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capsule
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     . and Ranjianduoji capsule.
     1、本草考证与文献考查
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     Studies on the Nitrendipine Capsule
     尼群地平胶囊剂的研制
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  capsule
Prolongation of Azospirillum cultivation to five days introduced new glucose-containing polysaccharide components in the capsule.
      
The basic sources of vibroaccelerations acting upon the frames of devices are determined in the capsule zone, where technological processes of producing new materials take place.
      
In the frequency band of 1-500 Hz the vibroaccelerations are shown to be generated by the operation of Fotonspacecraft units and a drive of capsule translation during the technological process.
      
On the capsule frame they reach the values of (1-3) × 10-3g.
      
In this case, the vehicle is a composite construction consisting of two rigid bodies, a return capsule and a stabilizing block, which is put in rotation.
      
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1. In South Sinkiang, eggs deposited by the migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria migratoria L., in Aug. 1952 hatched ih the latter part of April, and adultsemerged on June 6 the following year. This species has only one generation ayean and the eggs remain underground for a period of 8 months. 2. Calliptamus italicus L. can be easily identified by the presence of a longprosternal spine between the fore coxae. The distal portion of the cercus inthe male individual is divided into three lobes, the middle one...

1. In South Sinkiang, eggs deposited by the migratory locust, Locusta migra-toria migratoria L., in Aug. 1952 hatched ih the latter part of April, and adultsemerged on June 6 the following year. This species has only one generation ayean and the eggs remain underground for a period of 8 months. 2. Calliptamus italicus L. can be easily identified by the presence of a longprosternal spine between the fore coxae. The distal portion of the cercus inthe male individual is divided into three lobes, the middle one being shorterthan the upper one. 3. Heavy damage was done to pasture land by Gomphocerus sibericus L.. Thisspecies is characterized by the swellen terminal segments of the antennae. Inthe male individuals, the tibiae of the fore legs are also enlarged. 4. Dociostaurus kraussi Ing. may be identified by the presence of an X-shaped marking on the pronotum and the much eniarged markings on themetazone. 5. Ramburiella turcomana F-W. has a slant face Which meets the vertexat an acute angle. Besides the X-shaped marking on the pronotum, there isanother broad line running along the median ridge. 6. The distinguishing Character of the grasshopper Oedaleus decorus Germ.is the blackish band that runs across the hing wings. The pronotal medianridge is high, with a very promineat X-shaped marking on its sides. 7. In Sphingonatus salinus (Pall) the small prozone with a high median ridge,and the two bands across the hind wings are quite characteristic. 8. In this paper distributions of the above-mentioned species are listed. Des-criptions of the egg capsules and the sculpturing on the egg shells have beenmade for the purpose of facilitating specific identification in the field.

(一)新疆蝗虫种类繁多,发生为害面积亦大。1953年全新疆发生面积为762,000公顷,共防治95,703公顷。经两年来的初步观察,蝗虫中为害性较大,分布较普遍的有下述九种。 1.迁移飞蝗一年发生一代。1952年8月所产之卵,最早于1953年4月下旬孵化,至6月6日变为成虫。蝗卵在地下发育阶段,长达8月之久。 2.意大利蝗主要特征在其突出之前胸腹板刺;前胸背板有中脊和侧脊;雄虫尾须末端分裂为三叶,中叶之末端不及上叶末端。 3.西伯利亚蝗为牧区中牧草的大敌害。成虫主要特征为触角末端变粗;雄虫前足胫节膨大如梨状。 4.克鲁斯蝗沟后区上之花纹变宽,成三角形;前翅不超过后足膝部;后足胫节红色。而鞑靼蝗沟后区上的花纹前端并不变粗。 5.侧视土克曼蝗头部倾斜;前胸背板上除有较长大的X形图案外,中脊上尚有纵行花纹;后足腿节和胫节黄色,间隔以黑色斑纹。 6.轮翅蝗前胸背板之中脊拱起,其两侧有X形图案;后翅基部淡黄绿色,中部有一条宽而弯曲的黑色条纹,不及后翅的后缘。 7.盐地圆背蝗沟前区小而狭隘;后翅基部淡红色,中部及翅端各有—条宽的黑色条纹。与盐地圆背蝗相似者,尚有八纹圆背蝗。 (二)对上述九种蝗虫之分布,卵囊及卵壳上之花纹...

(一)新疆蝗虫种类繁多,发生为害面积亦大。1953年全新疆发生面积为762,000公顷,共防治95,703公顷。经两年来的初步观察,蝗虫中为害性较大,分布较普遍的有下述九种。 1.迁移飞蝗一年发生一代。1952年8月所产之卵,最早于1953年4月下旬孵化,至6月6日变为成虫。蝗卵在地下发育阶段,长达8月之久。 2.意大利蝗主要特征在其突出之前胸腹板刺;前胸背板有中脊和侧脊;雄虫尾须末端分裂为三叶,中叶之末端不及上叶末端。 3.西伯利亚蝗为牧区中牧草的大敌害。成虫主要特征为触角末端变粗;雄虫前足胫节膨大如梨状。 4.克鲁斯蝗沟后区上之花纹变宽,成三角形;前翅不超过后足膝部;后足胫节红色。而鞑靼蝗沟后区上的花纹前端并不变粗。 5.侧视土克曼蝗头部倾斜;前胸背板上除有较长大的X形图案外,中脊上尚有纵行花纹;后足腿节和胫节黄色,间隔以黑色斑纹。 6.轮翅蝗前胸背板之中脊拱起,其两侧有X形图案;后翅基部淡黄绿色,中部有一条宽而弯曲的黑色条纹,不及后翅的后缘。 7.盐地圆背蝗沟前区小而狭隘;后翅基部淡红色,中部及翅端各有—条宽的黑色条纹。与盐地圆背蝗相似者,尚有八纹圆背蝗。 (二)对上述九种蝗虫之分布,卵囊及卵壳上之花纹,均分别叙及;并附有作者原绘图六幅。在调查蝗虫分布密度及蝗种鉴别上,识别卵囊较有根据。

Argulus tientsinensis sp. nov. is an ectoparasite of the yellow-barbeled catfish, Pseudobargrus fulvidraco (Richardson), found in Tientsin, China. Specific diagnosis is as follows: Female: 2.58-5.52 mm, in total length. Carapace orbicular in shape, 2.46-4.66 mm in length and 2.10-4.74 mm in width slightly longer than broad. A pigmented mass, dendritic in shape, showing on each lateral lobe Surrounding respiratory area, non-pigmented. Posterior sinus trapezoidal Diameter of sucking disk about 1/6 width of carapace,...

Argulus tientsinensis sp. nov. is an ectoparasite of the yellow-barbeled catfish, Pseudobargrus fulvidraco (Richardson), found in Tientsin, China. Specific diagnosis is as follows: Female: 2.58-5.52 mm, in total length. Carapace orbicular in shape, 2.46-4.66 mm in length and 2.10-4.74 mm in width slightly longer than broad. A pigmented mass, dendritic in shape, showing on each lateral lobe Surrounding respiratory area, non-pigmented. Posterior sinus trapezoidal Diameter of sucking disk about 1/6 width of carapace, chitinized rods in sucking disk 43-49 in number. Abdomen 0.63-1.13 mm in length and 0.36-0.94 in width longer than broad. Anal papillae basal. Anal sinus about 1/2 length of abdomen.Male: Generally smaller than female, 3.00-4.32 mm in total length. Carapace 1.93-3.48 mm in length, and 1.98-3.18 mm in width. Abdomen, 0.68-1.01 mm in length, and 0.57-0.93 mm in width. Second pereiopod possessing a mitral-shaped process on posterior edge of coxal segment. Third pereiopod possessing a semicircular-shaped posterior capsule on posterior edge both of coxal and basal segments. Fourth pereiopod possessing a projected peg on top of basal segment.The first maxillipeds of three different stages of the larvae in metamorphosis are described. By basing upon the fact shown in the metamorphosis of the first maxilliped of the larval stages, the genus Huargulus seems to be one of the larval stages of the genus Argulus. So the genus Huargulus becomes invalid.This new species was secured from, the lateral line, the surface of abdomen, the gills, and the mucous membrane of the oral cavity of the yellow-barbeled catfish. The last-named location of the parasite is for the first time recorded.

天津鲺是寄生于天津黄颡鱼体外的一种新鲺。雌鲺全长2.58—5.52毫米。背甲略呈圆形,长2.46—4.56毫米,阔2.10—4.74毫米,长度大于宽度。侧叶中央,向两侧各见有一条树枝状的色素条。呼吸区的外围无色素。后窦梯形。吸盘的直径为背甲宽度的1/6,几丁质条有43—49。腹部长0.63—1.13毫米,阔0.36—0.94毫米,长度大于宽度。尾叉基位。肛窦为腹长的1/2。一般雄性小于雌性,全长3.00—4.32毫米。背甲长1.96—3.48毫米,阔1.98—3.18毫米,无色素。腹部长0.68—1.01毫米,阔0.57—0.93毫米。第2对游泳足的底节后缘有一个僧帽状突起。第3对游泳足的底节与基节的后面有一个半圆形的囊状突起。第4对游泳足的基部顶上,有一个凹形的栓。 三个不同时期的幼体,叙述了小颚变态的过程,从小颚的变态,也证明了胡氏鲺属是鲺属的一个幼体期。 本新种寄生在黄颡鱼的侧线、腹壁、口腔黏膜与鳃等部,寄生于口腔黏膜上,在以前 的文献中,尚无记载。

Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis...

Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis pass through the same osteofibrous canal in 59 (39.4%), through two completely separated osteofibrous canals in 12 (8%), and in 79 out of the 150 forearms dissected. The two osteofibrous canals were partially separated as follows: in 32 (21.3%), the distal half only was separated by a thick fibrous band while in the other 47 (31.3%) only the distal third or even less was separated. The insertions of the main tendon and accessory tendons of the abductor pollicis longus muscle was even more extensive and complicated. Only in 3 cases the insertion could be regarded as normal, in the other 147 (98%), the insertion was either into the base of the 1st metacarpal bone, the abductor pollicis brevis muscle, the capsule of the 1st carpo-metacarpal joint, the greater multangular bone, the opponens pollicis muscle, the fascia over the thenar eminence or the navicular bone. The implications of the variations were discussed.

(一)在150側國人上肢中,拇長展肌有副腱者爲140側,佔93.3%,無副腱者10側,佔6.7%,拇長展肌有一個副腱者爲97側,佔64.7%,有兩個副腱者爲43側,佔28.7%。拇短伸肌僅2側有副腱,佔1.3%。 (二)拇長展肌與拇短伸肌肌腱同位於一個骨性纖維管內者爲59側,佔39.4%,分別位於兩個不同的骨性纖維管者爲12側,佔8%,遠側1/2不同管者32側,佔21.3%,遠側1/3(或不及1/3)不同管者47側,佔31.3%。 (三)拇長展肌肌腱與副腱的抵止範圍頗爲廣泛,且非常錯綜複雜,僅3側(2%)與一般敎科書的描述相符,其餘147側(98%)在不同程度上分別抵止於第一掌骨底、拇短展肌、拇指腕掌關節囊、大多角骨、拇指對掌肌、魚際筋膜及舟骨。

 
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