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average dose
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  平均剂量
     Results The average dose of Bisoprolol was lower in patients with sinus rhythm than in patients with AF rhythm and cardiac pacing thythm (4.25±0.75)mg/d VS(7.14±1.20)mg/d and (7.23±1.22)mg/d, P<0.01).
     结果窦律者比索洛尔平均剂量低于房颤和起博器心律者[(4.25±0.75)mg/d(7.14±1.20)mg/d和(7.23±1.22)mg/d,P<0.01];
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     The average dose of MMF was(1.2±0.3)g/d.
     MMF平均剂量(1.2±0.3)g/d。
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     The average dose delivered to GTV, CTV1 and CTV2 was 70.6, 67.9 and 65.0 Gy, respectively.
     GTV、CTV1及CTV2的平均剂量分别为70·6、67·9和65·0Gy;
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     The average conformation number was 0.98.The average dose of internal carotid artery spinal cord trachea and mandible in target volume is 3492.5±138.6cGy 344.3±36.2cGy 3487.3±126.3cGy and 2262.4±164.2cGy.
     15例病人组织间近距离治疗靶区内颈内动脉平均剂量3492.5±138.6cGy,脊髓平均剂量344.3±36.2cGy,气管平均剂量3487.3±126.3cCy,颌骨平均剂量2262.4±164.2cGy。
     Results:The average dose of Metoprolol was lower in patients with sinus rhythm than in patients with AF rhythm and cardiac pacing rhythm ( 72.7 ± 36.1 ) mg/d vs ( 104.7 ± 28.7 ) mg/d and ( 108.7 ± 24.6 ) mg/d, P< 0.01 ).
     结果 :窦律者美托洛尔平均剂量低于房颤和起搏器心律者 [(72 .7± 36 .1)mg/d∶(10 4 .7±2 8.7)mg/d和 (10 8.7± 2 4 .6 )mg/d ,P <0 .0 1];
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  “average dose”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:Propofol average dose:group A(159.25±26.41)mg,group B((102.34)±20.54)mg,group C(102.34±20.54)mg;
     结果:使用异丙酚平均总量:A组(159.25±26.41)mg,B组(102.34±20.54)mg,C组(134.37±26.12)mg;
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     The annual average dose equivalent are 4.98,4.66,3.65,2.79,2.40 and 2.27 mSv,respectively.
     年人均剂量当量分别为4.98、4.66、3.65、2.79、2.40和2.27 mSv。
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     The average dose of Doxapram Hydrochloride was 1.5±0.5mg/kg.
     多沙普仑的平均用量为 (1.5± 0 .5 ) mg/ kg。
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     There was significant difference between group S and P.The average dose of propofol was 58.3±16.2 mg in group S and 142.4±14.7 mg in group P(P<0.01),respectively.
     S组的异丙酚用量为58.3±16.2mg,P组用量为142.4±14.7mg,组间比较有显著性差异(P<0.01);
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     (2)the point number average dose rate for roads was 5.17×10~(-8)Gy·h~(-1);
     (2)道路γ辐射剂量率按测点平均值为5.17×10~(-8)Gyh~(-1);
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  相似匹配句对
     in average;
     平均为0.89d。
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     The average accumulated dose of propafenone was 105 mg.
     普罗帕酮平均累积量 10 5 mg。
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     The average margin dose was 14.6 Gy.
     平均边缘剂量14.6Gy,平均肿瘤体积4.0cm3。
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     (2) The average I.
     2.恶性肿瘤非缓解期I.
短句来源
     dose irradiation.
     含量比未经辐射的低,表明适宜剂量辐射可以提高幼苗耐热性。
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  average dose
The average dose was 40 ± 86 and 21 ± 55 mg/day, respectively (P = 0.012).
      
We studied three groups of patients: group 1, untreated patients; group 2, average dose of octreotide 500±100 μg/day for 33±4 months; and group 3, 1000±200 μg/day for 33±4 months.
      
At a follow-up of 15.2 (± 7.4) months, in the responder group (12 patients with long-term follow-up), the average dose of propantheline bromide was 32.5 (± 23.8) mg/day, which was significantly reduced from the initial dose (p>amp;lt;0.05).
      
Seven patients were treated for one full year (300 mg/day, average dose) and 10 SHR and 10 normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats received 1 and 2 mg/ kg, intravenously.
      
No substantial trends in risk were apparent with increasing duration of use, time since first use, time since last use, or average dose.
      
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It is widely accepetd that the uniform whole body ionizingradiation exposure is more effective than the nonuniform exposure forthe production of hematological syndroms.Since all of the existing accide-ntal irradiations were nonuniform exposure,thus,to express the accidentaldose,a choice of a comparatively suitable dosage specification must bemade.The main aim of this presentation is to verify the validity of sev-eral dosage expressions such as average dose,midline dose,bone marrowdose,epigastrium...

It is widely accepetd that the uniform whole body ionizingradiation exposure is more effective than the nonuniform exposure forthe production of hematological syndroms.Since all of the existing accide-ntal irradiations were nonuniform exposure,thus,to express the accidentaldose,a choice of a comparatively suitable dosage specification must bemade.The main aim of this presentation is to verify the validity of sev-eral dosage expressions such as average dose,midline dose,bone marrowdose,epigastrium dose,personal dosimeter readings and hematological“stem cell survival-dose”etc.After the comparative calculations,it hasbeen shown that for nonuniform exposure among those,the“stern cellsurvival-dose”correlated favorably with the observed clinical evidences.The deficiency of the other expressions were mentioned also.

由于实际的辐射事故都是非均匀照射,因此,必须选择一种较为合适的事故剂量表示方法。本文的主要目的就是通过分析几种事故剂量的表示方法,如平均剂量、中线剂量、骨髓剂量、腹部剂量、个人剂量仪读数和造血“干细胞活存”计权等效剂量等,以确定哪种更为合适。由计算结果的比较表明,对于非均匀照射,“干细胞活存”计权等效剂量与所观察到的临床表现符合得较好。对其余几种方法存在的问题,本文也做了讨论。

This article tries to explain the dose limitation system inICRP publication 26 on the basis of shifting our attention from non-sto-chastic effects to stochastic effects,and discuss the three basic principles:justification,optimization and limitation.Departure from the traditionalthreshold point of view is emphasized.The random occurence,small probabi-lities and long latent period of stochastic effects make it difficult to accu-mulate dirrect human data;a large part of useful human data came from prac-tices of...

This article tries to explain the dose limitation system inICRP publication 26 on the basis of shifting our attention from non-sto-chastic effects to stochastic effects,and discuss the three basic principles:justification,optimization and limitation.Departure from the traditionalthreshold point of view is emphasized.The random occurence,small probabi-lities and long latent period of stochastic effects make it difficult to accu-mulate dirrect human data;a large part of useful human data came from prac-tices of questionable justification,and modern radiation protection practi-ce would prevent us from getting more such costly data.The concepts of(somatic and ICRP's)effective dose equivalent are explained with the li-near non-threshold hypothesis for stochastic effects and additivity of smallprobabilities.It is pointed out that,in this system,all professionally ex-posed persons are regarded as identical,irrespective of thier sex,age ect.,in that sense,one needs not worry about whether the integral dose of anorgan is more close connected with stochastic effects than the average dose.The differential cost-benefit analysis for optimization is disscussed,anddifficulties pointed out.

本文试图根据辐射防护的着眼点转向随机效应的观点,来阐明体现在 ICRP 26号出版物中的近代辐射防护的剂量限制体系,并介绍与讨论了正当化、最优化与限量化原则。强调指出这个体系与传统的阈值观点的差别。由于随机效应的随机性,小的概率与长的潜伏期,使我们难以获得充分的有关人的剂量效应的直接资料,指出现有的部分有用资料实系来自正当性可疑的实践,而有效的辐射防护反而使我们得不到更多的资料。阐述了小剂量下随机效应的线性无阈假定发生率的可叠加原理及由此发展起来的躯体有效剂量当量与 ICRP 有效剂量当量。文中强调指出,ICRP的防护标准是把所有职业受照者看作是相同的,在这个意义上由线性假定论证了按器官平均剂量(或积分剂量)估计效应的合理性。解释了最优化的差分分析原理及其在实际运用中所存在的困难。

A high sensitive neutron monitor is described in this paper. It has an approxi-mate counting rate of 20 cpm for natural background neutrons. The pulse amplituderesolution, sensitivity and directional dependence of the monitor were determined.This monitor has been used for natural background measurement in Beijing area dur-ing passed year. The yearly average dose is given and compared with the results ofKEK and CERN.

本文介绍了一种高灵敏度中子监测器,它对天然中子本底的计数率约每分钟20次计数。实验测定了几个基本特性:脉冲幅度分辨率、灵敏度和方向性。用该监测器在一年的时间内连续测量了北京玉泉路地区的天然中子本底的剂量水平,给出了年平均剂量当量值。与日本KEK和CERN测得的数据进行了比较。

 
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