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yellow ligaments
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  黄韧带
     The prjecticg intervertebral tissues and hypertrophic yellow ligaments were removed by using the methods of vertebral lamina windowing and half or massive laminectomy,and the cure rate reached 96. 2 percent.
     我们采用椎板开窗,半椎板及全椎板切除,切除突出的椎间盘组织,肥厚的黄韧带,治愈率达96.2%。
短句来源
     (3) In extension, the degenerative yellow ligaments (in 34 cases) often folded and encroached upon the spinal canal, which usually formed pincers effect with anterior compression (in 9 cases).
     (3) 34例患者的退变黄韧带在后伸位时皱折凸入椎管 ,凸入黄韧带又可与脊髓前方致压物形成“钳夹效应”而严重压迫脊髓 (9例 )。
短句来源
     Then the test repeated after ligaments at T 12 ~L 1 were fractional resected in turn,supraspinous ligaments,interspinous and and Yellow ligaments,capsular ligaments of faced joints,posterior longitudinal ligaments,and the postorior 1/3 of the intervertebral disc.
     先对完整标本进行测量,其结果为自身对照组(Ⅰ组)。 然后在T12~L1 节段依次切断棘上韧带(Ⅱ组),棘间、黄韧带(Ⅲ组),关节囊韧带(Ⅳ组)后纵韧带、椎间盘后1/3(Ⅴ组)。
短句来源
     Result and Conclusion:The middle-aged person and the elderly of narrow vertebrate tube may suffer from small joint in spine and the side sinks the nest narrow and Ex-cleft in yellow ligaments<5mm is the reliable basis of nerve-root pressing.
     结果与结论:中老年人椎管狭窄多有椎骨小关节及侧隐窝狭窄,而黄韧带前间隙<5mm是神经根压迫较为可靠的依据。
短句来源
     Results Among 42 cases, there were 27 of lumbar disc diseases, 2 of congenital bony narrowing of vertebral canal, 2 of hyperosteogeny at rear edge of vertebra, 5 of vertebral dislocation, 3 of pachynsis of yellow ligaments. All the patients received operative treatments.
     结果 在 42例患者中 ,椎间盘病变 2 7例 ,先天性骨性椎管狭窄 2例 ,椎体后缘增生骨刺 2例 ,椎体滑脱 5例 ,黄韧带肥厚 3例 ,椎间盘突出术后及疤痕增生 3例 .
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Yellow
     黄色
短句来源
     Yellow
     颜色文化——黄色(英文)
短句来源
     Ultrasonography of Ankle Ligaments Injury
     踝关节侧副韧带损伤超声检查
短句来源
     Anatomy study of carpal ligaments
     腕关节韧带的解剖学研究
短句来源
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  yellow ligaments
The elemental changes of biopsy specimens obtained from the human lumbar yellow ligaments were studied by quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis on both glutaraldehyde-fixed Epon-embedded sections and unfixed freeze-dried cryosections.
      
Quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis of calcium and phosphorus in human lumbar yellow ligaments
      
Age estimation based on aspartic acid racemization in elastin from the yellow ligaments
      
The yellow ligaments were sharply dissected at the upper and lower level of the laminotomy and the laminae removed en bloc.
      


Since 1981, 15 cases of stenosis of (he nerve root canal in the lumbar spine were demonstrated operatively. The characteristics of this condition were severe lumbar pain and sciatica, and the patient took a special position in his spine and lower extremities. Lumbar myelography revealed that the shadow of the nerve root sheath was short or absent but with normal dura sac. Three pathological factors of compressing the nerve root were observed in the operation: (1) Hypertrophy and projection of the upper articular...

Since 1981, 15 cases of stenosis of (he nerve root canal in the lumbar spine were demonstrated operatively. The characteristics of this condition were severe lumbar pain and sciatica, and the patient took a special position in his spine and lower extremities. Lumbar myelography revealed that the shadow of the nerve root sheath was short or absent but with normal dura sac. Three pathological factors of compressing the nerve root were observed in the operation: (1) Hypertrophy and projection of the upper articular process into the nerve root canal to cause compression on the nerve root in all the 15 cases. (2) Thickening of the yellow ligament of the lateral recess in 10 cases. (3) Protrusion of the lumbar disc in the nerve root canal in 12 cases. Operative treatment was necessary. The inner half of main part of the hypertrophied upper articular process, the thickened yellow ligament and the protruded disc were removed, and the compression to the nerve root was completely released. Good results were obtained in all cases.

自1981年以来,我院经手术证实为腰神经根管狭窄症共15例。患者都有严重的下腰痛及放射性下肢痛,酷似重症腰椎间盘突出。腰部及下肢常呈特殊体征。Conray造影显示受累神经根鞘袖短小或缺如而硬膜囊影正常为其特征。手术发现神经根受压的原因为(1)小关节突肥大增生,以上关节突前内缘为著,突入神经根管压迫神经根15例;(2)小关节突处黄韧带肥厚10例;(3)神经根管内椎间盘突出12例。本症必须手术治疗,切除上关节突的内侧半或大部,黄韧带和关节囊也随同关节突切除,并切除神经根管内突出的髓核,使嵌压的神经根彻底减压。所有患者术后均已解除了痛苦。

A three-dimensional analysis of facet joints of the lumbar spine is presented. The results obtained indicated that the stress concentrated in the facets while the lumbar spine was upright, flexed or extended and that the stress level in extension was higher than in the other two positions. After degeneration of the intervertebral disc the stress level in the facet was elevated and the yellow ligament and the facet capsule bore more loading. From this study, it was concluded that the facets played an important...

A three-dimensional analysis of facet joints of the lumbar spine is presented. The results obtained indicated that the stress concentrated in the facets while the lumbar spine was upright, flexed or extended and that the stress level in extension was higher than in the other two positions. After degeneration of the intervertebral disc the stress level in the facet was elevated and the yellow ligament and the facet capsule bore more loading. From this study, it was concluded that the facets played an important role in the biomechanics of the lumbar spine, and its overloading might be one of the causes for back pain. Degeneration of the disc would increase thc load on the facets and leaded to stenosis of the nerve canals and entrapment of the nerve roots.

作者对于腰椎小关节进行了三维有限元分析。结果表明,腰椎小关节在直立位、前屈位和后伸位时,均出现明显的应力集中。而腰椎间盘退变时,其应力水平又较正常时升高。作者认为,腰椎小关节过载可能是引起腰背疼痛的原因之一。腰椎间盘退变可使小关节承载加大。引起小关节的一系列病理变化,进而导致神经根管狭窄及神经根卡压。

The article reported the manifest-ations in peridurographies of 120cases and what had been seen duri-ng the operations of 75 cases.Byanalysis,the radiological manifes-tations in peridurography weredivided into V types,each of th-em was closely related to the spinediseases and the part of disc hern-iation.a)type Ⅰ—disc bulgingb)type Ⅱ—yellow ligament hyperplasiac)type Ⅲ—disc protrusiond)type Ⅳ—disc prolapsee)tpye Ⅴ—spinal conal stenosisCT scan has ont been widely usedin our country,and contrast-med-ium...

The article reported the manifest-ations in peridurographies of 120cases and what had been seen duri-ng the operations of 75 cases.Byanalysis,the radiological manifes-tations in peridurography weredivided into V types,each of th-em was closely related to the spinediseases and the part of disc hern-iation.a)type Ⅰ—disc bulgingb)type Ⅱ—yellow ligament hyperplasiac)type Ⅲ—disc protrusiond)type Ⅳ—disc prolapsee)tpye Ⅴ—spinal conal stenosisCT scan has ont been widely usedin our country,and contrast-med-ium costs high and is difficult tobuy,so we believe that peridurography will not only be usedas theadditinal diagnosisc,but also thedependent faction to choose the oprating method and the indicationsbecause it works without pain anddoes not cause so much extensionhurt.when peridurography beingoprated,please be carefal,Touhy'sneedle should not pierce the duramater,be sure that the contrast-medium is fulling the epiduralspace unden the control of X—raysso as not bring about complicationsand false shadow.

本文报告了120例硬膜外腔造影的X 线表现及75例手术所见。通过综合分析研究,发现造影像可分为Ⅴ型,正位像:单侧神经根缺损型(Ⅰ型)、硬膜凹陷型(Ⅱ型)、不完全梗阻型(Ⅲ型)、完全梗阻型(Ⅳ型)、双侧神经根缺损型(Ⅴ型);侧位像:前缘缺损型(Ⅰ型)、后缘缺损型(Ⅱ型)、不完全梗阻型(Ⅲ型)、完全梗阻型(Ⅳ型)、竹节样变型(Ⅴ型)。并且与椎管内病变和椎间盘突出的部位、病理阶段有着密切的关系。在我国CT Scan 尚未普及和水溶性脊髓造影剂价格昂贵、购入困难的今天,不仅可以作为椎管内病变特别是椎间盘突出症的辅助诊断方法,而且可以作为决定手术适应症和手术方法的常用检查方法。

 
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