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inner border
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  内边界
     The theory of a mesh simplification algorithm based on edge convergence and a vertex-spliting algorithm; based on this mesh simplification algorithm, the author brings forward a way to process the mesh models with inner border, and provides detailed description of how to build a Multiple Resolution Model.
     ◇ 基于边收缩的三角形网格简化算法和顶点拆分算法原理,在基于边收缩的三角形网格简化算法基础上提出了一种可以处理带内边界的网格简化方法,并且设计了建立多分辨率模型的具体过程。
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  “inner border”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The distances from the median line to the inner borders of oval foramen and lacerated foramen,outer entrance of carotid canal and inner border of outer entrance of hypoglossal canal were(23.30±1.97)mm,(10.56±2.39)mm,(25.07±2.77)mm and(16.98±1.99)mm respectively.
     卵圆孔、破裂孔、颈内动脉管外口、舌下神经管外口内侧缘距正中线的距离分别为(23.30±1.97)mm、(10.56±2.39)mm、(25.07±2.77)mm、(16.98±1.99)mm。
短句来源
     Results: The distance from central line to inner border of oval foramen, to lacerated foramen, to outer entrance of carotid canal and to inner border of outer entrance of hypoglossal canal were 23.33±2.04 mm, 10.54±2.65 mm, 25.24±2.85 mm, and 17.18±1.86 mm respectively.
     结果 :正中线距卵圆孔内侧缘、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、舌下神经管外口内侧缘分别为 2 3 .3 3± 2 .0 4mm ,10 .5 4±2 .65mm ,2 5 .2 4± 2 .85mm和 17.18± 1.86mm。
短句来源
     4. The deep circumflex iliac artery has an average external diameter of 2.77±0.47 mm and may originate from above (18.0%), behind (41.5%), or below (40.5%) the inguinal ligament. It supplies the abdominal muscles adjacent to iliac crest and the inner border of the anterior part of the iliac crest.
     4.旋髂深动脉外径平均为2.77±0.47毫米,分别在腹股沟韧带上方(18.0%)、深面(41.5%)及下方(40.5%)发出,主要分布于髂嵴前部内侧缘及其相连的肌肉。
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     (3) With the increasing concentrations of cagA (+) HP and prolongation of culture time, the nuclei of HepG2 cells showed chromatin pyknosis, and clustered on the inner border of karyotheca, condensed cytoplasm with many vacuoles;
     (3)随着cagA(+)HP菌液浓度的增大和作用时间的延长,HepG2细胞核染色质浓缩,呈新月形聚集于核缘,胞质浓缩,可见空泡;
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     The TUNEL-posi-tive cells were more apparent in the inner border regions immediately adjacent to the ischemic core and progressively increased at 48h.
     TUNEL阳性细胞主要分布在缺血中心的边缘,再灌注48h之内,随时间的延长而不断增加。
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     The maximum stress is situated at inner border.
     最大应力分布在沿与内圆角垂直中心线成60°角的内侧边界上;
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     It is inner randomicity.
     这种现象是由系统完全确定的,是一种内随机性。
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     Border and Imagination
     边界与想象
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     The Catcher on the "Border"
     “边缘”里的守望者——“风入松”首届福州青年国画家邀请展有感
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     Inner Wild
     内敛的狂野
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  inner border
In situ hybridization revealed expression of all AMPA receptors subunit at the inner border of the INL.
      
Supporting cells labelled were cells of Hensen and Deiters, and inner border, inner phalangeal, inner sulcus and interdental cells.
      
A small but distinct population of NADPH-d positive cells were observed along the inner border of the inner nuclear layer at P7.
      
Vascularization of the inner border of the foot: surgical applications (24.06.88)
      
The resistance of the outer border was more significantly decreased than that of the active transcellular pathway after ADH due to an increase in the inner border resistance, which exceeded that of the outer border after ADH.
      
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Hipparion houfenense Teilhard de Chardin et Young,1931,the well-known speciescharacteristic of the post-pontian and pre-nihowanian Chinglo Formation of China,unfortunately,was originally based on isolated lower cheek teeth and limb bones only.No record of skull material of this species has been reported up to now.During theprocess of joint re-examination of the Equidae material collected by E.Licent fromYushe Basin,Shansi,the authors happened to find a skull associated with a lowerjaw belonging undoubtedly to...

Hipparion houfenense Teilhard de Chardin et Young,1931,the well-known speciescharacteristic of the post-pontian and pre-nihowanian Chinglo Formation of China,unfortunately,was originally based on isolated lower cheek teeth and limb bones only.No record of skull material of this species has been reported up to now.During theprocess of joint re-examination of the Equidae material collected by E.Licent fromYushe Basin,Shansi,the authors happened to find a skull associated with a lowerjaw belonging undoubtedly to Hipparion houfenense.Both the skull and the lowerjaw bear the same catalogued number:10508.In Licent's catalogue system specimensbearing the same number,as far as we know,always belong to one individual.Thesuggestion that both the discovered skull and the lower jaw belong to one individualof H.houfenense is further confirmed by their striking correspondence in size,in teethwear degree,and by their quite similar state of preservation.The specimens were collected at Loc.26:Matzekou,Baihai villager,and now signedas THP.10508.SKULL.It is compressed laterally,with the hinder part(posterior to postglenoidprocess)broken away.Size large(see Tab.1 in the Chinese text).The leadingcharacteristic of the skull is the absence of a true preorbital fossa,which is representedon the left side by a poorly-defined and shallow depression,but on the right side bya rather deep one,owing evidently to the downward sliding of the right frontal bone.Nasal bones extend foreward a little beyond the level of upper canine,while theposterior border of the nasal notch lies above the anterior 1/3 of P~2.Both supra-andinfraorbital foramina are large in proportion.The bone-bar separating the orbit fromthe temporal fossa,and the posterior part of the zygomatic arch are strongly built,their narrowest widths are 27 and 31 mm respectively.INCISORS.All the preserved incisors(right I~(2-3),I_(2-3),left I_3 and partly brokenI_2)show no sign of cup,an evidence of advanced stage of wear.All of thempossess marked longitudinal grooves on both lingual and labial sides,a characterseldom met with in the genus Hipparion.CANINES.All damaged,but the anterior and the posterior ridges are clearlyshown,especially on the lingual side.CHEEK TEETH.No P~1.Parastyles and mesostyles increasingly widened fromM~2 to P~3.Mesostyles,and in a lesser degree,the parastyles bifurcated,leaving longi-tudinal grooves on the labial side.Inner borders of the para-and metacones are finely wrinkled.Fossette plications are moderate in amplitude,pli caballine extremely weakand short,simple on P~4-M~2,doubled on P~3 and M~3.Protocones large and compressed,that of M~3 being the narrowest in proportion.The lower cheek teeth are nearly duplicates of the type specimens described byTeilhard de Chardin and Young in 1931,with the only exception of cement beingthinner.Hipparion houfenense was once supposed by V.Gromova as an intermediate formlinking Hipparion with Proboscidipparion.However,the present skull material failsto support such a point of view.Rather unexpectedly,many characters observable onthe skull enable us to link it with Chinese Pontian H.hippidiodum and the recentlydiscovered African H.turkanense.All the three forms are characterized by lacking atrue preorbital fossa,rather long muzzle,similar form of nasal notch on the skull,weak fossette plication and very simple pli caballine on the upper cheek teeth.Amongthem H.hippidiodum seems to be the most primitive species,both on account of itsearlier occurrence in geological age as well as its primitiveness in cheek teeth morphology(protocones smaller,transversely oriented enamel layer very thin,etc.)On the otherhand,H.houfenense and H.turkanense may stand approximately on the same stage ofspecialisation.Their upper cheek teeth are quite similar in pattern:protoconesenlarged and para-and mesostyles widened.However,the two forms can easily beseparated by the following features:1.Protocones in the African species are rounderin shape,often flattened internally,while in the Asian species they are longer and moreelliptical in shape.2.In the former species the para-and mesostyles are widened fromP~2 to M~1,while in the latter-from P~3 to M~2.3.incisors of H.houfenense are deeplygrooved,while for the African species such a character has never been mentioned.To sum up,it seems quite probable that both H.houfenense and H.turkanensewere evolved from H.hippidiodum,or from some closely related forms.The formerhad been confined to East Asia only and had become extinct before the beginning ofNihowan age,while the latter species invaded sometime in Pontian age,or a little later,into Africa,and then gave rise to the peculiar African Pleistocene Eurygnathohippus(Stylohipparion).

贺风三趾马是根据下颊齿和零星肢骨建立的。本文记述的头骨和一贺风三趾马的下颌属于同一个体。新材料表明:贺风三趾马在头骨和上牙方面也与其它已知种有明显的区别。在系统关系上,它和 Hipparion hippidiodum 及 H.turkanense 最为接近。它和后一个种在进化水平上大体相当。它们是从 H.hippidiodum 发展起来的两个不同的支系。

The present paper deals with 5 new species. The type specimens aredeposited in the Department of parasitology, Sichuan Medical College,Chengdu. 1 .Hydropgoria megaloba, sp. nov. ?: Closely related to Hydrophoria bavarica Hennig, 1969, but anal cerciflattened dorso-ventrally, the lower border somewhat rounded and widerthan the upper; the broad area of surstyli protruded antero-downward;the setae on lateral lamella of 5th sternite rather numerous; the hindtibia with 4 ad bristles. Body length: ?,7-8mm. Type locality:...

The present paper deals with 5 new species. The type specimens aredeposited in the Department of parasitology, Sichuan Medical College,Chengdu. 1 .Hydropgoria megaloba, sp. nov. ?: Closely related to Hydrophoria bavarica Hennig, 1969, but anal cerciflattened dorso-ventrally, the lower border somewhat rounded and widerthan the upper; the broad area of surstyli protruded antero-downward;the setae on lateral lamella of 5th sternite rather numerous; the hindtibia with 4 ad bristles. Body length: ?,7-8mm. Type locality: Mt. Emei (Jin-ding). 2.Pegohylemyia spinulibasis, sp. nov. ?: Closely related to Pegophylemyia himalaica Suwa, 1977,but in the basalpart of lateral lamella of 5th sternite with several rows of rather thick.numerous spines; the apical qart of surstyli flattened laterlly and widerthan the uqqer in qrofile; the basal part of anal cerci separated; thewidth of frons 2.5 times as wide as the anterior ocellus; the middle tibiawith 2-3 pv bristles Body length: ?,8-9mm. Tpqe locality: Mt. Emei (Jin-ding, Lei-dong-ping, Da-sheng-si, Jiu-lao-dong). 3. Phorbia hypandrium, sp. nov. ?: Very closely related to P. perssoni Hennig, 1976, but differing inthe hairs on middle part of inner border of 5th sternite not very dense;the lower border of 9th sternite rather straight and not deeply invaginatedin profile; the acroqhallus sclerite rather long, etc. Body length: ?,4-5 mm. Type locality: Mt. Emei (Jin-ding, Lei- dong-ping, Jiu-lao-dong, Chu-dian). 4. Alliopsis ctenostylata, sp. nov. ?: The new species may be well separated from the other knownspecies of Alliopsis by the posterior border of surstylus possessing arowof bristles. It may also be distinguished from the most allied species A.tibialis Fan et Wang, 1981, by the eyes being hairy; the width of fronswider than the diameter of anterior ocellus; infra-frontorbital bristles6-7, 4 of which well developed; posthumeral bristles 1:1; anterior acros-tichal bristles very delicate. Body length: ?, about 6 mm. Type locality: Mt.Emei (Jin-ding). 5. Delia fulviposticrus, sp. nov. ?: Allied to D. interflua Pandelle, differing in having larger size, hindlegs largely yellow, mid-femora brownish basally, and the PV on hindtibia mainly arranged in double rows. Body length: ?, 8-9mm. Type locality: Mt.Emei (Jin-ding).

作者继1964年后,于1980年重赴峨眉山进行蝇类调查,获得大量花蝇科标本,经整理鉴定,现报告调查发现的五个新种。

The blood vessels supplying the anterior part of the iliac crest of 126 (84 males, 42 females) Chinese adult cadavers were observed. The findings are as following:1. The superficial circumflex iliac artery has an average external diameter of 1.45±0.41 mm and supplies mainly the skin and the superficial structures of the groin region and the region adjacent to the anterior superior iliac spine.2. The ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has an average external diameter of 2.62±0.51 mm and...

The blood vessels supplying the anterior part of the iliac crest of 126 (84 males, 42 females) Chinese adult cadavers were observed. The findings are as following:1. The superficial circumflex iliac artery has an average external diameter of 1.45±0.41 mm and supplies mainly the skin and the superficial structures of the groin region and the region adjacent to the anterior superior iliac spine.2. The ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has an average external diameter of 2.62±0.51 mm and supplies the tensor fasciae latae and the outer border of the anterior superior iliac spine.3. The deep upper branch of the superior gluteal artery has an average external diameter of 2.87±0.56 mm and supplies the glutei medius et minimus and the outer border of the anterior part of the iliac crest.4. The deep circumflex iliac artery has an average external diameter of 2.77±0.47 mm and may originate from above (18.0%), behind (41.5%), or below (40.5%) the inguinal ligament. It supplies the abdominal muscles adjacent to iliac crest and the inner border of the anterior part of the iliac crest.In this study particular attention was paid to investigating the course, branches, anastomosis of the deep circumflex iliac artery and its relationship to the anterior part of the iliac crest.5. The findings suggest that the deep circumflex iliac vessel may be used as a nutritive pedicle in free microvascular transplantation of the iliac bone.

本文观察了126具成年尸体(男84,女42)髂嵴前部的血管,主要结果如下: 1.旋髂浅动脉外径平均为1.45±0.41毫米,主要分布于腹股沟区及髂前上棘附近的皮下结构。 2.旋股外侧动脉升支外径平均为2.62±0.51毫米,主要分布于阔筋膜张肌及髂前上棘外侧缘。 3.臀上动脉(深)上支外径平均为2.87±0.56毫米,主要分布于臀中、小肌及髂嵴前部外侧缘。 4.旋髂深动脉外径平均为2.77±0.47毫米,分别在腹股沟韧带上方(18.0%)、深面(41.5%)及下方(40.5%)发出,主要分布于髂嵴前部内侧缘及其相连的肌肉。本文还着重观察了旋髂深动脉的行径、分支、吻合及其与髂嵴之间的血供关系。 5.根据本文研究所见,提示旋髂深血管适于作髂骨显微血管游离移植的营养血管蒂。

 
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