785-14.640 mm in length and 0.138-0.175 mm in the greatest diameter. Anterior end to cervical papilla 0.315-0.381 mm. Vulva slit-shaped, 0.129-0.175 mm to posterior end. Combined length of ovijectors including sphincters 0.249-0.415 mm. Anus to the end of the body 0.129-0.175 mm, long and pointed, slightly curved to the ventral side. Ova in uterus 0.072-0.082 mm in length and 0.040-0.050 mm in diameter.Host: Goat (Capra hircus L.)Location: Abomasum.Locality: China: Kweiyang and Tsinan.Type specimens: Deposited in the Laboratory of Helminthology, Institute of Zoologg, Academia Sinica, Peking, China.

(一)本文报告了济南和贵阳两地山羊第四胃中发现的奥思特线虫属Ostertagia斯氏奥思特线虫Ostetagia(Grosspiculagia)skrjabini sp.nov.一新种的寄生线虫,并作了特征上的描述。 (二)本新种交合刺的中腹枝长于背枝;背枝具有独特的呈倒置逗点状向背侧捲曲的末端;侧腹枝末端伸入一淡黄色泡状薄膜,该膜膨大成球状。由于侧腹枝两侧的角化较 强,以至形成一平行于主枝的淡黄色纵带。 (三)本新种导刺带呈梭形,其近端的正中线上有一条近乎下陷的槽。 (四)本新种背肋于远端1/3处分为2枝,其分枝间的距离很大,各分枝的末端又依次向外侧分出一小的侧枝和一根小的乳头状突起。 (五)本新种与O.(G.)Orloff,1933亚属中的各种作了特征上的比较。

Differences in the injurious effect on the rabbit retina upon exposure to in-tense brom-tungsten source with(DS_6Ⅱ lamp)and without(DS_4 lamp)filteringtheir infra-red contents were examined electron microscopically.Retinas sampled 24 hrs after exposure to DS_6Ⅱ lamp for 15 min show frag-mentation of apical disc membranes phagocytosed by pigment epithelium whichby itself shows little morphological alteration.These changes are aggravated byprolonging the exposure to 60 min and further changes in the proximal...

Differences in the injurious effect on the rabbit retina upon exposure to in-tense brom-tungsten source with(DS_6Ⅱ lamp)and without(DS_4 lamp)filteringtheir infra-red contents were examined electron microscopically.Retinas sampled 24 hrs after exposure to DS_6Ⅱ lamp for 15 min show frag-mentation of apical disc membranes phagocytosed by pigment epithelium whichby itself shows little morphological alteration.These changes are aggravated byprolonging the exposure to 60 min and further changes in the proximal structuresuch as pyknosis of nuclei or shrinkage of synaptic terminals can be observed insome of the receptors.While changes in the outer segment by 1 min exposure to DS_4 are comparableto those caused by 15 min exposure to DS_6Ⅱ lamp,the former gives rise to farmore wide-spread changes in other cellular structures such as pyknosis of nucleivacuolization of synapses and swelling of the pigment epithelium.After 15 minexposure,some cells become condensed and shrunken entirely from outer segmentdown to synapse.30 rain exposure causes necrosis and fusion of the receptor andthe pigment epithelium layer.Following the thermal model of Clarence and Clarke,calculation showed thetemperature elevations in the area of image due to DS_6Ⅱ and DS_4 lamp are res-pectivdy 2℃ and 10.4℃.The latter figure corresponds to a temperature riseat which some protein would begin to coagulate.Consequently the much more disastrous effects of DS_4 lamp are mainly at-tributed to its thermal effect,while those due to DS_6Ⅱ lamp are primarily photiceffects.

用电镜观察两种不同光源(一种滤去红外的 DS_6 Ⅱ型溴钨灯,另一种保留红外的 DS_4型溴钨灯)造成的兔网膜损伤,二者在损伤速度、程度、范围和性质上均有不同:DS_6 Ⅱ型灯光照15分钟,色素上皮变化甚微,感光细胞层主要是外段顶端和少数内段线粒体的变化;光照60分钟,除了外段变化更显著外,少数细胞核和突触体发生皱缩。用 DS_4型灯光照网膜1分钟,外段的变化程度已与 DS_6 Ⅱ型灯光照15分钟者相似,此外还有若干细胞核固缩和突触体空泡化以及色素上皮肿胀等改变。DS_4型灯光照15分钟时网膜的损伤远比 DS_6Ⅱ型灯光照15分钟者显著,某些细胞整个出现“浓缩”,光照30分钟的网膜,色素上皮和感光细胞已严重坏死,甚至融合为一。这些结果提示,DS_6 Ⅱ型灯和 DS_4型灯照射造成的网膜损伤,前者主要是由于光效应,后者主要是由于热效应所致。

Since 1977, we have adopted the following technical modifications in total gastrectomy for cancer of the esophago-gastric junction. 1. A left thoraco-abdominal incision in the 6th instead of 8th intercostal space is now used. 2. The dissection of greater omentum follows the embryological anatomical planes. 3. The pancreatic stump is closed by simple continuous sutures instead of "U" stitches. 4. The esophago-jejunal end-to-end anastomosis is done by one layer of interrupted inverting sutures with the help of...

Since 1977, we have adopted the following technical modifications in total gastrectomy for cancer of the esophago-gastric junction. 1. A left thoraco-abdominal incision in the 6th instead of 8th intercostal space is now used. 2. The dissection of greater omentum follows the embryological anatomical planes. 3. The pancreatic stump is closed by simple continuous sutures instead of "U" stitches. 4. The esophago-jejunal end-to-end anastomosis is done by one layer of interrupted inverting sutures with the help of an atraumatic right-angled clamp applied to the esophagus. 5. A double or triple barrelled jejunum reservoir is used for the reconstruction of the reservoir after total gastrectomy. In comparison with the results of the operative procedure used before 1976: 1. The mean operative time has been shortened from 7 hours 28 minutes to 6 hours. 2. The average amount of blood transfusion reduced from 1,341 ml. to 421 ml. 3. The incidence of post-operative complications decreased from 21% to 7% 4. The operative mortality rate decreased from 8.5% to nil (in this short series of 28 cases). From 1958-1978, when both total gastrectomy and proximal subtotal gastrectomy were used in the treatment of this disease, the postoperative complications and the operative mortality were lower in the total gastrectomy than in the proximal subtotal gastrectomy group. We consider radical total gastreetomy to be a valuable procedure for cancer of the esophago-gastrie junction, and the survival rate of the total gastrectomy group was also higher than in the latter group.

本文报道贲门癌全胃切除75例(姑息性切除38例,根治性切除37例),认为以根治性切除为宜。介绍了作者对根治性切除木的一些改进,从而使手术时间、手术用血量、并发症及死亡率均有所降低。

 
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