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     By analyzing the related documentary data about sports population in the last decade,it is found that the arguments are focused on the concept of sports population,scope of sports population,and the criterion and structure of sports population. Some suggestions are put forward to provide brand-new research point for sports population theory.
     通过对近20年来体育人口有关文献资料分析发现,关于体育人口理论争议的焦点主要集中在体育人口概念,体育人口的范围,体育人口的判定标准,体育人口的结构与国外体育人口理论的研究方面,在评述体育人口理论的基础上提出相关建议,以求为体育人口理论的深入研究提供全新的研究视角。
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     Methods By the reference method for enumeration of erythrocyte recommended by ICSH, and some other related experimental and documentary data as well, and according to ISO guide to Expression of Uncertainty in measure, and EURACHEM/CITAC guide quantifying uncertainty in analytical measurement, the uncertainty was analysed in erythroyte counts.
     方法 利用国际临床血液学标准化委员会(ICSH)推荐的参考方法计数血液中的红细胞,并利用相关实验数据和文献资料,按照国标标准化组织(ISO)《测量不确定度表述指南》文件中有关测量不确定度的评估方法,并参考EURACHEM/CITAC《分析测量中不确定度的量化》文件中关于测量中不确定度的评估要求,计算红细胞计数过程中的不确定度。
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     By means of documentary data,questionnaire,visit and so on,the article make a research on current situation of PE and Health Course's implement on North of Jiangsu's three Counties and one area,the result indicts that: 1.PE and Health Course have been put into practice completely and make a certain effect on North of Jiangsu.
     采用文献资料法、问卷调查法和访谈法对苏北某地区三县一区的九所学校体育与健康课程实施现状进行了调研,调查结果表明:1、体育与健康课程标准的实施已在苏北地区显示出一定成效。
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     With documentary data and logic analysis,the author analyzes the managing situation of F1 grand prix match in Shanghai,and the result shows that Shanghai match includes several main managing tactics: to forge the world grand automobile race lot;
     运用文献资料、逻辑分析等方法对上海F1大奖赛经营状况进行了分析研究,上海F1大奖赛主要经营策略包括:打造世界顶级赛车场地;
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     By means of documentary data,comparative analysis and database analysis,the essay discusses erroneous awareness in the training of men's 100m race on the guiding ideology,scientific level and study of macroscopic integration of sprint.
     运用文献资料、比较分析和数据分析方法,对我国男子100m跑训练中指导思想、训练科学化以及短跑训练宏观整体化研究等方面存在的误区进行分析和探讨。
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  “documentary data”译为未确定词的双语例句
     As the important source of historical research,the memoir has irreplaceable preserving value of documentary data,especially for studying the contemporary history in China.
     回忆录具有档案资料不可替代的存史价值,是历史研究的重要史源,对中国当代史的研究尤其重要。
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     METHODS: Under the guidance of HPLC analysis,two constituents were separated and purified by the aid of column chromatography with silica gel,and identified by UV、 IR、 MS、 NMR respectively and documentary data.
     方法:以HPLC分析为引导,采用硅胶柱层析,分离纯化主要色谱峰; 结构鉴定采用UV、IR、MS、NMR及与文献有关数据比较。
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     With documentary data,this thesis tries to analyze the characteristics of Chinese aging population and the significance of developing physical education of the aged from sociological angle.
     从社会学角度分析我国人口老龄化的特点,以及发展老年体育的意义;
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     Based on vast amount of documentary data and research achievements,the status quo of the research on the issue of media sport and national identity in the field of sport sociology is reviewed and the developing trend of this research is discussed.
     在综合大量文献和已有研究的基础上,综述了媒介体育和国家认同问题在体育社会学领域的研究现状,并探讨了该研究的发展趋势。
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     By using the methods of documentary data,investigation and logic analysis,to seek development direction and development strategy of national minority traditional Physical Education in the next 30 years,and find the unique characteristics of it,which are different from contemporary Physical Education and have its own existent forms and basis,we combine these characteristics with the economic situation of minority regions.
     为探索近30年内,我国少数民族传统体育的发展方向和发展对策,采用文献法、调查法和逻辑方法,发现了我国少数民族传统体育区别于现代体育的、现实的存在方式和存在基础的个性特征。
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     DATA
     数据
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     data sections.
     data块的DES加密过程.
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     A Discussion on the Construction of Documentary Data Base about She Nationality
     论畲族文献资源数据库的构建
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     The Value Reconstruction of Documentary
     纪录片价值重构
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     On Story of Televised Documentary
     论电视纪录片的故事性
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  documentary data
-?A new approach is proposed to the seismic hazard estimate based on documentary data concerning local history of seismic effects.
      
Drawing on interviews and documentary data from a sample of 263 United Nations-affiliated RNGOs, the author proposes an analytical framework to examine the religious, organizational, strategic, and service dimensions of these organizations.
      
Furthermore, based on documentary data, historical circulation patterns have been reconstructed.
      
In this work a simple approach to reconstruct climatic variables from documentary data is proposed.
      
Second, the documentary data are analyzed in detail in order to reveal any evidence for high resolution intra-annual variations in the seasonal distribution of rainfall during ENSO events.
      
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The Zhuang nationality is the offspring of one of the nationalities for the worship of the dragon. Because there was no writing system of the nationality, whether it had its independent astronomical almanacs historically remains a mystery to this day and even its traditional new year has also been forgotten. Starting with the on-the-spot investigation and comparing the results with the relevant documentary data, the authors ascertain that the Zhuang's traditional new year is the very June Day, which has...

The Zhuang nationality is the offspring of one of the nationalities for the worship of the dragon. Because there was no writing system of the nationality, whether it had its independent astronomical almanacs historically remains a mystery to this day and even its traditional new year has also been forgotten. Starting with the on-the-spot investigation and comparing the results with the relevant documentary data, the authors ascertain that the Zhuang's traditional new year is the very June Day, which has been handed down up to now, near the Great Heat (i.e. the 12th solar term) and has evolved from the Summer Solstice (or the 10th Solar term). In addition, it is inferred that the almanac likely belongs to the lunisolar calendar system.

壮族属于崇龙民族的后裔,由于没有本民族的文字,在历史上是否有过独立的天文历法,今天已成了未解开的谜,甚至连传统的新年也已经被遗忘。本文从实地调查入手,结合文献材料进行对比,确定出其传统新年就是流传至今的六月节,时间在大暑节气附近,源于夏至节气演变而来。另外,推测其历法属于阴阳历系统的可能性大。

In this paper, the chromatographic retention behaviours of heteropoly aniona (HPAs) with Keggin structure have been studied in the system of methanol-phosp-hate buffer with tetrabutyl ammonium as ion-pair agent. Three equations describing the influence of ion-pair agent concentration (c_p), organic solvent content (c_b) and ionic strength (c_I) upon retention behaviours of HPAs were deduced. Experimental results and documentary data confirm the predictions of equations. It was shown that, in this system,...

In this paper, the chromatographic retention behaviours of heteropoly aniona (HPAs) with Keggin structure have been studied in the system of methanol-phosp-hate buffer with tetrabutyl ammonium as ion-pair agent. Three equations describing the influence of ion-pair agent concentration (c_p), organic solvent content (c_b) and ionic strength (c_I) upon retention behaviours of HPAs were deduced. Experimental results and documentary data confirm the predictions of equations. It was shown that, in this system, all HPAs with different charge number can be retained and their selectivity can be improved by regulating proper c_P and c_b.

本文研究了Keggin型杂多酸盐在四丁基铵-磷酸盐缓冲液-甲醇体系中的色谱保留行为.导出了反相离子对色谱中离子对试剂浓度,强溶剂浓度及离子强度影响溶质保留值的三个规律式,并用实验及文献值进行了验证,在所研究的体系中,不同电荷数的杂多酸阴离子都可有保留,通过调节适当的离子对试剂浓度及强溶剂浓度,可改善其选择性.

Studies on the climate of the Little Ice Age were reviewed. The temperature series reconstructed by proxy data were reanalyzed from Asia, Europe, North America, South America, South Africa and the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The Proxy data used in this paper can be grouped in to four groups:δ(18)O in ice cores, treering, documentary data and others.δ(18)O is a good indicator of climatic changes for its close relationship to the temperature of snow and for its high time resolution, at least in the last...

Studies on the climate of the Little Ice Age were reviewed. The temperature series reconstructed by proxy data were reanalyzed from Asia, Europe, North America, South America, South Africa and the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The Proxy data used in this paper can be grouped in to four groups:δ(18)O in ice cores, treering, documentary data and others.δ(18)O is a good indicator of climatic changes for its close relationship to the temperature of snow and for its high time resolution, at least in the last millennium. A lot of ice core data are available especially in the Arctic and Antarctic regions.Tree-ring can also offer high-qualified information of temperature. Recently,not only the width of tree-ring but also its density have been used in studies of climatic changes. In addition, tree-ring has a high and homogeneous time resolution, favourable for the reconstruction of the past climate.Documentary data related to climatic changes are very abundant, especially in China. However, two problems should be solved in use of the documentary data:discontinuity and ambiguity.The fourth source involves glacier, pollen and others. Most of them characterize only long-term climatic changes, and have lower time resolutions.Five cold stages were identified in the world. The 17th century and the 19th century were two cold stages common to the globe. The first half of the 12th century, the second half of the 13th century and the second half of the 15th century were relatively weak cold stages, and they appeared only in some parts of the earth surface. The cold stages identified from proxy data sources can be outlined as follows:East Asia1100-1149, 1250-1349, 1425-1474, 1600-1699, 1800-1899Europe1100-1149, 1300-1399, 1550-1699, 1800-1899Former USSR1200-1299, 1400-1499, 1650-1749, 1850-1949North America1100-1149, 1200-1249, 1300-1349, 1450-1499, 1600-1699, 1800-1849Polar Regions1100-1149, 1250-1299, 1450-1499, 1600-1699, 1800-1899Southern Hemisphere1100-1149, 1250-1299, 1450-1499, 1550-1699, 1775-1824, 1875-1924The average temperatures of the 17th and 19th centuries are about 0.5-1.0℃lower than the last millennium average. But the average temperature of the 20th century is 0.5℃ higher than the last millennium average. Therefore, the average temperature of the Little Ice Age is about 1.0-1.5℃ lower than the present average.The average temperature of the Medieval Warm Period is 1.0℃ higher than th elast millennium average and 0.5℃ higher than the present average. The average temperature of ten regions in the world shows that a warm peak occurred in the second half of the century and that a prolonged cold period was from 1600 to 1900AD. The so called Little Ice Age refers just to the period of 1600 to 1900 AD.The acidity and 14C abundance in Greenland ice cores were used to study volcanism and solar activity.. The correlation of these two indices with the average temperat-ure anomalies are-0.49 and -0.73, respectively. The cold stages of the 13th, the 15th and the 17th century are more or less in line with the periods with minimum solar activities, i.e., well-known Wolf minimum, Spokane minima and Maunder minimum. Two maxima of volcanism seem also to contribute to the occurrence of the 15th and the 17th cold century. However,the weak cold stage of the later 12th century and the strong cold of the 19th century are difficult to be attributed directly to changes of solar activity or volcanism. Therefore, the variations of volcanic aerosol and solar irradiance are probably responsible for the formation of the Little Ice Age, but other factors may also contribute to the climatic changes during the last millennium

本文总结分析了近年来国内外对小冰期气候的研究,对亚洲、欧洲、北美、南美、非洲、北极地区及南极洲的各种重建气温序列进行了整理。所有序列均取1000-1989年每50年的平均值(最后一个仅有40年),并统一对近千年平均求距平。发现17世纪及19世纪的冷期有很大普遍性。平均比20世纪后半低1.0℃左右。火山活动与太阳活动((14)C)指数及平均气温序列的相关系数分别为-0.49及-0.73,说明这两个因素可能是小冰期形成的原因。

 
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