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tibia shaft
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  胫骨
     In order to improve operation technique for interlocking medullary nail,twelve femoral and sixteen tibia shaft fractures were treated with interlocking medullary nail made in China.
     为提高股骨、胫骨带锁髓内钉的手术操作技巧 ,应用带远近端锁钉瞄准器股骨、胫骨带锁髓内钉治疗股骨干骨折 12例 ,胫骨干骨折 16例。
短句来源
     Union was in 1204 cases, union rate was 98.2%, mean union time was 5 months (3-12 months) on average, there were nonunion in 22 patients: 4 in humeral shaft, 8 in femoral shaft, 4 in supracondylar femur, 6 in tibia shaft, the nonunion rate is 1.8%.
     1204例骨折愈合,愈合率为98.2%,平均愈合时间为5个月(3 ̄12个月)。 骨折不愈合22例,其中肱骨4例,股骨8例,股骨髁上4例,胫骨6例,总不愈合率为1.8%。
短句来源
     Conclusion:AO compression plate internal fixation for treatmetn of tibia shaft fracture is better than RIN groups and Ender's group.
     结论 :AO钢板组在胫骨骨折治疗中疗效优于RIN钉及Ender钉组
短句来源
     Objective: 1、 To study the bonding strength of octyl-a-cyanoacrylate,the biomechanics characteristics of octyl-a-cyanoacrylate adhensive bonding the transverse fracture and butter-fly fracture fragment in middle part of tibia shaft.
     目的:1、研究a-氰基丙烯酸正辛酯的粘接强度,探讨a-氰基丙烯酸正辛酯粘接横断骨折和胫骨中段蝶形骨折的生物力学特点及临床意义。
短句来源
     AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON BLOOD SUPPLY AND HEMODYMIC CHANGES AFTER TIBIA SHAFT OSTEOTOMY SHORTENING WITH COMPRESSIVE EXTERNAL FIXATION AND BONY LENGTHENING
     胫骨短缩加压外固定结合骨延长后血供重建及血流动力学实验研究
短句来源
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  胫骨干
     In order to improve operation technique for interlocking medullary nail,twelve femoral and sixteen tibia shaft fractures were treated with interlocking medullary nail made in China.
     为提高股骨、胫骨带锁髓内钉的手术操作技巧 ,应用带远近端锁钉瞄准器股骨、胫骨带锁髓内钉治疗股骨干骨折 12例 ,胫骨干骨折 16例。
短句来源
     Methods 120 patients with closed tibia shaft fracture were enrolled in the trial and were randomly divided into 2 groups.
     方法120例闭合性胫骨干骨折患者,随机分为应力刺激仪治疗组(治疗组61例)和对照组(59例)。
短句来源
     Objective To evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive plate fixation in treatment of tibia shaft fracture.
     目的探讨微创经皮钢板治疗胫骨干骨折的可行性。
短句来源
     Objective To introduce the clinical use of Enders nail in tibia shaft fracture.
     目的介绍应用Ender针上下进入治疗胫骨干骨折的方法。
短句来源
     Objective:To compare treatment of 3 internal fixations for tibia shaft fracture which include Rectangle sharped intramedullay Nail(RIN),Ender's nail and AO compression plate.
     目的 :比较AO加压钢板、RIN钉、Ender钉治疗胫骨干骨折的临床疗效 ,为临床内固定治疗选择方面提供临床依据。
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  “tibia shaft”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Fracture healing rate was 93% in interlocking intramedullary nail fixation treatment of long bone fracture. Complication included fracture nonunion rate 7%, infection rate 3%, fat embolism syndrome 2%, nail and locking bolts broke 2%, iatrogenic fracture 1.3%, knee pain in patients with tibia shaft fracture after interlocking intramedullary nail treatment 35%.
     结果随访时间平均为4年(1至8年),带锁髓内钉治疗长骨骨折骨愈合率为93%,并发症发生率中骨折不愈合率为7%,感染率为3%,脂肪栓塞为2%,断钉为2%,医原性骨折为1.3%,胫骨髓内钉并发膝关节痛为35%等。
短句来源
     According to Johner-Wruhs' classification of tibia shaft, the results was excellent in 74 cases, good in 5 cases, middle in 1 case, and bad in 0 case. Altogether the total satisfactory rate was 98.8%.
     按Johner-Wruhs方法评价功能,优74例,良5例,中1例,差0例,以优良为满意标准,本组病例功能总体满意率98.8%。
短句来源
     Changes of blood circulation of the extremity with tibia shaft defects treated with external fixation
     骨外固定治疗长骨缺损对肢体血液循环影响的实验研究
短句来源
     Treatment of Open Tibia Shaft Fractures with Unilateral Multifunctional External Fixator Combined with Limited Internal Fixation.
     单侧多功能外固定支架结合有限内固定治疗胫腓骨开放性骨折
短句来源
     Materials and methods : Forty-five rabbit were osteotomied on right tibia shaft,were fixed with custom-made Hoffman fixators.
     方法:20只兔进行右胫骨的上1/3骨干截骨术,以Hoffman延长固定架进行固定,术后延迟7天后开始启动延长过程。
短句来源
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  tibia shaft
Results of medullary wiring of 145 fractures of the tibia shaft
      
Compared with the control group, rats fed the N3 diet had lower values for formation rate, osteoclast number, and eroded surface in proximal tibia but higher values for periosteal mineral apposition and formation rates in tibia shaft.
      
These plugs held the bone graft materials in the cortex of the tibia shaft and allowed in vivo mechanical testing.
      
(c) When tibia shaft fragments of rats sacrificed 4 h after consuming a calcium-containing meal were washed in acidic saline, more calcium accumulated during the first 15 min in the media containing bones from TI than from TX rats.
      
The serum specific activity and the retention of both radioactive isotopes in the whole body and tibia (shaft and ends) was determined.
      
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In order to investingate the stability of the half-ring sulcated external fixator,it was used to fix the bone after artificial fracture of the tibia shaft and tibia lengthening with proximal metaphyseal osteotomy were performed on 20 and 22 goats respectively.After operation,the animals were allowed to roam about freely,walking or jumping.In the fracture group,radigraphy of the tibia shaft,strength determination of the limb,and histological study of the fractured site were performed at the...

In order to investingate the stability of the half-ring sulcated external fixator,it was used to fix the bone after artificial fracture of the tibia shaft and tibia lengthening with proximal metaphyseal osteotomy were performed on 20 and 22 goats respectively.After operation,the animals were allowed to roam about freely,walking or jumping.In the fracture group,radigraphy of the tibia shaft,strength determination of the limb,and histological study of the fractured site were performed at the end of the 6th week.And in the lengthening group,x-ray examination and histological study were done after the 10th week.All the findings indicate that the external fixator designed in our department is well qualified to meet the requirement for the fixation of fractrued bones and the lengthened bones as well.

本实验用小号半环槽式外固定器治疗青山羊人工胫骨干骨折及胫骨上干骺端截骨延长术,术后动物自由行走、跑跳,观察此外固定条件下不同加压量及不同延长速度和幅度对骨折及骨延长固定稳定性的影响。经X线摄片,力学强度测试及组织学检查,结果表明骨折组对线对位良好,术后6周骨折达骨性愈合,外骨痂呈扁平梭形;骨愈合强度接近正常骨;组织切片见骨小梁连续,且与骨干平行。延长组平均延长71mm,延长率达45.1%,延长区骨生长良好,干骺端无移位、倾斜及翻转。充分证明:半环槽式外固定器具有良好的稳定性,能满足临床治疗骨折及肢体延长术的需要。

AbstractThe authors reported 38 cases of fracture of the tibiaand fibula treated with. lose reduction and internal fixa-tion with medified plum-shaped intramedullary nail;theresult was satisfactory, The method is suitable for the treatment of fractures of the upper,middle and lowerthird of the tibia. The trauma of this procedure is mini- mal and the manipulation is simple. The two ends of theplum-shaped intramedullary nail can be bent properly be-fore the operation and it is necessary to keep the neil andthe...

AbstractThe authors reported 38 cases of fracture of the tibiaand fibula treated with. lose reduction and internal fixa-tion with medified plum-shaped intramedullary nail;theresult was satisfactory, The method is suitable for the treatment of fractures of the upper,middle and lowerthird of the tibia. The trauma of this procedure is mini- mal and the manipulation is simple. The two ends of theplum-shaped intramedullary nail can be bent properly be-fore the operation and it is necessary to keep the neil andthe tibia shaft in line as much as possible.A simplemethed for judging whether the nail has transfixed themarrow cavity is the leg raising test,which gives nearly100%reliability,so that one can use this methOd with-out the help of X-ray,The authors believe that,thismethed is worthy recommending.

作者报告38例采用改良的梅花针闭合内固定治疗胫腓骨骨折,取得了满意的效果。该手术操作简便,损伤小,适合腔骨上1/3,中1/3,下1/3的骨折。术前将梅花针的两端适当弯曲,进针时要求梅花针尽量与胫骨纵轴一致。判断梅花针是否贯穿骨髓腔的简便方法是托腿试验,托腿试验的准确性几乎达100%。从而使胫腓骨骨折的闭合内固定手术可以在不借助X线照射下完成。本方法在临床上有推广价值。

Bony tissue of an average of 13.61% of the original length was resected from the middle part of the tibia shaft in 18 adult goats. Then the ostcotomized ends were compressively fixed with the sulcared half-ring external fixator.Simultaneouly, upper metaphysiotomy to lengthen the tibia with a rate of 1.0mm/d and an average lengthening rate of 20.21% of the original length in tibia was performed. The restoration of the blood circulation and hemodynamic changes during the repair process of the...

Bony tissue of an average of 13.61% of the original length was resected from the middle part of the tibia shaft in 18 adult goats. Then the ostcotomized ends were compressively fixed with the sulcared half-ring external fixator.Simultaneouly, upper metaphysiotomy to lengthen the tibia with a rate of 1.0mm/d and an average lengthening rate of 20.21% of the original length in tibia was performed. The restoration of the blood circulation and hemodynamic changes during the repair process of the lengthened area and the compressively fixed bone ends were studied with roentgenography, microvascular cast observed with scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and radioactivc microsphere measurement of regional blood flow. It was found that the time of lengthening cessation there were abundant vascular networks in the lengthened zone and paralleled to the long axis of the bone. No vascular int erruption or vessel deficient arca was seen. Thesc facts show that the newly-growing vessels in the lengthened area have the same rate of the lengthening on the condition of 1.0mm/d and were gradually converted into the Haversian system of the newly formed cortex of the lengthened area. In the 2nd week after lengthening cesseation, the vessels of the cortex of the osteotomy shortening ends could grow across the space and could anastomose with each other. The primary healing could bc observed under the well-reduction and stable compressive external fixation. The results showed that the treatment of the tibia shaft shortening ends by compressive external fixation with bony lengthening simultaneously could not obviously affect the restoration of the blood supply.

本文通过对18只性成熟杂种青山羊胫骨干中段截骨短缩,短缩率平均为原胫骨长度的13.6%,然后采用半环槽式外固定器加压固定,同时行胫骨上干骺端截骨延长(10mm/d),平均延长率为20.21%,采用X线摄片,微血管铸型扫描电镜(SEM)观察以及放射微球法局部血流量测定,动态观察延长区和截骨短缩加压端骨修复过程中血循环重建及血流动力学变化。实验发现以10mm/d速度延长,延长停止时延长区新生血管极为丰富和沿应力方向排列,未发现血管稀疏或缺失区,提示新生血管随延长同步增长,延长区新生骨皮质哈佛氏血管系统由延长区血管衍化而成;延长停止2周,截骨加压端皮质血管跨过间隙相互吻合,在对位良好,牢稳加压外固定条件下可以出现一期愈合。实验结果提示,胫骨干缺损缩短加压外固定结合于骺端骨延长时对血供重建无明显影响。

 
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