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periodontitis
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     and its relation to periodontitis.
     的致病性及其与牙周炎之间的关系。
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     Periodontitis and atherosclerosis
     牙周炎与动脉粥样硬化
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  periodontitis
The different forms of periodontitis are all associated with a distinct bacterial flora.
      
However, a clear relationship is described between localized juvenile periodontitis (LJP) andActinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.
      
Phagocytosis of Periodontopathogenic Bacteria by Crevicular Granulocytes Is Depressed in Progressive Periodontitis
      
Infections of the tissue surrounding the teeth (periodontitis) are usually caused by anaerobic gram-negative microorganisms.
      
Removal of these microorganisms can slow or arrest the progression of periodontitis.
      
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From May, 1981 till Nov, 1982, 2,423 pediatric oral emergencies were encountered in our department , among which there were found 976 cases with acute apical periodontitis. In this group were included 533 boys and 443 girls at the age ranging from 2-14 years. It was observed that the peak incidence (489 cases) predominantly occurred in children aged from 4 to 6 years, being 50.1% of the total. Also, there were discovered a total of 984 diseased teeth in these children, of which 923 teeth were deciduous...

From May, 1981 till Nov, 1982, 2,423 pediatric oral emergencies were encountered in our department , among which there were found 976 cases with acute apical periodontitis. In this group were included 533 boys and 443 girls at the age ranging from 2-14 years. It was observed that the peak incidence (489 cases) predominantly occurred in children aged from 4 to 6 years, being 50.1% of the total. Also, there were discovered a total of 984 diseased teeth in these children, of which 923 teeth were deciduous and 61 permanent. The main causes leading these children to ask for emergency service were tooth caries (966 teeth) and accidental injury (18 teeth). The authors also found that the peak incidence of involved location (482 teeth) mostly took place in lst and 2nd decidual molars, being 52.2% of the total. In this group the treatment consisted mainly of local symptomatic management in association with general medical treatment. Finally, the authors claimed that the emphasis should be put on the importance of tooth caries prevention so as to reduce the incidence of acute apical periodontitis as well as to guarantee the healthy development of teeth in

本文报道上海第二医学院附属新华医院口腔科自1981年5月~1982年11月,共诊治儿童口腔急诊2,423例,其中以急性根周感染最多,达976例,男533例,女443例。发病年龄2~14岁,以4~6岁发病率最高,共489例,占总数的50.1%。患牙984只中,乳牙923只,恒牙61只。因龋病并发急性根周感染的牙齿966只,外伤所致急性根周感染18只。牙位以下颌第一、二乳磨牙发病最为多见,共482只,占乳牙发病总数52.22%。治疗以局部应急处理为主,全身治疗为辅。作者强调做好儿童龋齿防治工作,对减少儿童口腔急性根周感染的发病率与儿童口腔的健康发育具有重要意义。

The research on periodontal disease has drawn increasing attention of thespecialist. Our assay of lysozyme and IG content in oral mixed saliva for patientswith gingivitis of 24 cases and periodontitis of 30 cases has shown that there isevidence that bacteria plays an important role in the development of the highlevel of lysozyme and IG appeared in saliva. Bacterial invasion provokes immunereaction in host and the gingivitis ensues. With the inflammation existing con-tinually, the enzyme of lysosome dissociates...

The research on periodontal disease has drawn increasing attention of thespecialist. Our assay of lysozyme and IG content in oral mixed saliva for patientswith gingivitis of 24 cases and periodontitis of 30 cases has shown that there isevidence that bacteria plays an important role in the development of the highlevel of lysozyme and IG appeared in saliva. Bacterial invasion provokes immunereaction in host and the gingivitis ensues. With the inflammation existing con-tinually, the enzyme of lysosome dissociates from the immune cells. As a result,this enzyme would cause the damage of supporting tissues of teeth and thereforecreate favourable condition for the formation of periodontitis. In accordance, withthe result in this experiment, we think that the treatment of periodontal diseasewith lysozyme would achieve good effects.

本文通过对牙龈炎、牙周炎患者混合唾液中溶菌酶、Ig含量的测定,认为此时唾液中溶菌酶、Ig出现的水平,主要是细菌的作用。当细菌侵入时,宿主产生免疫反应,随之出现牙龈炎。随着炎症的继续存在,使发生免疫反应的细胞游离出来自溶酶体的酶,由于这种酶的作用,损害了牙齿的周围组织,使牙周炎的发生有了条件。因而用溶酶菌治疗牙周组织病将会取得较好效果。

We made a survey on the incidence of Entamoeba gingivalis infection in 381 inhabitants of Hengyang by scraping teeth calculi, and examining them under a microscope. Before exam, the teeth calculi were put in normal saline on a slide. The results showed that the average incidence of amoeba infection was 33%. Most of the persons who suffered from Entamoeba gingivalis were in a bud condition of oral hygiene of had a periodontitis, and some of them were complicated by periodontal abscess.

本文对衡阳市居民381人口腔齿龈内阿米巴感染进行了调查。采用刮取齿龈软垢、生理盐水涂片镜检的方法。结果表明,人群平均感染率为33%,阳性人群中,大部分为口腔卫生不良或牙周炎及并发牙周脓肿的患者。

 
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