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naso
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     Observation on Tablet Bi Kang in Treatment of Chronic Naso Sinusitis 40 Cases
     康片治疗慢性窦炎40例疗效观察
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     Objective To study the use of mitomycin C(MMC) in laser treatment for obstruction of naso_lacrimal duct.
     目的 研究丝裂霉素C在激光治疗泪管阻塞中的作用。
短句来源
     Methods:7 cases of the defects on nose tip or nasion after the operations were repaired with forehead skin flap,11 cases of the defects on nasal alae with naso labial skin flap.
     方法 :位于尖或根部术后缺损用前额皮瓣修复 7例 ,翼部缺损用唇沟皮瓣修复 11例。
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     Effect of Xinzhi Bimin capsule on substance P and histamine in the naso mucosa of experimental allergic rhinitis in rat
     辛芷敏胶囊对变应性炎大鼠模型P物质和组胺的影响
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     Endoscopic drainage was practised in 23 patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis. Among them 13 cases with acute pancreatits (AP) including 5 serious ones were treated with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) and naso biliary drainage (ENBD). Following successful drainage ( n =11) all the patients were cured with an average of 10 4 days (5-18 days).
     内镜引流治疗急慢性胰腺炎 2 3例 ,其中乳头括约肌切开 (EST)、胆管引流 (ENBD)治疗急性胰腺炎 (AP) 13例 ,包括 5例重症急性胰腺炎 (SAP) ,成功引流 11例均获治愈 ,平均治愈天数为 10 4天 (5~ 18天 ) ;
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  “naso”译为未确定词的双语例句
     While they can implement to use K_2S_2O_8/FeSO_4/NaSO_2 as initiators.
     使用助还原剂NaSO2的K2S2O8/FeSO4引发体系,单体转化率可接近100%,而且乳液的综合性能好.
短句来源
     The optimal technological conditions using maintaining green color liquids Ⅰwere as following: the concentration of Cu2+ 100mg/L, Zn2+ 100mg/L, NaSO3 150mg/L, reaction temperature 10℃, the soaking time 90min.
     用微波法在微波强度为正常值的60%下加热25s效果较好,用护绿液Ⅱ优化的工艺条件为Cu2+浓度100mg/L、Zn2+浓度100mg/L、亚硫酸钠的浓度150mg/L、时间90min、温度10℃。
短句来源
     As the addition of C12H25NaSO3 increasing, the mesoporous structure of the samples changed from MCM-41 to MCM-48(C12H25NaSO3/TEOS ≥ 0.02, MCM-48), but the effect of microwave time was unobvious.
     研究表明,随着C12H25NaSO3添加量的增加,样品从MCM-41转变成MCM-48(当C12H25NaSO3/TEOS≥0.02时为MCM-48); 微波时间对MCM-48的合成影响不明显;
短句来源
     STUDY ON EXCHANGE ALKALINITY AND EXCHANGE ACIDITY IN THE RED SOILSⅠ. RELATION WITH NEUTRAL SALTS( NaSO_4, NaClO_4 and KClO_4)
     红壤交换性碱和交换性酸的研究Ⅰ.与中性盐(Na_2SO_4,NaClO_4和KClO_4)的关系
短句来源
     The specific virus antigen was detected in the liver and spleen samples of Euchoreutes naso, Dipus sagitta and Brachiones przewalskii, the positive rates were 6.3%, 5.0% and 16.7%respectively.
     用反向血凝试验在长耳跳鼠、三趾跳鼠和短耳跳鼠的肝、脾标本中检出病毒抗原,阳性率各为6.3%,5.0%和16.7%。
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     60 Cases of Naso Sinusitis with Biyuanling
     鼻渊灵治疗鼻窦炎60例
短句来源
     (3) Ectoparasite community of Euchoreutes naso.
     (3)大耳跳鼠体外寄生虫群落;
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  naso
Orofaziale Dyskinesien und Ver?nderungen der nasalen, naso- und oropharyngealen Luftwege
      
The finding of patients suffering from naso-pharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who contacted with the hexamethylphosphoramide (HMPA) for
      
The upper airway, including nasal cavities, naso-, oro-, and hypopharynx, is the portal of entry for air pollutants.
      
However, perhaps of greater pathophysiologic importance are the naso-hypopharyn-geal-laryngeal reflexes that become aggravated during sinusitis.
      
Analysis of trace elements in the hair of volunteers suffering from naso-pharyngeal cancer
      
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Thirty one appatently healthy sheep were infected intranasally with streptococcus group C,isolated from enzootic streptococcosis of sheep.The dissemination of the infective agent and the alterations in body temperature,blood constituents as wall as anatomical and histological changes were systematically recorded.Twenty four sheep were searificed at 6,12,18,24,36,48,72,108,and 120 hours after infectioil.The remaining seven sheep were kept under observatioil until died them selves. The results indicated that both...

Thirty one appatently healthy sheep were infected intranasally with streptococcus group C,isolated from enzootic streptococcosis of sheep.The dissemination of the infective agent and the alterations in body temperature,blood constituents as wall as anatomical and histological changes were systematically recorded.Twenty four sheep were searificed at 6,12,18,24,36,48,72,108,and 120 hours after infectioil.The remaining seven sheep were kept under observatioil until died them selves. The results indicated that both the course of the disease and the pathological changes after the nasal infection were quite different from that infected by the routes other than the respiratory tract.There were also certain disagreements as well in comparison with the findings obtained threugh intratracheal ineculation,This implied that the portal of infection and the route of dissemination played a major role as far as the course of disease as well as the nature and the localization of the lesions were concerned.The experimentally infected sheep all bagan with naso-pharyngitis and tonsillitis,followed subsequently by the inflammation of the satellite lymph nodes in the naso-pharyngeal region.Finally,all the sheep were succumbed to pyemia-septicemia.As to the cause of the death the bacterial intoxication and breakdown of the defence mechanism of the lymphatic tissue were inerimated on the one hand,while the anoxia brought about by the dyspnea resnlted from swollen larynx was accounted for on the other.

本实验采用滴鼻接种绵羊31头,首次对C组链球菌在体内的播散情况以及在体温、血液和解剖、组织方面引起的变化的发展经过,作了比较系统的观察。分期扑杀羊共24头,计划听任自然病死羊七头,其中死亡的五头,只表现体温反应和血液变化的两头。初步结果如下: (1) 在滴鼻接种后12小时,便可从咽背淋开始获得细菌,到接种后36小时,进一步可在全部颈中淋里发现,到接种后72小时,亦可从其他某些脏器发现细菌。接种后自然病死的绵羊,按计划进行菌检的10个脏器和心血,几乎都可以分离到细菌。败血过程看来是在接种72小时后酿成的。 (2) 在滴鼻接种后24小时检温时,发现分期扑杀绵羊和自然病死绵羊,都由接种前的39℃左右上升到了41°——41.5℃之间,稽留约二日,然后开始降低,但仍停留在40.5℃上下。临死时有的继续下降。 (3) 伴随体温上升,白细胞的总数和多形核的比例都有增加的趋势,嗜伊红白细胞计数则有明显的减少,多形核和淋巴细胞变性形态也逐渐多见。与β球蛋白量出现升高趋势的同时,γ球蛋白量则有降低的倾向。 (3) 细菌在器官组织里所引起的反应,首先的也是最主要的是多形核白细胞浸润,开始在局部淋巴组织以后在其他淋巴结和脾里以弥散状...

本实验采用滴鼻接种绵羊31头,首次对C组链球菌在体内的播散情况以及在体温、血液和解剖、组织方面引起的变化的发展经过,作了比较系统的观察。分期扑杀羊共24头,计划听任自然病死羊七头,其中死亡的五头,只表现体温反应和血液变化的两头。初步结果如下: (1) 在滴鼻接种后12小时,便可从咽背淋开始获得细菌,到接种后36小时,进一步可在全部颈中淋里发现,到接种后72小时,亦可从其他某些脏器发现细菌。接种后自然病死的绵羊,按计划进行菌检的10个脏器和心血,几乎都可以分离到细菌。败血过程看来是在接种72小时后酿成的。 (2) 在滴鼻接种后24小时检温时,发现分期扑杀绵羊和自然病死绵羊,都由接种前的39℃左右上升到了41°——41.5℃之间,稽留约二日,然后开始降低,但仍停留在40.5℃上下。临死时有的继续下降。 (3) 伴随体温上升,白细胞的总数和多形核的比例都有增加的趋势,嗜伊红白细胞计数则有明显的减少,多形核和淋巴细胞变性形态也逐渐多见。与β球蛋白量出现升高趋势的同时,γ球蛋白量则有降低的倾向。 (3) 细菌在器官组织里所引起的反应,首先的也是最主要的是多形核白细胞浸润,开始在局部淋巴组织以后在其他淋巴结和脾里以弥散状态存在,继在淋巴滤泡里形成脓肿,引起细胞和组织的崩解,酿成空洞,在疏松结缔组织里引起蜂窝织炎,并在有些脏器(脑和肝)。里造成血管炎,导致脓肿形成。病部随着变化的加重,具有滑腻感和引缕性质的物质也逐渐增多。其次,实质器官的主要变化是浊肿。炎性反应以及实质器官的变化,一般比细菌的出现为早,这很可能是细菌的某些产物先期进入循环的结果。病灶里存在具有滑腻感和引缕性质的物质,它不能象脓液那样用福马林固定下来,看来很可能是细菌的荚膜物质,即透明质酸。根据本实验所得结果,滴鼻感染后的疾病过程和病理变化与前人采取呼吸道以外接种途径所得的结果很不一致,与前人采取气管内接种后的观察所见,也有一定的差异,这说明感染门户和传播途径对本菌在疾病的经过和病理变化的性质与定位上,是起着重要作用的。绵羊在滴鼻接种后,开始为鼻咽炎、扁桃体炎,继以鼻咽卫星淋巴结炎,最后以脓血——败血症告终。死亡的原因,一方面是细菌毒性产物的中毒和具有防御机能的淋巴组织的破坏,另一方面是因喉头肿胀引起的呼吸困难所带来的缺氧。

The fossa of the lacrimal sac and the naso-lacrimal canal in 506 crania(1,012 sides)of the Chinese were measured.Among them,374 crania are adult male and 132 crania are adult female.The main results obtained are summarized as follows: 1.The fossa of the lacrimal sac: male female average (1)height 16.79mm 16.41mm 16.60mm (2)width 7.74mm 7.57mm 7.66mm (3)width of the portion of the lacri- mal bone 4.08mm 3.87mm 3.98 mm (4)width of the portion of the frontal process of maxilla 5.51mm 5.43mm 5.47mm (5)width...

The fossa of the lacrimal sac and the naso-lacrimal canal in 506 crania(1,012 sides)of the Chinese were measured.Among them,374 crania are adult male and 132 crania are adult female.The main results obtained are summarized as follows: 1.The fossa of the lacrimal sac: male female average (1)height 16.79mm 16.41mm 16.60mm (2)width 7.74mm 7.57mm 7.66mm (3)width of the portion of the lacri- mal bone 4.08mm 3.87mm 3.98 mm (4)width of the portion of the frontal process of maxilla 5.51mm 5.43mm 5.47mm (5)width of the part anterior to the crest of the frontal process of ma- xilla 7.22mm 6.69mm 6.96mm (6)width of the part posterior to the crest of lacrimal bone 6.93mm 6.80mm 6.87mm (7)deepness 3.44mm 3.34mm 3.39mm (8)thickness of the middle part of ant- erior lacrimal crest 5.68mm 5.22mm 5.45mm (9)distance from anterior ethmoidal foramen to the anterior border of trochlear fossa 20.54mm 20.28mm 20.41mm 2.The naso-lacrimal canal male female average (1)transverse width of the upper ori- fice 6.06mm 5.84mm 5.95mm (2)length 17.29mm 16.29mm 16.79mm (3)distance from the lower orifice to piriform aperture 7.79mm 7.92mm 7.86mm (4)length from the upper orifice to the floor of the inferior nasal me- atus 29.62mm 28.61mm 29.12mm

本文作了中国人成年颅骨泪囊窝及鼻泪管的测量,共506个(即1,012侧),其中男性成年颅骨374个(748侧),女性成年颅骨132个(264侧)。测量结果,男女合计的总平均值,泪囊窝高为16.60±0.07毫米,泪囊窝宽为7.66±0.03毫米,泪囊窝的泪骨部宽为3.98±0.03毫米,泪囊窝的额突部宽为5.47±0.03毫米,上颌骨额突的嵴前部宽为6.96±0.04毫米,泪骨的嵴后部宽为6.87±0.04毫米,泪囊窝深为3.39±0.03毫米,泪前嵴中部厚为5.45±0.03毫米,筛前孔至滑车凹前缘距为20.41±0.06毫米,鼻泪管上口横径为5.95± 0.03毫米,鼻泪管长为16.79±0.07毫米,鼻泪管下口距梨状孔的距离为7.86±0.06毫米,鼻泪管上口至下鼻道底长为29.12±0.09毫米。上述各项的平均值,其性差和侧差,均用统计学方法进行了处理。此外,作者还测量了骨性泪囊窝和鼻泪管上述各项目的最大值和最小值。又观察了筛窦前组和中鼻甲前端附着部的位置与泪囊窝的关系。同时还观察了颌泪缝融合的情况,全部融合的,出现25侧,占2.47±0.49%;部分融合的,出现94侧,占9.29±0.91%。双泪前...

本文作了中国人成年颅骨泪囊窝及鼻泪管的测量,共506个(即1,012侧),其中男性成年颅骨374个(748侧),女性成年颅骨132个(264侧)。测量结果,男女合计的总平均值,泪囊窝高为16.60±0.07毫米,泪囊窝宽为7.66±0.03毫米,泪囊窝的泪骨部宽为3.98±0.03毫米,泪囊窝的额突部宽为5.47±0.03毫米,上颌骨额突的嵴前部宽为6.96±0.04毫米,泪骨的嵴后部宽为6.87±0.04毫米,泪囊窝深为3.39±0.03毫米,泪前嵴中部厚为5.45±0.03毫米,筛前孔至滑车凹前缘距为20.41±0.06毫米,鼻泪管上口横径为5.95± 0.03毫米,鼻泪管长为16.79±0.07毫米,鼻泪管下口距梨状孔的距离为7.86±0.06毫米,鼻泪管上口至下鼻道底长为29.12±0.09毫米。上述各项的平均值,其性差和侧差,均用统计学方法进行了处理。此外,作者还测量了骨性泪囊窝和鼻泪管上述各项目的最大值和最小值。又观察了筛窦前组和中鼻甲前端附着部的位置与泪囊窝的关系。同时还观察了颌泪缝融合的情况,全部融合的,出现25侧,占2.47±0.49%;部分融合的,出现94侧,占9.29±0.91%。双泪前嵴的出现率,作者观察成年颅骨1,012侧中,发现有44侧,占4.35±0.65%。对上述观察的结果,作者还进行了分析和讨论。

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest...

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest that the anterior central median dorsal opening housed a sensory organ concerned with olfaction (Halstead, Liu & P'an, 1979), It is very possibly a naso-hypophyseal opening (Janvier, 1974, 1977).On the inner surface of the dorsal carapace there is a very small round depression behind the anterior central median dorsal opening, which does not penetrate the armour. There is no real pineal opening.The middle layer of the exoskeleton is very similar to the "honey-comb" structure in heterostraci.In view of the fact that the polybranchiaspids are neither typical Cephalaspidomorphi nor true Pteraspidomorphi, the name Eugaleaspidomorphi is given to these forms.All the specimens described are deposited in the Museum of Geology, Beijing.SYSTEMATIC STUDY Order Huananaspiformes Janvier 1975 Family Sanchaspidae Pan et Wang (fam. nov.)Medium sized polybanchiaspids with very well developed mushroom-shaped rostral process. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very much developed.Genus Sanchaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Type species: Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.). Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 1-2; Pl. Ⅰ fig. 1; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. 3)Medium sized Hunanaspiformes, dorsal shield fundamentally triangular in shape, with a maximum breadth of about 102 mm, breadth shorter than length. anterior dorsal median opening oval, situated dorsally. Interzonal part of shield short. Rostral process well developed, mushroom-shape. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very developed. Ventral rim comparatively broad, triangular in shape at the middle part of rim. External branchial openings arranged along median sides of ventral rim, each side 12 in number. System of dorsal sensory canals only known in dorsal shield, running on the under surface of exoskeleton; transversal branches of main dorsal lateral canal subdivided at the end, each main dorsal lateral canal with 5 lateral transversal canals, among which the last one is very short.This species is of moderate size for this order and the type gives the following dimensions:Length from rostrum (excluding rostral process) to tip of coruna. 79.0mmMaximum width (at posterior part of coruna) 102.0 mmLength in midline (including rostral process) 76.0 mmLocality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xujiachong Member of Cuifengshan Formation; Sancha, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province. Order incertae sidis Genus Qingmenaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-fig. 3; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 3)Type species: Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.).Dorsal shield similar to Huananaspis and Asiaspis, with very developed rostral process. Orbital and anterior median dorsal opening in dorsal center of shield, but the orbital opening very small and oval in shape, and nearest the latero-posterior margin of anterior median dorsal opening. Pineal area also very small, situated behind eyes. Prepineal length (excluding rostral process very long. Preserved length in midline about 29 mm. Maximum breadth (near middle of shield) about 42 mm.A pair peculiar unornamented area (or a pair opening) on the lateral side of dorsal shield look very much in our another fossil remains. by the position, like the "lateral fields" of Osteostraci or the "spiracle" of the Amphisapidiforms. But there were some large gill compartment lending to it. We would rather call it the "lateral dorsal opening", or it is provisionally interpreted as a "dorsal branchial opening", those openings are possible showing in present specimen too, but this material is a ventral side of dorsal shield and in that area filled sediments.Order Polybranchiaspiformes Liu 1965 Family Polybranchiaspidae Liu 1965 Genus Dongfangaspis Liu 1975 Dongfangaspis qujingensis Pan et Wang (sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 4-5; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 2; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. Ⅰ)Midium sized Dongfangaspis, 120-130 mm in length, about 95-105 mm in breadth. Anterior median dorsal opening very large, Oval in shape, but the length shorter than the breadth. 4 transversal branches of main lateral canal. Supraorbital canal meeting the anterior marginal canal and infraorbital canal in front of orbital opening. Transversal branches of main lateral canal and anterior marginal canal subdivided at each end.Locality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xishancun Member of Cuifengshan Pormation; Xishancun, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province.

本文记述1976年在云南东部新发现的多鳃鱼类化石,计一新科、二新属、三新种。并进一步探讨了前中背孔、松果区、骨甲等的功能和特征。

 
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