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report method
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  报告法
     The methods of using cases in“An Introduction to Economic Statutes”have explanation method,explanation and argue method,argue method,report method.
     在《经济法概论》课堂教学中运用案例的方法有讲解法、计论法、辩论法、报告法
短句来源
     The present experiment was based on the model on iconic memory raised by Kosslyn. The whole report method and partial report method were used to explore how the attention window influenced the the performance of iconic memory.
     以全部报告法和部分报告法为任务,在Kosslyn瞬时记忆模型框架下,探讨当刺激呈现和报告的方式按列进行时,被试注意窗的放置策略及其对瞬时记忆的影响。
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  “report method”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Research and Application of the Dynamic Report Method
     动态报表技术研究与应用
短句来源
     Using the peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Shanyou 523 and Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Shanyou 21) in this report, method of transforming the CpTI and bar gene to peanut with pollen tube pathway technique was studied, the mechanism of the technique in the peanut was discussed; biochemic ingredient changing among the peanut cultivars was analyzed, and genetic distance was studied with RAPD analysis, we hope that these study will be useful to crop breeding.
     本论文研究了用花粉管通道法将CpTI和bar基因转入花生品种“汕油523”和“汕油21”的实验方法,初步探讨了花粉管通道法转化花生的机理,并分析了花生品种间生化成分的变化及和RAPD聚类的遗传距离的关系,以期为花生分子育种提供依据。
短句来源
     For the sake of tradition that changes area water lover's work falls behind to measure the report method, setting up one after another in 1999 the area water level measures the report system automatically, two automatic telemeter in volume of rain in subsidiary current in mountain in south in Tow Hua (Hua County, Hua Yin) system, face the Lin Tong, Nan Rong Hua automation way measure to flow the system.
     为了改变传统落后的库区水情人工测报方法,于1999年相继建成了库区水位自动测报系统,二华(华县、华阴)南山支流雨量自动遥测系统,临潼、南荣华自动化缆道测流系统。
短句来源
     The measurement process of project firsthand data and the report method are provided by SPTO module.
     SPTO模块提供了软件项目原始数据的测量机制和报告机制。
短句来源
     The research adopts analysis method of impersonality and demonstration , The system adopt 360 degree appraise method and report method, and give a complementary explain about assistant program.
     研究最终成果是一个以360度考核理论和述职报告方法相结合的中层管理者绩效考核体系。
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  相似匹配句对
     The method of S.E.
     研究了 S.E.
短句来源
     Method;
     方法:
短句来源
     The Method of Audit Report Writing
     审计报告写作方法摄要
短句来源
     The design method of the dynamic report
     动态报表的设计方法研究
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     MARKET REPORT
     2003年国内装载机市场报告
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  report method
Few research efforts, however, have systematically examined sex differences in the reliability and construct validity of the most common technique used in causal research-the self-report method.
      
Of those with lymphoedema defined by MFBIA, only 35% were detected using the SOAC method (difference >amp;gt; 5 cm), while 65% were identified via the self-report method (i.e., respective sensitivities).
      
The level of discrepancy varied from one population group to another, indicating that literacy assessment using the self-report method cannot be equally appropriate for all population groups.
      
The findings revealed that the literacy rate generated through a literacy test was significantly lower than that found when the self-report method was used.
      
The relatively small sample size and the use of self-report method are limitations of the present study.
      
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According to the previously reported method were prepared the following cyclic iodoniun salts: 3,6-di-[diethylamino]-dibenzopyriodonium formate(no 212),46% yield, m.p. 133°; 3,6-di-[trimethylamonium]-diben-zopyriodonium triiodide (no. 225), 45% yield, m. p. 202-4°; 3,6-di-[triethylamonium] -dibenzopyriodonium triiodide (no. 227), 53% yield, m.p.174-5°; 3,6-di-[dimethylethylamonium]-dibenzopyriodonium triiodide (no.234), 40% yield, m. p. 177-9°; 3,6-di-dimethylamino]-dibenzopyroiodonium (p,p'-di- [dimethylamino]-diphenylene...

According to the previously reported method were prepared the following cyclic iodoniun salts: 3,6-di-[diethylamino]-dibenzopyriodonium formate(no 212),46% yield, m.p. 133°; 3,6-di-[trimethylamonium]-diben-zopyriodonium triiodide (no. 225), 45% yield, m. p. 202-4°; 3,6-di-[triethylamonium] -dibenzopyriodonium triiodide (no. 227), 53% yield, m.p.174-5°; 3,6-di-[dimethylethylamonium]-dibenzopyriodonium triiodide (no.234), 40% yield, m. p. 177-9°; 3,6-di-dimethylamino]-dibenzopyroiodonium (p,p'-di- [dimethylamino]-diphenylene iodonium) formate (no.196),38% yield, m.p. 155-6°, iodide (no. 196-Ⅰ, )m.p, 210-2°; 3,6-di-[diethylamino]-dibenzopyroiodonium(p,p'di-diethylamino-diphenylene iodonium)formate (no. 205), 42% yield, m.p. 162-3°, iodide (no. 205 1), m.p. 206-7°;3,6-di-[methylethylamino]-dibenzopyroiodonium (p,p' di-[methylethylamino]-diphenylene iodonium) formate (no. 222), 32% yield, m.p. 143-7°,iodide (no. 222-1), m. p. 223-4°, bromide (no. 222-Br), m.p, 241-2°; 3,6-di-(trimethylamonium)-dibenzopyroiodonium (p,p'-di[trimethylamonium]-diphenylene iodonium) triiodide (no. 233), 48% yield, m.p. 211-2°and 3,6-dicarboxy-9-trichlormethyl-dibenzopyriodonium zwitterion (no. 218),92% yield, m.p. 198-9°. The pharmaceutical works showed that all of these cyclic iodonium salts except for the zwitterion (no. 218), which had not carried out such examination, gave hypotensive action to certain degrees to some animals, such as mice and rabbits.

按前法合成了八种类型的3,6一二烷基(烷銨墓)二苯并五员碘杂环化合物,以通式(A)(n=0,1)表示。动物试驗初步结果表明它們具有不同程序的降血压作用,另外,附带报告3.6一二羧基-9-三氯甲基二苯並碘內鹽(式B)的合成。

In this paper, the cage opening reaction of the decahydrodecaboric acid (H_2B_(10)H_(10)) and its various salts (M_2B_(10)H_(10) where M~+=K~+, NH_4~+, Et_4N~+) has been investigated. Two new methods for the synthesis of bis(diethylsulfide) decaborane [B_(10)H_(12)(Et_2S)_2] were developed. The first method consists of opening of the stable cage skeleton (B_(10)H_(10)~(2-)) with decahydrodecaboric acid acting as proton source and water as the coordinating Lewis base followed by the treament of the...

In this paper, the cage opening reaction of the decahydrodecaboric acid (H_2B_(10)H_(10)) and its various salts (M_2B_(10)H_(10) where M~+=K~+, NH_4~+, Et_4N~+) has been investigated. Two new methods for the synthesis of bis(diethylsulfide) decaborane [B_(10)H_(12)(Et_2S)_2] were developed. The first method consists of opening of the stable cage skeleton (B_(10)H_(10)~(2-)) with decahydrodecaboric acid acting as proton source and water as the coordinating Lewis base followed by the treament of the resulting mixture with diethyl sulfide. In the second method, the cage skeleton (B_(10)H_(10)~(2-)) was opened with diethyl sulfide and sulfuric acid. In comparison with the previous reported methods, our methods has the advantage of being shorter in reaction time and better utilization of the borane part of the starting material. Combination of those reactions with the method of pyrolytic preparation of (Et_4N)_2B_(10)H_(10) resulted in a new practical route for the synthesis of the 1, 2-dicarbo-closo-dodecaborane from simple and stable borohydrides without going through the highly toxic decaborane intermediate.

本文研究了十氢十硼酸和它的各种盐类的开笼反应,找到了合成十二氢十硼双二乙基硫醚络合物[B_(10)H_(12)·(Et_2S)_2]的两个新方法。其一,以十氢十硼酸为质子源,水为配位的Lewis碱,打开稳定的B_(10)H_(10)~(2-)笼状骨架,随后用二乙基硫醚处理所得的混合物;其二,以硫酸为质子源,二乙基硫醚为Lewis碱打开B_(10)H_(10)~(2-)的笼状骨架。与文献方法比较,缩短了反应时间,提高了硼的利用率。这些反应与裂解法制备十氢十硼酸双四乙基铵相结合,完成了一条不经过高毒性的十硼烷(14),而由稳定的简单硼氢化合物制备1,2-二碳代-闭-十二硼烷(12)的新的实用路线。

Protoplasts were prepared from 2 days old subcultures of soybean(Glycine max(L.) Merr.)and fragments of young leaves of tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum var.“Xantki”)accor- ding to the methods of Kao(10)Protoplasts were fused and single fusion products were cultured in Cuprak dishes as previously described(2,10).Fusion products were fixed and embedded in plastic by reported methods(8)for electron microscope study.Isoenzyme stu- dies were carried out according to described methods(14).Proteins were...

Protoplasts were prepared from 2 days old subcultures of soybean(Glycine max(L.) Merr.)and fragments of young leaves of tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum var.“Xantki”)accor- ding to the methods of Kao(10)Protoplasts were fused and single fusion products were cultured in Cuprak dishes as previously described(2,10).Fusion products were fixed and embedded in plastic by reported methods(8)for electron microscope study.Isoenzyme stu- dies were carried out according to described methods(14).Proteins were electrophoresed on 5% polyacrylamide gels and stained. Fusion products were easily identified on the basis of the presence of both tobacco chloroplasts and soybean leucoplasts(Fig.1 ).The chloroplasts contained typical grana and stroma lamellae;leucoplasts were characterized by numerous starch granules and a paucity of internal lamellae.After 15 hours in culture,thorough mixing of cytoplasm had occurred as evidenced by the distribution of plastids(Fig.la).Fusion of interphase nuclei was not observed in any of the fusion products.Premitotic nuclear fusions which have been reported previously may signify unhealthy fusion products(7). Fusion products underwent their first cell division within 2—3 days in culture; divi- ding nuclei contained complete sets of both tobacco and soybean chromosomes.During su- bsequent divisions,hybrids gradually lost some tobacco chromosomes(2).By 4.5 days,small clusters of hybrid cells were evident(Fig.2).The chloroplasts of such hybrid cells exhibi- ted unusual shapes,possibly as a result of starch accumulation(Fig.2b,2c).The leucoplasts remained unchanged. Within 2 weeks,hybrid clusters contained 100—200 cells.Very few chloroplasts were detected in these cells by electron microscopy.The chloroplasts present were highly modi- fied(Fig.3 of.,Fig.1).Typically,these plastids were characterized by enlarged grana and elongated parallel stacks of stroma lamellae.Similar changes in plastid morphology were ob- served in pea-soybean fusion products cultured for 1 week(6).It is not possible to deter- mine from the present study whether chloroplasts were being diluted during cell prolifera- tion or whether they were dedifferentiating.Previous ultrastructural research suggests that dedifferentiation of chloroplasts occurs in fusions involving similar species while chloro- plasts degeneration is more likely in fusions of widely separated species(7).Biochemical evidence from studies of the electrophoretic mobility of the plastid-encoded large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the endonuclease restriction patterns of plastid DNA indicate that plastids may either assort randomly(3.12)or both plastid types may coexist in cells of regenerated hybrid plants(9.13). Chloroplasts were not detected in hybrids cultured for prolonged periods(Fig.4).The leucoplasts in these cells were indistinguishable from leucoplasts of parental soybean cells. Leucoplasts were not diluted during cell division and their numbers were likely maintained by plastid division. Over 20 hybrid cell lines were established and cultured for 7—9 months.Chromosome analysis revealed that many lines including the one illustrated in Fig.4 retained over one half of the tobacco chromosomes in addition to the full soybean chromosome complement (2).Zymograms from this same cell line are presented in Fig.5.The electrophoretic pat- terns for both dehydrogenases clearly demonstrate that hybridization has been achieved. The shikimate dehydrogenase(SDH)zymogram for the hybrid shows that the broad slow- moving band from soybean and the 2 distinctive fast-moving bands found in Nicotiana are all present in the hybrid.Similarly,for 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase(6-PGDH),the hybrid contained the bands from soybean and the 3 slower-moving bands from Nicotiana as well as one of the 2 fast-moving bands found in the latter. This study demonstrates the usefulness of both electron microscopy and isozyme analy- sis for examining hybrid cells derived from plant protoplast fusion.During the early stages of hybrid culture when small sample size precludes isozyme analysis,ultrastructure studies permit the identification of hybrid cells,after prolonged culture,the isozyme technique is a much more sensitive measure of hybridization than is electron microscopy.

对经过不同时期培养的大豆-烟草融合体进行了电子显微镜观察。实验说明,培养4—5天时,叶绿体内由于积累淀粉而形态上发生变化。到两星期左右,叶绿体已大量减少,留存的叶绿体内出现不正常的基粒与基质片层。培养9个月的杂种细胞系,虽然亚显微结构上与亲本之一大豆难以区别,但同工酶分析却证明是杂种。

 
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