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cotton     
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  棉花
     Study on the interactions between exogenous Bt-ICP and cotton secondary metabolites as well as induced resistance in Bt transgenic cotton
     外源Bt杀虫蛋白与棉花抗虫次生物的互作关系及转Bt基因棉花诱导抗虫性的研究
短句来源
     Studies on the Mechanism,Inheritance and Molecular Markers of Cotton Resistance to Verticillium dahliae
     棉花黄萎病抗性机制、遗传及分子标记的研究
短句来源
     Studies on Genetic Basis of Heterosis for Yield in Upland Cotton
     棉花产量性状杂种优势的遗传基础研究
短句来源
     Knowledge Model-Based Decesion Support System for Cotton Management
     基于知识模型的棉花管理决策支持系统的研究
短句来源
     Study on Cotton Reproductive Organ Development Related Genes and Their Expression Pattern
     棉花生殖器官发育相关基因的克隆与表达研究
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     The Expression and Inheritance Stability of Bt Insecticidal Gene in Transgenic Insect-resistant Cotton Plants
     Bt杀虫基因在转基因抗虫中的表达与遗传稳定性的研究
短句来源
     Economic and Farmers' Health Impacts of Bt Cotton in China
     我国采用Bt抗虫的经济和健康影响
短句来源
     Effects and Mechanisms of the Transgenic Cry1Ac Plus CpTI (Cowpea Trypsin Inhibitor) Cotton on Insect Communities
     转双价基因(Cry1Ac+CpTI)对昆虫群落的影响及其作用机制
短句来源
     Studies on the Biosafety of Transgenic Insecticidal Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) to Itself and Soil Ecology
     转基因抗虫(Gossypium hirsutum L.)生产安全性的研究
短句来源
     Genetic Evaluation and Utilization of Transgenic Bt and Bt+CpTI Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Lines
     转Bt基因和Bt+CpTI基因抗虫的遗传评价及利用研究
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  纯棉
     Production of pure cotton 5.8 tex yarn
     纯棉普梳5.8tex纱的生产
短句来源
     Analysis of technology of combed cotton J14.6 tex
     J14.6tex纯棉精梳纱成纱质量的工艺分析
短句来源
     Technology practice of 4.2 tex cotton combed spinning yarn
     4.2tex纯棉精梳纱的工艺实践
短句来源
     Flame resistance of cotton canvas on trial scale was optimized,the best conditions were obtained,such as resin 70 g/L,flame retardant 400 g/L,phosphoric acid 20 g/L,fiber protector 40 g/L,pick up 70 %,curing at 180 ℃ for 90 seconds.
     通过对纯棉帆布阻燃整理工艺的选择、参数的优化,确定最佳工艺为:树脂70 g/L,阻燃剂400 g/L,磷酸20 g/L,纤维保护剂40 g/L,轧液率70%,180℃焙烘90 s。
短句来源
     Production Practice of 7.3 Tex All Cotton Carded Yarn
     纯棉普梳7.3tex纱的生产实践
短句来源
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  科顿
     Cotton Beach
     科顿海滩
短句来源
     Aqueos solution of SPG-l-P had an apparently positive Cotton effect at 20 C.
     SPG-1-P在常温中性水溶液中有明显的正科顿吸收(Cotton effect)。
短句来源
     Aqueous solution of SPG-l-P had an apparently positive Cotton effect at 20 C .
     SPG-1-P在常温中性水溶液中有明显的正科顿吸收(Cotton Effect)。
短句来源

 

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      cotton
    Enzymatic hydrolysis of neutral fat of cotton oil soap stock with a nonspecific lipase produced byOospora lactis F-500 was designed.
          
    Utilization of cotton oil soap stock as the only source of carbon during cultivation of the fungus was studied.
          
    The rate of hydrolysis of soap stock fat strongly depended on the way of biological conversion of cotton oil soap stock.
          
    The resulting mixed cultures utilized cellulose, cellobiose, glucose, maize residue, cotton, and flax boon producing ethanol (up to 0.9 g/l) and acetic acid (up to 0.8 g/l).
          
    Use of the Fungus Panus tigrinus in the Manufacture of Pressed Materials from Cotton Plant Waste
          
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    In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50)...

    In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50) for four applications at a fifteen-day intervalduring the early growth season of cotton from June 15 to July 30. The popula-tion of leafhopper, the degree of infestation, the number of green bolls andthe yield of lint cotton were statistically analyzed and discussed. Population observations showed that the three contact poisons greatlyreduced the leafhopper population on the first day after application. Butthey soon lost their effectiveness three days later, so that the population startedto rebuild up and was practically with no significant difference from that ofhe untreated plots at the end of the fifteen-day interval. While the Bordeaux mixture showed a maximum reduction of population on the third day afterapplication, and maintained its effectiveness for a considerable time; the pop-ulation was constantly checked to such an extent that no serious damage wouldoccur during the spray interval. The degree of infestation as indicated by the symptom of cyrtosis onleaves was 40.83, 47.21, 55.85, 57.66, 62.48, and 60.39 per cent in average for4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture, 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture, yam bean seed powdersuspension, pyrethrum powder suspension and tobacco water extract and theuntreated check plots respectively. Moreover, the percentage of heavily in-fested plants for the treated and untreated plots in the fore-mentioned orderwas 5.61, 8.24, 21.88, 23.68, 28.88 and 25.27 respectively.It was evident thatin the long run the Bordeaux mixture was the most effective insecticide inreducing the degree of infestation. The number of bolls per plant was 15.27, 13.24, 10.17, 9.53, 8.75 and6.75 in average, and the yield of lint cotton was 19.50, 17.84, 11.69, 10.11and 6.24 catties per mou (1 catty=0.5 kilogram, 1 mou=0.164 acre) for thetwo types of Bordeaux mixture and three kinds of contact poisons and theuntreated check plots respectively. The yield of cotton was generally much lower in 1943 than in 1942 forthe same experimental field. This was apparently due to the poorer soilfertility and heavier leafhopper infestation in 1943. But the ratio of the yieldbetween the Bordeaux mixture treated plots and the check plots was quitedifferent in the two years, i.e. 55.62 to 31 catties per mou in 1942, and 19.50to 6.24 catties per mou in 1943. This revealed a fact that the Bordeauxmixture treatment will he applied more effectively and profitably where thecotton field is not fertile and when the leafhopper outbreak is severe. 4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture and 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture were in all casesinsignificantly different in their effectiveness. Theiefore a 2-4-50 Bordeauxmixture would be a more economical and practical measure for the cottonleafhopper control.

    (一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4...

    (一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4—6—50式波尔多液者,产量较对照区增多3.12倍,2—4—50式波尔多液区较对照区增产2.85倍

    The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July....

    The injurious insects of cotton of this province, however, have not hithertobeen carefully studied, especially the pink bollworm, which annually reducesthe cotton production by 10 to 30 per cent. The present authors spent twoyears in observing the life history and habits of this insect, in attempting tofind some effective control measures. The result is herewith summarized :- 1. In the vicinity of Wu-chang, the pink bollworm has three generationsa year. The first generation occupies May and July. The second one occursin mid-July and the last in late-August. Due to the lower temperature, theemergence of the first generation need about two months. 2. In day time, the adult is usually inactive, while in windless night,after seven o'clock, it becomes very active and lays eggs mostly on green bollsand calyx. about a week later, the eggs hatch and the newly-hatched larvaeare shortly getting into the bolls. After four days they often eat into theseeds. Ten days later, the lint is so stunted as to become dusky yellow incolor, thus both the yield and the quality of cotton are greatly lowered. Themature larvae appear about half a month after. 3. Field experiments have shown that three dustings of 10% DDT- sulfurpowder were very effective. In the severely damaged cotton area, the thirdspray may be simultaneously done with controlling the cotton leaf-hoppers andthe cotton leaf-rollers. 4. About 84% hibernating larvae in cotton seeds will come out when thecotton exposed in sun light and stored in the farmer's house. Hence it seemsadvisable to put cloth or other soft material covers on the cotton stored inorder to collect and kill the larvae under them. In addition, destruction of allremaining bolls on the cotton stalks, as early as possible in winter is important. 5. For controlling the bollworms in cotton store-houses, the followingresults have been obtained 50% wettable DDT diluted with 20 parts of water,91% of larvae were killed within 30 days; 6.5% 666 (benzene hexachloride)gave a mortality of 63% in four months. Wettable 6.5% 666 diluted withwater (1:100), has been proved to be the most effective ovicide which destroys99.4% of eggs while parathion (E605) also gave a very high mortality at97.7%. But 50% wettable DDT (1:100) Kills eggs at 64.2% and lead arsena-te only 16.2% respectively. 6. There were 39.1% overwintering larvae parasitized by parasitic mitesand wasps. Among them, most are the mite, Pediculoides ventricosus Newport,while the parasitic wasps Eurypterna arakawae Mats. less than 0.5%.

    红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差...

    红铃虫在南方棉区为害棉花相当严重,除去脱落蕾铃外,僵黄花率为10—30%,我们针对这个严重问题,进行了红铃虫生活史的观察研究与防治方法试验,写出初步结果,提供防治参考。 1.红铃虫在华中武昌棉区一年有三代。第一代羽化在5至6月,7月中旬为第二代;8月下旬为第三代;第一代的蛹和幼虫所需时期均较第二、三代长。 2.成虫白天不活动,夜晚7时以后无风天气活跃最盛,产卵以在青铃上及花萼上为最多。孵化后三十多分钟即钻入棉桃内为害,4天即侵入棉籽内取食,10天棉瓤纤维呈僵黄状,半月后幼虫即可老熟(第三代的)。 3.田间防治红铃虫以10%滴滴涕硫磺粉喷三次效果显著,在后期棉虫严重地区可结合防治叶跳虫卷叶虫等同时进行。 4.籽花内的幼虫在群众家里及晒花时逃出84%,因此指导群众将籽花堆上加覆盖物,再结合帘架晒花是消减过冬红铃虫最经济有效的办法。 4.防治仓库越冬红铃虫以50%可混性滴滴涕1:30倍水溶液杀虫效果最佳。30天内死亡率达91%.6.5%可混性666(1:20)死亡率为63%。但是1:100倍的水溶液杀卵效率高到99.4%。稀释万分之一的E605为97.7%。50%可混性滴滴涕1:100杀卵率为64.2%,砒酸铃最差为16.2%。 6.越冬幼虫被寄生的平均有39.1%,发现天敌有二种,其中绝大多数是榖痒螨(Pediculoides ventricosus

    Experiments concerning the translocation of Systox of different concent-rations for the control of cotton aphids by means of water culture, seed treat-ment, soil application and spraying were conducted both in the greenhouseand field. Data are given which show that toxicants may be taken up byseeds, roots or leaves of cotton. A very good control of cotton aphids resultedin using soil application of 0.25% Systox water emulsion (about 2 catties ofBayer's concentrate per mou) for which the moderate...

    Experiments concerning the translocation of Systox of different concent-rations for the control of cotton aphids by means of water culture, seed treat-ment, soil application and spraying were conducted both in the greenhouseand field. Data are given which show that toxicants may be taken up byseeds, roots or leaves of cotton. A very good control of cotton aphids resultedin using soil application of 0.25% Systox water emulsion (about 2 catties ofBayer's concentrate per mou) for which the moderate toxicity is retained atleast for 66 days in greenhouse and 23 days in the field. It is of great signi-ficance in agricultural practice to diminish labor and increase the residualeffect of control measures against the haphazard of aphids year after yearin the cotton belt of North China.

    E1059应用于棉花防治棉蚜的试验是分别在温室及田间进行的。无论浸种、水培、灌溉、喷射,它都有内导作用。此即说明棉花的种子、根或叶的组织都可吸收药液。随体液传输全体,使棉蚜产生内毒作用。从药效保持期来看,以药液灌溉最为持久。在温室内0.25%处理可保持66天;在田间(用1:400的稀释液。每亩800斤的用量)可以保持23天,如何使这个初步结果经济有效的应用於生产实践上,还需从多方面作最大的努力。

     
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