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primary injury     
相关语句
  原发性损伤
     The secondary injury is a series of molecular biologic reaction caused by the primary injury, while the causes of the secondary injury are cellular toxity, free radical injury, inflammation, cell apoptosis, etc.
     原发性损伤只能预防,继发性损伤是源自原发性损伤并由此带来的一系列分子及生物学反应,其原因有细胞毒、自由基损伤、炎症、细胞因子、细胞凋亡等,细胞凋亡是其中的重要因素之一,已经有许多的实验研究和临床研究发现脊髓损伤后存在神经细胞凋亡的现象。
短句来源
     Methods The primary injury,treatment procedure,occurrence/development of secondary myopia and the results of their correction were observed in 4 cases with the secondary myopia after IOL implantation for traumatic cataract.
     方法 观察 4例外伤性白内障IOL植入术后发生继发性近视的原发性损伤、治疗经过及矫正结果。
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     The acute spinal cord injury can be divided into two stages, the primary injury and the secondary injury.
     急性脊髓损伤可分为原发性损伤和继发性损伤两个阶段。
短句来源
     Neurons, glial cells and microvessels in segments of the cord around the primary injury will be exposed to a wide range of adverse alterations in their cellular and fluid microenvironment Some of the cells cannot withstand the changes and die:so-called secondary injuries.
     原发性损伤周围的神经元细胞、胶质细胞、以及毛细血管暴露于明显变化的微环境中,其中一些细胞由于不能耐受这种变化而死亡,这是所谓的继发性损伤。
短句来源
     TBI includes primary injury and secondary injury.
     创伤性颅脑损伤分为原发性损伤和继发性损伤两方面。
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  原发性损伤的
     The majority of deaths occurred within 7 days after injury. The mortality was related to the severity of primary injury at the accident site and the scores of GCS. Survival rate of children with GCS scores higher than 5 was 88.9% , while it was decreased to 14.3% in children with GCS scores less than 5 ( P < 0.0001 ).
     结果  91例患儿 ,死亡 31例(34.1% ) ,死亡大多发生在伤后 1周以内 ,预后与原发性损伤的严重程度有关 ,GCS记分是影响预后的最主要因素 ,GCS记分 5~ 8分者 88.9%存活 ,而GCS小于 5分者仅 14 .3%存活 ;
短句来源
     Background and objective Traumatic brain injury(TBI) is a serious and complex trauma including primary injury resulting from outside force, affecting central nervous system directly and secondary injury caused by tissue reaction, physiopathological changes and so on.
     背景和目的颅脑损伤包括外力直接作用于中枢神经系统所造成的原发性损伤,以及在原发性损伤的基础上,随着伤后组织反应、病理生理改变等因素所引起的继发性脑损伤。
短句来源
     Craniocerebral injury is a serious and complex trauma which include primary injury that result from outside force affecting directly on central nervous system and secondary injury which is caused by tissue reaction , physiopathologic change , hemorrhage and so on that base on primary injury.
     颅脑损伤是一种严重复杂的创伤,它包括外力直接作用中枢神经系统所造成的原发性损伤,以及在原发性损伤的基础上,随着伤后的组织反应、病理生理改变与出血等因素所引起的继发性损伤。
短句来源
     ⑵ The injury score between contralateral lung and chest wall there was no significant correlation,and the result demonstrated existing different mechanisms of trauma on contralateral pulmonary primary injury.
     ⑵对侧肺损伤与胸壁伤情间无明显的相关,表明对侧肺原发性损伤的发生存在不同的致伤机理。
短句来源
     BACKGROUND:The bone fragments from spinal vertebral fracture can enter into vertebral canal to cause neural functional injury. The restoration of neural function after injury is mainly determined by the character and extent of primary injury,and is related with the spinal injured range.
     背景:脊椎骨折碎骨片可进入椎管造成神经功能损伤,损伤后神经功能的恢复主要取决于原发性损伤的性质和程度,并与脊髓受损的范围有关。
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  原发性创伤
     Different regional brain tissues' sensitivity to the primary injury and the secondary insults is different.
     不同部位脑组织对原发性创伤和二次损伤反应具有一定的差异 .
短句来源
  原发性脑创伤
     Both the MDA and SOD level changes in all regional brain tissues injury with secondary insults are more serious than that after primary injury alone, and the peaks last longer.
     二次脑损伤后各区域脑组织 MDA和SOD变化幅度明显较单纯原发性脑创伤后为高并且其高峰持续时间延长 ;
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  primary injury
Regardless of age, burn victims often succumb to secondary infections rather than the primary injury.
      
Spinal cord injury results in progressive waves of secondary injuries, cascades of noxious pathological mechanisms that substantially exacerbate the primary injury and the resultant permanent functional deficits.
      
In this temperature range, the dark respiration rate was reversibly enhanced, and an increased number of polyribosomes indicated repair after the primary injury.
      
The retina sustains the primary injury and the major damage.
      
It is a matter of debate whether the primary injury of Al toxicity is apoplastic or symplastic.
      
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Splenic rupture is the most frequent serious intraabdominal injury following blunt abdominal trauma. The diagnosis of splenic rupture is usually easy, and splenectomy is carried out at once. However, it is reported that 15 per cent of the patients have delayed rupture of the spleen, with the symptoms occurring two or more days after trauma. The mortality of simple splenic rupture is 1%, while that of delayed splenic rupture is 10%. In this article, our approach to this condition and the results gained in the...

Splenic rupture is the most frequent serious intraabdominal injury following blunt abdominal trauma. The diagnosis of splenic rupture is usually easy, and splenectomy is carried out at once. However, it is reported that 15 per cent of the patients have delayed rupture of the spleen, with the symptoms occurring two or more days after trauma. The mortality of simple splenic rupture is 1%, while that of delayed splenic rupture is 10%. In this article, our approach to this condition and the results gained in the treatment of the seventeen cases of delayed rupture of the spleen are summarized. Review of our experience shows that in our series of cases the incidence of delayed rupture of the spleen is 13.7%. In the 17 cases, men predominate, most cases occurring in the third and fourth decades of life. The primary injury includes punches, falls, automobile accidents, etc. Insignificant secondary traumas were found in four patients. The latent period was less than 10 days in 15 patients but the longest interval after injury was five months. The abdominal pain varied in severity and pain in the left upper quadrant was found in all of the cases. Paracentesis was used frequently and was, therefore, of first importance in making the diagnosis. In our series of cases, preoperative diagnosis was correct in 15 instances. Splenectomy was performed on all of the patients. One of them died on the tenth postoperative day from intestinal volvulus, hence a mortality rate of approximately 6%. We conclude that the surgeon must be aware of this diagnosis and should carefully follow traumatic abdominal injured patients for ten days after initial injury.

延迟性脾破裂是脾破裂的特殊类型。它约占损伤性脾破裂的15%,死亡率高,并发症多。本文分析17例临床资料,对其临床表现,治疗方法与予后总结经验教训,对诊断与治疗提出意见。

The article analysed the indentification for degree of injury in 200 cases of living body from 1983 to 1986.The result show that the injury in 83 cases is serious and in 115 is slight.There are 167 male and 33 female among 200 cases. Most cases occur in the group at the age of youngsters,The most common inju- rant is fist and foot.Injury of the head is the most common on the situs of in- jury.The incidence of complication is 20.5%.The incidence of sequela is 38%. The authors had a discussion on the important...

The article analysed the indentification for degree of injury in 200 cases of living body from 1983 to 1986.The result show that the injury in 83 cases is serious and in 115 is slight.There are 167 male and 33 female among 200 cases. Most cases occur in the group at the age of youngsters,The most common inju- rant is fist and foot.Injury of the head is the most common on the situs of in- jury.The incidence of complication is 20.5%.The incidence of sequela is 38%. The authors had a discussion on the important significance of primary injury and complication as well as sequela in the identification for degree of injury.

本文对200例活体损伤程度的鉴定进行了统计和分析(1983~1986)。结果表明:重伤占42.5%,轻伤占57.5%。男性占83.5%,女性16.5%。年龄以青少年组为多。致伤物以拳脚占首位。损伤部位以颅脑损伤最多。并发症的出现率为20.5%;后遗症的出现率为38%。本文对原发性损伤、并发症、后遗症在活体损伤程度鉴定中的重要意义亦进行了讨论。

Two hundred 21-day-old chicks were divided into four diet treatment groups of 50 each and given a . high calcium and low available phosphorus ( HCLP ) , high calcium and normal available phosphorus ( HCNP ) , normal calcium and low available phosphorus ( NCLP ) ,or normal calcium and normal available phosphorus (NCNP) diets to study the effect of high dietary calcium and low dietary phosphorus on the development of chicken gout and the mechanism of urate deposition, the result shows that HCLP and HCNP diets...

Two hundred 21-day-old chicks were divided into four diet treatment groups of 50 each and given a . high calcium and low available phosphorus ( HCLP ) , high calcium and normal available phosphorus ( HCNP ) , normal calcium and low available phosphorus ( NCLP ) ,or normal calcium and normal available phosphorus (NCNP) diets to study the effect of high dietary calcium and low dietary phosphorus on the development of chicken gout and the mechanism of urate deposition, the result shows that HCLP and HCNP diets caused visceral urate deposition and urloithiasis. Kidney was the primarily and worst injured organ in the development of the gout. High dietary calcium caused hypercalciumemia and hypophosphorusemia, and in cooperation with low dietary phosphorus caused metabolism alkalosis, which resulted in urloithiasis by changing urine property. Renal failure was caused by secondary renal tubul injury following urloithiasis and primary injury by high calcium, which resulted in hyperuricemia and visceral urate deposition.

用200只21日龄海赛克斯×罗斯杂交商品代鸡,按钙、磷2×2因子设计进行高钙、低磷饲料人工诱发痛风试验。采用病理形态学及血液生化测定方法进行了十三周的试验观察。结果表明,高钙低磷、高钙正磷饲料能引起鸡痛风。尿酸盐沉积形式有内脏性尿酸盐沉积和尿石症。高钙起主导作用,低磷可以促进其发生。痛风发生的原发性损伤部位及病变最严重的器官是肾脏。饲料高钙导致的高钙血症、低磷血症及代谢性碱中毒,通过改变尿液环境而引起尿石症的发生。高钙所致的肾小管原发性损伤和继发于尿石症的损害共同导致鸡肾功能衰竭,而形成高尿酸血症,并出现内脏性尿酸盐沉积。

 
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