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base skull
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  颅底
     ③When the posterior border was positioned at 0.75cm and 1.5cm away from the superior and the inferior ends of the clivus,respectively,the whole base skull is involved in the lever 95% isodose. The dose is as high as 66.5Gy~70Gy.
     ③射野后界定于斜坡上、下端后0.75cm及1.5cm ,95%的等剂量曲线包纳整个颅底 ,剂量达66.5Gy~70Gy。
短句来源
     ①The primary site,base skull,parapharyngeal space,oropharynx and neck region are included within the 90%~100% isodose lever. The dose distribution is even. The average dose of the brain stem and the upper cervical spinal cord are 12.2Gy~19Gy and 46.6Gy~49.3Gy,respectively,according to different external irradiation regimes.
     [结果]①各种方案的90%~100%的等剂量曲线包纳鼻咽原发灶、颅底、咽旁间隙、口咽及颈部区域 ,剂量分布均匀 ,脑干及上颈脊平均剂量分别为12.2Gy~19Gy及46.4Gy~49.3Gy。
短句来源
     Microsurgical treatment of base skull tumor
     颅底肿瘤的显微外科手术治疗
短句来源
     Patients with traumatic CSF fistula all have base skull fracture and dura leakage , therefore, we can make sure that the liquid out from nostril or ear way are CSF if the fracture line crossing the paranasal sinus or mastoid and the local accumulating liquid in the cave of paranasal sinus or mastoid.
     外伤性CSF漏的病人都有颅底骨折并伴有硬脑膜的撕裂,因此,发现经过副鼻窦或乳突的颅底骨折线和局部窦腔或乳突积液,基本上就可以确定耳、鼻流出液体为CSF漏。
短句来源
     Methods Twenty - five patients who suffered from malignant tumors involving the base skull were reported.
     方法自1980年7月以来,对25例恶性肿瘤侵及颅底的患者,共32块组织瓣进行各类游离组织瓣修复术。
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  “base skull”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The simplex fracture of the skull base was in 11,the fracture of base skull with mild contusion andlaceration in base of the frontal lobe was in 1.The perpetual diabetes insipidus was in 3, inwhich, the symptom developed after the operationof the epidural hematoma in one case, and in another two cases after the cerebral decompression.
     3例永久性尿崩症,1例发生于颞顶部硬膜外血肿术后,二例继发于额叶底部脑挫裂伤减压术后。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Chondrosarcoma of the skull base
     颅底软骨肉瘤
短句来源
     TUMORS ON THE BASE OF THE SKULL
     颅底部肿瘤
短句来源
     Base on the C.
     根据C.
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     Base on J.
     本文从J.
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50 cases normal head and neck specimen and 10 cleft of lip and palate were studied by dissection and arteriography.The results are as follow: 1.In the unilateral complete cleft lip,superior labial artery runs along the labial margin and cleft edge,ending in base of nasal wing on the lateral side.In the medial side,upper labial artery runs along labial margin and cleft edge,turning upward ending in the base of the columnella 2.In the bilateral complete cleft lip,the artery supply to the philtrum and premaxilla...

50 cases normal head and neck specimen and 10 cleft of lip and palate were studied by dissection and arteriography.The results are as follow: 1.In the unilateral complete cleft lip,superior labial artery runs along the labial margin and cleft edge,ending in base of nasal wing on the lateral side.In the medial side,upper labial artery runs along labial margin and cleft edge,turning upward ending in the base of the columnella 2.In the bilateral complete cleft lip,the artery supply to the philtrum and premaxilla comes through posterior septal artery,anterior ethmoid artery,nasal alar artery and/or lateral nasal artery.3.normal palate region are supplied by six pair artery.They are greater palatine artery, lesser palatine artery,nasopalatine artery,ascending balatine artery, ascending pharyngeal artery and tonsillar artery.4.In cleft palate, anterior branch of the ascending palate artery has changed into small and has shifted to lateral side.posterior branch of the ascending palate artery has shifted forward and ran forward along with cleft edge.The present study found that palate branch of the ascending pharyngeal doesn′t run along with palato-pharyngeal muscle,but descend from base skull along with levator palate to the soft palate.

用50例正常人和10例唇腭裂头颈标本,做动脉照影和解剖观测。发现唇裂者的上唇动脉沿唇红缘和裂缘走行,终止于鼻翼基部(患侧)和鼻小柱基部(健侧)。双侧完全唇裂的人中部和切牙骨的动脉来自鼻中隔后动脉,筛前动脉,鼻翼动脉或鼻外侧动脉。正常腭部由腭大动脉,腭小动脉,鼻腭动脉,腭升动脉,咽升动脉和扁桃腺动脉供应。腭裂者腭大动脉不与鼻腭动脉吻合(患侧)。腭大动脉、腭升动脉不能与对侧同名动脉吻合,腭升动脉前支缩小,后支前移并沿裂缘前行,咽升动脉咽支不是循咽腭肌至软腭,而是从颅底沿腭帆提肌后内侧下行至软腭的鼻腔面。

Fifteen cases of traumatic diabetes insipidusare reported in this paper. It was 4.7% of craniocerebral trauma in the corresponding period.The temporary diabetes insipidus was in 12 cases.The simplex fracture of the skull base was in 11,the fracture of base skull with mild contusion andlaceration in base of the frontal lobe was in 1.The perpetual diabetes insipidus was in 3, inwhich, the symptom developed after the operationof the epidural hematoma in one case, and in another two cases after the...

Fifteen cases of traumatic diabetes insipidusare reported in this paper. It was 4.7% of craniocerebral trauma in the corresponding period.The temporary diabetes insipidus was in 12 cases.The simplex fracture of the skull base was in 11,the fracture of base skull with mild contusion andlaceration in base of the frontal lobe was in 1.The perpetual diabetes insipidus was in 3, inwhich, the symptom developed after the operationof the epidural hematoma in one case, and in another two cases after the cerebral decompression. Itcan be diagnosed for diabetes inspidus if there are athirst, drinking heavily, and the amount of urine being more than 4000ml in one day, and thespecific gravity of urine lower than 1.006. It shouldbe differentiated from the nephrogenic diabetesinsipidus. The temporary diabetes insipidus can becured with taking hydrochlorothiazide orally. Theperpetual diabetes insipidus can be controlled withthe hormone replacement therapy, and it has afavorable prognosis.

报告15例颅脑外伤性尿崩症,占同期颅脑损伤的4.7‰。12例暂时性尿崩症,其中单纯颅底骨折者11例,颅底骨折并轻度额叶底部挫裂伤1例;3例永久性尿崩症,1例发生于颞顶部硬膜外血肿术后,二例继发于额叶底部脑挫裂伤减压术后。颅脑损伤后、烦渴、多饮、每日尿量超过4000ml,尿比重低于1.006,可确诊。应与肾源性尿崩症鉴别,暂时性尿崩症可口服双氢克尿塞及对症治疗,能获治愈,永久性尿崩症应选用激素替代疗法、可控制症状.该症预后较佳。

 Objective:We have designed a simple trigeminus stereoguide apparatus (Type DCⅢ) for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in order to obtain a better pain relief result and to reduce intraoperative pain, postoperative complication and recurrence rate. Methods:Over the period from June 1992 to December 1996, 200 patients with trigeminal neuralgia underwent percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy (PRGR) with the trigeminus stereoguide apparatus. Base skull (submentovertical) Xray film was taken for...

 Objective:We have designed a simple trigeminus stereoguide apparatus (Type DCⅢ) for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in order to obtain a better pain relief result and to reduce intraoperative pain, postoperative complication and recurrence rate. Methods:Over the period from June 1992 to December 1996, 200 patients with trigeminal neuralgia underwent percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy (PRGR) with the trigeminus stereoguide apparatus. Base skull (submentovertical) Xray film was taken for measuring stereotactic coordinate of foramen ovale. Then trigeminus stereoguide apparatus was fixed on bilateral zygomatic arch. Under the stereotactic guiding, the puncture needle was passed through foramen ovale to the trigeminal cistern. 99.5% glycerol (0.2~0.4ml) was slowly injected. Results:Within one month postoperatively, the pain relief rate was 98%. Over a fellowup period (mean 25 months, range 6~36months) the longterm pain relief rate was 91.7% in 170 patients. There were no severe complications and death. Conclusion:The main advantage of the procedure is the good painfree result, exceptionally severe dysaesthesia, the rarity of corneal complication. This study shows that PRGR is efficacious and technically easy. 

目的:为了治疗三叉神经痛,获得好的解痛疗效,减少术中疼痛、术后并发症和复发率。我们研制成DC-Ⅲ型简易三叉神经定向仪供临床应用。方法:自1992年6月至1996年12月,采用立体定向引导下经皮半月神经节后根甘油注射治疗三叉神经痛200例。从颅底X线摄片上测算卵圆孔的立体坐标数值,将定向仪固定在双侧颧弓上。在立体定向导引下,可顺利地把针经卵圆孔穿入三叉神经池,缓慢注射99.5%甘油(0.2~0.4ml)。结果:术后一个月内的近期解痛率98%;随访170例,期限6~36个月,平均25个月,远期解痛率91.7%,无严重并发症及死亡。结论:此手术的主要优点是:解痛效果佳,无严重感觉缺失及眼角膜的并发症。手术技术简易,可获较好的疗效

 
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